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Vol. XI.-No. 

How to Teach and Practice 

Hi; i« -[.<< in.;: ],..-iii..i,v ni.iumciii 
11 ;i'< iii;kt of the practice, after 

lu I..|l...\ ii- : _; i >.[.y tiy.t\ liLpi.iLlii.LJ 

wiili ilir I'nlli.u in- i .|i\ 

-.'thuds I'm ,■ li,;.. ||,, 


It should be understood without our 
repetition that every exercise and copy of 
ihe course is to he written upon, and ex- 
plained .it ili» blackboard; there, al so. 
should he made genera! criticisms and sug- 
gestions respecting the work of the class; 
after intermission, we present the following 


; ,yt^fa&-?i*de/ 

inlrnnis-iuM, we present as the copy: 


iii , ■!■• .1 discipline for precision of ino- 
ion. There should first be carefully made 

in connection with this copy we criticise 
specifically respecting slant, illustrating the 

had effects of a varying slant : 

Ten minutes is devoted to practice upon 

lie following mmeincnl exercise : 


After which the following, until inter 

rinsing the lesson witli the folluwin;,' C 

following copy : 

After intermission we give a copy of the 
figures, illustrating the manner of theircon- 
sl ruction at the board, and urging the im- 
portance of . ood and rapidly made figures 
as a factorof good willing and as a business 
qualification : 

Practice the following twenty minutes : 


when the following copy is given : 

f to the propel spa< log ol the 

ting at the board Ihe - ■ 

first ten minutes we d.vni, t., ),i ,. 

r i ntermiss ion, we give Ihe Mlouh, L - 

Closing the lesson \ 

which, ilir fullowing copy : 


alter which we presenl the Mlowin- . 

■ wi;hth. following 


nd a slip written by each pupil of the 
lass as a specimen of their improved writ-' 
ig for comparison, with a similar slip 
written at the opening of the course. 
While the foregoing course is compressed 

ame plan may be easily and profitably ex- 

snded to twenty i 
nd ff conducted ic 

earnest and mllius- 
iastic manner, can scarcely fail of excellent 

"We would add thatit is not to be expected 
that a wide-awake and skilled teacher would 
confine himself exclusively to the pro- 
gramme we have presented, but will vary it 
to suit his own experience and circum- 
stances, and especially will this he true of 

Don't Like the Spencerian L. 

Editor of tfu Journal :— As the columns of 
the Journal are open for the discussion of 
penmanship and kindred subjects, I want to 

changes the Spencerian Standard Hand has 
undergone, do the authors retain the old 
style of capital L? I have for some time 
been looking for a chaDge in that particular 

Standard Hand, to my surprise, and in my 
opinion to the detriment of the system, it is 

I'll in. .1. The rliaiiLTv; thai have Ihtii made 
In some of the other letters I think are ex- 
cellent. But that L is so much like an S, 
another style would do equally as well, and 
with respect to legibility, in my opinion, 

When we take into consideration the con- 
fusion that might occur from mistaking it 
tot an B, and the fact that a great many 

the liL'bt. 
giving le 

did not use it 
re these not strong argu- 
mrnts in favor of discontinuing the use of 
it ? If I should claim to teach Spencerian 
penmanship in its purity, I would begin 

standard letters. If I did notclaim to teach 
Spencerian penmanship, it would make no 
difference what style of letters I uaedj but 
if I teach it, why not use standard letters ; 

which may, when ordinarily written he nf 

such a doubtful character as to almost ren- 
der it impossible to determine what was in- 
tended 1 In writing, whether for copies, or 
in corresponding, I believe in keeping legi- 
bility in view, and discard everything that 
tends to the contrary. But can we, and use 
Standard L ? 

Why This Difference? 

Wherein doe- 111.:- Ii^.hiii- ol penmanship 

in public and private hcI ti dtffei By 

j ■ 1 1 - r we h ill consider the leaching ©i pen- 

nahip In a ct :ial -< bool. Much "i 

the ■■ iaol such n school depends on the 

method of teaching penmanship, and for 

ii.i reaa in' studj is tau jhl oc a 1- ialtj 

and by a professional teacher, find under 

At leasl one hour , 

Ling The students practice one e 

ttlj understand it 

Bro. Ames. Tli 

ruled. The pup 

Btraction wfl] bt 

, Style of Letter-Writing, 
character and style of letter-writ 

Washington Social Life. 

li.- ..I ( -=.11 Making M R iilli.-»lli.ii »f 

The title ol the Presidenl is simply "The 

the proper form is " Mr. President, " and 

nul ' V,.nr Excellency. ' Mr- Wa-hin-ton 

always spoke of General Washington as 
"the President," and to have called him 
" General " or " Mj would have been in 
bad taste, in invitation 1 1 the Presidenl 

describes the sensation ol calling upon the 
sister <>f one of her cooks in rooms ovi r 1 

little meat market faraway i> be Fash 

able part of the city. 

Strangen coming to Washington always 
call upon the officials, including their own 

1 practices on capitals ; 

How dilli'i-cutly is Hie suhjcel I rm-j.ijl in 

out public schools ! 
Although the pupils in public schools go 

through a number of writing 1 Its of -lit 

ferent grades, and have all the principles 

:iinl ' '■ml lii. n,- cxpliiiiied to them by the 

teachei (as well as he or she can explain 
them), when they finish their term thej are 

\ boj writing in k No 4 in one grade 

of school, on tillering 'i grade higher must 

5, Though he may not be prepared to 

marked zero Eoreacb lesson lost Thiscon- 

Kvcry city 01 town of 1IJ.IIO0 inhabitants 
and upwards should have a special teacher 
ol penmanship. A city of any considerable 

to callers. The fam: 
the Speak 

general of the army 

II .: 

day, and on the afternoon of t 
will find the wife of every secret 
Thursday is the day set aparl 

The signification of a card received w 
either of The corners turned as above i 
dicated means : Vi-ite, a social call , eon: 

Dangerous Counterfeiter 

he side while writing V ' S|„- said thai her 

nstrucUons wen aol to 

Wicn ree.-ivini: instruction they did as they 

This makes the life of the wife of a 
Official hard tabor. The returning of 
twentj ' ills is a good afternoon's « 
and Mrs. Secretary Whitney, at a lat 

■ epi I .! -mjl.- .iHi-iiKioii, iv., i\. ■: 

callers. As anyone can call upon a pi 

iu official rank iu Washington and be 
received, many fninii ■Imiu- ii.ippi n 1 ■ 

ex cubiuet minister found herself, iu ih 

Penmen of 

rabjei I ol tWi 
bd Ohio Eortj 
lent his boyhood 

life. II, ..btained a com mo: 
lion by attending the distric 

famous University of IV-miian-hip, situated 
in ( H., rliii, ( iImm ;il whi.M' In ad no less a 

personage presided than Platl li, Spencer, 
assisted bj P 1! Spencer, Jr. Here he 
spent some moriili- in hard stud; and faith 
fu] practice, which was then the best in- 
struction to be bad, and acquired a polished 
style of penmanship. Some ol bis mosl 

life at Oberlin. 
Not feeling satisfied with a beautiful 

hiinilwriUn- lie plan-.] hini^-lf under the 

instruction of the renowned John D. Wil- 
liam-, in I« tti lilt- and oil-hand nourishing. 

In lS'GT the war between copy-book pub' 
Ushers broke out. and the firm of Iviaon, 
Blakeman, Taylor & Co.. learning of Mr. 
Hininai)'- ahilii; wiih the crayon 
him as iheir exponent of the 
publications. When peace was restored, 

ami :iL.Tits were w it lidrawii , Mr Hi :o. 

81 If I t« and Stati Tei srs \ • ■ 

ciations. In this capacity he did much 
valuable service, and won the confidi a< e 
and friendship of influential school com 

Prof Tho> May IV, re. of Philadelphia. 

brought bltll to tin ].:..[ I,, .,-.,,„„ |',..t 

I - p.-ill..|. U .,- u-,v. 

-■-I. \ ...-a. l,i> f.uhn- 


^/ J ~/<r Y////'^/f/// 

/////■ ?//// Z////r/Y 

/ //s/'A 

Zf ///- /-"^v- sZ . /fe^dgz^jt^Z? 

^/s/f/// /'///-'/ Z/f//.y' //// ////r// V7 / 
w-z/Z/n/-/- ^ 

-< t ur. <L 



fa -^Azzz^y.^AzJ rzr/zz< ///sr/JsrZ' 

-JCW g? r/sss/// / Zs^/s~Z -//// /-/Zy 
Z//z/z?^y^^z/z zz/zr/ s? /zzzzzz/z/yz' 
^ZAed^Zg^// ////// //Z/zzaz' z/z/ /yz?, 

long, prospi !■ us and 

L tUg i- the only 1 1 . 1 1 . _- III, I |,:„ j|, | 

ndebted to 
»ha] his course in life This 

brolher liail attended ii writing school where 

lie had acquired a good gegri I -kill t,n 

lii- day, over winch he felt not a little 
elated and delighted in bullying the subject 
of this sketch about penmanship. This 

chafed Albert until he resolved to outstrip 

ml link 
things," for which he bus li 
lii-t love. Ill- nil In, ml M,,il, is ,,| t|„, (nir 
Williamsonian type. He was now a full- 
fledged " H mine Master," and ilid con- 
siderable itinerant teaching, This developed 

bis ability as „ black ml writ! r. and he 

so n earned for himself not u little fame. 

In 1864 be was engaged l.y Hi Bryant, oi 
Chicago, to teach in the chain of Bryant 4: 
Slratlon Colleges. After teaching for a 
few months in the Chicago college, he was 
transferred to the college at St. Louis, 
where he taught for a period of-tbrcc years. 

mittcea, who would gladly have engaged 

him as special teacher of writing. The 

-i tioul , mi,, ol si Louis finally o 

him such tempting terms as Superintendent 

of Writing ami Drawing. Unit l„ .,,, , |,i, ,1 

Finding, however, after a short time that 

rci|Uireil ..f him ninm . |„. ..miglii lb, 1 ,.,,,, 1 

"I lb' no plisheil .111,1 VIII ',1.1 il \|.-. 

Kn.ina l.llis. ol SI I.,,,,,- „|,',„„ .,11,, ,,,,,. 


°De|)'f of %o»tojfU*j% 

The Study of Phonography. 
55, To write any curved stem double 

length adds<r, or, rtrordArto it. 

5(i. The positions of double-length hori- 
zontals and up strokes are tbe same as for 
single lengths. 

57. The positions for down strokes are : 

First position; Resting on the line. 
Second position: Equally divided by the 

Third position: Two-thirds below the line-. 

58. Begin every double-length in tbe same 

vheii written lulh ■! ■ i . I ■ I ■ ■ 

r.|>r.<..iiU .1 hy the Irn-thriiiii- pun 
Lengthening may represent the f 

61. Order of R^adinc 
1. Vowel before tl 

In writing Lesson VIII be careful to 
make double-lengths fully twice as lone; as 
single-lengths (it is better to make them too 
long than too short), and to observe the 


$\w\£ Sr&M Wil? lWV$ ^M Y&WW 


3. The laughter of till waiter so enraged 

taking to eol an oyster he was choked, which 
made tJu invader shudder. 

im no such) relation i 

ior | of capital,) and deserves much the 
higher \ consideration. Capital (has its) 
rights {irhirh an as) (worthy f of protection) 

[lu :A\.) <j'i\s hop,: (to all,) and consequent 
energy and progress and (improvement f of) 
condition (to all.) No men living are more 
worthy (to be) trusted than those who toil 
up from poverty. Let them (beware f of 

Key to Business Letters. 

(The shorthand notes are given as 

tion, the key as they would appear when 

transcribed, ready for the signature of t 
person who dictated them.) 

^9 V%J^\^_^.^WsaAj. 






Shorthand Notes. 

A new shorthand magazine has come to 
our hands. It emanates from Cincinnati, 
is an exponent of the Ben Pitman phonog- 
raphy, and is under the able editorial con- 
duct of Jerome B. Howard,. Mr. Pitman's 
associate and exponent. It is a business-like 
document of thirty-two large pages, and 
commences its life in a most vigorous and 

graphic process in reproducing phono- 
graphic outlines, and with the improvements 
therein which are confidently promised, will 
eventually present some of the finest phono- 
graphic pages to be found. It goes in, all 
over, for the spelling reform, ami attacks 
tbe absurdities of English orthography in a 
most stalwart and yet most sensible way. 
The editor seems fully to comprehend the 
difficulties in bis way, and is willing to sac- 
ifice himself, if need be, to the cause. We 
wish bim God speed in bis effort, and can 
have no better wish for bim than that be may 

spelling reform. This is equivalent lo wish- 
ing him to live to be five hundred years old. 
The absurdities of English orthography and 
of French pronunciation, and of a good 

that imu-I lie ari .rplnl :tu<l endured. So lung 
as our present methods of teaching tbe child 
to read without spelling does away with 
many of tbe old objections of unphonetic 



A 1 - ^ 


' I st>. 


^ w -^ 

much. Spelling by i 


letters published el, 


" v ^ 

Alter an interview with an orator 

d Inderwoud, Artluir undertook to see 
Uberand mother of Luther; but they 

! mil Ik- interviewed, so in order not to 


ire apt to lie good spellers. The 
eye is so well trained to lake in the sem- 
blance of a word that any irregularity in 
the placing of its letters is at once detected; 
and so tbe learner becomes, without know- 
ing it, a good speller. These points are not 
given with a view to discouraging our spell 
ing reformers who can afford to spend their 
time in thut cause. There is enough for 
them to do, and all that they do is in the 
right direction. Nobody would be injured 
and everybody would be benefited by a 
purely phonetic spelling of English words. 

The Phonographic Jubilee and Tercen- 
tenary of Shorthand which is at present in 
the minds of all shorthand writers, is draw- 

Tbe effort wb 

onial to Mr. Pit 

account) another whil 

Hitli. Timmdi > 

An article from Mr, Munsou, describing 
bis method of Shorthand numerals, has been 
deferred until Dext number. It is well 

I .' > 

put in un appearance. It is looked forward 
to with great interest. 

There is a great and increasing demand 
for shorthand amanuenses in New York, 
and a growing appreciation of young ladies 
to fill such positions. Never in our know] 
edge has there heen so hopeful an outlook 
tor girls who have a sufficient knowledge of 
English to write an acceptable letter, suffl. 
cicnt energy and independence to do good, 
thorough work, and good sense enough to 
know just wherein a woman can excel a 
man in making her presence and her work 

Mr. F. S. Humphreys, teacher o 
hand and typewriting in the Kasln 

lege. I'oiiglikeepsir, has prepared :ii 

sim-ss Idlers sue h :is are daily dictated I 
amanuensis in our first-class establish 
nts. Altogether the hook is a ver 

We note the death on November 24th last 
of Frederick Pitman, who was the youngest 
brother of Ihe author of phonography, and 
the publisher of Isaac Pitman's phono 
graphic works lie died in Loudon al the 
age of fifty-eight. 

The discussion of the great cjuestion. "Can 
Shorthand he Taught by Correspondence ? ' 
still goes on in tlic Phonographic World, and 
is treated with great fairness and thought- 
fulness on both sides. It is a significant 
fact, also, that while Ihe discussion is going 
on, the teaching by correspondence is also 
going <in with very satisfactory results. 

It will astonish some of the younger 
pupils in Shorthand to know that Denis 
Murphy, the veteran reporter of the United 
States Senate, is but fifty-three years of 
age. From his long prominence in his 
particular line of work most people who 
do not know lo the contrary think him to 
he about a hundred. He was a pupil of 
Oliver Dyer, and is practicing the old 
Isaac Pitman slyle known as the Sth edi- 
tion, with such emendations as be finds 
necessary to suit bis peculiarities of mind. 

" is ;tt I ,i,l| e that another biography 

of Denis Murphy should appear in all the 
-Imrlliand journals. 

rliariiirs ninny, bis industry great. The 
whole train of his personality has heen in 
the direction of usefulness and truth, lie 

has spent a fortune in endeai e to gel 

the English people to a more logical and 

printing Mi. r.n-lr..!, ImiLMIr lit- lni.sri-jirliL'il 

a patriarchal age ; ina few months he will 
be seventy-four years old; hut. like Moses, 
'his eye is not dim, nor his natural force 
abated' Like the great Ik-brew leader, he 
is not likely to live to see the people enter 
intti iln promised lam! of phonetics; but 
just as certainly as the Israelites entered 
into Canaan, so surely will the English 
speaking people, who have got out of the 
bondage of the Egj ptian ' black letler.'and 

nndbrwilderinglv iniperlYrt Roinanh alpha 

bet, cross the Jordan of advanced thought, 
and enter into the land of Phonetic Spell iug, 
a land flowing with Ihe milk and honey that 
children like — a perfected vowel scale, a 
natural alphabet, and letters that do not 
bide themselves nor lie."— Tim. McGiUi 

Business College Enterprise. 

jmber of complct. 
follows that a worl 
could not b< 

of large weekly 

printed fast enough without a larg 

of presses and an eaual number 

type was set up The speed, by the prinl 
inc. press, was not Buch as to enable the 
newspapers to reach the hands of renders 

the day was far advanced, 
printing machine gives ihe almost 

■Ions power of placing on the break- 
fa-t table of a London reader a report of a 
speech delivered in Parliamenl al four 

VV< tated thai il was En the ycai 

SU that this wondrous powei I ..,. 

developed T«cnh| >i: ,,„ |„ |,, ]v MliI 

period— 1TU0 — Mr. Nicholson invented a 

rules for successfully managing q business 
college. They an- applicable to every com- 
mercial institution in the land, except, of 
course, the one thai is being experimented 

larger proportion of the seen K r M 

supposed to belong to the profess-in 
gl neral 

m with the 

i short pref- 

form your interlocutor, without betraying 
your Been i, thai Messrs. Streel & \\ alker, 
a Arm doing business in every city of im- 
portance, employ the majority. 

In arranging the names of the members of 
the faculty, your own should always head 
the list, something like the following ; 


Prop, John Henry Inkwell, 

Prm'd> nt and Found* r, 

Auth r oj ■ Sewn Night* in a Gin mil," 

t'e .)f.l ;.,!„,//, 

t ompreht naive and invaluable coun 
completed in from two to three 
Any young man ought to be Willi* 
dergo b - n re cramming process 
ph te so extensive b course ol Bludy 
a reasonable length of time. 

Now, lo add to 
limited reputation that 

the above 

■ months. 

nmercial cdu- 
\v to pursue 


' '"I"> do as Mr. Packard 
did wiib me, I once wrote him asking 
whal in- would charge for a few week's in- 
struction in banking-. His reply was: 
"Come any time and get all pouean There 
will be no charge." Such open hearted 
generositj bas Impoverished tLe man, and 
he has been obliged to have his life insured 
to provide against want in his old age. 

Always keep in view the true mission of 
commercial schools— to make money— and 

your printed rates, unless you cannot get 

to work to devise 
and most flowing 
xttnded uml per- 
stem in the bunds 

"Phonography, and I would here include 

its many modifications on this side of the 
Atlantic, has had more followers, and is to- 
day practiced by more peisons, than all ihe 

other systems combined. Isaac Pitman has 
the admiration and respect of thousands 
who have used this art as a pastime or as a 
mean jol winning bread. He Is tho ' Grand 

Old Mao* of the shorthand World ||j. |jf, 

Jim he.,, i,„vv. but pun- His aims bave 

been high, his philanthropy v* id. -. bb) 

shrewd man cs.n see 

follows : Get out a li 
names of young met 

nougk. Any 
will be a great 
My plan is as 

fomen through- 
,our section. Co to some warm friend 
ours and explain matters in a practical 
aer. After be understands you, band 

him #].i)iiO. He l 


check for a like amount ai d cr 

letter Mint will read something like this ; 

■■ My Dear Professor Inkwell I am 

glad you are taking so much pain- in p 

li-hii)L' your C-ih,;, ./„„,„„? I helievi 

will exert an ennobling influenci tba i 
prove highly beueficial lo young men i 

vou ,„, ,1,,-,-k f.,r *l.m>ii. foi which you 

will mail the paper lor .me year lo Ihf ad 

dresses of the uames on the en< losed li.-t. 

" Yours pbilanthropically, 

"Fbai ii H i . 
Be careful to select a confidant who will 
see the thing safely through. Some men are 
too conscientious to undertake sucb an un- 
dertaking, and might give the thing away. 

_ General Spinner loves Florida h ( -tn , than 
Irs.M-nalure H !„•,, an ;t |li,-at..i -,.^ i|. :i i 

asylum and Btaiid* on bis bead -V™", 

in-- |».li ii -, ml.l.iiiL. ,l„«n llmliont 

lii every department. It consists of seventy- 

lu.i 11\1! im Ii plute*. {:i\iiig instruction 

irrongement ol ■ 3 . - n ..... . ..i youi t., uity, 

and copies for pliiiu writing, flourishing, 

from Elliott - 1 atnlogue 01 !;■ bertl 9pi i 

artistic pen-work. It basfnrty two different 

rnal, a sound m licit t.u 

stundord anil ornate alphabets, and a large 

villi, l> ,.f v,:-'i 1 memorials, resolutions, 

struct any thing yourself Ii iswhollyun- 

certificatea, diplomaa, headings, title pages, 

leceuary ii copied wit] 

1 reaenU to the |*nman or artist a greater 

luction .mil u ill honor you f"r bo valuable 

' contribution 1 mi ,l lit, rature. 

riots any oilier work upon penmanship 

When i. .. irrangi youi .- um ■ 1 study, 

extant. Price by mail $5.00. It is the 

cheapest book of its size uml character 

" •"' ' » !■■ Hi' 1 \ .11 [1,1. !:.| hi 1. ;, 1, ii,, \ 


Any persou who orders it from ua, aod 

'■ "mi Ii i- |.i,.fiinilily. uml il will, if ilis. 

does not find it all that we claim, is at 

reetlj i >perued, bea never failing source 

liberty I" lit once return it to us uml have 

.1 suppl) 

■■ fuoded. 

gfcg '±axu&fi\b? r 

The Editor's Leisure Hour 

gchools, If is likely thai not one American 

hoy in twenty-live, who has received it fair 
common school education, could make off- 
r illustrating the use of war 

» iriillun* Hek-iiim, I ! >" _al 

[.His; Fr.-lllCl', I'.!*. IIIMI. -lie. II- l.i-t 

Indie-. :;i,imn. unllMit^ Holland, Jl.- 

1*011.0(10 gallons. Italy. 18.0W 
Austria. 1s.imiu.uihi Dillons . India, 

A Chi 

ese newspaper gives an interesting 

description of the system adopted in the 

iNimj hunt three o'clock iu the 


tin' imperial pupil is lirst L'ivcn a 

does no 

accomplish his task prnperh , his 

teste .in attendant to bring the fer 

rule 'l 

ie prime is nut punished 

o| Ihr ri-||| |< Ili.W-stinltMlls \\ tin 

al«a\ ■ piinv hiiti is tiosged instead— 

vi. :iik»u- chastisement. If he IS 

mt\ bfl) 

null ed, lie i- hiked (utile ElIlpeK.r 

The whole of the primes day is taken up 


atervals hie meals are weighed oul 

for him, 

When be is fifteen yearsold hi 

try. One year before a wife le 

ielei ted 

• >i Ihi' heir apparent he is i-r . ■% ii 1. -1 

and i'l, who prepares him for a 


idutioa Hie emperor sleeps with 

i i -i Jui ■ underneath the bed Thi ii 

• keep vvateh over his majesty 

not allowed to sneeze, cough 

■ □ echanic is trained to una 
ire diBl :ot withoul the aid of mechanical 

pparatu- II. miiM n-ly «n the eye alone, 
o faulllcs> does his judgment Income that 
is s,iil he (an in this way reduce wood 
■ i.s. ,, r with the grcalcsl 
recision cut a hoard at a given length The 

which, multiplied by I. •-'. ::. l. 5 oi 8 jivi - 
the same figures in the same order. hegin- 
ning at a different point, hut if multiplied 

i 12 681 mull plied M i equals 143,851 
\\i S..7 multiplied In ^ equals W5.7 11 

I proceeded to figure out his 

i greal clearness by means 
ig Mi- knowledge of Eng- 

A chemist says that a cigar contains ace. 
tic. formic. butyric, and propionic acids-, 
I''---' i< :d iieusute. carhnlit acid. am- 
monia, sulphuretted hydrogen, pyridine, 
viriilim . picoline and rubidine, to say uoth 
ing of the cabbagine and burdockic acid 

ileavni'cd to inipn -- lint 
inure thau a graceful ac- 
t has :1 [.radical value mid 
gcmralh I nil -hi in t-ur 

The world uses in fi 
hum per day Amer 

hand to supply l he den 
The i,uiilitit\ anitualh 

h\ various ...uulrie- i- 

I, ,i,:,ML Wall \\ ),:'n. an. Whipple. '1 

bridge. Field. Parion. Bayard Taylor 

gleStOn, Matte. II. , Wells 

Latbrop, Stockton, Piatt, Cable, Crawford. 
Fawcett, Gilder, Harris. Carleton, Mark 
Twain, Stoddard 

intellecl onlj Satan I..,- axci 

Jin-'li ». 1 

developed iliMiKin-_- powers II 

glories a 

Ins Intellectual i Bon 

make The very Aral 

obfdienct to tht <t,n<t .»«■< 

Listen 1 Ir 

whlspi rs Something Bays, 

Stop 1" CT 

■• Goforward 1" 1 ■ ■ 

iiv proves lii- royal title u 


Robert Colyer saya <>f one man, 

"I beard a 

man say for t«. ntj . igbl yi 

s the soul Ii mi bad to 11 1 liki- ;in 


use Then- is a practical side I. 

There are main who claim th 
Mr Carrigao effot tu illj an 
when be said tint ' the abilitj 

has put many a yo ■>■ >-• • '■• 

hum -1 I cat- ha-n'l a *park uf manhood 
in him lie's an apple "I Smlum. — lotd.- 
well, but juicelesa ai:d useless. The v ry 
last element of it man i-inii IN. 1 \ •■ M ■ 1 • with llu- power of thought would 
he a -dpi nl -till (.realms*, according in 

do) imply manhood, but 

after all il is man I thr 'A ; h Id ne< d- 

ft ) School Journal, 

Lesson in Drawing. 

There arc art writer* 
prominence who claim that n knowledge ..f 
perapeeiivc Isol bul nnali con 
there ue many artists who have distin- 
guished themselves as ma-lcrs of color, 
composition ami many iif the characteristics 
df :i ..-.. ■>! i>ii tun who probably never gave 
themselves any trouble or much though.1! ;r t-|., , ij\, . yd have attained dislinc- 
tion and wealth. Tbe author of these lessons, 
however, believes that the student should 
have at least some knowledge of the sub- 

Tin re 

Aeliiil l 

by the 

deriogtbem more or less distinct, according 

to distance. There are many elaborate 
lrc:ili-e- M.nii- i.f them folios, up lie sub- 
ject 'iii' attempt to make it not only 

anything like a practical synopsis of the 
mence of these in a Bmall space iB a rather 

bimsi ii seated in front of a table placed by 
a window looking at a natural scene. The 

window, (for by so doing he will not only 
modify the form and relations of the object*, 
but also their size) then closing one eye and 
looking wjili the other, he will see all the 
objects of the scene in their true pcrspec- 

Now. by taking something that be can 
draw wiib upon glass, (a lithographic 
crayon with a fine point is probably the 
best thing) he will be aHc, with a steady 
baud, to draw all the objects presented to 
his view, in their correct form, proper- 
tiou and relation, with as much accuracy 

take a tracing of that, transfer it to bis 
drawing paper, and work it up by using 
tints, pen, or colors The whole subject of 

ninety degrees, yet for distinct vision it is 
r.-.,uii.-l t.. e\. huh- about lifted, d- _-m- 
from each side of the ninety, leaving onlj 

The whole theory and practice of per 
spectiveis ba«ed upon the ract that we can 
only see by means of light, and liebt being 
supposed to proceed in right lines the rays 
of light from the object to the eye form 
angles, of which the object is the base. 

Supposing the object to tie a square 
plane, placed vertically, the rays from the 
whole surface entering the eye form a 

pyramid. » ul. the square tor a base. Each 
The object so view < d is . .dl-d an ,.,,./,„■>/ 


To demonstrate the dimunition in the 

-If the point 

tbe Btudenl i- taught how to get the per 
spective of onj point, he can. of course, get 

lie |m r-i m- of .mi ri-hl 01 ev. ii « nrvid 

vanishing line Thi perspective ol the 

original line infinitely extended i> i.'im.l by 
drawing a lim from il- ii i- ■ 

\ to tbe i ■"! i.oi- point, » 
ll ii is d.-ii-d to find the perepei live of 

viy point on thi- ori-inal lim . ii i- done by 

Suppose ihe 
of projection, 
foot distant fi 
objects, C, D 

to appear only 

high as the plane, or h 

. only one third, and the t 

;olT W«S 

reprc-enl.d al A. in which ihr pcr-p,, tive 

plaue is supposed, at an infinite distance 
from tbe eye, and all the 
the same proporth 
original object. 

i'ltralld I'srsiiectire, us represented hj 

has its principal planes cither parallel 01 

perpendicular to the plane of pro I 

and <fhu<i»f I'rrspective, as below 

Obttqite 7*erapect 

in whit h it- principal ret edtng planes form 
au angle of more or less than ninety degrees 

witli the pel -pei live plan. ■ M ■!.:- L.-i . 

because all of it- problems can be more 
easily worked by parallel perspective 

jectioil of the line un- - i ■■ 

the original point, \n*. otbi > polnl oo 
tbe original line ■ an be found in the same 
way \n Hoes parallel to the Plana of 

Projection, or : nli r-.-ctim line, will have p.-r-pn live ptoj.a tion :il-o parallel to 
that plane \'.rti.;>l tu» - i..\.i <l.m_. 
I ■ 

Was It a Waking Dream? 

man on its track, then a ihiid. fourth, and 
al !a-l. atlel a a (Mil) Tbrj wire all 

capable in.n. and Bean bed diligently for 

called the V&TteX, 

■ r.,h,t 

tical plane. 

The line formed by 
Vanishing Plane with the Vertical Plane is 
called the Parallelot tbe ttri ■ \ B 

For a complete understanding of the 
whole theory of Perspective several other 
planes are supposed to be represented; bul 
in ihe limited space at our disposal they 
inust he omitted. 

It has been stated that if we could find 
the perspective of :m\ and every point 
we could draw any form or object in per- 

To find Ihe perspective of a point, as of 2 

infinitely, or as far as the eye can sec. The 
perspective of the point required is found 
by drawiDg a Una from the original point to 




, rbeforeb.d 

" Foro 

bole week In 

ofustoUed in 

vain. I CO 

lid no 

sleep for l 

linking of the 

,|g osamoun- 

tain onmv 

shoulders. I did 

:i. ' . i>i..\ in\ 

when Saturday ni 

miei rabie, 

rod ni 

■.li la. .I,. 

down in body 

ami inilnl. 


l|,l,n,i. ill 

iated upon my 


be matter Ii < 

.,- ' mall, 

!n . .,1.1 

to «, 

:„i I thoughl 



■On lln 


"'»■' begun 

l ..i 

P '■ ' 

,-, ., Bleeplesa 

pi i-| <. Ii\i of an\ otln i p 
original plane i- lound in 

Thus, the perspt ctive oi 
angles, of tbe original tigui 

iiil' line, fro 
projecting t 

hand in my poi k. t. dr. « . -it the key. 
opened tbe door, and weol In A- If in Q 
dream I walked dlrectlj tot! i fflci wl or. 

safe Tin re were the books i di • I 

them in n row. I did not consider for one 
moment which to pick up. I' was by do 
act of voliiion on my part that my hand 
moved to a certain one and drew It from the 

-a IV I'l.-.. in.- it on ihe d.--l. I oj I it. my 

eye ran along the column i i figures ai d 

point to the ground plan., an. I pro, ,, din.' 

orked upon the 

this little diagram 

radial of the above illu-l ration, and Suppos- 

iug it to revolve on it- terminal, C, till i> 

Coincides With the vanishing line, as ul V iu 
the rilu-tratioi. No I. , iU:M to the riid t ,„ 

left. Tliat i. volution ol ihe radial carries 

had fallen from me i 

reached Ihe door I drew 
n di-i'iiming ' No Then 
dum in my hand, Trctn 
,\ lh, bOOk .mil -nrr 

liuiLdied at. and lh,n I u..- .--..■ ml >'■ 
Ihni I wa- not dmiiniii" on that Sunday 
morning " ■ /»/../.»/.// !■■■ /.* 

This is a good season I rl cbei oi w I Ii 

;„.- ].. ,l.-. |, ~\ ll ■ 111-. I- HI ■ "ill- lip 

eluhs for Ihe -l"t un u. anion -j their pupils. 

Starl ti right Give thi m something to 

study and to win. ire when ll . v "' 

i|-, ., h, ,.|,. , ,..- -. ie( ilin. ■ that wiMein ham 

their interest and incite ibeir ambition. 'I he 

t.i Ihe writing 

I. acini publi-lcd 

Penman's Art Journal 


Editorial Notes. 

.reformers and reformers 
akc this philospbical ob 
w from reading the com- 

Dcur boy. haven't you fallen upou the 
irculnr of some "writing reformer?"— 
ome blow your horn-Billy, self-styled 

i hi- i. 

your disorder is due to this cause. Are 

l'-\vli H;> ,,f IV I jting :idvOCatill_ <»l ba-l f| 

. slowness of execution? Certainly 
the whole thin;; is so e_Te_i<iii-lv rnli 
us— so wonderfully and fearfully absurd 

bit i 

li ink you would do well lo read. mark, 
i ami inwardly digest : When you sec a 
w who is forever chanting bis own 
;es, doing business on ilie assuoiption 
an inventory of his personal belong- 

Williams. composing the 
mittee. met in t'hieiigo on 
arrange the preliminaries. 

Executive Com- 

-■'> 5 


afternoon \vn> -pent in di-eussiug -hm lhn"d 

as a partof commercial education, and Prof. 
Orin Reynolds, C. C. Cochran, Thomas E. 
Hill, Prof. J. G, Cross, Prof. W. B. Par- 
ker and Prof. J. F. Curtis expressed their 
views on the subject by iuvitation. The 
committee were of the opinion that short- 
hand was now an important feature in a 

commercial education, and there is little 
doubt but it will receive considerable atten- 
tion at the convention." 

MES8U8. GAllDNI It A: II \/t i «....!■ . >.!■ tn. 

Mass , are preparing to issue a Penman's 
Directory, which will be twelve pages in 

scope of the work, but we have long thought 
that a Penman's Directory, arranged with 
care, would make a distinct place for itself 

I Practice Writing No S 

form," set bim down as an arch humbug 
mid hypocrite. The deepei dyed tbe 
knavery the bigger will the It be. Trust us, 
dear boy, and save yourself 

The Index to Volume X of tln-.l.n ns.u.. 
just closed, which appears in this issue, is 
quite complete so far as the more important 
articles published in that volume are coo- 
niiinl Hundreds of smaller articles are 
not taken into account at all. aud the whole is 
printed in the conciscst form that could be 
devised, eousistcnl wiih convenience and 
rcadinessof reference. Vet. notwithstand 
ing the paring process, we feel measurably 
gratified al tbe aggregation of ideas upon 
peumanship and general information which 
this index represents Surely, no person 
who bought the right to 'bese ideas for one 

dul'ar ' all be di-salislied ' 

. (ongnimlato yourself. But we will rest 

Till:- w ui- eonveiiliou of the Busi 
Educator-' A— oeiation is to be held in 
eily nf Milwaukee eail> in .Inly. Mr 
It t Spenci i. '•■ W Brown and I. 


row geographical 
i peculiar pleasure 

ih Enthusiasm never tan 
,' one felt at leaving thai lie 
and happVi for having 

'Good Writing.' 

Thai writing which besl serves the pur- 
pose for which i' is used Is the beat, and 
judged from this stand-point there will be 
several styles of gi od r ritinj I bat it] le 

accountant mighl want the elastic ease 
desired for a correspondent Neither style 
would be an acceptable substitute for the 

set, I band of tbeengi er, h aile all 

would be wanting in the finished elegance 
of the copy and professional writer In a 
general way. that writing is best which is 

we ne in -mil :,- i- nuight in schools and 
exemplified in the copy books), is not such 

.,- i- |,i.m li-, .1 in lli.-l. u-ii.. -- li i- !.... 
, \:,« t I.... r j i . < l\ lunched oul with hair line 

;Olil-l.:idr a. id I ltl:lle Willi llniinMl. - Jtlld 

oi her hi t i-i ic DOl ions. We are not surprised 

that who look wlmlly lo the result 

a under all tbe varied c 
iiun.l the w riters It 
be individual caprta 

ilmly iH-i <— ary for good and successfu; 

In all department- ..I menial or physicn 
. ., ;-, , ,i ,- , i. k.mi.j/cI principle that t( 

ei-ed Mativ e\ preyed 

that it was the " 
ever attended." 

late in his practice between i 
crude tnd ever varying forms thai i 
,11, in r.oi-i writing executed with I 
and especially that in the busini 

. true thai many "f oui skill 

try for the proper uis- and taste, 
.,:, , ,i good writing, 

a in detail i- deferred 

. i |..i tnal appi aram i 
i» divi -'■■! Id thi un 

i | I... ■ I ■'■ i .-:■ 

Jrfcfintf -frr /j4id4^^^^<^^Jt^M^ ^^ 



^ Z/^z/fQ^/, 

.SO* ' P.-2 J?Jc7 U ?sJ^£t/ J 

careless, awkward style will chi c In its 

bh kwardness, n bile the easj . graceful and 
excellenl style will chnnge In [I ease and 
gracefulness, for the same quallti ol mind 
and practice which have secured b certain 
qualityand style as learners, will continue 
their moulding influence into tin- hahiiurd > >r 
business writing of ih.- man, imparting to it 

llie-e < ..i , , -j. lin .iillj uualilics. 

The difference, as it appears to us. be* 

i w.'i-n i-npv hook !iml school room writim: 

same as is presented between the bai p, 
lagged outline of a newly broken fragment 
"i rock, and thai of the rounded end pol- 
ished pebble, For the purpose ol illu Irs 
Hon, we herewith present several ipectmeM, 
(cuts 1,2, Sand 4,) in the standard style of 
writing us presented in the copy-hooka. 

forms of letters thai can be c pleted 

without raising the pen. while (■very line 
and motion of the hand that can he spared 
without detruding Co - - the I, il. Ir\ .<l il M - 

writing has been omitted. 

From this illustration the following in- 
ferences may be. drawn : 

First, That good business wr g - ild 

be below medium in Bize,audno1 occupyby 

dear, strong line, when unshaded 

Thin!. There should he rlearly defined 

Fifth, All unnecessary or flourished lines 
should he omitted. Even the customary 
initial and terminal lines might he omitted. 

Sixth, All doubtful forms of letters should 

_ upon education thnn on wnr or 
preparation foi war. Sri al Britain 
u third aa much. Prance 

Russia one tweuty-ntnth 
i education ns on the army. 

In is;; > iti, i,,t :i | nutni.'i ■ 

in lmlia«:,-r,--. .iij «,i|, 
l.sOl.lM'J piipiN. whitli u.i- ..,!,• mIi,>.,1 t<> 
every fourt) - □ iquare mill - and nine pupils 




Teaohers Wlio Abuse ' 

.1 ll lt...i..« 
LWll I ■ - 
Idvst.f Writing (whit. ■•!> i.N.k. 

II. - in ■■.. u, ,.! iv. i-.-hy J H Lausley). 1 


Clnireh Danclu£ School. A 

i-.. mt- mlinm and « - -1 ■> }:---k- ii' [I K. ..ii. .1-1 I 


..That. (F. S. Heath) 

Observations. (W. P Cooper).... 
Object Teaching iu Pi-nmaiisliip. 

.. .: Phi •.■■-•. .;■!..■ i 
Oliituary-Miirtin V Cns. : y : 
Personal and Sohool I 

U'.,..|. ,,iii..i.t Mu 

Where the Fuult Lies 

.[.I,. 1 

Jaskell's Compendium 

Journal Office. 

1- August-Pases 105-180. 


Flourishing and Writing, Roekford, 

■ H ay to Riverside 

rtth Proceedings of the B. E. Con- 

n l> NIobola 


of Little's Hand Book on Drawing. 

Artistio Pen Work 

^. ptembei Pages l»l 130. 

•1 Position Cuta Dlnstrating Writing 

Signature of D T.Amea 


J. H. Barlow. 

K.VV" """ 

BXiiiu|iU< of Anistir p t . D Woik-N. Y. Press Club 

[(.'solution!. ipagc) Journal Office. 

I sam] i . i An stlo Pen Work— 

utograph Letter of Lyma 

giiivk or Rapid Writing. ((,.-,. .1 It., km ;..• 


I;. Li vn.l-.w.l . lt.i.L'i.ip!n.:il Sketch) . s( 

liv-li. !■■ I ..ll.,|.!!„ U.-.l,.- \ 


Note.— Any stibscriiii.i f.-ril.. I'iwiw-. 
Art Journal who may wish tq bind the 
volume of the Journal just closed, will 
upou application be moiled a copy of this 
Index, on separate sheet, with ornamental 
title page for Volume 10, all ready for hind- 
in-.-. //-• • •! cost 

Iu ordering bock numbers, it is ODly 

:n • !-• M v ' ■ -i" i i I v lln- vf.Juriu- in.. | 

number. If you want ib*- Journal con- 
taining a certain article— 'Mars l heckup 

• lli-l In- l'..|ll|.:ll(liuil). t'nr i;i-!:i!i.. — \ .,|| 

turn to the Index, und tiud that it was 
printed ou page 5U. Then, consuhiug the 
Index of lllii-irati.iiis. you rind that the 
.Ii.ikwi |..r April— No 1 — (.-..ii iprises 

1"-' • U <i in- Iiimvc. therefore contains 

Ainiie numbers of Volum. 10 with fades 

i. .11 Ni u II ,ii.|\ It.n.i.-i. r. ,.l 

for one dollar. Single. ...| 
Ord< r ooti aa the Bupply i- limiti rj 
Tub Punua'a Aia Journal, 

2uo Broadway, New York. 


Publisher's Bulletin. 




ras. rore " m ' natloM ' orforr6vlew, " ep " pU * 

"ion *J,,r. lions will, Aii.w.ts on AKITHME- 


ever, standard wo,k-, and a, „,s buys then 

it s MlUM, pemnan, Solvate, Term., writing 

MES8BB. W. R. Glen and II. W. Fliekin- 
ger, of the College of Commerce, Philadel- 
phia, me responsible f,. ICiim 1 tuli II, is 

oThund W ,-edtndTwenty 'sK .fame' 7 Tr' E 

'l-'-'l-'n.', -"'it'll!. VI \.',i,n'T", , I.'\al- 

paraiso, led . contributes the Queen Club, 
numbering seventy-six names— truly a good 
showing. Bio. tsvinpliioiiini!. i amarlliclri 
P. Q.. and Rev, John Harks. Dayton. Ohio, 
send each a club ot thirteen. Various 
smaller clubs. 


) ''"| 1 'h"n , ".'i!i,.-o,,i,> .villi tiisw.-.s ..a .imiillA- 

Bound In cloth and mailed to any address at 50 
cents each. All tour 'ortl.m.^ ^ Jmim ^ 

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tST SEND 26 CTS. aud get your name and town In 


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A. D. TAYLOR, Penman, 

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Willi Two Supplementary Books. 



guishing features of " Sprm'rrs' .New Ntamlnnl Writing." It effects a saving 
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A Sample Set, containing all numbers, sent for examination on receipt 
of $1.00. 

Full Descriptive Circular sent, on request, to any address. 

Ivison, Blakeman, Taylor, & Co., 
753 and 755 Broadway, New York. 4 -ia 




FOR 1887. 




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person of ordinary intelligence. -s Writim:, wirh r. .nils ,,f llu^ini-s-s letters. Notes, 






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Celebrated Tracing Exercises. 

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4000 PROBLEMS. 40 

■^_ ! : Work was Published SEPTEMBI 
THIRTY DAYS was adopted in Nearly FIFTY 
leges and Schools. Principal Hibbard, of the L 
School; Boston, sent in an Introductory Order for 

lading Business Col- 
Bryant & Stratton Commercial 

Brief and clear in its definitions ami explanations, simp] 
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d labor- 
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A SPECIAL EDITION is published for Business Colleges, 
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Exercises in Capital Letters, 
Exercises in Abbreviations, 
Exercises in Forming Sentences, 

Exercises in Spelling, 
Exercises in English, 

Exercises in WritingTelegraph Messages 
Exercises in Writing Advertisements, 
Exercises in Writing Business Papers, 
Exercises in Writing Circulars, 
The Form and Structure of Letters, 
Sample Letter Headings, 
Sample Envelope Addresses, 
Sample Social Letters, 
Numerous Sample Business Letters, 
Numerous Full page Engraved Specimens 
Numerous Hints and Helps, 
Many Valuable Suggestions, 
Exercises in Social Correspondence, 
Exercises in Business Correspondence, 
Photo-Engraved Samples of Business 
Letters from New York Business 


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Vol. XL- No. 2. 

Representative Penmen of 


»■*«■<■'■ "' 

Oay, M. A.] 

ness Colleges of the country, 
first saw the light of day through the dim 
glass of a log cabin window in Fulton 
County, 111., on the 31st of April, 1842. 

That portion of a youth's life which should 
be spent in the schoolroom was. in the case 
of young Mussulman, devoted to laboronthe 
farm oral the carpenter's bench, assisting 
his father in the support of a lanre family. 
Having a natural aptitude for letters, the 
lad succeeded in getting a vers liberal edu- 
cation notwithstanding these disadvantages. 
His first efforts were at home, where he 
stitdi'-d late at ni-ht with the aid of the old 
Jard lamp, or by the ruddy glow of the 
burning log piles in the clearing. Subse- 
quently be was enabled to attend the Fultoi 
Seminary, with characteristic pluck paying 
his own way. The boy inherited i 
for good writing from his father, w] 
attained sonic reputation as a local p< 
To perfect himself in this art, and ac< 
practical education was the ambition of his 
boyhood. He was twenty-three years of 
age, however, before he was able to save 
money sufficient to pay for a commercial 
training. Before this time he had gained 
a sufficient mastery of the pen to give 
him a local reputation, and he had some 
experience in imparting this skill at the 
district schoolbouse during eveniDgs. 


upli. however was being 

readers very clearly thi 
Biological philosophy o 
He shows that the s 

Mussel man. having reached the i 

-•■ of man- 


enisled in the EigliK l-'iflh Illinois 

Infantry, and it is said that his 

skill with 

i was the instrument i>[ ] 

to the 

post of Orderly Sergeant. 

From this 

l he soon rose to be Lieutenant, and 


he battle of Kenesaw was 


Captaincy, which position he held 

to the 

time of being mustered 

out of the 

at the 'lose of the wa 

r in 1865. 

Entering a business college a 


shortly after, he pursued his st 

such a 

-siduily as to finish the 

course in 

much less than the prescribed time. He 
thcu became a teacher in the Eastman Col- 
lege, where he remained one year, leaving 
'" ■" ■ 'I'' ''' ■ i.i i !.■ : ■>, :ij, M.-., 
ISrvaiil. Strattou & Bell as teacher of pen- 
mauship for their schools, winch were then 
just opening in several Illinois cities. He 
was first located at Springfield and then at 
Quiiicy. After the death of Mr. Stratlon, 
and the consequent change in the manage- 
ment of the schools, Professor Mussclman 
engaged to teach penmanship and book- 
keeping in the old Quincy English and 
German College, one of the beat established 
schools in the West. Here he remained in 
high favor with all connected with the 
school until 1870. when he became pro- 
prietor of the Gem City Business College of 
that city. To the improvement and up- 
building of this school he has given the 

1. and which have brought forth this 
tonse I do nol care to have (bis article 
sidered as a critique on Mr. Hinman's 

lc. I simply submit 
e fullest measure of 
superiors. Mr. H. 

fes<r,r Mussel man, comes from the LaGran^c 
College of Missouri. 

Professor Musselman is a man of striking 
personal appearance. He is nearly six feet 
in height, weighs 190 pounds, is erect in 
form, light in complexion, and his whole 
appearance indicates the. healthy, robustman. 
The accompanying portrait is a very fair 
one. His unassuming manners make him 
a general favorite, and his modest, quiet 
way of holding sway over the will through 
the heart endears him especially to his 
pupils. On occasion, however, be can be as 
stern as Pericles, lie has a model home, 
being blessed with a loving wife and three 
beautiful children. He is a leading member 
the Methodist Church, and the correet- 
ia of his habits and purity of his life 

ship." and "Business l.clh 

to move the hand and fingers ; that the 
muscles which push the forearm forward 
and pull it back are located behind the 
elbowand extend to the breast and shoulder- 
blade ; that the forearm and hand are moved 
forward and back exactly the same when 
the forearm is lifted as when it rests ; that 
raising the arm gives the movement almost 
unlimited scope, while resting the arm 
necessarily limits the scope of the move- 
So far, so good. I am not an anatomist, 
nor a physiologist — who ever heard of a 
penman dabbling in such things '—but I 
will run the risk of indorsing the above 
statements as being correct. In fact, for a 
number ol yearfl 1 have taught my pupils 

mriii is the action of the whole arm, accom- 
panied by an auxiliary action of the hand 
and fingers, but that one of its requisites is 
that the arm must rest on the desk on the 
muscular cushion of the forearm between 
the elbow and the wrist. 

Now, this part of Brother Iliunnms article 

"Assuming, then, that commonly called 

' muscular ' movement is the wholearm 

movement with muscular rest, the key to 

tion of wholearm action, which when mas- 

tered, may be brought to use in writing 

through limiting its action by resting the 

arm lightly on the forearm muscle." 

Now, without disputing the soundness of 

the foregoing statement, I will respectfully 

invite Brother Hiuman and a number of 

like minded chirographers to visit, in imagi- 

nation, or in person, one of my large writ- 

ing classes. Here wc have before us a class 

of 200 young men and young women, rang- 

ing in age from fifteen to thirty years, per- 

haps averaging twenty These young people 

handwriting, In other words, they want to 

lowing characteristics: 1, The forearm 

must rest on the muscular swell just forward 

of the elbow. 2. The hand must rest on the 

corners of the nails of the third and fourth 

fingers. 3. With the muscular cushion of 

the forearm just forward of the elbow as a 

fulcrum, or stationary rest, the arm must 

move forward or hack, to the right or to the 

and all directions which the mind may die 

thus carrying the hand and pen around over 
the surface of the paper, the " hand rest," 
which means the corners of the nails of the 
third and fourth fingers, must not remain 
stationary, or mope around in a sluggish 
and careless manner, but must dance briskly- 
according to the whistle of the arm motion ; 

t means the muscular 
]ce according to the 

ahh I 


is unqucslic 
for making the small letters in all ordinary 
business writing. 9. The muscular move- 
ment is unquestionably the best movement 
making the capitals in all ordinary busi- 
ness writing. 
Now the question is, shall we set these 

tWO hundred earnest and anxious young 

people to sawing the air with the so-called 
"wholearm" movement when the object 
sought is a neat, small, rapid muBCUlax 

To aid in answering the above question 
intelligently, the following characteristics 

ol Hie nb.-iciir ovement should be con- 
sidered: 1. In wholearm movement the 

arm has no rest. 8. Having no arm rest, 

wl»<»U-ar... > '" eatim 

practically fur »moll writing S. Wbole- 

;inll luovi il in vwitii'g call In employed 

practically only fur fumy capitals and 
flourishing. 4. But concedl 

ordinary business capitals, tlic glaring fact 

still remains thai the propOl I C I 

letters to small letters in ordinal? page 
writing is about as 10 to 1,000 5 Whole- 
arm movement practice developl i in ii 
wilil scribbling propensities of the pupils. 

Helpful Hints to Travelling Writ- 
ing Teachers. 

<M I 

milii In .In si. >nii tii'M have in stuck i 
tin.- public want. He lolly equipped. 1< 
what to do, and have the grit to do it. 

T i J would be teachers have 

sickly idea thai nil tbej have to do 

purposes 1'i-pati'li is tlie ill inaiul "I lie 
age. hence teach a legible style of writing. 
which imiits unnecessary lines and can be 
writleu in the shortest time. 

Use il.. black-board, well writlen copies, 
and writi il the itudent's desk Teaoh the 

lorear r combined movemenl using as 

ereiscs which apply direrllj to the forma- 
tion of some letter. In leaching movement, 
we make use of a piano or organ for mark 
ing tin' time, instead ol by counting, with 

most gratifying results. The transition 
from flourished 
ie plain, simple form, for 
quires tlie liielier ordtr of 

,l,|i..,.,l iii Nm.1i r ..J.w, :ititl 1--1 111. Mi <h.,,r 

),, forms. Such students are rarely older 

ban eleven years. 

Movemenl is the basin ol Free n riting, but 

tteabasisu] insit 

Teach position first, last, and all the time 

in, ii ie :i found ition rock : bul do aot com- 

mil the error oi bavin| o patent casl iron, 

Btraight-jackel rule foi position, and require 

, ■,, i j bddj to gel In 

color, sex or condition. General rules maj , 

uiiliin certain limits be modified to suit in- 

, iK iduali The reallj essential points arc 

Uiai the flesh does oot touch the paper so as 

bodj *.t«.t!, and the Peel Bquarelj on the 

Give shOTl cotf! . 1,-, ih bold strong 

not with equal logic say 
m^sil.Ic for :i In. isc h> learn 
Imlt il, llic ilcsiti'il power 

ffis adtafa/- im<uJ?f 'And? 

and good order con 
fails, mere scolding 

When tlie pupils 
change. Quote poe 

"ode i" t 1 1 V 

;,-s Mill Ii 
« ill". inn 

' " I Tikis 

supply its 

-[ 'j,"':",-!, 

rest by a 

'" : "' : "' : -> : '\} ':,;„ 

, l.cli'.'i'l '\ 

., :,,:.:' 

liav-l' ami al li'iilimi i I 1 N"" ' i'" '-''' '' 

in mi other way, \<"i must stand on your 
head, or lie willine M'l" -" ^ 

Ii,,, '„.,„„„ leiieli.'.' ..I'.'iilO^lie tOi-l 

i/„,../,. .i. i, England, Jan. i. '87. 

Down With " Eriani 

difficult, however, 
to do things which 
are proper, and so easy to perform those 
which are not, that I shall hope my Im- 
propriety will he overlooked. My sole 
motive io this criticism is self-defense. I 
have suffered pecuniary injury, and true to 

public educators and injured mi Ihimmo- 
The great army of penmanship teachers 
have wrought mischief enough in their way; 

cided to turn Hie thought to - 

Borne copy Blips of the modern 

procured, and with them I compared my 
own efforts. The coinparisoD assured me, 
from the marked dissimilarity of the two, 
thai wiih moderate practice 1 c 
my hand into an ancient mode of writing— 
the right old English style. That accom- 
plished I would commence teaching classes 
in j.iNiii:in-lii!' md Hoi- become a leader in 
breaking up the bail fault into which mod. in 
penmen and penmanship papers have 
adroitly led the people of this country. In 
that delightful occupation I would soon 
acquire a handsome fortune, and what is 
better would be bailed as philanthropist, 

you can't teach such B System, sir, 'that 
settles it.' I'll go now. I can't waste my 
time learning some poor style of writing 
with no ' eriau' about it." 

By this time he bad reached the door, 
which he slammed unmercifully and dis- 

Just then a young man, with a large, 
round head, shaven to the scalp, stood up in 
an aisle immediately at the right of my 

Photo-Engrave*! A„tc B 

r.„h Letter of D. I.. M»«i.l«..». (Portrait „ 

d Sketch on Page 16.) 

but, you perceive, they get at the hundreds 

rented a room, ami advertised Clashes in 

only, while the publications flaunt them- 

the Sensible Style of Old-fashioned Penman- 

selves before thousands. Wherever either 

ship." My posters and advertisements 

the teachers or the journals go. I am driven 

worked like a charm M\ 1....111 wa> crowded 

[ty^wrl'toritta o'ldeMhan X'erTf 

out. Together they fnrm a powerful 

the first evening Whentheimmenaeaudience 

monopoly for trespassing upon the rights of 
the people. In a Republican government 

to follow my own vo.'atinn'uuiiiu-iTuV.irdlv' 
but I am not. I am continually interfered 

penmen's papers ; and in some instances 
haw bi-i'n driven out and defeated in mv 

had assembled I deliw red tin nohd mldic^s 

those inventions ; and one of ih- Hr-i filing 
my pupils must do is to unburn what they 
have acquired about those new fashion 

on "The Fallacies of Modem Chirography," 

elusion Thai was the best pan of it— the 

sophistries — " 
"Excubc me, sir," he Interrupted. "I 

::;r;:;:v::;lS!;;; : ::SSE!: 

have never attended a regular writing class, 
hut I take a penman - pupcr. ami I urn >;. ri- 
fled from what it says, that if you can't 
teach an ' eriau ' nor an * ouian ' system you 

struggles to wrest the American people 
In a popular financial paper I read some 

nn clasa Mj 1. tins wan to be 1 aounced 

don't know much about penmanship 1 [or 

'■-"<' " the centi ,1 pari oi the room 

one, shall have to withdraw Ccmicon.boys," 

..... .,",i'''i l , t!!,' M !' ,, ',', s ':; p „ o f f '° r d ^d! 

I paused 

turning to half a dozen young fellows who 

"Whal 'erian' do you teach, mister?" 

parents., and their fathers and mothers before 
them. The present systems of writing, it 

ciiine the inquiry. 

The little party stood up. followed their 

This puzzled me for a moment, and I 

leader in single rile and di-appe;ired 

oZ. C StaE the B^lf now^vog^e 

hesitated for a reply, Rut 1 soon grasped 

had a tendency, it whs argued, to make bad 

clearly with the objecting element out of 

penmen— these real scrawlers of which there 
is such an abundant crop in tin* country. 
At once I seized upon this idea, aud de- 

Of penmanship My style of writing was in 
use before 'erianism' was invented. It is 
the 'eriau' theory, ladies : -■■' gentlemen, 

the w-r. 1 h< -. lli..ii-lil- «it. niniiin- 
tbrough my head, when .1 I. .11. b.-nv fellow 
in the further part of the room arose mujes- 

in order, mister,' 

1 muscular movement '1 

It was difficult for me to deterr 
whether the laugh wjis occasioned by 

queei question, the response, or my ij 

nmec Hut I concluded it must have 1 

at the tall questioner, for he slowly at 

"Professor Checkup," squeaked a fine, 
sharp voice, as a young lady, wearing eye- 
glasses inula sugar-loaf hat, stood up just 
in front of me. " do you use the arm move- 
ment, may I ask ?" 

" lie looks as if he might." bawled out 
some boisterous youth near the door. 

I began to fed too BeriOUS for any fun 
making 1 , and I informed the last speaker 
that I must have order aud not he inter- 
rupted. Then turning my attention io flic 
young lady's question, 1 informed her that I 
knew nothing about any of the biglifalutin 
" movements " of modern penmen ; but pro- 
Id fashion style of 


k it is more graceful 
1 ment 'winch some t 


ers advocate." 
r bad scarcely resumed hei 

square face, black-eye hoy on 


' I )o ; 

straight or an oblique 
holder?" he said, with such rapidity that I 
could scarcely understand him. 

This was a stunner. If I said oblique, 
probably half of those present would leave 
the room — if I said straight, it was just as 
probable that the other half would adjourn. 
After a moment's hesitation, I answered : 

"Thai is left entirely with the learners. 
Straight pupils may use straight holders, 
aud oblique pupils oblique holders, or vice 
vena, according to circumstances." 

A ripple of laughter followed, which 
might possibly have broken through to a 
general breeze had it not been checked by a 
commanding figure looming up in the audi- 
ence, aud with large, rough knuckles, rap- 
ping gently on the desk in front of him, 
thus attracting attention ; then waving his 
brawny hand as if to give due notice that 
he was about to address the chair, 

■■Professor Checkup," said be, deliber- 
ately, and in the voice of a sage, pausing for 
my recognition of his right to the floor, 
which I promptly gave ; " are you a copy- 

Tnunp: "I have lost an arm, 

bj (in great haste): 

mt I haven't seen anything of it." 

" Man proposes, but tsuys Rose Cleveland) 

it sometimes takes a great deal of encour- 
agement to get him to do so." 

"A little Rochester girl drew the picture 

of a dog and cat on her shite, and calling her 
mother's attention to it, said, a cat oughtn't 

1 away from the dog.' 

°DVf of tykmcii apty. 

The Study of Phonography. 
f ;-j i.\, V \ word in the Ian jue - i an I 
epnaeiited by the simplo consonanl Bten 

ind the vun'.'l ii:ul diphthong signs, yet II 
lutlincs would "fun be awkward, long, ai 

however, Hi- slrm si-n- i 

a word anil followed hy a vowel; 
ju followed by two concurrent 

(.".] when preeeded bylvvn minui- 
vcls if there is only orient her eons,,- 

,-y}~.<"> *.~- .-pussy__V„ 

r"* fa 

beginning of ii word a small 
ents the sound of s. Between 
to end of a word it represents h 

65. A large circle represents ss, zz, sz or 
zs with the vowel occurring between them 
(This vowel may be written within the circle, 
but unless it is accented need not be written 

sasis^dosos^D. dozes. _U. possess^ ._ 
66. The small loop (one-third the length 

07. The large loop (two-thirds the length 
»f the stem), never used initially, repre- 
lents str. with the vowel between t and r. 


88, Turning a small circle on the oppo- 
ite side of a large circle or large or small 
oop adds an s or z sound, which is the final 
ound of the word. 

always represents 
ide an initial circle 

steins, it is mul after the first stem am 
vowels belonging to it. 

72. Cross the line in writing a circh 
not in writing a loop between stems. 

73. A circle must be perfect when i 
or final ; between stems it need not be. 

74. When two circles are written b 
straight stem, be careful not to curv 

75. A circle or loop must be written on 
the right hand side of a straight down 
Stroke, oa the upper Bide of a straight hori- 
zontal, on the left side of an upward It, on 

outer side of the angle between two straight 
stems, between a straight and curved stem, 
on the concave side of the curved one. 

76. Order op Reading. 

1. Initial circle or loop. 

next .w£. almost. -_ 
special.. A . . speak.-?. 

.A. .,..,.? 

r ( 

^ --4-A» 

W v . Vv 

Ik j- H* 

r ,:i\ 



pjaze tnoi ka pal 


forth (hy u 

i (can tiei purely mechanical, 

nd ,. .-:,!, i Walk 

l„.) Bcnse a 

. It 1 i.n. iw the) 

pm.-r/ce, in 

,,,1 a Comparatively external 

,-i mind it i oncemed (in Menu, 

enabled (to CAt'nk) and plan- 

of more) interior faculties— 

brent, "I nerissily. mi|imved and strength- 

more Beverc andif) even Ihefacl \ of writ- 
ing) thmtld, bj practice, dee&me (little more 
than)amechaJiicali»r/OTmon«,tA constanl 
employment (of Hie) mind in catching the 
(meaning t of differsn.%) speakers, (and the) 

1 dexterity (to fob 

i (practice I ol 

reporting) uiU -till be 

.„'. since in 

sense (will be re- 

quired) (in order than. 

when abridging a 

report, nothing materia 

iniay be) oinilted. 

A habit (i« thus) cultiva 

ed of separating 

mere verbiage ( from the) 

solid material, win- 

Ihoilgh this is trot Ihr) p. 

rtietdar benefit (on 

|, ,,/, „..,„„me„ded, 

n Hum article, (il t« 

one) whose imr'tiain' 

oeorlooked (in regardin 

mental exerei-, /'"■■. 

, (Bra /„,,/. 

proximity I 

t a) mental exercise, then, reporting 

he reiraid. ill las of the) greatest utility. 

,i, „ true) <'"" ' '"" : " '"'"' ''"'""' I "' 

, ■r.eci il ' '"■■ '■' apparently a me- 

ehanieal one. («. far a, the, (taking down) i> 
concerned i yrt (at first) (all the) powers (of 
the) mind (must he) brought (to hear) (on lis) 
annulment, (mid they )'',», hardly fail (to he) 
materially strengthened (by the) training 
llhey must) undergo. A word, however, 

,„ I,,, reportin- heiue a I ham. ■'! "1" '' ' 

,;,„, „s .uine have termed il. No effort put 

About Studying Shorthand. 

would-be shorthand learners as to the best 
method of pursuing the study. There can 
be no doubt that the tiest method, when it 
can be followed, is always to secure the 
services of a competent teacher, and follow 
his instruction faithfully. The next best 
thing is to decide as to which of the methods 
the writer wishes to pursue, and then get the 

well accredited teacher, who has had suffi- 
cient experience in teaching by correspon- 

former case. But all this is not to say that 
a pel-son cannot learn shoilliainl lrnm a 
text-book alone. Various systems of phono, 
grapliv are now presented so amply by 
authors, both in the first book of instruc- 
tion and in Hie subsequent material in the 
way of reading books and books of exer 
cises. that it is possible to attain to a degree 
of excellence through such means alone. 
The difficulty with the latter method is in 
not knowing exactly how to interpret the 
author, even though his hook may be as 
;it as a textbook could possibly be- 
en. Hence it is that teachers, whether 
by correspondence or otherwise, prefer 
pupil, who have not undertaken to study hy 
themselves. They are almost sure to get 
into bad habits of form, combination, etc., 
so that to correct these bad habits is often 
more dillleult than it is to take the student 
without any knowledge whatever of tbe 

The tinkers in phraseology are battling 

bravely with words to drawi In ,),- o 

between a strnof/rapher and a shorthand 
„,„,, ii,.. editor of the Pfuxwgnphii 

ll„,M,l - thatthe di-tinction is vital— 

that while a Bhorthand writer is one who 
writes shorthand, a stenographer is one who 
is "skilled" in stenography ; and in order 
that there should he no mistake about his 
views he (urns to Webster's definition of 
skilled, and finds it to mean " having fami- 
liar knowledge, united will I "0 

- '- _'_"_-^o 

powers." He should go farther and con- 
sult Webster as to the meaning of " readi- 
ness and grace "and also" physical activity," 
and so be able to draw the line where a line 
should be drawn ; for there must he a posi- 
tive distinction between a shorthand writer 
and a stenographer, else a great deal of un- 
necessary ink has been spilled in discussing 
the subject. Under no circumstances does 
it seem proper to confound a shorthand 
amanuensis with a stenographer, for it is 
positively decided Unit no person can be 


phrased, with 

who desired i 

hand script 

for taking dicta- 
equal to the requirements of 
icrcial work." Such a person 

SuprciiLf ( 

He was then a mere 

aware until the great convenience and 
excellent work of the type-writer forced 
them to it. The art of dictation is almost a 
new a^. but it is spreadiug rapidly, and 
business men are beginning to understand 
that much of their lives bus been wasted in 
the mere mechanical drudgery of letter 
writing, and that through employing a com- 
petent amanuensis they 

i the 

e same translated into short- 
iat it could be obtained by 
addressing the editor of this department, 
enclosing stamped envelope properly super- 
scribed. The same offer is made with 
reference to the lessons of this number and 
those which will follow. 

It is a matter of inquiry with shorthand 
writers generally why the stenographic 
machines that were making so much noise a 
year or so ago are working so quietly at the 
present. The probabilities are that the 
improvements on these invaders that 
promised to drive out pen and pencil sys- 

They are probably on 
ring to effect the gr< 
making too much noi 

Mr. Miner's colli: 

revolution withou 
1 for the World's 

ere no phonographic books 
id that the idea had not been 
r different parties, but Isiac 
enough perseverance to hung 
nd the idea bad so ripened 
it was taken up and recog- 

1 be very complete." 

It appears that 
ut it would be hm 

people : 

What the Type-writer is Doing. 

The type-writer is creating a revolution 

in methods of correspondence, and fillin" 

nulliml whi 

possible frictio 

lime. Whereas, five years ago the type- 
writer was simply a mechanical curiosity, 
to-day its monotonous click can be heard in 
almost every well-regulated business estab- 
lishment in the country. A great revolu- 
tion is taking place, and the type-writer is 

Brief Signs for Fraction 

In a recent number of Tin: Phoiio-jniphk 
World there was an article entitled "Short- 
hand Numbers, "which contained a few sug- 
gestions in regard to briefer signs to be used 
by reporters in writing fractions. As a 
general thing the ordinary Arabic numerals 
are sufficiently brief for the reporting of 
round numbers and numbers that do not 
contain fractions. But every reporter h; 
probably found that the common mode > 
writing fractious, each being represented I 
three disjoined signs or marks, is frequent 

I would, therefore, suggest for trial 1 
practical reporters, especially those wl 
have much figure work to do. the signs it 
fractions given in the illustrations belov 
With two or three variations, I hai 
adopted the characters suggested by Mr. V 
H. Barlow, in the World article mei 

i i i i i i i 

3° 3= r -f t §■ -f 

^\H Mi" 

Jam is E Mi 

During a recent visit to Wasbingto! 
looked in upon the Senate. I wanted to 
Mrs. Cleveland, who had just gone into 
Indies' gallery with her mother and t 
young lady friends; and also to catcl 
glimpse of Dennis Murphy, the vete: 
reporter, who has occasionally been m 
tioned in the Shorthand journals and el 
where. I saw Mrs. Cleveland, and joined in 

her of the Phomymp/iie World, 
Street, New York. 

~f-f f-4-4-f-/ 

History of Shorthand, which 

2- A * s A JL _/ 
1 t 1 f I t 9 

i- dial 1 shall call Uie old 
-the stenographic era. Then I 

z. J_ ± A A LA 

/..ZJjilJ./l p 

....J...., I.A.J...... ,.J 

• ;. ■ / S 


■-'<> n -r io !*, - '*■„?"> '» '- z - ■ '?* 

Each fraction, except when 4 is one of 
the figures, is written with a single outline. 
that is, without break ; and, as far as possi- 
ble, the numerator, or upper figure, is writ- 
ten above the line, and the denominator, or 
lower figure, is written below the line ; 

In my system of phonography I have 
provided for the writing of numbers, when 
they are separated by or, or preceded by to, 
in a manner that in practice proves most 

her fine face and delightful ways, 
saw Dennis Murphy, who is quite 
an object of interest. Dennis m 
as beautiful as Mrs. Cleveland, 

useful. The ! 

Cleveland, but whatever would it do withou 
Dennis Murphy '! I propounded this query t 
Senator Evarts, and he merely shrugged hi 
shoulders and gave it up. He evidently tool 

Murphy about Senator Evarts, however, hi 
face relaxed into a pleasant smile, and h 
went off into a series of reminiscences tha 
would read exceedingly well if I could re 
produce them and there was space to prin 
them. I asked him who was the most rapid 
speaker in the Senate. "Well," said he, 
'■ that is hard to say. There are plenty of 
rapid speakers, among whom I might men- 
tion Senator Beck and Senator Hawley as 
somewhat conspicuous for speed. Hawley 
is perhaps the fastest speaker, though not 
the most difficult to report. He articulates 
well, and when you get used to him you can 
'catch 'him readily. Evarts, though deliber- 
ate and accurate in speech, is one of the 
most difficult subjects for the reporter, 
simply because he is at times so indistinct. 
He has a way of lowering his tone, almost as 

with great affection of his old teacher, Oliver 
Dyer, and took a degree of pride in saying 
that he found the Isaac Pitman Phonogra- 
phy of 1849 adequate for all the uses he had 

Mr. Murphy was fifty-three years of age 
on the day of my call, but neither of us 
alluded to the fact. I had never seen him 
before, but the picture I had of him, taken 
some years ago, presented him as a much 
younger appearing man. He looks a trifle 
older thnn he is, and has a quiet, sober, 
elderly-gentlemanly manner. He stoops. 
slightly, and his voice is low and unaggres 
sive. His face lights up in conversation, 
however, and he easily takes on an animated 
tone which makes a visitor — though an 
intruder, which I felt myself to be somewhat 

listening to his reminiscences of the great, 
men of the Senate, past and present, what a 
wonderful book he could write if he would 
take the time — and to wish that he would 

Western Scribes in Council. 

" Bro. Jonathan, "writing to the Journal 

about the proceedings of the first annual 

the many topics discussed : 

A Lesson to Beginucrsiri a Normal School, 

The Best Method of Teaching Writing in 
Public Schools. 

A Lesson on Movement. 

Business Writing. 

Movement Applied to Beginners iu 
Eublic Schools. 

Finger Action Advocated for Children in 

Time in Writing Indicated by Music. 
Tracing and Extended Movement Exer- 

Concert Drill. 
Copy Books. 
Finger Action as Applied 


teuces are so long and involved that he 1 
to lie followed through accurately, or l 
whole point may be lost. I have had 
great deal of experience with Mr. Evarts, 
you may suppose, having reported him 
length in the Johnson impeachment, tri 
and afterwards in the Hayes Electo 
Cuninii-simi affair, and I never knew him 
make any corrections in my reports, except 
in a single instance, when he changed 
only one word. When the Senate or- 
dered the Electoral Commission proceed- 
ings to be published in book form, putting 
the matter in my hands, I sent Mr. Evarts 
his printed speeches for revision. He kept 
the proof for three or four days, although 

,ck tome with a smile, and said, 
ve my theory about these legal 

handed it 1 
'Well, tali 
right, I li 

aru _'iits. 

full flavor of the closing words, and '. 
erally conclude that if these stand th> 
the belly of the speech will take ci 
itself.' Anil so the speech stood in the 

• the Senate report- 
liis house. No. 314 

before the Capitol had put on its pri 
supcrbness, and when the Senate housed 
itself in the present cramped and gloomy 

Individual Instruction. 

Muscular Movement. 

Speed in Figures, 

Ornamental Penmanship. 

Philosophy of Motion. 

A Lesson to Advanced Students in Busi- 
ness Writing in a Commercial College. 

Hoff, Bathbuu and Pierson were the lead- 
ing musicians, and did honor on all occa- 
sions. A most delightful musical pro- 
gramme, prepared especially for the 
Association, was remarkably well rendered, 

As a convention every member attended 
strictly to business, and no company of men 
better deserved the name of gentlemen. 
Every one was on the quivivc to bring about 
a most successful termination, and the part- 
ing words were : " Meet me at Cedar Rapids 
during the holidays of '87." 

Ames' Compendium of Practical 
and Artistic Penmanship. 
This work, as its title implies, is a com- 
plete exemplification of the penman's art. 
in every department. It consists of seventy- 
two 11x14 inch plates, giving instruction 
and copies for plain writing, flourishing, 
lettering, and designing of every kind of 
artistic pen- work. It has forty- two different 
standard and ornate alphabets, and a large 
variety of engrossed memorials, resolutions, 
certificates, diplomas, headings, title pages, 
etc., etc. We are confident that this work 
presents to the penman or artist a greater 
and more useful variety of pen-work than 
does any other work upon penmanship 
extant. Price by mail $5.00. It is the 
cheapest book of its size and character 

Any person who orders it from us, and 
does not find it all that we claim, is at 
liberty to at once return it to us and have 
is money refunded. 

The Yale law school is the only one in the 
United States or England that has a four- 
years' course of regular exercises and gives 
a degree of Doctor of Laws. 

The Editor's Leisure Hour 

Untiling t<> 

excite curi 
osity about 

lilnrk eyes dashing with pain from tbc 
depths i if cavernous sockets Shambling 
feet have missed their hold upon the treach- 
erous pavement i Id vagabond bat 

handkerchiefs as biir i 
four corners carelessl 
packed bundles of 

: ..,..- 


tongue whose graceful llucncy insinuated 

spite of hieauytbing but gentile appearance. 
Besides, he had a dclicati \><\< ■< ;>) i> >t) and 
exquisite appreciation of the concord of 

other the shabby out* .-i r Were they not 

placed it in an apartinent of his private 
safe. There it lay until lost to sight and to 
mind by the accumulation of odds and ends 
of musty papers which it is the privilege of 
every business man to lie up with scrupu 
Ions niccness ami deposit in places when- 
they are leasi likely ever u, be found, should 
they by any strange chance ever be wanted. 
In all their subsequent intercourse no word 

ever |i:i<-id In -i»m rn ii in. I, .,: [ tii, .,1.; 

haudanna handkerchief. 
That was eighteen years ago. 

December 15th. 1885. 

A bitter, stinging 

cold day in New York. 

On the street 

of ii park (iv. rliii.lvin;; <n 

e of the city's 


.-[ thoroughfares the in 

vitablc picket 

w iili .Imtings of silverv 

buttons draw 


in prrcisc line of batt 

a array along 


Fronting* of their heavy 

blue ulsters ; 


visions of ruddy noses 

and frozen 

laches Moating ihron-.-h the -Uhol.-- ..f 


story fur mufflers. Of c 

ourse no one w 

the raveni feed them, or by 

what mvab rl m 

streets in wel weathei or Buch dust) one 

processes thej continue b 

the Besh— these 

drv. Dirt everywhere, with a Ida 

are tn d jhtj secrets locke 

i lei on ■■ ii m 

sprinkling of cnsl r>ll -1.- 

cans, and an ■ -. ■ 

imperii irable wallsof blue 

And there these 

ing ruins .if a once proud lom-cat-pro 

mighty Jehus stand on thi 

as any that ever lifted h 

morning, stamping npnn 

litem and swinging their 

arms vigorously 

cliamlii-i window. 

(till- nf tin- lloll-es ,,, n,, rnu ,|, ., ,,!„, 

ipon the endless 

the la-t but one— has a inetal plate on 

dooi with the Dame LI EH cut in bold 

this way and thai - 1 

' "■. ■ -. h 1. ii, i ;.,._■.■ enough lo 

jostling and squeezing Mini 

marly the entire -pa. c "1 an ordinary do 

in the motli J 

pi ■'■ 11. re It was lhal the aml.iilat 

lingers long euougb to n 

i - old man was bind up t 

naked breast, No vest, no -bin. no under 
clothing, no socks even. The well worn 

buttoned at full length, with collar 

turned up and pinned under the chiii . faded 
trousers reaching in frazzles In the tops of 
mismatched shoes . band!,-- bat — these 
were absolutely all that tempered winter's 
cruel breath to that attenuated form. Poor 


They bandaged the broken wrist and 

Bprai I ankle, atid did all that skilled 

brains and hands could do to make the 
patienl comfortable Then the surgeon in 
charge told him that it would be necessary 

wounds were healed and his system had re- 
covered from tbeshock. " I cannot— I will 
uot stay I" he shrieked ; "take me away— 

They told bun he would surely die if he did sitbmii hi medical treatment. Argu- 
ments, warnings, expostulations— all in vain 
-all met i.j ih-it feeling wail: "Take me 
home, take me home '" An attendant handed 

in the wretched little gam t 

\ dismal dirty, desolate 
place it is, so small that you could scarcely 
turnaround in it ; so low-pit. bed that y..u 

inii-i Btoop to prevent your head striking 
the uncovered rafters overhead. Besides 
the bed the furniture consisted of a broken- 
down chair and an old trunk without lock 
or fastenings. There were no appliances for 

there had been — in that grimy den of dirt 

and coliw.lis and ciawling it.-, i I- Ibn U 

was ihe only home our poor old vagabond 
knew— the place be had cried for so pite- 

Precisely one wee 

ai i iileiil— Tin -day . 

.lav ■■ 


h idir.j t 

tin- i,ih-i i .'Id man of r •_-- an.) million- was 

Ml. -Iiiew.1,.1 .|il,,1l\<- luivebe, n nimble 
to -olve the n.vsl. rv ol the Filth A V. tiile 
mativioii will, H- ...Hold,.- T| |;|I 
will perhaps forevtr be a scaled book. 

I -.b 

l:;, pei-o 

-through books— and 

nnpnrin- stranger lh.,l a certain Mr ( 
Wong, an artist in soap -mis. may be f 
i'ii ihe premise- during olticc hours 

by Mr. Wong Is another sign set 

zens of these pan- . w Ink tin itisniplioi 

a swioging board directly overhead is well I 
calculated to make him weep hot. scalding 
tears of joy. It reads . "Free Lunch 
To-day." Do 

The loea'ily desel I- o| ihe w.-.-l " "'' 

i n the ' u> It is thick)} set with low bar- I pew i 
rooms and brothels, am) is infested with and 
vicious uieu and disreputable woun n < In. "" ,i; 

low "dive "in pail. eul:. i. wbo-e name of . .'° . 
" Black and Tan " bespeaks Ihe perfect fcl- mone 
lowship of llic races, is notorious as the bun 
rendezvous of thugs and thieves and more l " ln ; 
d.spi rale eri.uinal.s of l.oib -,-\,- Fj|i|,\ - "".'!"' 

Panic's pre. .pit. .i- I'.i.i ' linn 

had was of picking 

nmitted for vagrancy. 
i said of James Henry 

of his putting aside the Jouhmal, as an experl on pennanship rr.-.-i-. n,. ,,, :1 ,]. Fnun pi..i M l> nppoMte 

i- r-'iu precise]; nppo< 
usf :i s palpable thai i 

. .,.,. i|...... I I., l.n- \.- = H- -■'' ="" 

»aini became ;■ charge upon thi parcel i 

,4 ih.- I. ii. i ti.aiM hold TJic Ei. ..I I. ."•-■■n 

o, day lifter day, a grea 

'in . i - :■ i'!m i ■■• 1 I 

0. 1 

'■' r'' 1 " ,: " Ml ' li:ir!i-« [•■ <l,i. k.r 

'J- I 1 "' I '," "' : '". -""<H.l almost i, 

rat'iijin l.ytlu, :,i,, u ,i„„. „( ,] K , SC im 
lurbable ttewa-gaUioreis, dimly ,-„h,.,i i„ 

"il'iinl .Mr Am.-, nlihn ni ' 

' UoMyl 

Penman's Art Journal 


Atldrtv;. I'FNMAN'S A ICC .1 

•■ Jo/rnafu <UMral .\<j-nt j«r f 

Instruction id IU.inisl.ii.v-. 

I)Ki>AitT»t:NT or lUivwis.i sti'im*! I'aner « 

Editorial Comment. 

iNASMnii as the sales of the leading 
tems of copy-books last year were 
Inrgesl ever known, it. is quite proper 
tlic " Aunihilators" hold 
curse tbeir sentiments of gleeful 
tion. Apropos this mutter, 
wail comes to tlie Journal from Ohio, by 
special underground telephone. The mel- 
ancholy ilet nils are ttUOut as follows : 

.liougli to s:i\ he is a trainl . t-.ur e-t 
his identity ti> their perfect salisT.i 
(making him four different persons) ; 
three would like hi he informed it tin 

way place gazing earnestly at something, 
and muttering through clenched teeth. lie 
was saying: "What is this? Tb's ia a 


a^t>/.v . 

UtA^> /&£€r/u>&u/ s&UnJ^ sttf-sm^J ■^usr-U'- 

at a Design! l.aWi 

{See Accompan 

l« ff Cbmnwnto.] 

cle in question is intend 

das an attack on 

bole. I will crawl in the bole. I will pull 

get our views of 

the hole in after me." 

the matter generally. 

The original and only genuine " Annihi- 

lator " was apostrophising. 

Well, there is really ve 

y little to say. An 

entirely natural Hippu.sjt 

on is that the poly- 

We uave often testified to the fine dis- 

1 lent Nili- meant :ih<.u 

what he said. We 

crimination and superior taste of BtO. 

mite word bombs 

Chandler II. Peirce, the much admired 

ues of bis mnnu- 

and very brilliant Electric Luminary 

of the West. If there were need 

nothing more dcadh tha 

a few over-ambi- 

of additional proof of his level-hcndedness, 

turns adjectives. The fact is, we considered 

we would have it amply in the following 

it very fair reading and 

ery fair sense, if a 

sentiment, which comes in a frame -work of 

Inlle extravagant. 

ir'ep'oacbable chirographic muscularity . 

*'To improve the ArtT Jouhnai. would lie 

As to an intention of 

attacking the sys- 

gilding n lined gold." 

tern of Business Co'lege 

, or any particular 

institution, we disclaim 

hat unequivocally. 

Odb valued contemporary, Stenogra- 

The Jouknal would m 

have printed an 

I'hi/, which comes to us every month from 

the Huh, prints for its readers' niiliralioii a 
list of the people who have swindled it out of 
advertising hills. Shitoyrujitij/ia quite right. 
Men who will lie to newspaper publishers 
will lie to tlie general public. They are 

frauds, and thi u exposure ia to be viewed to 

the light of a public benefaction. Hut is 
Stenography quite sun.' of all on its list t 

tlie company he keeps. And when you 
want to "size up" a paper— to satisfy your- 
self as to what it is worth, all you have lodo 
is lo ascertain its standing in whatever track 
it may move. The people who buy and 
read a paper, who interest themselves in 
promoting its welfare— if yon know what 
they are worth you know what the paper is 
worth. Any one .\ ho has taken the trouble 
to observe the agencies that are at work in 
the Joubha] - Interests, must have been 

The men who send us subscribers— take 
them where you will — are they not the men 
best capable of estimating the Journal's 
value to teachers and students of writing '-! 
Ai'.' I hey not n -presi nlativt s ol tin- h-adnig 
commercial schools in the land. For an- 
swer see our club record, month after 
mouth. Here it is for the past month. 

( oll.p- 

l.i,!. I'm. t . i; ■ - :.:■-■. M 11. w. 
Shaylor, author of Harper's copy-book and 
teacher of writing In the public schools of 
Portland, Me. (3.000 miles away from the 
last), 2G ; R. S. Bonsall. Bryan) «.V St ration 
Business College, St. Louis, 2."i . ('. M Iru- 
mel, President of the Board of Kditcation, 
Millcrsburg, Iud., 25; J. P. McCleary, 
Mankato, Minn., Normal School, 17; with 

Can it BE Possiih.k thai the animal which 
disports itself in coils around the editorial 
head-letter of our unliable contemporary, 
Snatt-BroiOM'a Monthly, wriggled itself down 
last month and took possession of the tripod V 
Perish the thought! 

Common Faults in Writing. 

written, they n 
in their eonihii 
fluity of sbapi 

and grace of motion it. i 
cient. While evidently 
arm or forearm move met 

f t lit st- arc 

nearly alike in M/e i.r l.irrn 

11 ale p.-rf. 

ctly legible ami made with n 

ami shade. Second, En the dla- 

mritj ol ■ 

id, ,1, thi "0," hue 1 i the 

l line ! 

the -I.. line 8; the ".1 and 

, and the "h' 

and 6 ; the two " li's, 
sprawling cap to the 
to the first part of th 
the imperfect ovals " 

' line 9. Fifth, in the 

"F." line 4. and loop 

■ "W," line T Sixth, 
tbc"0,"]inel; "E," 

. and "C," line 6. &re 

latter part of lines 7 and I 
lines are too far apart, giving 
appearance altogether "too 
in the varying size of the 
words "and send," line 6, am 

In a general 

n«a,in tbeun- 

3 \ l „ih, the 
to the page an 
thin." Tenth, 

basis of what may be easily 
made a good handwriting. What he needs 

has held thai " hu-i- 
ne«s writing " cannot In- taught. Is it true? 

The statement has a shadow 
literally considered ; but in spirit is utterly 
false. The Journal holds and 
the true end and aim of all good teaching of 
writing is bustnm, or practical writing 
What the Journal did claim as being un- 
teachable was the peculiar personalrig whicl] 
from long and habitual prat tii e conieB to be 
incorporated into one'- wiiiim:. by which it 
has an identity and Is distinguished fron 

the writing of other per-oii^ T<. -ay thai 
writing in every way suited to all the re 
quirements of business cannot be tough 1 

and acquired in schools, and e-pei iallj in al 

absurdity which no sane editor of i 

penman's paper would perpetrate. 

A. II. S., Harrold, Dak - Please critii is 
my writing ; tell me, il you ran, how I cm 
obtain some of H. \\ FlioUin-ei s w iUhi» 
and vi v it' you would advise me to use 
stylogriiphie pen lor my bookkeeping V 

5 why iu some 
of Die flourished specimens which are con 
trihuted to the Journal the 
the pen in their execution is l 
bv arrows. This is a good suggestion, and 
one that has already been acted upon to 

flourishing. Iu mosl inslanrrs Mir Hcmirlrv 
..I the Hue \- a sure indication of the pen's 

|l F. S Marierta, Ohio.— IIou main and 

left band writing. 

Preciselj the same as that giv. 
right hand is applied to 

A. O. R., Lafayette. Ind.. ask 
iest form of the S, T and F whic 
aade without lifting the pen. An 

16 given in our next iiiirnh. r, u iD 
: suggest!) 

„,,. I.\ Iw-.n, niakeiimii, Taylor A 

, N,« York. 

Jtim/oi, <!■ U-rifwn; English and 


Editor oj th. Journals The great "Pacific 

Slope," of which Mark Twain and Bret 
Harte have been such faithful < 
is (,, be credited with ce 

phrases which the world will never outlive ; 
jusl because the world [a always seeking for 

expression, and because it is not, on the 
whole, so fastidious tis to ignore and con- 
demn an expression Dial eonv<\-, a M.ivmi ,,l 
thought not otherwise tninslalaMc, iv«n if 
such expression is not "classic." 

The phrase " hog wash" originated on the 
Pacific Slope, although it is not solely ap- 
plicable there. If fitly describes a too pre- 

ambitious young writers and silly old ones, 
to whom straightforward, plain English 

To these silly scribblers a spade 

it. ] 


E-erc..,. r " r l '<"'"'- 

dng- Photo-Engraved fron, Copy Execute.! 1, 

the Journal Office. 

most is careful and thoughtful practice upon 

1. See criticism of Mr. Peter's writing on 

German, by Potter, Knight & Ainsworth, 

movement exercises, by which he may so 

auolher page. Iu a general way it will 

discipline his hand that kindred forms will 

apply to your writing, 2. Write to him, 

EUworth, II. W. Ellsworth, New York. 

be repeated with a far greater accuracy than 

Enclose $1, and ask for a line of writing. 

Edeetric, Vantwerp, Bragg & Co., Cincin- 

Enclose a stamp to return the $1, should he 

nati, Ohio. 

ment exercises are given in the last two 

be unable to grant your request, 8. No; 

Ourtistt, by Websler it Co., Minneapolis, 

numbers of the Journal. We should also 

a slvlographicpcn imparts little character to. 

advise him to take a few lessons from a 

and admits of a single grade of writing. 

Williams ,l- Packard'a, by Sloat & Co., New 

first-class teacher of writing. 

Besides II U more or less treacherous and 


Ii,!l1 '""' '•■ b m well .,- M, Peters, 

uneven in its discharge of ink, and should 

Rhaylor's, Harper Bros., New York. 

maj ob i m thl for© oi our criticisms and 

be used only as a convenient substitute for 

Appleton's Standard, by D. Appleton, New 

"--- i "iiiparison, we here present 

pencil writing. 


" photo i ngraved COpJ of his letter, in 

. L. B, D, A . MosBy Creek, Tenn.— How 

Ghegara', by John Ghegans, New York. 

/ ■'■■ Graphic bj Copperthwaite, Phila. 

have suggested and as they should appear 

Barnes' National System, by A. S. Barnes & 

in the impersonal hand of the learner, but 

.mlvVr|'"' l r'd l |' l 'l"un'('l '"lli.'ri! ur'" ''' 

Co., New York. 

practice, would undergo modification, ac- 
cording to the varied pursuits and personal 


Wnglish Angv&ar.hs Ceo Lockwood, New 

It is more than probable that we have 

failed to mention some systems entitled to B 

The handsome countenance of an Eastern 

H-'b''!V7'u!^,^r',"-r L "rv^l"'t 

place in the above list. Of copy-slips and 

scribe of general and well-earned reputation 

and practical to name and use four. So 

cations, with and withoul claims to origin 

ality of system by the authors or publishers 

the straight line, right and left curves, 

there has been a multitude ipiite beyond our 
power to enumerate, si. me of them, verj 

A new offer to present subscribers will be 

it is far moie convenient and j ■ti.-d in 

likely, an- worthy of mention. If so, on 

f-.und in ihe Publisher's Bulletin. 

add to these four others, namely, the loop. 

receipt of samples and the proper informa 

"glare on his retinal tissues." He cannot 
speak of his grandiloquent paragraphs as 
being healthful for the earnest reader, but 
as " super-concentrated pabulum" that, will 
spread its mellifluous and saccharine charm 
over their susceptible palates. 

And Die fun of it is that these self-satisfied 
" ink slingers" imagine that they are writers, 
and are saying something that sensible 
people will read and enjoy — on the whole, 
that they are building up a literary " fame," 
and filling the souls of plain people with 

which is the strangest thing — that they are 
expressing ideas— possibly becoming leaders 
of thought in their realm, and taking the 

Exercise for Flourishing. 
On this page we give several exercises for 
"il hand nourishing. 

The art of flourishing is not only desirable 

Spencerian No. 

The New Yoiik Mail and 
how a testimonial to Captain Fowler, father 
of the Thirteen Club, exhibited in the win- 
dow of McSwyny'B shoe s 

■ I'm. I uttic 

Tout unit 

Freehand Drawii 

In PJustration III is shown tin od 

of iimlitiL' Ihe perspective ••! iwn i|irti-tjnii« 
of line-, a- in parallel perspective, rii.. 

on the intersecting Hoc. 
feel or roils. If through t 
are drawn parallel to the 1 
ing line, ihe lines will 

spur- iii<; inclose will be pcrspcctivi 

The Varieties and Processes of 

from engmved plate 

a of copper 

r steel. 

The use of coppe 

us purpose 

long preceded toot o 

t steel i the 

ittor being 

ally polished with 
coal, by which the 
state so beautifully 

? results. Copper 

t of view ; hut its 
r yielding a large 

muity have been 
: this difficulty, 
Mr. Perkins, an 

1. 11 :,llll 

,i Tin- i 

is found to he live 
thcrs arc measured 

Figure :. 










' till nl'hinii/ed 


.•il for the object in view. A 
>f very soft steel is prepared. 
i rolled over the plate 
nth such immense pressure that all the 
ngraved lines arc copied in •* nlhj" on tlu- 
urface of the cylinder. This cylinder is 

ich of these plates, when 
be used in priming to an 

■r beyond what copper could 

is thoroughly domed by repeated wiping or 
rubbing with the palm of the hand, so as to 
leave the ink only io the lines or incisions 
of tbe plate The plate is then passed 
through a rolliug-press, hy the action of 
which an impression of the engraving j- 
transferred to a sheet of paper, li will be 
easy to conceive that this differs from type 
printing in the following way : that in the 
former the iuk occupies the depressed parts 
only, while in the latter it occupies the 
raised parts only. 

Am. I.- \I i-iiic last— will embrace color 
and lithographic printing. 

Educational Notes. 

Smiilis luive 

BOO. Whew I 
as twenty-six 

report on 

Dr. Cohen, one of the professors of the 
University of Heidelberg, has received au 
invitation from ihe government of Japan to 
accept a chair in the Faculty of Laws, at 

Tin- N:iii..njil Hureaii of Education has 
nearly 60,000 hooks and pamphlets and 
magazine articles, mainly pedagogical 

The British Museum has come 50,000 
school reports — nearly a complete set of all 
that are valuable in the last twenty-five 

ally interested in'tl.i- pb.i-r .:l i-dm :i>iou 

\e:,r at Ini-m. »ib compelled to leave col- 
lege and teach a village school at Schaghli 
coke. Rensselaer County, N. Y., for $15 a 

There are about 31,000 teachers teaching 

in i be public schools of New York State. 

HI llie-e ab..|ll'J!I.IIOl»;ueli..llM'(l hvcOUUU 

commissioners aJjout 800 hold state 

l U.. - 'i. if.|..-maH'r..du 

" What branches 
n..w asked s i on 

bcI Iboy, whom 

road - w.ii. n,« 

apple and hedge 


are you taking a 
e had overtaken 

U || M UN [,. (,, f .,. ,; \ I. ,. | , .. ,., ,, 

poorly paid. At a teachers - festival sot 
l»).h proposed the inasi . "Long live ( 

school te>,<l.rrs \\ |, ,, ,.„ ,. k ,,[ 

i -:id:i ver.. us. Im.king specimen, rising in 

!■. lie easily I. l'iIiI-- lor gi.o.l 

hern placed in a glass case 
to the French Aciidemy ot 

. 3 

Hi ■ 


— x 

-■..i .-. . I. ii.led . instuid of 
Banting one foot iu depth they 

of impressions is reijuinil li, | . . ■ r \ 
or fifty thousand copies were necessary, 
there would bo no need of this complex 

series nf operations, since a steel phile, 

touched up once or twice with tbe graver, 

would produce the number . it is only 
where hundreds of thousands, or millions 

■ ulred tbat the cylinder pro- 
There are various modes of engraving 

plates l wn bj thi names of "line," 

chalk," "mezzotint" uod 

■ i jraving But witboul 

njwrfj-ii ,,, s ink wlin li is rubbed int.i the lines 

I "'"' with a ball of » loth applied with i onsidt r- 

in Figures ttolc forct: Tbe superfluous ink is wiped 

off with a rag, and the surface of the plate 

ittfi abreasi . ii doe<n'l luin out for a 
lliine -■ WuUrlo- U'mrm 

Teacher— " What is the end of all m 
kind r Pupil (fainlly)— " The letter ' 

A Volume of Smoke— the history I 
Pitiaburg.— Puck. 

\ I. mi - clerk calls hitly shoppers 

•■counter irritants. " 

Silling Hull has live wive- They man- 

ure lo keep his wigwam fur him. 

aboul you," ae 

sly)—" Whal'i 

Slial. " what can I tin l..r you V 
get name changed." "What 


h -■■ ftteel difficult! >■ 

sou of verse, "Marmloi 

- The Gatktlt Magazint with a brilliant cover by 

composed by Sir Walter Scott while galloping »J> 

Pan Beard, ami many bright and original article*. 

deeper than usual. 

Thi Qaeen or the Pirate lales" la tne delight- 

ful joint production of Bret ll.rr | K„r, 

-Quite an entertaining publication is the Ala- 

it IS said N.ii.l-. 1- ...1;., .)„<« f..r an 

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in original research, in ilie various depart- 
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alone tell of high endeavor and of success- 
ful achievements. 

In the department that so closely unites 
the aesthetic and the practical, and so hap- 
pily joins the beautiful and the useful — the 
department of ornate ami serviceable pen- 
manship, the name of Dickerson H. Farley, 
Professor of Penmanship and Bookkeeping 
in the State Normal and Model Schools, 
Trenton, N. J., should stand among the 

His earnest effort has 


September 10th. 1846. His ancestors have 

the family of Farley, or Ffnr-lea, as it was 
at first spelled, to a Welsh origin of remote 
date. The first of his branch of the family 
to come to this country were of Puritan 
stock. They settled in Roxbury, Mass., in 
1640. Thence they spread to New Hamp- 
shire, Vermont, Canada and the North- 

Professor Farley was educated in the 
Orange County Grammar School (now State 
Normal), Randolph, Vt,, and in Lansley's 
rSuMi, t — i ,,11,.,,,, K u ti ;ina - an( i p ou ltney, 
W "' v asoclatedas teacher and part- 
ner with J. II. Lanaley about four years. 
While conducting n commercial school in 
Northampton, Mass he was callei to auc 

Ceed ProfessorG. A Gaskell in the Bryant 
S.ratton A Whitney Business College! 
Newark, N. J. Three years afterwards 
i-fforis were made to induce him to go to 
Japan, but he declined the offer, and ac- 
cepted his present position in June, 1878 
One cannol within the limits of a sketch 

do justice to Prof, Farlev's acknowW)^ 

their worth, for he re- 

them a tawdry iln-s 

Of false adornment, whose real reason of 

being is to conceal lines defective iu quality 

and feeling. 

As a teacher he is primvs iuu-r /><nv.«, and 

knows how to touch the true springs of 

Thc purity of Professor Farley's style is 

action. The test of his method is that it 

indicative of the uprightness of his life. To 

does produce a pleasurable excitement in the 

one who " reads between the lines " of bis 

pupil ; and its result has uniformly been a 

pen, there will appear a subtler form of 

high degree of meritorious work. If he is 

character, of which the delicate line of 

to be specially commended for any particular 

beauty, the vigorous stroke that gives 

strength, and the fine effects of feeling 

nig a high average of attainment in general 

delineated upon the paper, are but the out- 

ward and risible signs, More than this need 

A lesson upon the various phases of the 

not be said ; less should not he written. 

penman's art, with clear, comprehensive 

and suggestive advice to teacher and pupil, 


Jot BHAL, and attracted marked comment 

original and practical mi ""' oi kat ping the 

dent sheds u luminous light upon the vexed 

question of character reading with the aid 

is bis recently issued ' New U.,.1. iGnhh i.. 

of handwriting. Beware henceforth, ye 

debtors of doubtful sincerity, how ye seek 

To :uI,<|Ii:l1H\ appreciate the poelrv of 

tO deceive 70UT confiding victims through 

the curve as embodied in the work of Pro- 

the mediums of plausibly written letters. 

Your iuky thought expressors lay your 
false intentions l.arc. Oh ! ye lovers, guard 
your vehement utterances, lesl your various 
lines give the lie to your affectionate pro 

" Writing which has a tendencyto ascend 
at the end of lines, denotes ambition, pros- 
perity and success." suys our correspondent. 

The secret is out I Who has failed to 
ubserve and remark upon the fabulous 
wealth and prosperity of our ink-slingers. 
Who has failed to notice the precise and 
uniform upward slant of ending lines 
which characterize the writing of a 

" If writing with a tendency to descend is 
disjointed, it is a sign of madness." Cor- 
rect ! Evidently the writer has been one of 

us. and lavs bare his feelings al his attempts 
to infuse character— I should say correct 
writing— Into a class of eager knowledge 
seekers. Few things tend to disturb the 
calm complacency of our urbane quill 
directors, as this same disjointed style of 

■'If writing is interspersed with mean- 
ingless ornament, it is a sign of a tendency 

I have just been looking over an auto- 
graph album, which a well-meaning but 
youthful friend of mine set loose among 
our scribes at the N. Y. Convention last 
summer. I am surprised— I had noticed no 
sign of derangement, no foaming at the 
mouth, or streaming hair, no poking of 
nerveless arms out toward three o'clock. In 
fact, all outward signs of madness were 
wanting. Yet why is this album thus ? I 
will look again. Here is the signature of 
P. H. Spencer. What beautiful ornamental 
curves ! yet I was impressed with this gen- 
tleman's quiet and dignified manner. Here 
is the evidence of R. S. Collins' momentary 
misery. How the lines curve and twist 
around the letters, and still how clear and 
smooth. If this bespeaks madness, there 

pleasant recollections. Then here's Mada- 
rnsz's superb grape-vine lock, and Hunt- 
singer's bold, dashing signature. No, no, 


denotins \ ■"">> and sell assertion." 

Auain has Mils kliowiiig scribe dime US 

iii.'iiTeiilablc service Our hitler u" 

toward useless nourishes is widely Known, 
mid our diffidence and modesty are only 
eiiualed by our gentle demeanor and general 
air of opulence " Armed with this authority, 
we will slrintL-le >e--'l..n-ly will, Ilie ambi- 
tious youths who rake our sensitive nerves 
with their wild and confusing onslaughts 
with a loaded pen. 

\ ,ii,ly /''shows a sensitive mind, and 
a curly I an artistic instinct and poetic 


nrougn „f ti„. |,. live unto 
letters. I Miniuapoli*. Minn 

with a separate cap. Tin- argu- 

e continuous stroke letter is that 

e Bpeedilj nritten.while against this 

il is uracil thai any form that is 
when made hurriedly in the exigencies of 
e doubtful iu its 
dgnificance; tin. I thai 
a "T" may be either a " T, I, V 
in the end t< 

v nf practice 

■ of legibility, should be made 
ie type as the "T" as in their 

s greater facility in teaching 

opinion that the "S" should begin al 
the base line while the "L" should begin 
,. (op either with a sweep before the 
loop or with a t!o( to the right of the top, 
itter is, perhaps, preferable w e be- 
in the forms shown in the subjoined 

books compel the raising of the pen; so 
do " K, X. II." and others. It is said thai 
capital ■ ■ s. "cannot be joined to the letter 
following it ; neither can the "I, G, W, V,'- 

iitnl others bi-i-asily joined to the succeeding 

We must look at this question not ouly 
from the economic standpoint, but from the 
„rti.sfir standpoint as well, remembering that 
the laws of symmetry and proportion claim 
forces in all good 


The 9 

Otherletters. In forming capital " B" when 
n lei- ivaclud the l anient union with 
ine, the letter is well-nigh completed, 

pen being needed to complete the oval, and 

much labor as the one Icrniiiiaiiiiu w 
licaulil'idoval I, which .should be made 
lo he hraiililul] and terminal iic: 'ho-, 

I costly law-suits had grown ■ 

copybooks, I would say 
do not seem to me to coll for serious atten- 
tion ; yet us one responsible for a system of 
penmanship largely in use in this country 
and containing styles of letters alluded to, 
I may properly say a few words in their de- 
fense, even if uo good cause for defense 

The so-called "points "against "T,F,S," 

with equal force, if any force attaches to the 
criticism. This omission of itself destroys 
the attempted onslaught upon poor "T, F 
and S," and Bhows the " criticism ' to par- 
take rather of hair-splitting. 

down orders, or Ihe lawyer hauling his pen 
along the paper and holding it between his 
ringers as a Chinaman does his chop stick, 
we could make copybooks containing 

in great profusion 

) use it in the highest e 

S3 'or <>f 11" Journal .-—One is hardly 
aware of the criticism to be encountered in 
presenting any work to the public which in- 
volves a choice of methods in matter until 
he has fairly embarked in such an enter- 
prise. No one should venture to do so un- 
it;" hi e\pci tsiritici.siii and is ready lo give 

Honest rr 

ticism Bhou'd 

ever be depre- 

eated, Imi rather invited. 


for argument a 

[1 presentation 

■■■ l 

or the ussumpt 

on of position 

line, may answer in many iusiantcs v. 
hurried work is required. Likewise ca 

"S"maybejoine.ltothes i.e. ,-iiin-j l.n. 

■ illustration with 

battle with sonu'iliiiiL- <■! the reeling which 
possessed the pood deacon, who, when asked 
whyhe allowed himself to sleep in church, 
replied that he had no doubt of his pastor's 
sound orthodoxy. So we feel the Journal 
is thoroughly orthodox ; sound as a nut. 
We prefer to keep one eye opeu, however, 
and watch the opportunity to say '* Amen " 
occasionally. This accounts J ui spe&k 

We think it is universally admitted with- 
out ergoment, thai legibility is the prime 
essential of all business writing. The style 
of letter .then to be selected as a model for 
imitation, where several forms are common 
should be such iii its construction that the 
liability of mistaking it for another is re- 
duced to a minimum. This applies to let- 
ters when standing alone or joined to others 

There are a few capital ietlen seldom or 

never joined on nceonnf <.l lh< li lilt ..] 

such mislakea. Prominent among them 
may be mentioned " T, P, and S." 

-■ S '" made rapidly and joined to small let- 
terSj especially the short letters, is easily 

would i 
at the to 

The sticklers for the joining of all capi- 
tals to the small letters in a word, at all 

Take a case in hand i 
When a lad of I 

nm-c detailed by Ihose in a 

' go 1 


letter said " inquire a 

Yubbs/'forsothe nam 

During the journey, 

the highway my carria 

Mr.Yubbs availed nothing, until, 
it seemed almost by accident, after having 
driven much out of my way, one of whom I 
made inquiry happened to know a Mr. 
Tubbs, and greatly to my relief it proved to 
be the one for whom I was looking. 

These are only fair illustrations of what 
is happening every day. We cannot escape 
them all, but let us steer clear of as many as 

tWli.,,,,1, M, 

There are some who ( 


of the one practicingthe imperfect copy has 
any advantage over the movement-drill of 
tin- other Him i- practicing the perfect 

But some one »ill >:■>■ th.,t if ,„,/.. t , 
ies only are desirable, (but will exclude 
writlfii topic-, iim-mucb as no one 
write a perfect, copy. No, it will not 
elude written copies. 1 am talking al 

standards should lie studied by the p 
each letter by itself. This is the foi 
tion. But this is saying nothing ag 
written copies. There is nothing that gives 
the pupil so much inspiration and enthusi- 
asm as a well-written copy fresh from the 
pen of a good penman. Such copies should 
be as accurate as .1 graceful, easy movement 

under the plea of a saving of 

Would it not be as 

1- s.u:,i.i His correspondent 
S." and joins it to the small letters 
king it "Leward." The letter is 
with the l.\ instead of the 
tnquirs rails to bring the ami 

oiu the advocacy of joining ull 
ue would make all capital letters 
[sing ;li. pen T ind V thj j 
uid t. made with ouc stroke of 


closely viewed from a reasoning standpoint. 
Neither do I see how any teacher, who has 
the slightest claim to the title of an earnest 
and thoughtful educator, can for a moment 
entertain the idea of teaching bis pupils im- 
perfect standards with a view to developing 
a better movement. 

Let us see. Take two pupils of equal 
ability, place before the one a perfect letter, 
like the following : 


Require each pupil to use the muscular 

loveiiient. which, by the way. i- 11.1t ;■ -l..u 
nt. Now have them study 

can make them, yet they should not take 
the place of the foundation staodards; they 
should merely supplement the engraved 

ticc'all forms and copies Wthihi proper 

' [falow.crampedwritingiBchar 

acteristic of public school pupil-.// <* not 
tfa nxitit i>f 1 a- r urate standards, /•»' of faulty 
practici . and auoR faulty practia is mi 
remit of accurate standard*, but of fm 
teaching, oi- rut teaching. If the pupil is 
given a copy-book and left to himself, of 
course he will acquire a slow, cramped 
style. If he is given a written copy and 
left to himself, he will also acquire a slow, 
cramped style, But if the teacher under- 
stands how to kur/i the pn-pci •!,.•., ,,„ i,i 
and then dots it, the pupil will acquire ;■ 
graceful style, Accurate standards develop 
legibility, proper movemeut-teaching dc- 
relopi Base and speed. 

active touch." Therefore, accurati vUraa] 
l» 1. ■ ptiot ■ 1 plane form, or form as repre- 
sented on a plane surface by means of lines, 
and as used in writiiii.*. tioj-i In- a ii.i,h,j,,d 
power. To the teacher the questions 
naturally arise, bow cao we best proceed in 
its developmi at ? At what age should the 

gaiu a correct perception of the form of 

As we adults obtain a clear knowledge of 
intricate forms by moving the eye repeatedly 
over the contour, so the child should be 
taught to do the same thing in comparing 
its own work with that of Ihc copy. This 
is the method for developing accurate visual 
pciveption. :iiid. therefore, for learning the 
correct forms. As to the discriminative 
power, it is probably sufficiently developed 
to distinguish correct forms between the 
ages ,.f nine and thirteen years. 

should be radically different from that of 
hild under thirteen years of age ; hence 
■ and different fads relating thereto 
be considered. After learning to write 
the forearm, or muscular movement, 

) the hand in writing. This "'hand in 

lotion " is, to a large extent, controlled by 

je same laws that govern all other bodies 

1 motion . therefore in making the various 

arves and angles, long and short turns, 

large and small loops found in writing these 

5 must be obeyed if we wish to do cor- 

work. For example, in making the 

•t turns in small m, or long turns in 

capital O, the motion must be increased or 

decreased according to length of turn. 

Although it seems to be a universal 

opinion that in learning writing the muscles 

ire trained to obey implicitly the dictates of 

he will in execution, yet, to me, it appears 

hat this so-called training of the muscles is 

o a great extent an education of Ihc 

' muscular sense." and that the exercise of 

this educated muscular sense is a more 

potent factor iu doing good writing than 

: obedience of the muscles to the dictates 

the will. To explain: the muscular 

ise is defined as '" the sum of those pecu- 

r sensations, of which we are aware, 

icn we voluntarily exercise our muscles." 

iese "sensations" arc divided into two 

[ Pom] ■ ii ' in. in wa- 

1 mi l\ uiivin 

seats the syllables . 
before a circle, an 

be easily joined. 

82. A vertical line one- fourth 
of a T, called a tick, represent 
Joined to W ai the beginning 
(In the 


il should therefore be writ- 
used for // before a vowel 

lie out li in- mil tliLii t>y hr improved 

84. A dot is used for Ihe s\ Ihibk- in 
I /,„// I. ngtti P, B, M. II; also after a 

inas after a half-length P, B, M, II. after a 
large or small loop, after a contraction. 

86. Be careful to write the brief signs for 
IF, 1'and if as they are found in the read- 
ing lesson. If they arc made too large there 
is a liability of their being mistaken for 

..;..y..I.?..L,*dx:* . 

■~^-- -f-- :< - :4 °- 




t v V T° ' 




-h.t 1. .M.1.J? 

for\_. yourf 

"™- ,ou "^ 

he would have until hr had in Am thoughts 

tasted a feast Ufor a king, and /islened to 

tfw wedding toastB. 7"Ae time came and he 

set off /or (Ac cook's room. Fie saw all busy 

ready /or (A* master's feasting. At 

ted Me washings, and boilings, and 

s aw/ bastings of the meats, he said : 

huppi'} /■"■ >>■»•. > "' *" *»""'*■ """ 

taking a whip wAi'cA she kept for such pur- 
she gave him a beating. wAj'cA sent poor 
Watch yelping oway tf*(A not a taste of the 
I expected so much to enjoy, lie 
fell to the earth, a?id an hs. limped away to 
hide Am shame, he met some of Am feHows, 
who asked how he had enjoyed the wedding 
Why," said he. "1 was so well 
i, isted that I do not know how /got out of 
the house." 

(Now, (ladies and t/fnttemen.)(dn you want) 
this bill (to pass?)— (Cries f of " Yea '*) min- 
gled with (cries f of "No.")- Let mc (tell 
you) (how to) (do it.) n»d (in my) judgment 
(there w only one) way. (WAm you) ad- 
i,.uin//-in bare moveatraighl (to Albany) 

| bill .t, j-Mlidly as.\..u aie -iltin- (on oW) 
U-iuhiWwv 1,. ni-hl (Yon .-.n,i...\- i| .:.- it) 

by staying (in A>« Fork) and (leaving the) 
Legislature alone. (You must) besiege them 
until tbey get (tired + of you) and vote (for 
it) (to get) irid of) you.) Indignation meet- 

ili:>i-Hili i/.-itlli* liilln'l yr.lh (In '■ .lillui- 
.■:,-,„ ...t 111, . |„.i,.-.| ;,...., A- ' ..I X.t Y.,/,) 

preparing (to steal) twenty millions more. 
— Applause.— Only (two or three) (^ears ago) 
wAfift this great trm/i »,< nt. (Wi/.b «.-,,, in- 


. „..T*^ r -*-V ■ V -■•■■■ 

c,y w-. 

~~ ^W GWA k^j^ 


■/* ■ ^' -p- 

lie) (htm. 
(Mm T 

irate. The (ruler f of this city) is. (and a) 

(long time) (has been), King Alcohol. And 
everybody (knows it.) {He has) got an (array f 

ny man) professing 
(and a) (friend | of 
lses to support this voir a^iiiist tlii 1 - in 
defeated tat) the polls (a 
(To read the) presen! 

upp-il tiy,."tln'i 

Utah whig Up 

(Consonant! repn » ated I 

■urentlifM-A ; .■ M.1 I' «li-r. tlie r, L ...l.,r ■■ 

lino .i ■i-.l. are itiiln-is,-.! : a dajwr tndlCHl 

spr.-rh I haul he '/mi )— Continued laughter - 

(and then) amuses me. (It sa 

license (shall he) issued (to any mi 

either spiritous or malt liquors i 

(A* m) (a man t of good) b 

Derisive laughter.— Well, that ought (to 

be) enough. — Kcncwed laughter.— Eepec- 

tofly (is it enough) (when you) rem«nA« 
(tA«( the) "good (moral character") (must 
be) approved (by the) Excise Commission, 
ers — More laughter.— (It was) promised 
that Sodom and Gomorrah [mould be) saved 
(if there wwe) ten righteous people; finally 
they came down, I . I beHave,) (to live.) There 
need scarcely, therefore, be any fear (tAa« 
our) city (wffl be) destroyed on (any such) 
account ; (for we) have (at least) (ten thou- 
sand) (men f of "good) (moral character") 
(in the) midsl (of us | (Roars | laughter,) 
(Will you) (blame me.) if, .in rtew \ of 
these) faets, (I desire) (to be) (on the other 
side.) and pronounced (a man \ of bad) 
moral character ?)— Loud and continued 

(Ten thousand) (liquor saloons,) 500 
churches. 300 Bchools. (There is) (as much 
money) spent (iu theee) saloons (in one day) 
(as would) feed (all the) poplc (in New York) 

, h , ,|.^ \\ . ■.-.;'./ ■ ,v. .to \ (saloon 

. will iA.iw to) pay $1,000 

I. . ■ | ■- ;: th | ki 1 1 1 .- l . •n,.l 

rrnniii.l- and lunatlce (they make.)— Ap- 


passed, (I propose) 

bringi/wward a hm lhat mi primary i 
in-- (sAofl I"- '"M wflWn BOO i <-■ ^ r ■.■ 

lliijIKir SJllu'iN ; — Prolonged ;ippl;lUse - 

Shorthand Notes. 

Benn Pitman has a very iuterostingarticle 
in the Phonographic Magazine, "»peU ac- 
cording to the Five Rules." Why not 

widespread interest in Phonography among 
(he readers of the Journal. 

Even good phrasing should he in some 
degree governed by the facility with which 
the writer can read. If he read- readilj all 
combinations, he may join words whenever 
they can he joined according i,, the rubs of 
phraseology. If he has trouble to decipher 
phrases, he should use them with caution. 
Unless Shorthand is legible, it is useless. 

The spelling reformers 

they lack 

enforcing the "five rules" in their own 
publications and personal correspondence. 
but that the obstinate, pig-headed world will 
not take the trouble to follow their lead. 
The editor of the Phoimgrai>hic Magazine 
says in his salutatory : " We arc for spelling 
reform to-day, to-morrow, and all the year 
'round. The experience of forty years of 
effort to that end, however, has shown that 
it must be accomplished iu the face of one 
of the most stubborn prejudices ever op- 
posed to any reform measure. Not only do 
the mass of English reading and English 
writing people refuse to accept any means of 
curing the barbarous orthography of our 
language, but not a small proportion, indeed 
a large majority, of the intelligent classes 
persist in refusing to see or admit the neces- 
sity or desirability of such a reform." 

a candid one, and shows that the editor un- 
derstands the situation. If he will now 
give us a little encouragement by pointing 
out a single periodical or a hook, except 
such as are professionally devoted to the 

pi.niir.ill> mogni/es the advantage of the 
phonetic reform, we will help him to rejoice 
In the coming millennium. The forty 

towards die desired end. though it is not yet 
discernible to the naked eye. But what are 
forty yeara in the great cycle of time ? 

New Phon 





Mr. It G. Shaffer, who is an excellent 
write] ..I Munson, suggests using a circle 

for tng, aud Ma follows. This is not a n. w 

E. V. C— A gold pen for phonography 
should have short nibs. The flexibility 
should be regulated by the force with whirl, 

you write. You can tell whal BuitB you 
" ,l! > bj trying fou will be allowed toex- 

Brief Signs for Fractions. 

In a recent number of Tm Phonographic 
World there was an article entitled ■■short- 
hand Numbers, "which contained a few sug- 
gestions iu regard to briefer signs to be used 
by reporters in writing fractions. As a 
general thing the ordinary Arabic numerals 
are sufficiently brief for the reporting of 
sound numbers and numbers that do not 
contain fractions. But every reporter has 
probably found that the common mode of 
writing fractions, each being represented by 
three disjoined signs or marks, is frequently 


With two 
itdi.pted tin 
II. Barh>« 

suggest for trial by 
especially those who 




-y-i-h-4 M-<- 

i s i f i 7 -f 

iz 3 j, j- e i 

T T T 7 T T T 

■i f-f-4--4-4/' 

A. A ± j: ± ± -l 

i A. ± A A L J. 
9 9 9 9 9 9 9 

Each fraction, except when 4 is one of 
the figures, is written with a single outline, 
that is. without break . and, as far as possi- 
ble, the numerator, or upper figure, is writ- 
ten above the line, and the denominator, or 

thus making the Hue. or the ruling of the 
paper, perform the office of the dividing 
tn.irk i.i fractions. 

■ separated by ■ 


-:iti-l':i< i..ry. For 

phonographic outlines arc used. But la 

II.MI-.I..I- when preceded by or, arc wri 

the line, that is, in the fourth posit 
Examples: •'one or two. "in -In 

six," "six orseven,""six or eight," "sc 

—Poor Skiftius, the author of "The 
Hungry Waif." told us the other day that 
be was afflicted with writers 1 cramp. We 
pitied him aud asked him how he managed 
till to write. He said that it did not affect 
his arm. but his jaw. A dollar cured him 

The Wicked World. 
A correspondent, claiming to he "a 

Shorthand graduate 01 Packard, "as also "a 
subscribe! to the defunt Munson New," 
wishes to know if the Jouun.m. has made 
or ran make some arrangement with Mr. 
Munson by which 'the mourners' can be 
furnished" with the Joi bhal to complete 
their unfulfilled subscription to the Newt; 

the '• Muusoniau 



except its own. It came with the purpose 
of remaining so long as there is a demand 
for it, and no longer. As the ' ' demand " is 
rapidly on the increase, the prospects to-day 
are that it has come to stay. A "depart- 
ment" of Phonography in a paper given 
wholly to other interests can never be so full 
nor so interesting to Shorthand people us a 
full breasted, intelligently-conducted maga- 

oncc a vein, or so, and is given wholly to 
Shorthand matters ; but it is the aim of 
conductors to fill the limited space afforded 
them in as full and satisfactory a way i 
they can. It will, of course, be uneven 

good— never, if it can he helped, wholly 
bad. We advise our friend to send 
dollar for a year's subscription of 
Journal ; for if the Shorthand Department 
should wholly disappear, he is sure t( 
the worth of his money. 

The Brachionigraph. 

A pa ten led article, called lb -■■ In. -i.j. : i . : ;.l. 
is claimed to render the art of writing posi- 

He|»ort.s frcim Judd'sG 
mrocStreet, Chicago, sli 
a very good way. F. ¥ 

It is therefore s 

erviceahle in cas 

ter's cramp an 

of paralysis oi 

The instrume 

nt is of simple 

asily adapted to 
the ulnar border of the forearm. This 
splint is sewed into a casing of supple 
leather material, shaped so as to form a kind 
of gauntlet or sleeve for the forearm. The 
gauntlet is fastened to the forearm by an 
ingenious arrangement of screw hooks and 
studs, allowing of an adjustable degree of 
pressure. The bar or splint carries ai 
lower end a mechanism with a univ 

held in any desired position. With this 
ig is performed 

brown completely out of use. It is said t 
>e easy to acquire the necessary dexterity i 
lse of the invention for legible bam 
v riling." — American Stationer. 


h Byron left at MlasotongW 

■Il.-l.-ii-- Ual.-.s ■ h..s |..,.m,1 
ruluiraeienzc- |Vo \ r„. > , 

nintchi, MM- "Dear "hi Man 

The Editor's Leist 

[ i ncj with which 
: or another of tlie 
many phases of disputed handwriting, 
doubtless mOBl frequently from that of sig- 
natures to the various forms of commercial 
obligations or other instruments conveying 

To a less t 

tngs, bj 

sometimes the trouble comes in the form of 
disguised or simulated writings, A dispro- 
portionate!; large number of these eases 
arise from forged and fictitious claims 
against the estates of deceased people. This 
results, first, from the fact that such claims 
are more easily established, as there is 
usually no one by whom tbey can be 
directly contradicted ; and, secondly, for 
the reason that administrators are less liable 
to exercise the highest degree of caution 
than are persons who pay out their own 
money. There are known to the writer not 
less than nine such claims now pending in 
the Courts of New York State alone, rang- 
ing in amount from $5,000 to more than 
$500,000. In some instances these claims 
rest upon the alleged genuineness of a single 
signature ; in others, where it was necessary 
to show some peculiar consideration for the 
claim, whole series of papers and letters 
have been forged, sometimes simply in the 
disguised hand of the forger, then again in 
the simulated style of other persons. In one 
case with which the writer is familiar a note 
for |10,000 was presented against the estate 
of a wealthy bachelor by a widow, who 
alleged that the note had been given in con- 
sideration of her marriage engagement with 
the deceased, which only failed of con- 
summation through his unexpected death. 
In vindication of her claim she produced 
numerous letters, couched in terms of 
endearment, which she alleged she bad 
received from him prior to and during their 
engagement. These letters, all but two of 

tions, were demonstrated by experts to have 

the claimant, as was the signature to the 
note, the body being confessedly in her own 
writing. As another instance, a woman 
presented a claim for some $30,000 against 


imN of Hi 


deceased some years before for investment 
and safe-keeping. As vouchers for her 
claim she produced a receipt and contract, 
setting forth explicitly the terms of pay- 
ment of principle and interest, alleged to 
have been drawn by her lately deceased 
attorney, and signed by the testator. The 

the mail a long series of letters, purporting 
to have been written by several different 

claim against the estate The receipt, con- 

In all instances where a forgery extend^ in 
the manufacturing of any considerable 
piece of writing, it is certain of being 
detected and demonstrated when subjected 
to a skilled expert examination ; but where 
forgery is confined to a single signature, 
and that perhaps of such a oharactet u to 
be easily simulated, detection la ofttimea 
difficult, and expert demonstrations leu 
certain or convincing Yel it Is the writer's 
experience that the instances are rare in 
which the forger of even a signature docs 
unconscious traces that will 
betray him to the real expert, while in most 
Instances forger; will be at ■ bo apparent 

The , 

they ■ 

peak in a language 
utterly defy 
Such a case was lately tried at Newport, 
Vermont, where a paper had been presented 
to the executors of an estate, purporting to 
be signed by the testator, in which he 
promised to pay several obligations, of some 
twenty-five years standing, and which were 
long since barred by the Statute of Limita- 
tions. This paper was alleged to have been 

! his death. The ( 

the ( 

the County Court. 

That our readers may better appreciate 
the appended synopsis of the Court pro- 
ceedings, compiled from the report of the 

Newport Kj-ptrnx-S/aiuht rd oi February 15th, 


standards f 


rnlll|.:il V 

Five Wltneiaei Bwew Positively to having 

It was set up in behalf of the plaintiff 
that the paper in dispute was signed in the 
public office of the American House, Mont- 
pelier, on the fifth day of June, 1884, in the 
presence of numerous witnesses. 

J. W. Smith testified that he was present 
on this occasion. Fuller spoke to him, and 
said : "lam doing what few men would. I 

time and place, (which paper they fully 
identified in the document upon which the 
suit was brought), the plaintiff introduced 
several other witnesses who testified that 
they had heard Fuller s;, \ he intended mak 
ing such a paper to Rowell, and to other 

A gains' 


containing consecutive accounts of Fuller's 

1884, was introduced to establish the char- 
acter of his handwriing, the entries being 
proven to have been made by himself. 
Other witnesses familiar with bis haudwrit 
ing were called to establish the genuineness 
of certain signatures, to he used as 

The plaintiff's witness Kent, the writing 
master, was recalled. Holding the hotel 
register in his hand, opened at the date 
June 5, 1884, the defendant's counsel pointed 

related), and rained in questions after this 

StuuTr* Signature*. 

ie trustwuitliy ami convincing 

I jury than is the testimony of living wit- positively to 

we, who may be deceivi I 

am receiving sonic notes which Henry and I 

"Yes, sir." 

have carelessly allowed to outlaw." Fuller 

" You fix the date in your mind accurately 

immediately sal down, and reading over a 

by Mr. Rowell's calling your attention to a 

paper which was handed him by Rowell, 

mistake in the date as originally entered ?" 

the plaintiff, signed it. Witness noticed the 

"I do." 

paper at the time, and fully indentified the 

"Beyond question V" 

document in dispute as the same. 

" Absolutely beyond question." 

James M, Kent, a writing teacher for 

more than ten years, rot mhorated Smith on 

take was altered some time subsequent to 

every point. He had for years lived at the 

American House, and bad frequently acted 

"No, sir." 

as clerk, heading the hotel register. A 

(Sharply) " And you swear poxiticrfi/ that 

youthen and there amended ibis dale" i shew- 

ing the register) "on the fifth day of June, 

in question, June 5, 1884, the plaintiff 

1884, upon having your attention called to 

the error by the plaintiff in this suit, 

Rowell r 

■'I do." 

the figure. (The register being put in erl- 

"Do you mean to tell this jury, Mr. Kent, 

that the date as originally entered and the 

made). Witness saw Rowell write a paper 

on this occasion and band it to Warren 

ink ?" 

Fuller, who having read it over, affixed his 

" Most certainly, sir. It could not have 

signature and returned it. He examined llie 

been otherwise. The proprietor of the house 

paper in dispute and identified Fuller's sig- 

bought his ink by the quart bottle, and there 

was but the one kind about the office." 

in whil b the lasl entry under date of June 

After some further questioning : 

"And you distinctly remember that Mr. 

"Warren Fuller was with Mr. Rowell on this 

the same -(ate of fact-, positively identify- 

occasion V 

ing the paper in question. In the same line 

"Yes, sir." 

was the testimony of Joseph D. Clogston 

"And you saw Mr. Rowell sit duwn and 

and L, I. Durant, a lawyer, who had done 

write a paper, which paper you saw Mr. 

business for Rowell. Both of them clearly 

Fuller sign then and there, and which yon 

have fully identified as the disputed paper 

signed in Hit office of the American House, 

in this case ?" 

" Such are the facts, sir." 

Besides thi u Ave h Itni -■■ 

" Where was that paper drawn and 

positively to having seen a paper written by 

Howell and signed by Fuller, Tit a certain 

"At a table within the olhe. railin- 

"To all of which you ; 

" MmsI positively." 

The rest of the story is best told in the 
words of the K.iprtxs-t<tandutrf : 

"Saturday forenoon was taken up by 
the evidence of Daniel T Ames, who testified 
that he now resided in New York city, was 
born in Vershire, Vt., and lived there till 
1857; then went to Oswego, N. Y., and 
taught penmanship in a commercial college 
two years j was in Syracuse till 1868, since 
that time in New York ; is fifty two years 
of age ; has for twelve years been a pen 
artist . lias issued several works ,, n the 
subject ; is the editor of the Penmas'sAiit 
Jot-tiNAi. : during the past few years has 
been employed as an expert in examining 
writing and signatures to determine their 
genuineness ; in the past year has been 
witness in some fifty cases of this kind in 
court, and have probably been consulted in 

in nearly all the States and often in Wash- 
ington on this business. He had examined 
the 'marble book' of Mr. Fuller and the 
photographs which had been put into the 
case. Mr. Ames then proceeded to give the 
tests he used in comparing the standard, or 
what was conceded or taken to he Fuller's 
genuinesignature with others which had been 
shown him, In addition to photographs 
Mr. Ames tnnde a free and telling use of a 
crayon and blackboard for illustration. 
He explained the principles upon 
which he based his conclusion. He com- 
pared a letter like 'Was found all through 
the marble book, and demonstrated the 
difference between them and the signature 
appearing on the renewed promise claimed 
by the plaintiff to have been signed by 
Warren Fuller. He could not find such 
similarity in any of the writing shown him 
as being Mr. Fuller's, in the latter years of 
his life, as to warrant the conviction that 
the signature in question could possibly 


ir- cam 


i L-rc-aliT similarity in 

Fuller 1 

■ signature 111 <|iirslii>i] 

He pointed ou 


V tilings Wlurli lunaal 

uclusion that this signature 



, but it had o stiff, un- 

uai tin- lilliiiL' ill with 

ink in 



making irregular jag 

ged lines forced the conclusion Unit it was a 


He g 


s his firm opinhai that 

Fuller's signature as made several years ago. 
Mr. Ames was shown the register of the 
American House and the renewal paper pur. 
porting to have been signed by Fuller at the 
American, and asked if in bis judgment the 
same ink was used. He answered decidedly 

" The diary of Kent had also been put into 
e case, in which he (Kent) bad, under date 
June 5, made an entry regarding the 

e fact of his being introduced that day to 
arren Fuller of Newport. Mr. Ames 
is shown the entry in the diary, and asked 
in bis opinion the entry was all made al 
me time. He was strongly of the opinion 

? lust 

in the Bpace given to thai day to get in what 

he desired low tile , he 1 1mm: hi l lie lit si |,;irt 
ol iln enlrj waa made in the usual hand- 
writing of Mr. Kent, and that the latter 
part relating to Fuller was added after- 

gnature to tbe 

renewal promise, and 

to question of the judge, the jury nay : ' Il 

colors are needed. Four "forma" or copies 

nuicb uf the ground 

is a forgery.'" 

of the picture are prepared, each one having 

d in his direct 

examination, in which 

Commenting upon the verdict and the 

in relief the parts required for one color, 

be g 

for his conclusions. 

effect of tbe expert testimony, the Standard 

while all tbe parls which < orre-poml h> I be 


mportant idea, 

mil perhaps Ihe basis 


other three colors ai> 1 ■ I r .|. j .; i — «-.i w -v. 


'■",'"' i'Ii'.'i','."! "i 

"In the regular report of the court we 
have given a general idea of the evidence of 
Mr. Ames of New York. Laying aside 
anything that counsel interested in tbe case 
may say, our bank officers, our railroad 

intaglio. The four forms are hinged to a 
central compartment so exactly that when 
brought down in succession upon a sheet of 
paper placed in that compartment they 

be ,, 

toal; II,.- ''li'," 

deeply interested in his explanations and 

order and position for the different colors, 

free i 

i|.iil-«-..f them 

id; this was especially 

received much valuable information. The 

Supposing, for example, that one color is 

Forged wriiing may be delected were plain 
and such as any average mind could apply. 
His conclusions were drawn from plain 

brown, A block or plate is prepared for 

of color in the manner of ink ; the block is 


■raiting, tbe aeti 

u of tbe mind aud the 

principles and his' reasons were reasonable,' 
By ine:ius of these principles now reduced 
to a science, by means ol strong magnifying 

turned over so that it may print its portion 

In, „, 

were not free 

and natural, hut bin- 

of the device on a sheet of paper. Another 

glasses and acid, and other tests applied to 

color, which we may suppose to be blue. 

»■ pen was not held in 

ink, the matter of forgery is being made a 

receives its supplies in the same way. and 



transfers it to the paper. 1ml at places which 

il. 'I 

different line 01 

mark was made, often 

bad not been touched by the brown color. 


ring extra lilli 

- in or shading with 

So also in respect to the other two colors. 


l.'ir T,,'"m 

y" lHi "-'-- ! ' ;, " ! 

i ebratod Dodge case in Ply. 

There are many different modes of effect- 
ing this kind of printing, cot only with 
respect to the sort of block or plate em- 
ployed, but also in relation to the kiud of 


,'n!n,'!l 1™''^' 

the word Fuller ; this 

["r.t.r,''' l 'm,l l |'l^,u,','n!l 1 '.'',"' ' ',' .'"' '■ ' ' '' 

wlter 1 coLT li, lV"!' , ' 1 ' " 

ytbing to he found in 

In r fhis''cas D e MrTmea was an^spTrt'w'Jt'- 

pSE!!E!^?E" , '^ 

IwriHiuj it was the 

plainly that thecounsel for Ray ! then 

latum] anci frc 

• stroke of the pen to 

through the press as inan\\iim-s aTih.'n'Trr 


""' '" e wl 

lie name of Warren 

guilt of their client, and Raymond left the 
court room a known criminal. Other cases 

distinct colors. Tints and shades arc often 

produced by printing one color over an- 
other, (See illustratione on this page > 

i "."" 1 "" "' 

e muscles and the let. 

might he riled, though the elTect il, the 

Hi.- «",.", i ,i!'ii 


' i,J; ' '": Hi L.iJO'Snii 

Another remarkable kind of printing is 

thai o! tith<,/jnii>h!i, in which the picture is 

engraved upon a Hat stone, instead of copper, 

of tl 

convinced by Ames' testimony." 

steel or wood. 


boi .,,.,.„-. 


The whole theory of lithographic printing 

nksof the lianiihe. in Bavaria, and con- 
t of a kind of calcareous slate which is 

illy split into Sal slabs The stone is 
rous. yet brittle, and generally presents 

■cording In Ihe 

artist, This, 

and Ihe chalk, 


A solulion of gum is floated over the sur- 
face of the stone ; aud when this is dry a 
wet sponge is employed to bring the stone 
quite clean, but without removing the cbaik- 
marks. When the printing is about to take 

water, aud is then inked with an oily ink 
pretty much the same as that employed in 
common printing ; the ink is applied by 
u, inns of an elastic roller worked lo and fro 
over tbe stone. Tbe water which bad jnat 
been applied to the stone had been imbibed 
by Ihe stone itself. Inn not by the chalk 
lines, because their greasiness repelled it. 
Hence, when tbe iuking roller is worked 

leel of paper by the in tin Ihe press 

■ greasy marks do urn Income obliterated 
a long tunc . bill, after each copy is 

■I 'I " ,1' -■■:.■- i- !,■■! I led to tbe case of 

diversified colors being unil. Inn is nK.i 
employed for (inference ,.| slj.ul,- ... ■ !. ].il, 

\, ,..M,, , 1:1,1,11 ,1 1,11.. ■ , ,|,],i:i- I, 1|, ,1 

which combines with it a process of eicb- 

i"-' A ., ■ , 1 1 r - _■ "I gum .» .1,1. r,,l will. 

A.I.. Il„ 

Penmans Art Journal 



i-i \m\n - art .nu J.nai,. 

M U Hllih, M\l» II, 

The International 2\ 


.HU-.s;.nu fl.sMF.N OF AMERICA. -Dlek- 

B / Ctarr 

Symposium .... ' ttl-35 

Zywwin ^ 5WKA, // IV May/or and the 

Editorial Comment. 

We wish to emphasize the fact thnt the 
general copyright on the Journal is meant 
to protect only such articles as are specially 
designated, aotablj all artii lea appearing In 
the yhorlhaDd Department 

r trie,, .is , 

, J. Toi.ANi). Superintendent of Writing 
.. i ii» 3i hoola of Canton, 111., sends 
Journal a Ion-; communication in 
vcr to an article by II. Russell criticising 


I -MO.! 1 

iv it always so fortunate as to agree 
li him in detail, candor compels us to say 
1 he has a very creditable way of npbold- 
hi-cod of an argument. We would yivu 
:-e lo the communication in question but 
its length and the crowded state of our 
jmns. It is fair to state that Mr. Tobind 
.ins to have been misrepresented to some 
[•lit in Mr. Russell's article. He does 

i the line of pen drawing. Mr. Dewhurst 
cordially invited to try his- hand again, 
ad we will see that he has due credit. 

The handsome full-page illustration 
given in this number of the Jodrnal is a 
reduced fao-rimiU of a testimonial engrossed 

tor I 

! Thir 


piece was exhibited for some days in the 
window of a Broadway shoe-store, where it 
drew such crowds as to become a subject 
for comment by the city papers. The fol- 
lowing paragraph is from the N. Y. Evening 

"A Menace to Pedestrians.— -Don^ws 
of a /;<-/ in front of Mc9aj/nj/'« Shoe-store — 
Unless Mr. Bryan G. McSwyny removes the 
trophy of the Thireen Club, consisting of 
su perhly engrossed and magni licently framed 
resolutions presented by its members to Cap- 
tain Fowler on bis eighty first birthday, 
from the window of his shoe store on Broad- 
way, near Park Place, something serious 
will happen. No one seems to be able to 

people are seriously injured in striving ' 

honest and helpful ad 

teaching and practice of writing, has 

pointed out the baneful ell. 

teinatic and flourished writing. It is cer- 

writing of the present time than has this 

craze, so to speak, for " Bnuriaky, sprawly ' 
writing. Walls with rare exceptions our 
business colleges, academies and public 
schools, through their special teachers of 
writing, have stood against this fallacy, and 
have been earnest advocates and teachers of 
plain, practical, common sense writing, and 
to a large extent have moulded well the 
writing of the business world, there has 

baneful influence, by a so called 

tn, and which has been literally 1 mo* ted 
notoriety and a large sale by most 
vagnnt claims, ingeniously set forth 

It would seem that the pros and com of 
this matter bad ben sulllcieiitly considered 
in the JOURNAL'S columns. Certainly the 
reader who has gone through it all must know 

opponents condemn it. And knowing this, 
he should be able to decide for himself. At 
any rate, when this point is reached, fur- 
ther discussion becomes tiresome and profit- 
less, and the disputants arc apt to stray off 
from the original subject and fall into per- 
sonalities. We think quite enough has been 
said in the Journal for the present upon 
the subject of the utility of the oblique pen- 

cil b was promply corrected by Mr. Webb. 
ho hasbeeDgenui 
' the good work t 

get a front place in ordei 

view of the resolutions. A full list 

wounded has not yet been made out. 

ibis ease the Thirteen Club 

Irous omen to harmless outsiders than lo ils 

genial members. To-day crowds have 

gathered hourlysince morning, and stalwart 

poHcemeu have been grasping their batons 

in momentary anticipation of a riot." 

Jliis fritjitbm <*l qiutm JoitniuUx, etc . 

Orii Phonographic Deiwutmhnt is 
doing excellent work. We hear from it 
continually— from experts and students— 
and they all write to praise. The COUl 96 of 
instruction outlined has been adopted in 
some schools, which is certainly a very cor 
dial i ompliment. And there is no disputing 
the fact that the Joins al's Phonographic 
Department deserves all the 
it gets. 

TnAT 13 a most interesting ca 
M the Warren Fuller Estate, t 
which is told in other columns, 

itself. Accompanying 

photo-engraved fac simile of a letter (No 1) 

lately received at the office of the Jot as il, 

experienced teacher would 

imd "T," line seven, would certainly pass 
each other by ns utter strangers, while let- 
ters with such pretentious 

ecognize the evolu- 
ictween themselves 
line eight. As to 
Electric Light of 

Mark Checkup's autograph. 

\\c have beiOIfl us several well written 
but somewhat lengthy articles bearing upon 
thi- -uliji-ii which, did splice permit, we 

Bui from our view of the subject there 
much useless controversy respecting it, t.L 
difference being more in definition than i 
fact One class of writers would seem t 
call all movement other than linger " wholi 
arm," l.eciuw- the muscles of the whole an 
are employed in writing. Another cla; 
would distinguish only that motion of tb 
arm which has no rest between the shoulder 

. a Dd that in which the forearm 

The Packard Anniversary. 

Every seat in New York's big Academy 
of Music was filled on the evening of Mon- 
day, March 7th. People were standing in 
the aisles, too, so great was the interest mani- 
fested in the occasion— the 89th anniversary 
and graduating exercises of Packard's Busi- 
ness College. Stage and proscenium boxes 
were resplendent wilh palms and banks of 
roses. At the appoiuted hour, the great and 
only Gilmore hastily surveyed his little army 
of musicians within the orchestra railing, 
twirled his to too and the fun began. 

When the burst of applause which greet- 

' l.adw 

, D.D., 

:d by Rev Dr. J. S. 
Rev. R S. MacAr- 



leristics of True Genius." 

powerful, eloquent, fascinating. The mag- 
netism of the man flashed aloDg lines of 
brilliant thought straight to the hearts of 
his auditors, setting all their batteries of ap- 

nlaiiM- iii actum Ioiil' and loud. The other 

Graphic " is not published by Cowpertb- 
hy Lovell. The " Duntonian " 
received no mention but deserved it, both on 
account of priority of publication an 

cause il is worth quite as much as til 
systems first mentioned by you. T 
years ago I knew Prof. Duuton and h 
few, if any, equals as a penman al (lint 
He had had a series of copy-books i 
several yi-ars previously, and it was "Dun- 
(,■/,, : , i, , " /(>,<;/, hint and nhr-tti* It ■ 
change Us distinctive style every few years 
because some other system did, and i 

- style and i-i miu'huI so. 
Brother Ames, and give 

Yours truly. 

Clubs for the Past Month. 

The King Club this month numbers 
ninety-one names, sent from the Detroit 
Business University by J. G. Kline, W. E. 
Hall, A R. Merriam and J. R Searigbt. 

3 College, is responsible the Queen Club 

Freehand Drawing. 


Nil IV -hows the mil 

pil-pri tiv. ..1 :i -pi '" 



No. V shows toe 
icrapective of circle 
n different planes. 


Draw tbe front elevation, A, make diagonals 
of tbe square for tbe central point of tbe 

window. Then t 

that line strikes the main roof. 
At B is given a method of dividing the 

receding end of a bouse, for tbe purpose of 
placing" doors, windows, etc. Draw a line 

number of spaces ; from the Last division, 

draw a line us at E, from each division on 
tbe horizontal ; draw lines to E, from the 
intersection of these points with the reced- 
ing line of the gable drop verticals, which 




braces as much instruction as could be 
reasonably concentrated into so limited a 
course. It seems sufficient if properly 
studied and practiced, to lay a tolerably 
fair foundation for freehand drawing. For 
other branches of art knowledge, as archi- 
tectural or mechanical drawing, or for purely 
decorative drawing as a technicality, it 
would be necessary to study those branches 
by themselves. 

The Magic Alphabet of New 

Speed Writing. 

Tbe Journal has already referred to a 

new scheme of abbreviated writin- known 
as ■< \, u Speed Wi'iliiiL'." It is applied to 

i . . million s.-iisi, simple ! ie :<\ 

In- d<>t forming " i 
above or joined 



\ » 


V * 


o a 

i : 


* o 

( * 


K M 



N U 

( 3 

) 3 

O o 


■N -< 



) * 


l - 

( « 



~ i 


~ M 




Educational Notes. 

Southern States 

In the Princeton Theological Semneuv 
there is a stuaent who is sixty-eight \ ears of 

G)tiiuasiums arc increasing the number 
of rosy-cheeked girls in our cities. 

Ex President Mark Hopkins has had a 

i tor M-lino] eoiiuni-' 

413,000. There 
225 private schools, 
not including colleges or business schools. 
In private schools there arc 43,000 pupils, 
and the average daily attendance in the 
public and corporate "schools for the year 
was 162,936. The total number who at- 
tended school at some portion of the year is 


a Centennial celebration in April — the 
hundreth anniversary of the change of name 
from King's to Columbia. 

The Ohio Legislate 
repealing the Black If 
providing for separate 

:e has passed a bill 
schools for colored 


Mainly by her own energy, Mrs. Sarah B. 
Cooper, of" San Francisco, has aroused an 
interest in the subject of kindergarten 
schools in California. She has succeeded in 
building up nearly a score of flourishing 

Teacher (in geography class)— " W hat is 

desert ¥' Young Student—" Don't 

now, mum. I always eat at the second 

A Mirhbiai 
lie girle M 

C T, whereupon you i 


1. > US In lii nilv -l:l-|. III. 

lliailVliess ol 

.reefoldncss of its totality.— 

r. graphic 


boy elL'-llt 

ing been tolc 

i being asked 

iroinpllv and 



ed abab 



"A little str 

rieer bus 
Illr Iu,y " 

in 1 1\. ii 

i? rbt-reisa 



Well, ask him be 


Bellinny C'ollece (Kansas) we linvi- 

vims wei|:bt." .kibn repeats 

— " Repeat apullH'iiiik- 

Willi Wlllll 

you lie weiebed 

■' Tn.v 

.li.lin ■ 


—"Because I ara 

tbe girl 


Just For Fun. 

Ladies will never succeed as railway con- 
ductors. Their trains arc always behind. 

A man out West who has eleven children, 
?ays he is always sorry when Christmas 
is over. Great Apollo, strike the lyre 1 

When we talk about mean temperature in 
New England nowadays, we mean what 
we say. — ifow Haven News, 

If marriage is a lottery, love-letters ought 

• lived a 

IV \\ lie persists in living 

aw." - Decree granted, 
eply. '-Why, even th< 

pay fm 

,t" ".Ma-" Wby 


I WIlll' 

-•• Not 

Illlr-s vn'l 

A -"Be- 
ir llolllillL' 

.s'./ /,,/,.. 



i ?' 

ted by tbe 


-"i„...i!\ -.-.II 


day is this?" "Was 
quick reply. 

" Give an example o 
slack," said the teacher, jvuu me smart. 

bad boy at I In- foot ol ll>. , 

I,,, . ,.....,,,■.. I i .. ' ■ 

public schools of the land we love. 

Lyman D. Smith. 
Teach&r of Ptnmaiuhip, Hartford, Conn., 

and .\"i>""- •>/ A t>i>!' *■■»'■- Ifta Bmiet oj 

.firrmnJrlre mti iRpairitrfiint«£) ) 

jr-^y . 


WHEREAS, te"KiD^«w|«%^«fel^fc€M > 

^ W,H E.R. EAS ,, # , i .-; ■>',:/,, >.'/~s). //-.,,-> /,,<■-, /-..,,■ //■"■-_> -/wv '■ ,>■■//.>, <f. /,,■<,-, ,-/</. <•//>,■? //,.,,,' 

«,. ,-. V^i^S. ^ °V'-' '' ' / - '-• CCyidC'MsJ w.j*i -/ </ ,/.,/>/ ,,;■•,///,/!, ,.■)>,, .-,,,>{■/.>, /■'■'/> ■■■■ 

t Vy* .>«_■ Whereas. .^.^ ......' 

XI ¥ jf--*' but Fought valiantly in the Front ranks oFour Army 

Ui X^' WkHMM* Sfc*r/;,.K..../.../,„f /., ,u • y , ^^ 

R'l£0 LV'Ift iI«XT lf0» f HUSSOUD WSW^OR JSGAIttS* SUJ»ER&Si§iW • 

iSrairltTrid. - -.,/..,. , 

r ';^' J -/" / " "' V< '_';4rr'njiiM!J»l- '' " '' " -" " ' N 


itvraal'tirir //>,. 


■.'■'-■,..■■•'.-,•. ;.<■.<.,,,,..„* *;.,.., /., ./.y.,.,. 


•f r '.Aftf*** ..1). ■''■'■"->.«« "nd'™^ Tils'"' 

nmem-il Colli'!,'?, 

f lettering tbat do great 

-lipi'lllll. I). I. Ill .1.11 ' OV1I. 

F. B Uourluey. QlltuapOZ«t, Mass.. with dub i.f 

f Detroit Business Uotver 

"-!' 'I"!, I; ■■ I.. -I. i \ ■. . In, I r.ivi 

logg, Vnoko Minn., Business College, 
■ i ■. 1 1 d pnla 

Itutili. r., , . . !,r, , \ 

njiin:i)i(> ,11 points 
t!un as a wliole is 

uff of a good pen 

Publisher's Bulletin. 

:i liflHLl .if udv.'ftl-lll, 


< .•-.-iipiiit,' Ui.- conclusion tliatthe f 


Winter Perfun 

Box Ames"' Penman's Favorite Pen V M Bros-, 30 

Regular price J10 30 

We will mail the aame for $6.50; if the cloth- 

hound &«((/<■ Is dcsirwl. for S«.T5. 

—The English style of hooked and angled 
writing Is affected by Fanny Davenport, 
Sara Jewelt, Vernona Jarbeau, Margaret 
Mather and the leading actresses generally. 

The sketch was mi 
and I think it has the 
pen drawings I have s 

If you or any of the readers of the Jour- 
nal have ever seen or heard of a pen draw- 
ing or flourish with the above title I wish 
you would write and let me know. 

If it can be proven to my satisfaction that 
there has ever appeared in any of Ihe pen- 
men's papers a "Home, Sweet Home" 
design I will change the name of my draw- 

Penmuuistically yours. 
Prof. .1. WnorrER WmTFMonE. 
Ctuilkup, Tcnn. 

Teacher of Penmanship and Bookkeeping. 


>rk Tor us. American 

rioula. Mo. 

iful Specimen of Penmanship 

Pen Artist, Utica, N. Y. 

'! I'l. •.■ - 


•'Clllott's 604 E. F." Pens 

1Q CENTS;,-,,;, .,..,,„,„. 


eachivs it. A short, pnuti.-J mwK. 
:. C ATKINSON, l'ri.i.:ipal of SiKT.-in.-nlo 


■ ' . : . ' ,1 

At-crit- Wanted. ^ Outet for 10 cents. 

OLAUK , i. i ,'-;••":.■-;' ^;;-; 

MUSIC. -■ ■■; ■:::,.. 



A Dictionary 
A Gazetteer of the World 
A Biographical Dictionary 

All in One 


The Model Guide to Penmanship. 

Something Entirely New. 




J. C. BRYANT, M. D., or the Bryant £ SUyttor, i Buffalo Business 
College (Copyrighted 1S35.K 
Elementary, 1 04 pages, Price, $ .80 
Commercial, 1 60 " I 80 

Countlng-House,3l2 ' 2.B0 

.T. ('. BRYANT. Publisher. 
Buffalo, N. Y. 



All of Standard and Superior Quality. 


^ i ^y&Js^XSr- 



/ / J J 

$ .60 



i's Supplies. 




I>r.ii.<!i I" l.i- of any help to teachers or others in 
preparing tot examinations, or for reviewing pupils 

no," nearly 300 test examples with an- 
swers and solutions. Besides treating ( lii>r<nnrt»ly 

imples with answers and solu- 

iwlthAMwm on GRAMMAR," 


malical Geography. ' 

the Federal 

VV n'lLcft.-SiiL' I ». — -r1 f ■( i \ *-. Pti y-if:il .u.s-1 .M.irh.- 

Paper Warehouse, 

Nos. IS & 17 Beekman St., 
8-121 NEW YORK. 

Q. Q's. 

I thiiii.' I'l.rll. i- l>u,-.r Out- 
. s, ml f,,r l iM',.f t!„ „i. and .1 

<|wec C. >c C's. rmi Queer Qu.ri.s 22"... I . 
V- l-...lii^..iiK.' " Prlee. 20 Cents. 

C. C's. No. 2. 

Dixon's American Graphite Pencils. 

I'KNM \\ •: MIT .I..1-1:-, t 


Containiiicorer 100 De^-ns an. I Illustrations 
Fruit ami WgeinMe r.-m-is. Animals, etc. 


T.-.n.-liii)-.' |..-nrn.ui-hi|. I.iy mail Is 
rvitli me. I have n.-v-i y.-i failed 

t -i. in imsii^'n reached. Iheli 


tr.iM" s|..w t,. ink.- advantage .if a c.n.d thing 
when it IB.-Ileredthen, Vm ran heroine a good 
penman at home just as well as to attend a Busl- 
jould giYtfa 'good testimonial from every puptl 


coleman The Journal's New Handy 

Business College, 





*A Scbaol Thomghl; Jqnippid for Office Training.-.- 


?»s . 



St., Buffalo, N. Y., 

S ii l '|...-!r;,, ll . N,T,,i .I.,,,,,. f,,Mh;.! k — .n In 



Price 50 Cents, Postage Pal< 





HOME"""" "" 


Wyckoff's^Phonographic Institute 

V- Hi, i K..|...rlm(; ] a -,- T U ,, H^ 

I Btpplln. 

SHORT-HAND^',''i,°A', h b °/aS: 
?";."p a ,Si'N.T i EB"r K w B n o I ";s4.s\T. , uT.' 

SHORTHAND L , ";i."",f ,l 'r«. , *oKniiv y 

Business Education 

The First School of its kind in America. 

Territory and nearly all British American Frc-ilnM 
The Course of Study and Practice includes 






.illi.u <juaran'<-il 

ymiiiK- Pt-.t.l.' ,s|„ . i:,i L v i..r ...1, 
Hpb. Sen! fur olr'kLi W.<; THAI 

<V- "All, ABOUT siK.immi' 

* ' i'„. .- .' I I:.., i'pi',New.Vork.N!'Y 

1 > "WM I .V UU K, ,,X s s.'l I - -i ..,, I 

uoiine-H Trainlne Solio',1 Iji 'now |.; r ,_'l.i,,.J .,„.! ....„ 
,,f Hi,- few Instil, Uluns ,,f its klinl wl,.,... „ ,„„.;, 





\\\.w.\ n\i:i i 



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The Best Assistant in Office Work. 


XX> Broadway. New York. P. 0. Box. 1603. fl-ti 

..■■ IVn. f.T I. M .f,,:„.. ]', .1. 

N.-w linpi-xvi-d I'untoLTiiph. fi.r enlnrtriiii; or 

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[teady Binder, a flimpl.' device fur 1ml. tun: 

l;rui.T . i. .1 ii v a i. size, very durable 150 

!,■■!■ Kin. I. 1 - .i:.i- l.y f-s|.ri-SH, 

No! 2! 9 " f&K 'vyi 'J ™ 

^ttmeClotli. oho yard wide, ' any leofrUi, 'per 

(fit.] bliltfll ■■!! ■.!•■ •><!,. .. .. . 1 'J6 

ir, it, * I..- wi.lf |.,r y»r.|. -hired both Bides it 23 
w....,l.n>l8. p.r cii.i-.n ' 6 00 

Address. D. T. AMKS, 


; ■■■! b] a ./■■■• to 1 .-.■ -ui •■ ripuoi • '■■■ 



Peirce's System of Penmanship- 
Peirce's Philosophical Treatise 
of Penmanship, and Peirce's 
Celebrated Tracing Exercises. 

w. . A^pUoattooa for 1 

,>-.-•■ ml. I 1*. ■.;., ■-■-:■■■ . «:'!' "> 

J Wb 8 Tbo U ercoND' volume of this "TKBATISE" 
10th. A set of •'Tmdiin Exercises - witb each 
nook "f instruction. -Jif.-fii" 

Chandler H. Peirce, 


Exainplt-Bof Card Writlm,' 
Kiiymsslnt: Hand Alphabet. Alphabet 
Uothto Alphabet 
Rapid Muscular W. 
Rapid UIJ EiiKlmli 1'eit .Vphabc*. 
Rapid Workluic Alphabet. 
Semi Script AlptiaUOt 

Alaoeifc-htstyl.,1..; Bord«H 
Ladies'. <■• Card Hand Alphabet 

Raided Alphabet 

II mi HI., r. Alphabet. 

, !. i,',.,-, . . I.'-., ... ...... in-, pottage paid. 

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With Two Supplementary Books. 



systematize and teach wr 

guishing features of " Spencers' New Standard Writing." It effects a saving 
of from 15 to 25 per cent, in the labor of writing and a corresponding 
saving of time in learning to write. 

A Sample Set, 
of $1.00. 

ng all numbers, sent fur examination on receipt 
Full Descriptive Circular sent, on request, to any address. 

Ivison, Blakeman, Taylor, & Co. 

753 and 755 Broadway, New York. 


Eclectic School of Shorthand & Typewriting, 

I'IImNui.KaI'MU' WokLli,' 



FOR 1887. 




The Copy Slips contain everything that is necessary to make a 
practical penman of any person of ordinary intelligence. 


Every persou dettlr. 


j win send the Jul I1NAI. ( 



D. T. AMES, Editor and Proprietor. 



' ...1 r,v.rf!,.wme wi'li HehtninK methods I 

.■'■'i'.''»'' ' 
tubntolt .. 


r, 769 BROADWAY, N. Y. 

YOUR !£■(:■ 


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od of Bookkc 


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e YST.EM. 

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CD A M1CU '-'Mi;. li. V'n i, ..!,...,- I ,iL-iis!,n,i, 

br AINlbn mum.- i ->>> -«i a™ 


n^ Nob. 22 to 2S N.ull. < link sir.-.l. CHICAGO, IlLS 


Now is jour time to put in solid work for the JOURNAL. Apply 
spied territory. 



> M 


- i 

33 J» 

A.. S. BAENES & CO., Publishers, 


ttfmS^ %w "^ 


Vol. XI.-No. 4. 

ft R vnurl>- Of course I should 

occupy a place En the galaxy of "Repre- 

uow being Jot UNM.i/.Ki) iu your columns; 
and yet, when a few weeks ago you did 
invite me to occupy the seat of honor in 
the April number of the Journal. I really 
wished that I had never left my father's 
farm. Had you requested merely my por- 


fraternity by writing his 

i wild desperation I decided on the 

tall the troth, should I 

n like things of the past, 

:i /»<,■./ morffm penman, as 

erfectly proper for such 

■ran penmen t 

s those who have preceded 

in the .lorn 

AL— Spencer, FlickiDger, 

but with the sword. But 

W h i U 

. M-ionisliing ihe 

i- Infantry with his magic 

-" ami Hicki ngcr 

lowing in die gutterals, aspirants and trills 
of the descendants of Leif Erickson— was 
watching the "movements" and enjoying 
the music of the lowing herds, the bleating 
sheep, the grunting swine and the cackling 
chickens on my father's homestead among 
the hills and dales of Badgerdom's grand 

No, 1 do not feel like being written up 
until I have either lefi the field of battle 
gory with the blood of my fellow men or 
have demnt.sirat.,1 to the entire satisfaction 
of all present and future generations that I 
am the greatest penman Hint was, is, or is 

By way of informal!.,] 
state that the firs! thing 

sixty dollars to go to ^. ho,,| with yi v ,,i, 
jecl in going to school nas not so much to 
g< I an education as to gel a license to teach 
school | and ray object iu wanting to teach 
school was nut su much to satiate Young 
America's insatiate craving for knowledge, 

again in order that I might, get a higher 
h "-"-< I" those days I believed in "High 
License;" I am now a Prohibitionist. 

I taught my iirst school when seventeen 
iu a frame house iu Northern Iowa. There 
was nothing very peculiar about the room in 
which I taughl exc< pi thai beaidi • bi tag q 
school room, it served as kitchen, dining. 
i '<n, parlor, sitting-room, bedroom, pantry 
and cellar , and I don't see how it could help 

taught my last public school : 

the meantime having " finished my educa- 
tion," as well as liquidated my original 

I taught my first writing school in Luke 
Mills, Iowa, in '77. The class numbered 
some thirty four members, among them 
being Ihe county superintendent ! Of course 
this latter personage not only swelled the 
size and dignity of the class, but of the inex- 
perienced teacher as well, and to compensate 

niTtril with a r< pn ^cnlalhc school. The 
N. I. N. School needs no introduction to the 
Journal readers, inasmuch as it is known 
all over as the largest school of its kind in 
the world enrolling each term some 3,000 
students. The penmanship department aver- 
ages about 500 pupils per term, which during 

held ' 

ulav, liv. 

count up lo Ihe snug 
12,000. I teach seven h< 
days each week, fifty-two weeks each year- 
no rest for the wicked. 

My experience and ideas on the subject ( 
penmanship are given for what they at 

The occupa 

last amid Ihe world's ridicule 
kept too long upon his hard 

face aDd a stun 1 

P with weali eyea,an ugly 
id body. It is precisely 

Who occupies and lei-.l- 

single idea lie grows 

and diseased with the 

1 know a man who has dwelt so long upon 
the subject of " Rapid Writing" that it has 
finally taken possession of him. It. is now 

i in a measure for his swelling rapacity I 
e him a complimentary scholarship. 

received my virgin inspiration in pen- 
nship from my brother, who had been 

of B M. Worthington's pupils. The 

iman s paper was a 
ege circular credited 
[ wrote to Robert 0. 

read the Jouknal ever since, and it is cer- 
tainly no exaggeration to say that for what- 
ever attainments I may have in the line of 
penmanship I owe more to the Penman's 
Art Journal than to any other source. 

In the spring of 1883 I took my present 
position in the Northern Indiana Normal 
School and Business Institute, Valparaiso, 
Ind., and if, as the Journal will have it, 1 
am entitled to the honor of being classed as 
a representative " penman, I owe it largely 
to the fact that I have so long been con 

worth in the different penman's papers f mm 

The portrait appearing herewith 
taken three years ago. Of course 1 h; 

things which the photographer's camel 
incapable of reproducing. 

Yours fraternally, 

I suppose it is useless to undertake to r 
form men of one idea. In a country lit 
ours, iu which everything is "new" an 

crybody is free, 

nostrum for curing all phytic; 
disorders. The country is fu 
riders, booted and spurred, 
they are leading a grand race 
goal, forgetful of the truth tht 

whom has a 
I and moral 
1 of hobby- 

verted— depraved. He sees things in unjust 
and illegitimate relations. The subject that 
absorbs him has grown out of proper pro- 
portions, and allother Bubjei ta bave shrunk 
away from it. 

If I should wish to find a narrow-mind- 
ed, uncharitable, bigoted soul, in the small- 
est possible space of time, I would look for 
a man afilicled with this particular idea, for 

He permits of no liberty of individual 
Men of one opinion are always . \tt.mMs, 

One of themos 

pitiable ob|ecis ihe world 

contains is a man full of generous natural 

impulses, grown 

sour, impatient, bitter, 

able and ungracious, by 

press ii upon ihe 

world with Ihe strength 

by which it possesses himself. Many of 

these fondly hug 

martyrs, when, iu fact, they are suicides. 

forward to the day when 

posterity will can 

nize him, and lift him to 

the glory of those 

who were not received bj 

Ins age because he 

was in advance oi their 


Whelherlhe rtl 

idea be disaatroi 

votees, nothing in 

,|] hisloiv Ls belter proved 

—nothing in nil philosophy is more dearly 

a eominunil) will 

any single idea I would 

set a man talking about it and advocating it 

,r.,nh>i umiiv.-. and who would thus exhibit 

- those of children, 

No great cause can be forwarded oy me 
advocacy of men who have no character, and 
do man can devote himself to an idea wilh- 

crnnes forward to promulgate an idea, we 
inquire inio his credentials. How large a 
man is this ? How broad are his sympa- 
thies? How wide is his knowledge? What 
relation does be bear to the great world of 
ideas among which this is only one, and very 
likely a comparatively unimportant one? 
Is he so weak as to he possessed by this 
idea, or does he possess and entertain a 
rational comprehension of its relations to 
himself and the community? I know that 
multitudes of good men have been so dis- 
gusted with the one-sided, partisan char- 
acter of the advocate of a special idea and 
special reform, that they would have no as- 

nothing but his pet idea, and is really in 
possession, to lose all confidence in 

When in a court of justice a man test i 
upon a point that toucheB his personal 
t crests or feelings or relations, we say t 
bis testimony is not valuable — not relial 
Itdecidcs nothing for us. We say that 
evidence does not come from the proper 
source. We do Dot expect candor from 
for we perceive that his interests ar 
deeply involved to allow sound judgment 
and utterly truthful expressions. It is pre 
cisely thuB with all professional agitator; 
and reformers — all devotees of single ideas. 
They are personally so intimately connected 
with their idea— and so enslaved by the 
Idea— are so lDteresled in its prosperity 
that they are not competent to testify with 

lown in such positive term 
sight of my connection will 
.ir my indiv iilunl purposes a 
. I speak simply of wba 
other schools than my own, and 

and women for the duties of 

life, their history would have t 
inglorious, and they would i 
the aggressive forces in ou 
work which tl 

hold upon the public and the fee 
are gradually coming to the froi 
important sense, representative 
schools, to confirm the opinion w 
here given. It is quite needless t 

genuineness of business college work and 
its acceptance with the public which offers 
the allurements to ambitious charlatans 
indicated by your correspondent. It. is 
always the genuine and valuable thiDg which 
tempts the counterfeiter. 

I would not draw an invidious compari- 
son between the business colleges and other 
classes of schools, even though tempted to 
do so in retaliation, but it might be a whole- 

t of genuine work t 

tin vear- ;il'" thai lit' could take any person 
of ordinarily bright mind and learning 
capacity, and within a space of six months 
qualify him or her to write from dictation 
at the rate of a hundred and twenty-live 

is done without boasting by thote inBtitu- 
tioDS that employ the advanced methods of 
instruction in the art of shorihaod. 

There are many things which a sharp 
writer can say, and truthfully, against the 
practices of some so called business colleges, 
but it tliere is a more earnest, more intelli 
gent or more progressive body of educators 
in this country than tliose who ai 
iog the reputable institutions of 
I don't know where to look for them. 

S. S. Packard. 

. kind. 

Pencils or Pens? 

Editor of the Journal — DEAR SlR 

rof l 

five years, and 
ested in the discussions concerning the b< 
methods of teaching writing. But there 
one subject regarding which I would like 
hear more. I refer to the propriety of 
introducing pens in primary schools instead 
of pencils ; of training pupils at the begin- 

Something vs. Nothing. 

to my home (wife, 
inled more wisdom I 

ever dreamed ■ 

, seemed to be a 
a something l. 
uodesty and set 

.and the oasis seems 

Editor "f th>: Journal .—An article in the 
January number of the Journal handles a 
few of the weaknesses of Business College 
proprietors without gloves, and presents a 
good many points for candid consideration. 
Of course the writer overstates his case, as 
would be expected in a communication of 
that character ; but there is enough truth 
in it to justify its printing and careful 
perusal. The Business College enterprise 
has been of such rapid growth that it would 
be strange indeed if much that is reprehen- 
sible had not grown into its practices. I do 
not claim to know more on this general sub- 
ject than the average teacher who has given 
it serious consideration ; but my long con- 
nection with the work has given me oppor- 
tunities from which I should be dull indeed 
not to have gathered some positive know- 
ledge of what is being done throughout the 
country. Much as I despise the low sub- 
terfuges and small arts of certain vapid pro- 
fessors who trade on the general good name 
and good services of business colleges, I am 


1 ,b. , 

him lake the time and trouble to attend the 
next convention of the Business Educators' 
Association, to be held in Milwaukee, and 
if it bears any fair comparison with similar 
conventions of this body during the past 
ten years, he will come away from it 
the Arm conviction that the representative 
men in this business are not only conscie 
lions and intelligent, but arc imbued with 
spirit of progress and a desire to be usef 
in their day and generation to a degree not 
excelled by any body of educators, law 
makers, philosophers or philanthropists ir 
the land. Then, if he will go a step fur 
ther, and look into the workings of thi 
individual schools, note the character of till 

tion given, keeping in view all the time tha 
these schools are special in their aims, hav 
ing a certain office to perform, and devoting 
themselves entirely to the work which is 
for them, he will conclude with me. t 

by business colleges, lint < 
young men and women for business life. l.n 
in securing positions and starling them i 
that life. Although it is no part of the woi 

that of any classical school or literary cc 

■ iipcnniL'-- 

i so fat 

become well nigh an implied con 
them not only to educate their pu 
find them employment; and I a 
say that few among them, otherw 
able, trading upon probabilities, t 
forgotten their dignity and their 
as to promise situations I 

This, I am free to say, is a reprehensible 
form of cbartalanism, and I am astonished 
that your correspondent, who seems to have 
a keen eye for the weak spots in the har- 
iii"--;, -howld h:i\ i' overlooked it. 

ing attention to the 
opened for business c 
few years in the line i 
writing, ^ith flie 
the typewriter rtere 

nen in this direction. 
I proper work of the 1 
e hold of and develop 

uing to bold the pen properly and u*e the 
proper movements, and of occupying the 
first years with the principles and very 
simple exercises— Ihe prime object being to 
acquire proper habits and nip the bad ones 

1 will herald your 
I would not lik( 

mi my confreres 

■ fell -noi.p . 
fanipli 1 . 1 '' all 

li-hlly thai voii could hardly » i < si 

his hand. You will riDd it the same 

he end of I he second and tliird years, 

t little improved by (be graduating 

Mv observation Lias been thai by 

ie the pupd- nach the high school 

thai' th< V can m vet be, im -- d 
SO that ■' noii-e — mtial " i- dropped 
tin co ,i-< and tin V are iriadual. d 

primal V . 
\wile "T 

XM'ililll' i 

t lesson the child gels 

rm. Nothing i 

would be difficult 
could not be mil 

tighter they grasp th 
grasped very tightly 


years of such practic 

[age of the pen, 

habits thai are almost 
three or four 

i developing a 
tldeliee which 

iting, together 

in >":'- : 

:,ll il,e ■ I 


ion, if I find lliesigmin 
1 I will say just here 11 
living (or dead) Penmen 

s signature by sending i 

for January 

James H. X»I<*nsli v 

Penmanship on the Road. 

, ill. \\ lll'll 

aecuidiliL'ly solicits aid ol 

slrong. He never forgeb 

ing range of thought w 

our age, no man can hope to do nny special 

service to his fellows except he makes some 

special study of the demands of his gastro- 

uomical anatomy, and it is with something 


ipplicatloiis for instruction. One-half of 
these, I subsequently learned, was disposed 
to shake because the artist showed a weak 
band and a rheumatic bird of uncertain 
feather. When he had eliminated from the 
remaining half those whose faults of artistic 
skill and chirographic diction were too glar- 
ing to keep the tour in a state of suspense, 
the tourist left town on the evening train 
giving a free lecture on the graphic 

This deficiency in the 
rudimentary principles is not confined to 
begioners in chirographic life. A gray- 
was appointed :i few years ago, 
by a committee of himself, as the caretaker 
.if the chirograpby of several minor children 
in my neighborhood. Apparently through 
absolute ignorance of bis duty, this man 
instead of invesliug his funds and time in 

When he was i 
trust should ben 

A Morning at Packard's. 

l»n Friday niorniugof last week, Idroppec 
in at Packard's, knowing that on this morn 

Qore or less t-\tein;>i>in 
This was the morning of Gooi 


Mr. Packard was doing effective work 
in a very important department of education, 
namely, that of introducing young people 

!.i themselves, as lie express it. by showing 

tb.em their deficiencies and promoting their 

proficiencies in the mailer of thinking and 

knowledge, from the discovers 
ed ability to acquire knuwli d\ 

natural desire lor learning i- ;---.- ■ 
comparitively few. and as to the other tw 
impulses, there is no way in which the 
ran he brought to bear so effectually n 
in requiring Hie student i-. ■ \\-i • I. 
thoughts. An attempt in this dirc< 

^^/c^y^ ■/& 

lift ceil minutes w 

and holding llu ; 

MrVaclui'rJ to 
deeply on some i 

il I piesenl the idea to you 
p at least in the right direc- 
modest way. it offers to that 

: uie by their industry an in- 
lihood. the opportunity of 
■ard march of art [ta ten- 

only a lot of "copies written by the lust 
class." The said copies being laid off with- 
out regard to "the order of simplicity," 
and angular to u degree unknown outside 
of a text book, on geometry. 

In holding their guardian to liability for 
this palpable breach of faith, the wards 
(between themselves, their fathers and 

geoily, who can write correctly, 
has that knowledge of the ele 

in his hill the last lot of smoked herring, 
along with the professional rounder, has an 
equal chance, without the aid of a profes- 
sional teacher, to aid io rearing a super- 
structure of learning lofty iudced. 

It may not be astonishing when you come 
10 think of it. how f H r from the mastery of 
these elements are a large majority of men 
engaged in louring pursuits, and who style 
themselves professional penmeo. Not long 
ago. a gentleman who was touring the coun- 
try told me that be had been on the road for 
eight years, and that during all that time he 
had been teaching penmanship of the aim- 

stranger for a night 

unawares. As my hi 
voice thrilled, and I i 

I entertained this 

■ al pen tourist, A year 9 course 
a husjn, -. ( oil,-,, would not, 1 
taught him the principles .if tin 
which be knew nothing, not c 
schooling been supervised by t 

of expressi. 
parent lack of words 
or both. Thus he is e 
hand to persevere in w 

:. usually. Io 

t Ids U!U'N|K"-' 

disgust him w 

ofieii happens that one may have a faculi 
of expression without having much to e> 
press, and a knowledge of Hits deficien* 
estigation an 
fticulty of expresslo 

thoughts cor 
hana'ssinent than from '. 
Mr, Packard's processes are admi: 
adapled lo overcome ihj« drawback 
divest the pupil of the idea 

he i> among his friends, ens 

ml!, ■ 

If°hehas 9 ft's«Jls*or?l 


one ,,| U jprncnt for gaim 

%))'< of ^fw»»oqtopf»»j. 

The Study of 


91 Animti 


rewritten at the 

brL'ililiin'J of 

be ate 

11 and read after the 

' ou 


books. They repre- 

sent the sound 

of I, r 

w, and y. 

88. When n 

t vowel sound occurs 

1 the precedinc con- 

sonant, a hook 

nuiv In' used in*lc:id of the 

stem. It toll 

n-s tho 

t a book can never 

llll. Tiic / Mini /■ lumks ;ir 
(cms, tin- / lmi.k being sti 

teme and large on curved a 
01. The to hook is writ 

_K1 c^Kr V Fl V Pr 
■RpwPtwC_Kw C*w 

apply...L. twice. * .. ..A acquire 

. \.bible_\^. r 
.iV.Jinal k 

--.r 1 y 

04. It is not always possible i 
medial book perfect and at the i 
make it easily, but it can be m 
enough for practical purposes ai 
always be written in such a way 
interfere with speed. 

\r-r:. baker. A- Joker I 

95. The rules for writing L, H, nnd S1I 
are observed in writing hooked stems 
except in the case of Rl which is generally 
written with the upward sign for It. 

-^fis h er^« sho ry,^.orfici.l 


Jit«*.!.m«.a.i.t.r..-4 J ..,tt.r 

- - I I 

08. When Q circle and r occur between 
stems it is often more convenient to write 
the hook than to indicate it by writing the 
circle on the roide. In such cases the 
is always used. 

1. Initial circle or loop, 

3. Stem, 

4. Initial hook. 

5. \ owel after the stem, 
ij Halving or lengthening, 
7 Pinal circle or loop. 

, lit.,, 

.t.L.L i. .1. *r *??... ff... 

LX.-..^..\. :A,. 

belong-ed-ing.^..^..^- believe-f^. 
artioular-1. .j» ossible-'lyN 

( ^_!>-_ 


I : 

V- ^-v— ... 


twill twig 

■ ■lianiR'l aiilm 




flower it .ms wtuin to prink ' 

wrul make A«* cry. Indeed, it would require a 

fraifi nvmberqf Bt, Nicholas /or me to relate afl 

mUj her difficulties from almost any Monday to 

rror fAs nar( Saturday night. But what e/se 

m v | mult/ yt.ii f.\pect <;/':i gi/'l Ht/i such a father 

did / qoI s&3 ■""/'■■'■ ■■".',■ aboul tht m ' Sou 
BIT,AI * must be satisfied to kno* that tlu fathei u»u 

^^ | » night editor , that it, h. ivro'e every night 

reely /or a newspapei (Aa* Aad to be sent out to 

'l'^ 1 " thotiSilinK (/rcild.-is :tt l-i . :il 1 :,^I In,,, „,,! 

dny. SoA< Aad to sleep afl daj and fAai 

ftw Hi. mother, she belonged to a ..<<■■>■' family 

Cooi al A . 1 ; 1 1 1 1 . !i- ielonge&tot] 

belonging to a jlrrt finui/v fftat it is nol 
slrauge £/mf everything icae so queer. This 

haw togivi juel at present. 

^dnd /Aare no moral to^ia? either. Any 
moral /<W hjomK corns out o/ such a fami/y 

<r ( "/<V not be itoWA luiciwi 



sprite stagger 

A Queer Family. 

/'«' pleaded, <n«l ich, „ !,<■ phi veil 

Advantage / 


... "^ 



Do ... 




"o . 

Go . 


He . . 


Exercise for Practice. 

flung the door open / erowdi d do\i a 
latch, /stuck a domino (fnnn 1 1 j ■ ■ ■ t;tl> 

bowling round i 

(Then fh> i man, wA*- 
■ //<«■ firtt man tfk«rf 

; gone). 

steps {mi this) plank (i* at dead m 
been) enough (of this) bullying ! 

i tki ■ at poo 

county l ( Ighc you) six hours 

l nip a id i <■ re, (j iad) best go {with 

him), or [without Mm.) Pour room m (better 
t Ian 11 1 yam company, 1/ will havt the) 
sheriff -V/v by night. .//.'/ l we will, -ee what 
sorl (-'" men) an .'/"<*".'/ [to jump) claims (on 
this) creek. You fellow {with the) red 

beard, W/Mininnwiivi from Angeles, ([here's 
a) warrant out against you. Understand, 

all of you. (that thisigimie n plm-.l about 

' ( WI>-> ,r,ts\ this r,!,»ti„> visitant ? Orcutt 
(and 1) listened in amazement. ( Was this) 
£As way Raphael addressed the rebellious 
spirit- wltsn Milton (wot not) (at hand)? {Any 
way,)they answered (much an the) rebellious 
spirits {would have done 1 Borne swine, 
some laughed, other some, (on the outside.) 
turned round and vamosed. So Orcutt (told 
ms,)whott eye w<m (a1 a) knot-hole. The 
celestial risitanl said £nol a)word more. But 

. th, » 

crew (of them) {waa 
(he door. Raphael 

ne anything, that dear fellow 
e) all of life (I know) (that is) worth 
"-E. E. Hale. 

■i-.'ise, written in nliono.'n-ijjhy, will be 

Isaac Pitman's Gift to the World. 

During this jubilee year of shorthand, the 

thoughts of shorthand writers will lie mm 

the fuel that fifty years ago he presented to 
tin pul.lii a -v-lcm of jM«*M/-wriiing. ori- 
ioally called ""sound-hand," and recbrisi- 
■ 11. -l phonography There can be no dauger 

the .- 1 1 1 r 1 1 • - r of phouogra- 
li-centcnnial auuivciMrv 
ve before bis mind, the 

Monosyllabic Writing. 

Beats the Anderson Machin 

line needle in 

villi shorthand," and reduces the 

and telephone IV]] is : ,| rile hultulil 

Answers to Correspondents. 

: May number a 1 

A very neat outfit for students in short- 
hand is furnished at low rates by S. S. 

Packard, $Q~> Broadway. New York. 

pt in Mr. Morris's 
Mentor is very creditable art work; and 
so is the publication as a whole. Rather 
too many explanations and apologies, how- 
ever, for this imperfect world. 

pursues his Socratie method of instruction 
wilh increasing juvenile zest. Asthe world 
grows older, Brother Bridge grows younger, 

growing constituency. 

The printer made sad work with the Inst 
"Exercise for Practice." Those who at- 
tempted to write it as it was marked en- 
some impossible phrases and 
made difficult or illegible ont- 
wlio sent for the phonographic 

same service. Of course they should 
exact it. a -id receive it— if it is offered them 
— wiibout compunction ; but then, if cruel 
man will insist upon paying less for the 
work of women than for that of men, what 
are the poor girls to do? They might 
strike, but that is scarcely a womin's 
weapon, nor is it a woman's way. The 

smaller price under a mental pro- 
I after making themselves indis- 
, demand their just pay. This is 

would advise Bertha to do. 

Freehand Drawing. 


r^nr^^.KSTsi sssss 't 

This lesson is intended principally to 
illustrate a method of constructing several 
flights of steps differently situated, and also 
to place figures in different situations in 
relation to them. First draw the principal 
vanishing line at llie supposed height of si\ 
feet, half an inch to the foot Then mark 
off a point of distance, one-quarter of the 
unit of measurement, representing the area 
distance, this being one-half inch ; take one 

transcript the 

some rules as to phrases, distinguished ai 

I dial phrases which are applicable 


in shorthand is the 

1 e. i.iury passes out in a blaze c 

to wit., one-fourtb of 
supposed that the real d 
tance is forty-eight feet ; then take fort 
eight and one eighth, which will bring 1 
point of distance within the limits ot l 
paper. Now to measure all lines parallel 
the perspective plane, whether vertical 

only one . all the real arc buried in tbe 
handle, and they are no better th.ui ihey 
would have been if they bad been made 
with but one blade Many men use bin one 
or two faculties out of the score with which 
they are endowed. A man is educated who 
knows how to make a tool of every faculty— 
how to open it, how to keep it sharp, and 
how to apply it to all practical purposes — 
Henry Ward Bochrr. 

Tin-. Tin 

j That Tki. m 

sphere, it is not tbe 

tost act 

ve peon 


whom we owe the mo 

t. Among the c 

mon people whom we 

sarilv those who are h 

1 those v 


1 after s 

visible change and work. It i 

th, Utet 


tbe stars, which simply pour 

the calm light of thci 

being, up to which \ 


which we gather tl 


courage."— PhUlipa Brooks. 

Teachers and Teachers.— There are 
teachers who work after a pattern— they are 
artisans; teachers who follow an ideal erect- 
ed by their own minds— they are artists ; 
and teachers who patch up the work of 
others — they are cobblers.— Col. /■'. W. 

the meenspui 
work ten or more hours a day, deprivin li 
self uv beer, and terbacker, and cards, and 
bilyards, and bos racln, and sich, savin 
peny by peny til be hez ground enough out 
of the world to hcv a -hop uv bis own, and 
to employ other men to slave fur him, and 
thus go on accumulatin til he owns ihings. 

olist. bis monopolism increases ji: 
porchen to the ten dolar bils he h 
owner of a factory is a enemy to lb 
race, and ez for the man who bil 
road, be 

— Bee. PstroUum (' 

half inch scale at the right ; but to measu: 
the receding distances of one of these tin> 
from another, for iottancc, 'he distance 1 
the horizontal base line of the hrsl Might < 
steps from the line of the picture, lal 

marked I)'.,. This, 1 
the receding base line of the building, will 
show that the first step is eight feet distant 
from the base line In the same way tbe 
re. eding length of the first step is asccr- 

* -' und. Thedis- 

■ first l 


such stenographer Of all the frieuds of 
the L-reat preacher, no one is more capable 
of speaking of him as he was than this 

modest t.raham reporter and teacher Lie 

"I! l.i I r !, 

and a line intersecting this 

ample, and the first figure, marked 1, 1 
lie found to be twelve feet distant from 
base line ; ifs height is found by continu 
tbe horizontal line to tbe receding line 
the left, marked A, and erecting a verti 
to the vanishing line. Tbe distance and 
height of the other figures is found in 
same way. The receding lines on 
inclined roof converge to ,1 [mint mi a ve 

JoUM'fl, $<.',! Fnllfixr.,, 

The Editor's Leisure Ho 

n young lady experts LancJU- 

" How fast 
the keys ?" 

'I'll. Appletonsare conducting a test to 
secure reliable information for their Cyclo- 
paedia, We consider Miss M. Orr the most 
rapid operator in New York. She 
averaged, on this test, eighty-sis words to 

It was heavy, unfamiliar matter, most of 
the words being long. Of course she could 
turn out more words than that if the words 
were short and the matter selected and 
familiar. Other fast operator! are Mi- 
May Grant, Mi.- Buettnei and Miss Phelan 

as a skillful penraan canwrite. Mrs. M. A. 
Saunders was the first lady to operate 
any machine, which she did in 1876, and 
the first teacher in the employ of a type- 
writer company. The first school for 
operators was opened in 1878 by Mrs. J. M. 

get more than expert stenographers. The 
former are much more rare than the latter." 
■ And do all this multitude of women get 
places after they graduate ?" 

" Bless you. no ! At least a thousand are 
turned out each year who never get posi- 

" Uow is that ?" 

"Well, the number of real schools that 
can he relied upon to graduate good opera- 
tors is less than a dozen. There are a 
legion of people who buy machines, set to 
work nnd try to teach themselves, and then 
put out a sign and take pupils, whose work 
is not acceptable. Business men are much 
more particular about type-writing than 
they are about manuscript. Hence, these 
poorly instructed women lose their time and 
the money they have paid for tuition." 

" Do you think young lad'es are as ex- 
pert operators as gentlemen operators V" 

" Well, two of the best judges in the 
city were overheard to express the opinion 
that ladies were much more expert." 

'* How are the young ladies treated ?" 

" Splendidly. They get shorter hours and 

■ manager of a large ] 

you pie; 

l:<> i 

the young ladies Why. a young lady oper- 
ator purifies the atmosphere of an office. 
They won't stay where they are not well 
treated. One gentleman built an annex to 
his office in order that his lady operator 

Under the above name H 
been inaugurated, at 72S-1 
most unitpie and instruc 
consisting of reproductions of a goodly 

Cromwell, laaak Walton, Sb RlchardWbh> 

lington, Sir Paul Pindar. Aihznole, the an- 
tiquary, Blr Richard Saltonstall, etc. -. also 
the Old Cock Tavern, the Queen's Head, 
Devil Tavern, Tabard Inn. Anchor and 
Hope Tavern, St. Andrew's Church. Gun- 
powder Plot House, etc., etc. Aud not 
alone is the visitor gratified by a glimpse of 
London in ye olden lime, but be may listen 
to choice musical compositions creditably 
rendered by the band, and old English 
madrigals sung by a male quartette and by 
a choir of boys. He may visit the gallery 
and gaze upon modern London as shown 
by Ibe stcreopticou, may be amused and 
perhaps instructed by tbe king's jester, or 
may laugh at tbe felicities and infelicities 
of Punch and Judy. In short, he will see 
and bear enough to convince him that Old 
London Street is coming to be a marked 
feature of entertainment in the metropolis 
of America. 

P. S.— lie should not forget, when there, 
to call on our associate, B. F. Kelley, at the 
Anchor and Hope. 

r of a v 

doing itl A "lady copyist" is almost 
always a type machine operator. Where 
handsome correspondence is required, the 
clerk is in very rare cases a lady. Even in 
teaching, which ladies have pursued as a 
profession for so long, while everything else 
comes within their list of accomplishments 
—music, drawing, painting, modern lan- 
guages, higher mathematics— when do we 
ever hear of a lady teaching penmanship v 
From time immemorial this has been the 
sole province of the "writing master." 

Now all this, I say, is not as it should 
be. There is no reason why women should 
not excel in artistic penmanship. There is 
no reason why they should not become 
engrossing and copying clerks, private 
secretaries, bookkeepers, corresponding 
clerks and teachers of penmanship. It is a 
large field, this of professional penmanship, 
and experts are always in demand. Women 
have just the qualities which fit them to 
achieve excellence with the pen. It is just 
the delicate, artistic, elegant kind of work 
for which nature has equipped them and 
given tbem a peculiar taste. The only 
thing that hinders tbem from entering this 
field, and winning the place in it wbich 
awaits them, is a foolish 

Reed at 20G Broadway. She lias since 
tired. Shortly after Miss 11111 and M 

1 i ■■■'■ Si mug opened schools, which 

still running." 

Climbing to the top of a lis. *t.,n hui 

• Why, bless you. yes ! 

iuosi oi mem, ot coarse, lrnni [he city. 
But we have scholars from New Hampshire, 
Pennsylvania aud other States, and some 
from Boston." 

" Boston ! Why, I thought Boston knew 
everything. Cant Boston tcacb tbe busi- 

" Goodness gracious! Boston! Type- 
writing isn't classic enough for Boston. 
When we L-e! hold ..( a Liostou tannin girl. 

end of that time (be pupil is able to take a 
position, beginning at from $:> to $3, aud 
running up to $20. Stenographers are 

turned out in the same time. A beginner 

In stenography will get more than a begin- 

might have a room to herself. One young 
lady left an office because there was profan- 
ity in tbe place. She was getting $20, and 
they offered to raise it to $25. But she ac- 
cepted another place at $15. Some employ- 
ers treat their lady operators with great 
generosity. A law firm iu the Bennett 
lluildinu' p'lid tbe funeral expenses of their 
operator's mother, wouldn't let her work 
during her mother's illness, and gave her 
regular wages all tbe time. Another firm in 
Maiden Lane, jewellers, hired a substitute 
during the two months' illness of theiroper- 
ator, paying the wages of both. When she 
came back they reduced her hours of work, 

" Do the operators ever get married V" 

" Lots and lots of them. But tbey never 

allow any courting in the offices. When 

they do get married tbey usually drop the 

piecework at home." 

*' Is the business extending ?" 

"Yes; firms are now employing type- 
writers that did not dream of doing so a 

have been introduced and the improvement 
of the police force young ladies are safe in 
the streets at night, and so do night work as 
well as day work. Besides, employers find 
them more profitable workers. They at- 
tend closely to business, don't smoke cigar- 
ettes, and don't have to go out and take a 
drink occasionally. A woman worker is an 

Penmanship for Women. 

accidentally called to the fact the other day. 
that penmanship as a profession had been 
almost entirely neglected by women. In 
fact— though my experience has been some- 
what limited— I never knew a case of a 
woman's writing a "fair clerkly hand," 
such as is the universally acknowledged 
type of artistic penmanship. The hand- 
writing of women is almost invariably 
angular and ugly. It is not formed in 
the principles of the art. 

decreed for so long a deformed style of 
penmanship for women, that it has at 
length come to be second nature for them 
to write with angles instead of curves. 
Naturally, a girl's handwriting tends to 
these pointed forms ; and unless a particular 
effort is made to induce them to conform to 

the copy-book i 
readily adopt tbe n 


mother's fashionable correspondence. Their 
baud thus becomes ruined for anything like 
artistic penmanship, and they must through 
life be slaves to the absurd and illegible 
chirography wbich fashion has imposed 

There is 

mtiful pen artists as men. 

is known as the " feminine style " of band- 
writing, and a prejudice against all artistic 
forms of penmanship on the ground that 
they are "masculine.'' There is neither 
masculine nor feminine in the art ; and the 
sooner our American girls discover this tbe 
better it will be for tbem. Is there any- 
thing masculine or feminine in poetry, or 
in painting ? 

Some of the lenderest. sweetest, most 
delicate of literary productions are the work 
of men ; and women have written wilh 
equal delicacy. Do our lady engravers and 
painters hesitate to treat themes which are 
treated by men, and to treat them in the 

painter in the world— is it not Rosa Bon- 
heur ? It is the same in all art. There is 

ril-tistic handwriting, a s„rl of defoniK-i! 
like modern dress fashions. When wc 
begin to adopt true art principles, the 
fession of penmanship is open to them. 

-A skillful VI. 

penman, Herr J. 

French Academy of Sciences, M. Jurien de 
la Graviere, a grain of wheat resting in a 
glass case, on which he had written an 
of forty French words 
or good eyes. Tbe Academy 
interest in the curiosity. 

[SCflxMlal} . S/ir// t/'/it/i /f( <«//,/< -tjfS '/lf//l //C>Jwr///r/ r/„r/r«„ s„/y 

llJJ f'(l J///jr r. '/■/■// lyrfYr// /// //t(J/rr/Hrr/ s//n////{ I, «■/ </(J/)( /rS6Jji'/,f '///r//r. 
vc/lYr//r/ «//,//>«/ «///,?„?/, r,s,j/,V„r // <v,.J ,„«,///, rr/ /fr/,/,./, rfr//rs,// r sf s/r/jus/^Ys.jf- 

r/'c AcWt f/u/J /-y/ff/lr/rrf/tJ. ft/td '.J/i, r, ■;/ //rff> r/Yi/,/-t r/r/Y/r/l f / {////t(j//rr/rs: r/,rr/j/„,//' 

P, """- E """"" 

from Origin.. Design Bxeented bj ... W. Bw. 

.,, Secretary's Otnce, Treaanry Department,, •>• 0. 

The Penman's Art Journal. 

Inn, stenography and kindred subjects.- Tin*,- 

which belongs, to ripe experience and Bound judg- 

Concentrated Opinions Gloaucd from 

>■ i imam's obi in'Kv.L is the best paper of 

TV- Pk»«a»> Am -I". i'ivai. i,l',ly .■Jllr.l hv 11 

The Penman's Art Jo.'rnal still takes the lead 

(ttandnrd to real and not contemporary worth. 
Long live the power" behind Ihe throne" that can 
so kindle and irradiate.— College Ileeord, Atolil- 

ment of phonography, which, under the editorial 

ners,nud specimens of Mr. Munson's court notes; 

The pxmku . \„ r j..,,..,, ol i raosttl ■ 

etch ot the life of Lyman P. Spenoer. 

hands or every lover of good wrltUig, good teaoh- 

Inspiring cannot be oYer-estlmated, It is a power 

color, Trenton, N. J. 

(FUet Sfreft), tendon, are 

trial or investigation in which 
professional gentlemen i 
testify and the county i 
expense, with nothing important in return 
being elicited. Northampton had a surfeit 
in the county fraud invc*- 
year ago, and paid a good 
round sum to a so called expert of hand' 
writing for his valuable services. Yet his 
opiuions amounted to no more than those 
of another would who does not pretend tc 
"be an "expert." If there is any way tc 
lessen the evil it should be brought for 
„. in ) —s.»ttf/ lift/if, h >n . Pa., Star. 

We would like to hear Editor Rauch'i 
opinion in regard to the matter. He cat 

Chunk. Pa . ZVi 

this subject. During c 
; thirty years as an exp 
e have been forced lo t 

habit, and come at length to be produced 

reproduced by the sheer force of habit 

, automatically by the hand, its 

s being independent of any direct 

thought or mental guidance. Being thus 

unconsciously produced, and, in the main, 

iided or simulated through any 

To do so. a 

x should be required to not only avoid 

of which he was i 

in spite of his own long exercised habit 
undiscovered peculiarities of another 

experience of o^ 
of handwriting 
conclusion that the word " nuisance " is not 
at all too harsh when applied to some who 
have appeared on the witness stand as 
experts. We are well satisfied that adventur- 
ers and frauds can be hired in New York and 
other large towns who, as experts, are ready 
to swear to almost any sort of absurdity. 
Indeed, we have on several occasions en- 
countered such, and it is these who provoke 
all the unreasonable criticism and indis- 
criminate denunciation of expert testimony. 
We have also become well acquainted with 
handwriting expertswho are not frauds, but 
gentlemen of high character, rare skill and 
intelligence, who cannot be hired in support 

instance, as Prof. Thomas May Pierce, of 
Philadelphia, and Prof. Daniel T. Ames, 
New York. 

Hut, whilst we admit, without any hesita- 
tion, that there are expert frauds, we also 
contend that they arc no worse as a nuisance 
than the quack doctor, the shyster lawyer or 
pettifogger, or the fraud of any other 
honorable profession, including the editorial 
fool who contends, virtually, that an expert 
carpenter or architect knows no more about 

1 clerk, banker, or teacher of penman* 
nows no more about disputed writing 
Ihe one who seldom writes, and is 

some who manage to figure as such are 
frauds, then by the application of the same 
rule we should also condemn the medical 
profession because there are many quacks, 
the law profession because (here are many 
shysters, and the entire Christian clergy 

fraud is discovered wearing the cloak of 
holiness for the very basest purposes. 

We happen to be able to refer to many 
cases in which expert testimony was the 
principal factor in bringing the most danger- 
ous criminals to justice and protecting large 
and small fortuncsagainst forgery and fraud. 

And we could name many scores of the 
best judges and lawyers who give expert 
testimony their most emphatic endorsement. 
Amoug these are Messrs. Benjamin Harris 
Brewster, Lewis C. Cassidy, District Attor- 
ney (irahatn,.Tohn C. Bullitt, John R. Reed, 
and many other head men of the Philadel- 
phia bur, including most if not all the 
judges of the courts there ; Benjamin F. 
Butler, of Massachusetts; District Attorney 
Worthington, of Washington City, and 
many of the best judges and lawyers 
throughout Pennsylvania. All those named, 
uud many more, have been identified with 

ous fact, that one cheeky and self-seeking 
ignoramus may do more to bring into c 
repute expert testimony than can many w 
are skilled and trustworthy for its dignity 
and favor It matters not to such witnesses 
how plainly a fart may be presented by 
others ; they are ready to contradict 
falsify every fact. It is thus, throut 
mutual seeking between the charlatan wit- 
ness for a fee and the attorney to sustain by 
any means a bad cause, that expert testi- 
mony is often mad.' to appear to juries ami 
the world as strangely conflicting and oft- 

cavilersand unbelievers in the very principle 
of expertism, when we remember that there 
is no established principle of law, science, 
philosophy, or a discovery that has not, at 

have been objects of ridicule, while it is a 
lamentable fact that no quackery or ' ' ism ■' 
has been so false or absurd as not to have 


our judges or lawyers a 

re above prejudice 

common that the 

judgment of on 


is overruled or set 

aside by others 


t is the every-day 

msiness of a lawyer t 

prove false what 

another endeav 

'- "' 

prove true. But 

play tricks, whl 

e lll-lh 

dicule? Would it 

follow because 


gnonint charlatans 

had appeared in 


is experts, that the 

whole idea of e 

is to be subjected 

to unbelief and 

and, as our flippant 

discarded as a nuisance V" 

While it is a f 

ct that 

some experts have 

showD themselv 

ant and mercenary, 

it is equally a U 

ct that 

the history of juris- 

prudence record 

s many 

in-tances in which 

expert testimony 


ed mostpowerfully 

•re is no virtue in brim: a -pei-ial:-- 
why do they consul! the physician 

ists in the daily alfairs c 

bestow their old clothes; 

payment for writing their choice editorials '• 

That there is such a thing as a scientific 

the slightest doubt; and that there are 
experts who possess extraordinary know 
ledge and skill for conducting such an 
examination we are equally certain ; and 
in many, if not most instances, they arc 
enabled to reach conclusions and present 
reasons for Ihe same, which constitute the 
strongest kind of circumstantial evidence. 
Of course, the degree of conclusiveness 

Though writing 
ppearance, as ii i 
ts slope or size, or 
■nt pen, yet the i 

lie details of the 
effort to disguise 
scarcely i 

widely difle] 

ceptible in all 

ing could be 

would be an 

person by a change of 


dress. In either c 

We quote the following 
article upon this subject in 
I ,nr Magaein* : 

If a man could regulate h 
by his will, of course there would be ihe 
end of calligraphic experts. The forgery — 
which now and then by accident or careless- 
ness is once successful — would travel on 
indefinitely, deceiving the very elect, instead, 
as the rule is, of depending f 

p.yini: 1 


now come to be demonstrated. '1 he accom- 
plished expert has only to study his man 
The hand of a writer is beyond ihe power 
of that writer's will or that writer's eye. 
The vritt is absorbed by the subject matter. 
The eye watches the paper, keeps the hand 
running in lines, prevents its gliding over 
the edge, etc., etc. But once in motion, the 

as surely as it moves at all, writes down 
itself; its very self and no other. An effort 

to make a single letter would be an unusual 
movement, perhaps, for anybody but a 
writing-master, but when rapidly advancing 

ing itself slightly every instant to skip the 
space between the words, the hand will 
measure off from parts of letters to the next 
succeeding parts, and from one word to 
another until it is taken up. a sort of gauge, 
running like a machine, and. whether rrgu- 
bir, or uniformly irregular, this gauge will 
he not the least reliable feaiure of the 

ipert testimony ; 

professional nui 

they do beiieve in t 
ami skill whenever nt 

lice.— Uauch Chunk, 

the scope ot I 
limited, or the 
certaiu conclusion be so nearly balanced as 
to warrant no decided opinion. In such 
cases, honest and skilled experts may as 
reasonably differ in their opiuions, and as 
consistently represent opposite sides of the 
case, as may judges or jurymen differ re- 
specting the preponderence of evidence in a 
which they are to pass judgment, 

large proportion ,.f which 
are unknown to the wrih i . sinli as initial 
and terminal Hues, forms and methods of 
constructing letters, 
proportions, turns, 
shading (in place an 
orthography, punctuation, etc., etc These 
peculiarities are the outgrowth of long 

A- lie 


the same man's handwriting, and the strokes 
will be parallel. Knlarge a very tine hand 
up to a very coarse hand, and if there is a 
right angle it will remain a right angle, and 
if there is a circle or an oval it will remain 
a circle or an oval. And so everything 

'lay one half under the other half, ana there 
will still be movements, not straight, per- 
haps, but parallel, which, to the microscope. 
if not to the unaided eye, will be unmistak- 

And the expert, too, will be able to say 
whether the writing is that of a alow or 
rapid writer; of an author or improvisor, 
or of a copyist ; whether the writer began 
fast and grudually wrote more slowly, or 

whether, on the occasion in question, he 

wrote more rapidly or slower than his ac- 

re&led his elbow, or was susperding it and 
sustaining its weight. Whether in the 
movements made he used his fingers, writ I 
or elbow as the fulcrum of power. Whether 
he was endeavoring to disguise his writing 
by holding his pen in an unaccustomed 
position, by making unnatural forms of let- 

(THE |-£NMVNSi5 

by omitting familiar and accustomed ones. 
Whether he attempted not to disguise bis 
own hut m rimulatt another's band, by copy- 
ing from a sample before him, with one eye 
on bis paper and the oilier on ibe sample. 
The expert, with bis microscope, will 
readUj determine whether the writer held 
his pen with the stalk pointing over the 
right shoulder, or towards it, or away from 
it. or wiili the thumb and forefinger, or— as 
stenographers bold ibeir pencil — between 
the first two fingers, guiding and pushing 
it with the thumb. In how many strokes a 

pen was replenished with ink, and the 

ses are of value where, for instance, of 
) pieces of wriling, boll) known to be 


young ladies are taught now 
angular English) to affect a pai 
tern of penmanship ; whether he had writ- 
ten Greek text (which stiffens the hand) or 
German (which sharpens it), or udded up 
loDg columns of figures (which straightens 

Is there a Demand for Teachers 
of Writing? 


Dear Sir:—} Bend herewith specimens of 
my writing, and would feel greatly obliged 
if you would aid me to a position as teacher 

i>t |H-mn;iiivhip. Yours, etc., 

A Penman. 

A Penman, 

Dear Sir:— tear elegant specimens are 
received, and I would gladly serve you if I 
could. Numerous valuable positions are 
constantly opening for those who are able 
and willing to teach commercial branches as 
well as penmanship. I rarely ever learn of 
a position for one who is competent to 

it- t<> master penmanship 
Tin:: Commercial branches 
take and keep excellent 
ried and prosper. 

A Voice from Over the Water 

EiiiforoJ /Ac J-iinin! : — I herewith inclosi 
you a few specimens of business and em 
hellisbcd writing, such as are greatly appre 
ciated by the English people. I mud 
regret that Mr. Hinman on his last visit t< 
England did not rail at Leeds, Bradford am 
Halifax. Yorkshire, and inspect the rooms 
penmanship specimens, etc., that woult 
have been shown bint by Mr. Fred Smart 
Mr. James Henderson and myself, restden 
writing masters of over twenty years ex 

- / -/ / gg • ■ / - . , 

Business College Work. 

another c 

appears a thoughtful 

teach peumanship o 
to teach writing at v 
commercial school. 

paper .m business college work from the 

facile pen of Mr. S. S. Packard. The j Thenabundant openings 

JouKHAi heartily commends the tone always be available 

and spirit f the artie'e, in every line and Trillv vou ", 

wo ™ "111b the inevitable humbug has ' 

ly. Were you willing 
ry low wages in a good 
where you would be 
: commercial studies, 
good pay would 


perience. Had 

as to England 
ite teachers. 

Yours respectfully. 

Alpued S 
nihgate, BaWaz, 
, England, March 5, '87. 

Lesson in Practical Writing. 

Not hmr mitrh, but h.-ir if,// should be the 

lotto of the learner o! writing Hanj 

iagea carelessly scribbled over will not do 

s much to advance as a fen lines written 

rith thoughtful Cttre, Many pupils practice 
s if they thought Lo measure their improve- 
rieut by the number of lines or pages writ- 
en at each lesson. The fallacy of this idea 

often heard that '" « ntin^ is a ^Mi ,'■ |,, p,. r . 
baps concludes " that if he is blessed with 

fest, and if he is not. it is no go any way"— 
and practices accordingly. The only gift 
there is in good writing is the gift of perse- 
vering effort— effort to acquire a good ideal 
of writing, and to exercise the Oncers and 

to whittle a. stick lo a welUhaipcued tooth- 
pick has genius enough to learn to write a 
good legible hand. 

If is often a fact that persons fail of a 
good handwriting from the unnecessary 
work performed in the learning and prac- 
liee of writing, on account of useless or 
nourished lines, a complication or variety of 
forms and combinations of letters, also from 
writing excessively large. The labor of 
learning, as well as the rapidity of writing, 
depend largely upon whether or not the 
minimum or maximum degree of size and 
simplicity is employed. It is obvious that 
the pen runs over short spaces and makes 
simple forms more easily and rapidly than 
it does large and complex ones. By way of 
illustration, let us suppose one learner or 
represented in 

vriiet writes .somewliat 

necessarily numerous, long i 

unnecessary time 

large size. 
Cut No. 3 represent 

•uimv in, [mi, hi„u. is iwcnU mv, n an 
e half inches ; while in cut No. tf ther 
■ forty-three letters, and the di-lance || I!( 

would have mo 

in writing No. 3. 

following the st 
write more than t' 

"I the leader to follow ; 
:■ slmrt extension of the 
ropen space between the 

'ry an ,|>ing an admirab 

. men and worn 

ly discharging i ue dutie: 

ustnal ae- Editor <.f the Journal : —The above is a 

tthcsol'd, , sample of correspondence which may be 
tins roun- ,,f value as food for thought for those who 

in crjiiip- think that in penmanship alone there is 
Qiclligent- sure prosperity. So convinced am I of the 

practical j weakness of penmanship as a means of 
support, that I have not for years allowed 


don. England. Tbt? < *,f this school was 

. dead of Tasso drawn I 

II \ HIM VI.. 

t wii- tohla rather, who 

rtook hls"FnerteQui 

' lltalvuiG/attoWow/, e)upen'nten3enl o( Public Instruction y b, (-/'fyxJ 

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Exchange Editor's Calendar. 

Good Writing Opens the Way. 

There can be uo doubt that a good hand- 

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wiili THE Oil It •#■:. a practical journal for Accountants, Business 
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^ 8- 

lofessiona] Pen 



A. S. BARNES & CO., Publishers, 



^ - ^^4^1 ten-., 

Isaac Pitman. 

As sh.. riband writing tins become a 
regular pnrt of the Joohkai/B monthly out- 
init. it seems entirely properthat our pro- 
cession of " Representative Penmen " should 
step aside at least once in six months to 
give a passing view of some of the leaders 
in the shorthand crusade. 

The portrait printed on this page fairly 
represents the appearance of Isaac Pitman, 
of Bath, England, the inventor of phonetic 
shorthand writing. ~ 

: the i 

lit 1 1. 

sary of his birth, which occurred at Draw- 
bridge, \\ iltshire, England. His school 
training was slight, as he began work at the 
age of twelve, in the service of a manufac- 
turing establishment. Ten years later his 
attention was first attracted to shorthand 
writing. The popular stenographic system 
of that time was Taylor's with emendations 
by Harding. This young Pitman adopted 
and continued to practice for seven years. 
Its many incongruities no less than its 
obvious speed limitations offened his eyes to 
the possibilities of a scheme nf writing on a 
phonetic basis that would meet the require- 
ments of the most rapid work without 
relying on purely arbitrary characters. 

Mr Pitman's initial experiment in this 
line was a small work entitled "Steno- 
graphic Sound Hand," published in 1837. 
e years later the word "Phonography" 

after Christ. 

Whether the Indian numerals were 
originally a part of some ancient alphabet, 
or a series of shortened signs originally 

still use, is not really decided. 

"The numbers used by the peoples of 
India who wrote in Sanskrit were very like 
the figures 1, 2, 8, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. 9, and 0, 
that we use to-day. Even closer resem- 
blances will be found if one goes hack to 
the earliest forms of our numerals; for, 
during the last thousand years, our numbers 
liave undergone some slight changes. To- 

auusrript, that he has seized an idea, on 
hen he had a bit of "blue paper at bar 
id once when he had a white scrap, 1 
istes the two on the brown stuff that 1 
riles the bulk of the article on and inc 
fee by red Ink wbal is to be done wii 

The Tale of a Kite's Tail. 

A writer in the New York Star, in speak 
ing of a visit he had paid to a certaii 
famous lady author, tells of an incident ii 
the history of a serial which she was writ 
ing for a New York paper. It seems tha 
the story was composed from week to week 
and mailed to the editor as wanted, but oui 

composition : Three parts of barium sul- 
phate, one part of ammonium fluoride, with 
sulphuric acid in quantity sufficient for de- 
composing the fluoride, giving the mixture 
a semi-fluid consistency. This mixture can 
only be kept in a glass bottle or other ves- 
sel internally coated with parrafiu. beeswax 

■ title 

of n slenogmphie chart containing two 
chapters from the Bible. This was 7x8^ 
inches in size and hand engraved, Its com" 
plete title was " Phonography, or Writing 
by Sound," and from this fountain head all 
the phonetic systems of shorthand in use at 

Mr. Pitman w 
lightly. He is t 
blc worker and a strict d 
men living have the proud satisf: 
having been of such general and f 
ing service to his fellow men. 

Antiquity of Arabic Nur 

The Greeks used the letters of the alpha 

bet for numerals. The eumbersomc system 
used by the Romans, and called after them 
consisted of strokes {I— II— III— mi) to 
indicate the four fingers, and two strokes 
joined (V) to represent the hand, or five 
fingers. Ten was a picture of twohanda, 
or two V'siX). Bui Mien the Romans and 
Greeks worked at the higher mathematics, 
or attempted hard sums in arithmetic, they 
are much more likely to have used letters, 
in order to avoid the clumsin, -. ,.| these 
numerals ; in other words, they used what 
looked like a kind of nl-ehra We know 
Hi, i thq 

denies that legible handwriting is useful, 
and an elegant script is always prepossess- 
ing. There is so much woeful blundering 
due to bad handwriting, and many a liter- 
ary aspirant has had his communications 
rejected for this cause. The silly idea that 
men of ability never write good hands will 
not bear examination, and it will commodly 
be found that neatness and perspicuity in 
this department attest like qualities in 
other chnnnels. In short, it is of service to 
any one to write at least a good, plain 
hand, and slovenly and illegible penman- 

often downright mortification. These 
things being granted, it is of importance 
that young people aim to write well as an 
essential factor of success in life. Besides 
this consideration, they should take into 
account how much pleasure they can give 
in their correspondence by a really chaste 
and admirable penmanship.— Pittsburgh 

ing an I before the V 
(IV and IX). 
Our use of the 


1 simplify tile Kolilan 
iy lunf . i 1 1 u- rum ;V |j,i n i n ,. 
instead of four, by plac- 
before the X 

learned from India how to do sums by 
algebra. For algebra, though an Arabic 
word, is a science of which the Arabs were 
ignorant before they reached India. 

"It may be said that the invention of 
these numerals and of algebra for the higher 
mathematics stamps the old Hindoos as one 
of the most wonderful races of the world." 

Chirographic Characteristics of 
the Good Gray Poet. 

Walt Whitmans handwriting is bold, 
rugged almost, as would be expected in one 
who aims at thought and truth and disre- 
gards conventionalities. If he makes a 
mistake he scratches it out or rubs it out 
with his finger, as may be most convenient, 
the important theory being to eliminate the 
error, not the way by which it is done. If 
he has said a thing before as well as he can 
say it, he wastes no time on rewriting it, 
but cuts out the passage that says his say 
and pastes it on the sheet. If it happens, 
as it does on one page of a particular 

for the post-office, lo ! tl 
could not be found. 

Here was a terrible state of things, in- 
deed ! Thousands of readers would be 
disappointed, so rather than cause this an- 
noyance, the obliging lady sat down and 
rewrote the missing portion. 

But mark the sequel. The day after she 
bad sent this second copy to the office, the 
missing pages were found forming the tail 
to one of her small nephew's kites ! As the 

dollars a year from her stories, some idea 
may be formed of the valuable nature of 

Out of Sorts. 

The Rocky Mountain Cyclone recently 
begun business in a Western town under 
circumstances a trifle discouraging. Here 
is its own story : 

" We began the publication of this paper 
with some phew diphphiculties in the way. 
The type phounders phrom whom we 
bought our outphit phor this printing oph- 
phice phailcd to supply us with any ephs or 
cays, and it will be phour or phivc weex 
bephore we can get any. The mistaque was 
not found out till a day or two ago. We 
have ordered the missing letters, and we 
will have to get along without them till 
they come. We don't lique the loos ov 
this variety ov spelling any better than our 
readers ; but mistax will bapen in the best 
regulated phamilies, and iph the ph's and 

Writing on Glass. 
" Diamond Ink " is the name of a recently 
invented preparation for writing on glass 
with a common pen. The mixture when 
applied to the surface of the glass at once 
etches a rough line. Chemical analysis 
shows these ingredients to enter into its 

world'- «<. 
a-,' of 70 

conspicuous inline 
surprisingly large 

I 'he Ju. 

president, w 

passed hi- l*7t Ii t>irtlida\ . \\ hat w 
be the uhlest specimen of m aeliv 
■" world.— Tin Kp'H-h. 

There lias never been in our country a 
National Penman's Convention and yet tLe 

subject -if penmanship IiMS been discussed 

through penman's papers for years. Hun- 

Pes Moines showed what i-n-fit 

raiglit be gained through a 
" Western penmen " and on 

West. No 

greatest State, would secure 
from the East, West, Canada, and 
and the sixth of July would be B 
date. Afl the lime is limited, \ 
penmen who are interested ii 
together such a Convention, to 

us many penmen as possible, 
exists a widespread desire, we 
with several active penmen wl 
ready, and will make circulars 
often to every address we can g< 
Dear readcra, we irual you \ 
everj' aid 

[ excellent 

■rite US at 

the : 

il of ideas in for 
i grand National 
The different 

business writing 
system writing. 

of the pudding i.s In chewing, etc.," and the 

Now. with a carefully arranged set of topics 
to be discussed at certain hours on certain 
days, the whole subject could be gone over 
in a week with plenty of time forfini, birds, 

Nothing, it seems to us, would give to 
penmen such a lift in ideas and make per- 
manent such a record of what is thought in 
favor and against the various methods 
believed in. In the very limited opportuni- 
ties afforded at the Business Educators' 
meetings penmen have shown most life in 
the discussions of the Penman's Section ; 
but that section of ninety minutes limit 
daily, for four days, has been simply a bite 
as compared with the glorious feast which 
could be enjoyed in a week's whole time. 

A. II. 
Worcester, Wat , May 15. 

What's in a Name? 

frlitnrof (hi- Journal .—Or 
liarities of some who pride 
being what they call plain, 

people, is that of insisting 11 



peel in the near future hundreds, including 
the very best men in our profession, would 
strive to be present. And why not ? Is 
not a cause which will justify the publica- 
tion of twenty-five thousand copies of 
penman's papers monthly solid enough to 
warrant a multitude coming to a Simon pure 
penman's convention ? At such a meeting 
every live teacher would have the oppor. 
tuuity of showing the mettle that is in him, 
opening Ihe way to the most profitable em- 
ployment. The discussion would naturally 
embrace the how-to-mnke-mouey part of 

by one prominent leader) are traceable to 
inaction of the fingers. 

I write with a "Combined" movement, 
the larger muscles performing the greater 
amount of labor, while the smaller muscles 
assist in a multiplicity of ways only under 
derstood by those of the proper executive 
.bility. The reals of course are of vital 
mportance, and must be considered with 
sufficient weight to enable the Btudent to 
reach the coveted prize. Simply sawing 
away with the one idea of "muscular'' 
movement never made a good penman, and 

never wili. I d.m'i desire a change ol i ■ 

until the general intelligenci 
sion is ready to appreciate it 

When anyone tells me that lie wri 

1 -imply know that he is talking :i 
inlaiiizil'le some! hinii w Inch he kirn 
]it I |r about,. >r else knowing it mud < 
others do), does not care to change 

Inn- num.- appiopnat 
he iotm>, an explanation 
convey the intelligence 

demand ii 
big M), 

long as its nature is satisfactory. Any 
objections to this opinion, they imagiue, 
are at once swept away by quoting the 

mighty SluiUspenre's words: " What's in a 

Pare any puny mortal of the Nineteenth 
Century set himself up against such an 
authority? They forget that Shakspean 

sick girl, ignoraut of the world, and of what 
is or is not important. Thinking of her 
lover, who is a Montague, and, t 
queutly an enemy to her father's house, she 
cries : " What's in a name ? That which 

A name is certainly uot the least import- 
ant factor in a mau's career. How much 
more difficult would it be for a Muggins or 
a Finnigan to gain acceptance as a poet, 
however great his talent, than for a Tenny- 
son or Milton ! 

The name "Muscular" is so inappro- 
priate that it conveys no idea within 
itself whatever. 

John L. Sullivan uses the "Muscular'' 

served him the best ; but that makes but 
little difference; just so it was mumdarx* 

No sane person doubts for a moment that 
writing is done through any other agency 
than the muscles; heme the name " Mus- 

luol-iif, . !•'. 

greatest measure of success. We believe 
there arc hundreds of thousands of dollars 
that would find their way into the pockets 
of the penmen of America, if they only 
knew the secret of making known their 
art in its best phases Observations from 
experience, blackboard 
drills, etc., would go to 

pndi won I. 

lllertillL; 1 

nmm-naMe achievement 

made in the line of 
The possibilities 

iuexbaustable when penmen meet and open 
their wares for mutual exchange, such a 
meeting, we believe, would promise an 
amount of value and intellectual enjoyment 
far -in pi mm- one's highest hopes. One 
such convention of a week would afford as 
much time as can be gaiucd now in ter 

Not only could penmen get full of penman 
ship, but their discussions could be reported 
re-read and studied through the penman 1 ! 
■ i oming year. The penman': 
sect inns have been morning nibbles; but tin 
penmans convention would be a full week'; 

the muscular power was brough 

I believe 
could I believe in anythi 
could I use any other than 
ment? What other kind 
movement, and explain 
through the action of the i 

"The King of Movements." 
J£a tor of th. Jowrnal:-— Some time ago 
Prof. Toland gave a writing lesson through 
the Journal, which contained a very clear 
analysis of the " wholearm " movement, 
denominated by him "the king of move- 
ments." He is one of the few contributors 
to the Journal who has taken this posi- 
tion, and both in his writing and teaching 
refused to compromise on the "forearm," 

in a recent number of Ihe Journal The 
lesson in anatomy which be furnishes the 
" for arm " arlists is substantially the same 
as that given by Prof. Toland to his classes 
in this city two years ago, with the excep- 
tion that the latter requires his pupils to 
place the left hand on the biceps of the right 

bought. So closely allied are all branches 

larp-strlng o! human intelligence— that the 
medalist soon discovers thai in bis investi- 
gations he is touching kindred springs of 
truth, and thus gradually acquires that 
general culture and breadth of thought 
which almost invariably accompanies 

With students of philosophy it is an 
accepted truth that the final end— Ihe 
desired consummation of all human toil, is 
the perfection of society — the development 
of mind and muscle to the standard of an 
infinite idea. 

In order that this long-drcamed-of state 
of things may be brought about, the 
talented must, become specialists, ami. DO 
matter how apparently insignificant their 
specially may appear, they must gather and 
focus their mental strength upon that one 

Every profession must have its specialists, 
whose soul— whose very life is enveloped in 
the work. 

Surely penmanship is an art of sufficient 
breadth, beauty and utility to justify special 
effort in propelling the car of chirographic 
advancement ! But some will argue that 
men will become narrow-minded in confin- 
ing themselves to the si in y and practice of 
an art that is intimately related to every 

i Th, American Orooor tells 

.ii i « the other day with the 
it of one of the trunk lines of 
i a messenger entered wilh an 
autract, having twenty-one 
It was a traffic agreement 
ling line, and was a very valu- 
it. It happened to be written 
writer in aniline ink. Upon 
■ positively refused to sign Ihe 
hen took the contract to the 
President of the road and said: ' Mr. , 


but I 

ask,', I why. 

hnike, furnishing the si cot 
rest, circumscribing the Ii 
and enabling the writer b 
ters wilh greater accuracy. 

L. C. ScnuLTZ. 

which i 

penmen place upon 


Inch is clearly definable, 
imperfect copies that are paraded 

1 productions of the "Muscular ' 
t. The very imperfections which 
riting, honestly executed with the 
movement (as it has been defined 


the glaring lighl "f histoi it id invcstign 
brings this truth prominently before 
eyes, and yet educators, and public teae 
generally, who have achieved nothing n 

departments ol knowledge thai had m 
special reference to or bearing upon tbi 
work of their choice, would be child's folly. 
To assume thai the development of an ider 
or the evolving of a theory that has for it; 
object, or can, from its relations to tb( 

of the departments had been for two yeais 
written in purple ink. He at once issued 
an order forbidding its use in the depart- 
ment, purchased a new set of bonks into 
which the two years' records were copied, 
and thus saved what iu a few years would 

gestcd, therefore, thai ail important papers 

permanent. There are a number of Ameri 
can and foreign inks which, are unexcep- 
tionable in this particular. 

Th,. .\- .i ) ■>/'/ >"» a few days ago printed 
an editorial on this subject, declaring that 
anyone who would put an unlading brilliant 
red ink on the market might easily become 

a gold mine for some enterprising Joi u.nal ( 

Lesson on Business Capitals. 
/■> Hi X I. Normal School, Valpa- 

Tbc one thing above everything else 
which causes the practical man— business 
man— to be prejudiced against the profes- 
sional writing teacher, or rather the onuiti >ir 
writing teacher, is sprawling capitals. And 
what sensible person does not despise 
sprawling, spavined, sprained, spurious 
capitals ! 

Every writing teach*- r knows that his 

mcot. During this breaking-up period it is 
impossible for the pupil to make anything 
but weak, sprawling capitals. These first 

learner slmulii 

tendencies, and the result 

— a plain, rapid. sensible - 

Now, as to capitals, tl 

distinctly understand thn 

territory which does not belong to them 
than the small letters have. "Standard 
Size," which means three fourths of a ruled 
space, should be ringing continually in the 
learner's ear, until lie dare not make a large, 
sprawling capital. The pupil in business 
writing should be made to distinctly under- 
stand and appreciate the fact that capitals 
are merely ordinary, everyday letters, dif- 


Ilia! llicy ;i 

plate accompanying t 

ment. They are written on one sheet 
of paper; not a single letter has been 
touched up or corrected or replaced. I 

ndc-rful evjui-itenr-s 

ni the i 


as far as the form of 
the original is concerned, which is more 
(ban can be said of much of the so-called 
'•facsimile engraved" writing appearing in 

Brother penmen ! don't let us palm off on 
the boys corrected wood cuts and steel, 
engraved reproductions of our work, and 
tell them they are photo-engravings or fac- 
similes of the original. This is simon-pure 
deception. Let the boys understand that pho- 
lo-engravcd writing dues not have the spirit 

MJMJJ o9o7Q7(xpp 

rr no-G~&0-aa C^QU7(7(7(M70{ 

999999!? 9999977 

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9999977- aaotaoca 

'P7CKHP79Q9 P7P7{7pf(77737. 
(2(7(700(17 C^C^qpjTJt 

Ptioto-Eiiffraveil from Copy Ksociite.l 1 

. Normal School, Yul| 

attempts we should not despise. A sprawl- 
ing letter at this stage is evidence that the 
pupil has started on the right movement, at 
least that he is not using the finger move- 
As soon as the pupil has a thorough 
knowledge of what the right movement— 

Bevere criticisms on form. A vivid con- 
ception of form serves as a check on the 
pupil's scribbling propc 
so that some of them 
slow noger-movement. But here conies hi 
the element of speed, which in turn destroys 
the tendency to use finger movement. 
• ,lie ftk 'Hful and experienced teacher 

. ys. so much 

have aimed to give a set of plain, sensible 
business capitals, and to indicate one of 
many different methods of practice. The 
method here indicated is that of discon- 
nected repetition. In order to get all the 
letters into the plate and not to have the 
plate occupy too much space. I have limited 
the repetition of each letter to half a line. 
But the Journal pupil, who has an unlim- 
ited amount of time at his command, will 
rind it an excellent plan to fill a whole page 
of foolscap with each letter, repeated as 
per each half line in the plate. 

and delicacy of 

c original 
is concerned, 
the original. 

that 1 

form is true t« 
Those of c 
not care to have any of their photo-en- 
graved writing appear in print have a 
perfect right to their conservatism, but when 
a wood-cut or steel-engraved reproduction 
of their writing appears, it should appear 
as such, and not as a photo-engraving direct 

Look Out for Your Signature. 
A gentleman of wealth, while practicing 

Tho Autograph Fiend. 

According to Ed. Heron Allen. America 
is the country par excellence in which tho 
autograph hunter rages with uncompromis- 
ing virulence. It is said that a young lady 

his signature shortlv after thl publication 
of The lady of the Aroostook, A foregom 
Conclusion and Venetian Life. There- 
upon he wrote some impromptu verses 
iu her album. .She read them over, and 
then exclaimed, her pretty face bursting 
into an encouraging smile "Oh, Mr, 
Ilowells, I should think you might do 
something for the papers and magazines ; 
I've seen much worse things than that in 

And then the things they ask for ! These 
are the sort of letters one receives : " Dear 
Mr. Gladstone— I should be glad if you will 
give uie the original MS. of your speech on 
the Irish question. Tours, etc." As one 
steps upon the platform of the American 
railway depot the engine-driver will step 
down with a grimy triangular strip of paper 
aud a stumpy pencil and beg for one's 
autograph ; the newsboy whom one patron- 
izes from the window of the saloon is ready 
with his styleograph to receive one's signa- 
ture on the fibrous margin of a newspaper, 
for which he will boldly ask a dollar or 
more, "with autograph of Oscar Wilde 
complete ! " On menus for the restaurant 
waiter, on visiting cards for the casual way. 
farcr, iu albums for the enthusiastic and 
golden haired Medali K. Bangs, always the 
same, autographs, autographs, autographs, 
from the cradle to the grave, if not at 
periods anterior and posterior to those halt- 
ing places of human existence. A few years 
ago a symposium of the most persecuted 
was held at Cambridge. Mass., and the fol- 
lowing main rules in the matter were pro- 
pounded and adopted : 

1 »..!,) request, or. as is more often ttie caae.demaod, 

The sale of autographs in America is a 
regularly recognized branch of commerce. 
Every well known autograph has its recog- 
nized market value, and a gentleman tells 
us of Mr. Gladstone's letter, expressing his 
inability to comply with a request for sub- 
subscription to an American charity, being 
sold in aid of that charity for a distinctly 
acceptable price. A writer in the Globe, in 
the month of June last, tells us that almost 
simultaneously with the visit of Dr. Oliver 
Wendell Holmes to England, the original 
MS. of the One Morse Shay was discov- 
ered in New York, and was purchased by 
Mr. Franklin Tinkes for a considerable sum. 
That the handwriting has certain marked 
vbieh properly examined 

wurks ni" Mii-h acknowledged author- 
ities as Rosa Baughan, L'Abbe Flaudrin 
and Adolphe Ilenze. Adrien I'estmrrulh's, 
in his major work. Lee Myeteree A la 
Main: BevetaOtme Oomptetes, Suit* ■/ //». 

(Paris, 18TO), has devoted some 200 pages to 

jor of a standard work 
t Graphology, or, as it 
" Grammatomancy," 

GJVf 4 ^OHO^iap%, ^_ ^_ 

The Study of Phonography. 

Special FooallMtKm. 

101. It is sometimes best to express / or r 
by a hook, even when a distinct vowel 
sound intervenes between the consonant so 
expressed and the preceding consonant. A 
vowel written In the usual way cannot be 
read between the stem and the hook, but 
must be read before or after both. When 
the vowel is to be read between the stem 
and the hook, il must have a different form 

103. A light dot is represented I 

^ <r> 

light or heavy. 

colony^cS murmur.. 

106. When a distinct vowel sound occurs 
between t and r represented by lengthening 
it may be expressed in the same way as for 
hooked stems. 

It requires some thought and prac- 
> determine when id u-e the hook and 

ics between it and Itie iTeei'diiiL' inn 
t stem. Special vocalization is used 

quently recurring 
syllable, such as e 

would otherwise < 

there will be of mistaking it for any other 
word); (5) in a great many words where the 
ntervening vowel is not the accented one. 

When a negative la formed by doubling 
le first consonant of the positive and pre 
xing a vowel, though the consonant 
sund is not doubled but rather prolonged, 
oth consonals are written ; otherwise bott 
ositive and negative would have the sam( 


■ by the first vowel of t 

twice. If the consonant thus ilouU.d is 
or r, the second is expressed by a hook 
The same rule applies to other words 
similarly formed, not negative. 



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,November7\.^prin<: ipally 

.^.principle-pal. r. col 

X >.. themselves -language 

U"V: /..utail moral 

inmi..v„h)e i/l..-|.';il immoni 

if.ilit'ru! irrt.'|ii. "iM.: » ilui .il ■■ Me 

i:::::; !i 

upward signs. 

In no other vehicle <h> we realize how very 
queer people are. The car teas nearly full. 
No car is ever entirely full. The car WU 

speak of this. I was irresistibly <Vd to study 
the various placards in English and other 
languages. They /'elated principally to par- 
ticular diseases and their marvelous cures. 
There was also a 7equest many time* re- 
peated that each person as he entered the 
car should put the exact fare in the box. 
This placard always annoys me by its nar- 
rowness. Sometimes I do not feel like 
obeying this rule. Sometimes I would like 

andthey all knew me. d supposi 1 1 '■■ had) 
a sort (of an) impression (that I was) going 
(to have a) hard time (of it) ; so (he said) ■ 
(«' You are) going (to have a) hard time this 
winter, (and 1) want you to come up to my 
mill (for all the) flour and meal (you want) : 
(you can) (pay me) (when you) get ready." 
(And the) landlord said ; (" I don't) suppose 
(you Will) (be able to) (pay yt-ur) rent this 

winter; but (never mind); don't trouble 
yourself (about that); just (paj me] (wftwi 
you) get ready." (And the) storekeepei 
said: "(You have) always kept tJUnge 
straight and trim ; come (to me) for all (you 
want), and (paj me) when you) get ready.' 1 
(And I) remember I turned out and broke 
stone (on the) turnpike. How (/ went) 
(through that) winter i/ cannot) tell; but I 
just (fought the) wolf (frem the) door (oil 
the)«nn n» beat (TcouW). and (did not) get 
into debt (any more than) (i could) help / 

the) good wife and myself (to keep) things 
trim and bright, and let nobody suffer (very 
much), and not get into debt (any more 
than) (/ had to) (in order) (to live) (at all). 
(Dear friends), the (battle \ of life) lies in f 
confronting your fortunes strong and 

ateady.and fighting it out,oj GenoraiQtaai 
once said, "(on that) line, (never minding) 
(what the. hardness (moj be) or(wflO( the) 

you) stand faithfully (by your) home, find 
(by your) wife and children, and all (you 
have) (in the worUt), (you will) come out (all 
right) (in the end), and(«Aani1 ft) (all«w), 
the hardness (and the) bitterness, (you can) 
look back (on those) (all f of you), (and I 
anil ttpeahng from crperunn) — (//.-// ran) 
look back (on those) hard tim<« th,i\ seemed 
most bitter (with the) deepest, sweetest, and 
purest satisfaction. (I believe that) one gTeat 
element (in your) education (is that) (yov. 
should) stand up manfully (every time) (to 
the) uttermost might (that is) in you)— stand 
steadily and steadfastly upon upright and 
downright, thoroughly honest work, and 
conversation, and character, (and then) let 
the thing work itself out (in its own way) 
—and (he sure) (that way) will bring credit 
and honor (to you) (and the) deepest satis- 
action (to all) who belong (to you.) 

Robert Collyer. 

grating and straw is spread on this, so that 
if:, iimou- ]>• r-<iii is obliged to pass his 
fare to others he lets U drop in the straw, 
and never can get it. / marveled if the 

l.i (.iH'jiifj* into the seats. So many 

Exercise for Practice. 

itnlirlst'tl ; a rlamier hulk-sites proximity.] 

(Ton remember) (Il was the) year (of the) 
panic (and 1) fell (out of) work in October 
and (could not) get a stroke (at the) anvil 
until May. And 


l (living there) ahou 

r fall 

) irhat (in 
(Ttere is 
I (I don't 

■l ml lirhut 

....... £, 



Shorthand Notes. 

The publisher reports that the Dumber of 
complete sets of the Journal since Ibe cs 
tablishment of the phonographic depart- 
ment last October, is less than 300, and 

rapidly diminishing. New subscribers who 
wish to begin with the lessons, should pro- 
be out of print in the course of a few weeks. 

There are rumors in the air of a new 
note-taking device by the distinguished in 
ventor of the most popular reporting 
machine in the market that will knock the 
spots out of all previous efforts at solving 
the problem of machine stenographing. We 
wait wiih bated breath, sharpening our 
pencil meanwhile fur emergencies. 

Shorthand reporters on the New York pa 
pers get $10 for an evening's work. If the 
speech to be takeu is of special consequence 
at least three stenographers are detailed for 
the job, with an outside man to do the 
trimmings at both ends. 

A meeting of the stenographers of South 
Carolina was held on the 27th of April, at 
the iftwa and Courier office, Charleston, and 
a temporary organization effected, after 
which the following permanent officerswere 
elected : President, J. K. Blackinan ; Vice- 
President, C, E. Sawyer ; Secretary and 
Treasurer, W. A. Law. A Committee on 
Constitution and By-Laws was appointed, 
and the same will he submitted at a meeting 
of the Association to be held at Columbia, 
on the third Tuesday in August. It was 
unanimously agreed to make lady Stenog- 
rapher- rk-iUr ti. membership. 

The story 

thyself, they 

omnipotent. If we take the 
the morning and fly to the 
parts of the earth, they are there. They 
meet us in the jungles of Africa, they way- 
lay us in the solitary canons of Colorado, 
and when, at length we find the latitude of 
the magnetic pole, behold, they are there. 
May their light and goodness be equal to 
their power, und iu the general assembly of 
heaven let no reporter he excluded." 

Messrs. Wyckoff, Seamans & Benedict, 
manufacturers of the Remington Type- 
writer, are about to bring into the field a 

There has long seem 

ed to be a necessity for 

u smaller, lighter 

and less expensive 

ijiiii-ton. and this new 

machine is the outcome of this want. It is 
modeled after the patents of Mr. B. A. 
Urooks, and is called a "wheel" machine, 
the type being cast upon one solid wheel, 
which revolves at the touch of the keys. 
The impression is made by the "impression 
strip" behind the machine, similar to that 
of the Hammond. We believe, however. 

Remington, enabling one who operates the 
latter to operate the new machine without 
learning a new key-board. The "touch" 

alike. A reporter of t 

ay - wheel" machine now made. It w 
2 sold at probably one half the price of l 

■iddin-. as regards tin latter 
"'>m\ uhii-li I loaned your f 





on perspective for the April 
ithorof the lessons failed to 
30f, aod after it was printed, 
several important errors 

Pint. — Where it wtts intended to be the 
real distance, in the ninth line, it is printed 
"area " distance. 

Second.— In the eleventh line, where it 
says "one-fourth "of an inch, it should be 
one-eighth of an inch. 

Third.— In the thirteenth line, where it is 
printed "take forty eight and one eighth," 
it should be take forix eight eighths. 

fourth.— In the twenty-third line, instead 
of saying " take eight and one-half inches." 
it should be lake r'miit eighths. 

The lesson for this month is intended to 
show a method of constructing arches 
parallel to the perspective plane and in 

The student should not forget that the 
dimensions of the origin*! drawing are 
reduced one half, and, consequently, the 
dimensions given should be understood as 

Lay off the base line and principal vanish- 
ing line as before. This subject is in 

to (he distance point. Its intersection v 
J. K, will cut off from J. K, sixteen f 
If a line is drawn through this point 
parallel to the base line it will be uniformly 
at that distance from it. If you make 
thirty-two points of one-eighth of an 
each, and draw from each of them He 
point, these lines at the 

.1. K 

i - 

feet ; then draw parallels to the base 
and Iheu from the half inch snile at the 
right divide the baseline into half-inch 
from these points draw lines to the van 
ing point ; their intersection with 
former parallels will divide the floor i 
squares of one foot each. These divisi 
will be useful not only for making so 

ing figures or furniture at any point desired. 

A Longitudinal Contingency. 

A gentleman who died recently in Pa 
left a legacy of $6,000 to his niece in £ 
buque, Iowa, who, it appears, died abc 
the same hour of the same day. The ques- 
tion, which died first, turns upon the rcla- 

■t mined by .1 

h<- mere died 

their death 

difference "f longitude 

parallel perspecl 
faces are either at right angles or parallel to 
the perspective plane. First, take the 
arches parallel to the perspective plane, 
marked A, B, C, etc., draw a half-circle, 
divide the diameter inlo four equal parts, 
A, B. C, D, E ; place the compasses on the 

i tie i . \ V. . from each of the quarter 

priu< IpsJ v.nii-hi, a point. V. P. These at 
the points of intersection with the diameter. 

for the arch at the further side of the 
column ; the other arches arc each found in 
the same way. The arches in the receding 
surface, G, H, I, are found by dividing the 
diameter into four points as before per- 
spective^, and drawing the curve by hand. 
The bridge in the background to the right, 
with its sloping parapets, is drawn in the 

The floor is reticulated to represent a 

in the preceeding lesson, tie,, half- 
>r vertical and horizontal lengths, 
d perspective plane ; but to measure 
of! distances on lines like J, K, 

■eding distance of that 
if you wish a point at 
*\ae line, draw 

tor's death, if the niece died at any hour 
between four and ten. although the legacy 
would apparently revert to his estate, it 
would really vest in her and her heirs, since 
by solar time she would actually have sur- 
vived her uncle. 

A Man of Many Mothers. 
It is a curious fact that Mr. H. M Stank 
has latterly developed a it real repugnance I 
lecturing in Wales, which is his natn 
country. The reason of this is interesting 
Mr. Stanley spent bis early days, in a Welsh 
workhouse, and he has no precise know- 
ledge as to his parentage. Whenever he 

or thirty odd women who persist in claim- 
ing him as a son or a nephew or some other 
intimate relation. It being highly embar- 

llie explorer has delef- 

ookkecpers ni 

■ wages of 

experienced bookkeepers range fr( 

$2,000 per annum ; of assistants and fresh 

Shorthand Court repi 
$10 per day, besides 
transcribing notes 
from $10 to 9£fi per 

like a regular scale 

Si-oiLiNO Children's Minds.— One of 
ibc greatest mistakes made in our present 
system of educating children is that they 
are given too many subjects to study at 
once. The power of dissociation— that Is, 
of keeping one subject entirely clear of 

of children. They therefore have a mass of 
confused ideas when they get through with 
their daily tasks, which it is always diffi- 
cult, and sometimes impossible, for them to 
separate one from the other. It is true that 
soi hildrcn are. from the beginning, 


brain is very likely to be strained in the 
effort. It is as though a person should 
spend six hours in looking alternately 
through a telescope and a microscope, giv- 
ing a few minutes to each, It would cer- 
tainly be found at the cud of that time that 
the sight had been injured for the time 
being, at least, and if the practice should be 
continued there can be no doubt that per- 
manent impairment of vision would be the 
result. — Dr. William A Hammond in Popu- 
lar Science Monthly for April. 

The (itiikh Side of Charlatanry.— 
Now, while I fully sympathize with that 
sense of right which impels yon to guard 
the profession which you so much adorn, 
against the incursions of humbuggery and 
pretence, I beg you not to worry your soul 
over the charlatanry which is an inevitable 
fungus upon any vigorous growth. There 
is no profession nor calling that is void of 
humbuggery, and the more good there is in 
a thing the more surely will it be beset by 
pretenders and quacks. While I have an 
active sympathy with the boy who said to 
his father, " I think the flsh will bite to- 
day "—I cannot withhold my admiration for 
the cute reply, " Never mind, my boy; you 
keep on hoeing potatoes and they won't 
bite you." If I had auy advice to offer to 
these anxious souls who are so afraid of 
being bitten by charlatanry, I would say to 
them : " Never mind, keep on at your bet- 
ter work, and they won't bite you." And 

thing taught, even : 

having any good 
te teacher is not the 
. When we reflect 

upon the fact that much 
valuable knowledge we hav 
we pick up, in th< 
without auy super! 

hap-hu/.ard way, 

The Two-fold Purpose.— We have a 
two fold purpose in all our teaching— filling 
for eternity and for practical life, where, 
though the fine surface may be spoiled, the 
grain is uninjured, and what a man is he 
remains; then if knowing the evil he re- 
mains unsullied, the Beautiful is his relaxa 
tion, the Good his consolation, and the 
True the active principle of an undaunted 
sou].— Indiana Sch.,,.1 Journal. 

The Editor's Leisure Hour 

_ r rHE GREAT 

T^fiT V A Audubon ,^c 

its knowledge of the 

feathery kingdom. 
He wns thoroughly in love with Lis work. 
Gun in hand, he roamed the forests of 
America from Labrador to Mexico, collect- 
ing material for his great work on the 
Birds of North America. He learned to 
paint a^ an accessor; to tins purpose, and 
when he had brought down a bright forest 

took to catch the expression of a fair sub- 
ject. These paintings were reproduced in 
life size and coloring in Audubon's great 
work referred to above. This was in 
several immense volumes, probably two by 
four feet iu size, and was published by 
subscription at a cost of about $1,000 a set. 
When only a few sets had been issued, a 
fire destroyed the plates, and they were 

MlilllliT Volumes, Wits published . bill 

that is somewhat rare now. The 
>er of sets of the original work now in 
>nce does not exceed one dozen per- 
One of these is in the North Caro- 
Slatc Library. A very large tiller for 
>ur or five thousand dollars— made by 

force so dear to the imagination, and so 
vaguely limned on the pages of science. 
The bird, by some line law, keeps its artistic 
value fully developed. You never see 
Aleyon out of keeping with the environ- 
ments even when going into the little dark 
hole in the earth, where its nest is hidden, 
irquoise light with which it 
/csa sheen on the observer's 
cinaling and evasive as some 
lleeting poetical vision. 

Ct rifle Aleyon! how sweet the name in 
mi. 1st of jarring sounds invented 
by science. Coming upon it in the cata- 
logues is like hearing a cultured voice in 
the midst of a miner's broil, or like meeting 
a beautiful child in a cabinet of fossils. 
Ceryle Aleyon suggests sunshine, bright 
waler, dreamy skies, and that rich foliage 

adjective lush clings like some rather 

ornamental caterpiller, with an underhint of 

classical affinity very tenuous and filmy. It 

i disappointment to one's imagination at 

>t to find out that so beautiful a creature 

the Aleyon caunot sing ; but there is just 

compensation in the knowledge which soon 

Used lb a 

i offer 

once, the writer, who had happened to come 
in possession of Audubon's later work, and 
was ignorant of the other, thought his 
eternal fortune was made. The circum- 
stance was not wholly profitless, however, 
since though it failed to materialize finan- 
cially, a channel of interesting and useful 
information was opened. Now, if any of 
the Journal's readers should be the pos- 
sessor of any of Audubon's works he ought 
to consider himself very fortunate indeed. 

The following interesting items in point 
are reproduced from an exchange : 

"No further proof is needed of the per- 

pletion of his work 
given, however, to t 
once remarked to 

quality, lie 
hat. with his 

of a bird lie bad 
ure. He excused 
and started after 
iDt secure until he 

In 18:13, Audubon hired, at Bostor 

oner called the Ripley, to make 

lgh the Gulf of 

.awrcuce to the coast t.f Labrador. 

rranged to pay the captain and owner 

ree hundred dollars a mon 

would be gone from Juue 

master the subject, and that I should well 
acquit myself in my report. The professor 
listened to all I had to say, and in his quiet 
way remarked : ' So, so, very good ; but 


How it .lid smell ! 1 did not want to touch 
it, an.l Hew into a rage at least a dozen 
times, and yet each day 1 found something 
new, and so on until the end of the i 
and what there was then about th 
1 lj.ii T I did m>t know was not worth 

"One generally wails to begin these 
hunts (ill the season is sufficiently advanced 
to render the animals infuriated by hunger 
and ready for anything. We used to start 
at ten or eleven o'clock in the night, .boos 
ing a moonlit evening. Four of oui 
swiftest horses were put lo the sleigh whose 
management was confided to a prudent and 

husband's service for ten years. All depend. 

ohere of delicious comfort. The skies drop 
gladness anil the earth teems with loveli- 
ness. IU garden pictures are changing as a 
kaleidoscope. The terraced hillsides, rank 
will, verdure, vie with wheat fields bending 
beneath thiir load of grain ; some just cut 
and supplanted by rice, in fields flooded 
with water, while others, green with the 

easons are unusually dry nolh 
i suffer. The reservoirs are so 
e irrigating system so complete 
garden smiles on 
beneath the scorching rays. 

The trees of Japan arc a wonder. Here 
is the '" inockungi," wiih its purple, bell- 
shaped flowers ; also the magnolia, with its 
rich white and purple clusters, Queen 
among the trees towers the camelia. Some 
of these are sixty feet high, and are covered 
with blossoms from January to May. of 
many varieties, from the large pure white, 


covered with 

Summer . 



I ri,, 


Maurice Thompson 
people tinctured with letters as one of the 
cleverest literary men of the times. Wedo 

delightful bit of coloring by any contem- 
porary artist than the following from his 
late paper in the Southern Bivouac : 

"The kingfisher is dash of bright blue in 

every choice bit of brooksid. i j ... 

painting • he is a warm fragment of tropical 
life and color, left over from the largess 
bestowed upon our frigid world by one of 

be fixed in any written score. 
Crryk Aleyon strike the silver 
Summer brook and set them to 
worth the sacrifice of any leisu 
is the old touch of Apollo, 

ings ami dimples, ami bubbles, and in the 
nidst of it all, the indescribable sound from 
he smitten stream, its one chord rendered 

The following reminiscence of the great 
Agassiz, by a writer in the Teacher'* Tnati 
i'dt, is well worth reproducing: 

" Having undertaken the study of natural 
history, I went to the professor and asked 
bim where to begin. 

"'Ah,' said he, * so you want to begin, 

1;d,- i 

1 ii carefully, 

xt day, I kept at it, every hour finding 
nething new. I went lo the professor at 

■ appointed lime, feeling proud and con- 

sleigli and 

on the driver in these expeditions, for if be 
loses his head and allows the frightened 
horses to run away during the chase, one 
stands a very good chance of being thrown 
off the low sleigh and devoured by the 
hungry animals one seeks!' 
of straw is tied behind 

with you a young pig tied iu a strong can- 
vas bag. You have occasionally lo pinch 
the poor brute so that his squeaking may 
attract the attention of the wolves and make 
them pursue them in the hope of a hearty 

1 off at a gallop, 
and you soon see whole squadrons of 
wolves making for you at full speed. Their 
fiery eyes glare in the semi-darkness like 
burning coals, and their low, growling bay 
is enough to unsettle the courage of all 
novices. As soon as they are near enough 
you shoot them with ball earlridges, and it 

spread many a carpet for the 

stone paths leading to the temp 

the native poet when he says : 

snow showers which do not d 

the skies." The plum tree is \ 

the poet's tree. Often it is seen standing 

leafless in the snow, yet adorned with bios 

soma like a bride. The trees burst into soft 

clouds of bloom and fragrance in February. 

one night. There i 
able to this, as on 

iimiall\ banging on a threa. 

i excitement 

iltsides maples and pines are 
vines of exquisite loveliness, 
trailing and intertwining with bewildering 
intricacy ; among these arc the wisteria and 
thunbergia, with their purple Btarfl and 
tufts. From the verdant valleys to the tops 

roses of endless variety Tht grass is 
studded, and flowers spring even from the 
quaint, artistic (hatched roofs of the tea- 
houses, asking leave only to grow and bless 
the light. These tea-houses seem idyllic. 
They are a national institution. 
everyw here, as the people 
along the city streets, bj the roadsid 

the groves, woods, parks, valleys, and i 


— Enny man who lias k< 
years ought to be made i 
and have a penshun for the rest of his 
nateral days, and a boss and a wt.gon to do 
his going round in. — huh BiUintj*. 

—Have no friends you dare not bring 

k, cm 

Penman's Art Journal 



t for May. 


Copy of every kind intended for publication 
, (hi '■■'' numb*) of tfu Joubnal mutt U 
-, hand by Jum & 

On to Milwaukee. 

» the Penmanship Profession: 

As Chairrono of the Executive Staff ap- 

inted to look after Hie Penman's Section 

ill, llusini--. Mdueators' Convention, al 
Mwaukee. opening on July 19, I would be 

iliis r.i|.i<st will greatly i'arililnir ih 
of tbe Committee in arranging 

Editorial Notes. 

In another columh Mr. A. H. Hinman 
lias an open letter to the penmanship fra- 
ternity proposing a national organization of 

sents. If you would go, prepared to put 

your own wisdom and experience into the 
general pool, it is not at all likely that you 
would take away less than you brought. 
Then the questions of time and place are to 

be considered. Mr. Hinman suggests some 
11, ac 

71 h . 

( rniv. iitici,. ul,i. h [ill- .ml II,.- week hr-gin- 

ning with the mil a1 ( bit igo. This also 
would place them in convenient reach of 
the Business Educator's Convention, open- 
in- at Milwaukee, on the 19th, an 'event of 
great interest to penmen and teachers of 

o&L*^ /0. /<?<&. 

CCS. ■( 

ThoKiaKOf Movements 

• . <• ■ • / 

The Journal thinks it would. Why 
not .' Mr llimnan's letter gives a geucral 
prospective outline of the things that might 
be said aud done at such a meeting. To 
this a great deal might he added, if it were 

ern penmen at I>es Moitio 
ompanionahle set our pen 


licsidvs ii(lv:incil)^ its inti 

lion is none too mueli for tin' hard-workin 
teacher, and the expense should not b 
oppressive. What say you, one and all V 

tbe Business Educator: 

its ninth annual meeting 
gated, and a lively seaai 
tit the subsection* 

Economics, Law ai 

1 t IV..- 

ized under tbe dire 

Cnrlinville, III., ns 

Dayton, o., 0. P. 1 



heater, N 

Y.; Charles Slayer, 


and II. A 

Spencer, New York. II. 


Milwaukee, will have ■ Lai v 


hand and Typewr 


will, Mra. 

I li Mc- 

Donald, Milwaukee 


New York, and J. 

ieorgt 1 roa 

. Chicago, 

km. known business rollfL'.. 1 prim i- 
presses LTcat surprise (lint the .lorit- 
; able td give so much for a dollar. 
:.",. Dun utln-T American eiti/.eiis are 

constituting her staff. I>. T. Ames is billed 
to supervise the work of the penman's sec- 
tion, with the assistance of A. N. Palmer, 
Cedar Rapids, la,, and A. J. Scarborough, 
Chicago. R, O, Spencer, chairman of 
iln i>,triiiiir M.inriuiiee, is entirely in 

the meeting a thorough 

100,000 more. 

The BURE8T way to destroy the useful- 
ness of any intellectual force is to run it 
eternally through one groove. Let it settle 
down into a rut, and the sooner it dies the 
less stench will there be to the corpse. 
Above all dreary, desolate, profitless "moral 
agencies" is the paper that talks by rule 
and teaches by rote. Healthy, vigorous 
brains need more wholesome food than 
mouldy ideas and moth-eaten methods. A 
correspondent wants to know why it is that 
the Journal, being a penman's paper, 
should devote any part of its space to out- 
sketch from nature seems to grate on his 

printed in a paper primarily intended 1" 
the instruction and entertainment of per 
men. This may be the correct view, but 
is not the Journal's view, and it never wi 
be. To adopt it would be to bury its se 
respect, and it would prefer to bury itsel 


The people 
intelligent. They expect to be supplied 
with a certain amount of technical matter, 
and they are not disappointed. But they 
don't want a cold, hard scheme of technical 
instruction such as one might look for in a 
text-book. The fact is, we rather think if 

the .Thuknai, has made any en or r.l 
ment in this respect it has been 
didactic side, and the reader may ( 
some modifications of this policy 
present number. We dare say it 


written to tbe advertisement of Miss Anna 
Niutin, tending her professional services for 
work of that kind. The fact that the ad 
vertiser ib a woman, though admittedly a 
good thing in itself, is not the ground of 
appeal for patronage. She is a good writer, 
and will give the full money's worth. Now, 
if there are any other of our American 
girls who want a lift in this way. let them 
step up to the captain's office. 

Answers to Cor 

According to our Prof Kelley s 
are some five hundred and ni 
him, wiili many of the back com 

(1 ) For restoring the ink on o 
ments, parchments, etc , moisten t 
with watc 


n a solution of sulphide 
of "ammonia. This process I,:,- I ik'l.l, 

recommended to us It is said that thi 

writing will immediately appear in Mmi-ili 
and color, which will remain in ease ol 
parchment ; but gradually fade again if on 

i-.M This formula for silver ick will 
probably meet your requirements One 
part white gum arabic, four parts distilled 
water, one part silicate of soda in solution. 
Tincturate with the best silver bronze 

teachers. Oan you give me a lift in the way 

If you are looking for a well-graded short 

to refer you to the December and January 

;/ S, .1/i/tn., fires a whole bat- 

orders. (6.) The best practice for perfect- 
ing One's handwriting is to practice from a 
body of writing such as Is given in business 
forms and letters in advanced copy hooks of 
nearly all the systems (if published writing, 
ii>in_' forearm and finger movement com- 
bined, together with frequent practice upon 


Specimens Received. 



ve seen much in 

.he paper 







ft-hand wr 


y the 

f tli 

t given f. 

r Hie 



of sittini! 


i The style of writing 

ed instead i 

Clubs for May. 
E. K. Isaacs, N. I. Normal School, Va! 


Ind., sends 


King Club, 


ing 89, The Que 

OKI Uriah Ml 


Oberlin B. 


s Business 



lege, Wort 


ends 17 subs 

ions ; C. L. 


K I, 

ss College. Mass 
agelos, Cal.,19; 





Miami Con 

'■■<< ' ■■->■ 


and John C. 

Ryan, Buffalo. N. Y., 


ach ; 0. L. 



liege, Yps 



4 ; M. 0. Sto 

cial College 
1 , Mass , ( '., 

1 Rh 

cial Colleg 



IV. Wilton, Grand 


ids, Mich., 



cge, 10 each. 

— The yearly output of paper it 
tries has been estimated at 2,800 
The United stales 1ms 8S4 paper 


H. bas a class c 

I Fall., Mian. ; Katie It. Mel 

Exchange Editor's Calendar. 

—The Educational .!,;<• nUli I B 

■■>,• j.uhlwratioii, i-su..l l.y 1 ..y Hr.»« , Lyons, la 

I I- S,,ntli [t. or) In.l . 

The fruinaa ColUg' . 

r good paper for penmeu . 

—There lnu/t a dull pane In the School Supptmmi, 
Boston, and it baa a full complement of folios, too. 
Hi Kttttm and hi* i-..jidjuti.i-> uw imikitujii ] 

Or .1 S II. Foarj, >»f Boston, has a com - 

plete set of the autographs of tho signers of 
the Declaration of Independence, having 
paid $5n for one signature cut from the fly- 

in a paper mUl at Watertown, K. "X". The 
ih< 'i weighed 8,207 pounds. 

A r i ; in here wrote to a Western piano 
dealer who owed them money : " Dear Sir : 

W :H \ ■>! i" kuul ciM'iijjh to send us the 
amount of your bill? Yours truly." To 
ibis the Arm received Lhe following reply: 
"Gentlemen : — Your request is granted with 
pleasure. The amount of my bill is $575. 
Yours very truly."— Mmical Courier. 

Banker—" What a very illegible signa- 
ture old Moneybags has ' I bad one of his 
checks today, and tbc name was scarcely 

once. Then it was almost plain enough for 

:i blind man to read." 
Banker—'- Where did you see it ?" 
Baker—" Opposite the sum of ten dollars 

on a subscription list "—Harper's Bazar. 


nine "Boodle" is Dot in the dictionary. The 

ndl f" enterprising servants of the public got it 

(n ' all, and there wasn't auy left for the dic- 

vtth emotion by jlonx. 
n -.f Albion trioui; 

I.. I.- VMlhOllI It IV.. f.". 

\y-ts- of Agriculture 

$5, worked Into, is worth *1U .j(t . 

sea delightful aketoa on" 

Educational Notes. 

0,000 surplus school I 

public schools of Ohio. 

Tlie first normal school in America was 
opened in Lexington, Muss., on July 8, 

Women and men are to share equally the 
tun. lit- i.l I .eland Stanford's great I'nivcr- 

teaeli in ;i Japanese " roll 
The number of pupils in the F 

r.iiholii: m-ImhiIs in New York City i 

mated at 58,000. 
They are enlarging the Chinese 

Sr!l....l n.-da\ 

b..y. lllwflV* 
Father— "But 

Johnny — " I i 
"Why is i 

in Europe as 
And Hie stimi 
customed pl:i- 

a. xv.-' do in A dj<! 
.," asked 

at" Hie foot . 

,t on one boy's face. Teacher 
in, do von know wbnt I mean ; 
a what a degree is ?" Pupil— 

Teacher— ■• What r" Pupil— 
and one fourth miles." 

the leading branch in your 
,cd a lady of a teacher. Before 
ould vouchsafe a reply, a little 

i. ni,. m part iOI 

letter directed 
the house, "arm 
i women's convention. 

stand — Merchant Trawler. 

" Don't you think 1 have a good fnee for 
the stage'.'" asked a youn*r lady with his- 

The Publisher's Bulletin. 

iiunic.itlon a <1fl..r ,nu> !■ 

Iil-t.l-:iliil..i. t k wI.k-1, I„-'^1K t.. r aroi.N 

We have had "pen rests,"" position reRula- 

lave before seen anyttilnu like " «. renvoi'* IVn 
Juide " It is a simple (levies for holdlne and 

fiiklini.' tlie 1ii,k«'i-s in writ inc. a.,,1 I ■ ... 1 - - .,- ,!,,.,, I, 

i the Five Bundled to 

s center Heonght 

d been six months from the press. 

-Sidney Latili-r's ..Titlmmnf 1 1 to poet Swinburne 


MOORE, Morean, Ky. 


i I ll:M 

1 INM M \ss 


St.', Indianapolii Ind. 

I' -En»ra»m 

Petitions in favor of the Iilair Educu 
mini Hill, which grants $77.l>iw.(IU0 an 
ually to the schools of tin- nation, continue 

Just For Fur 

„■',;;";.. , 

■■■M.-;.- will forgive us for 

i" 1 "" ' :i ■ ". .-■'. '■•■■■■'- / ;,,< 

\ llll.i nil:.,, -, ,,||, „,:,„ w | u . u t0 |(J (,y l,j^ 


The pious lieu always leaches her liille 
cbickf to -■■ Now I lay inc." as soon as 
they are old enough lo comprehend the 

Colorado will not allow women to act as 
notaries They think out there that it is 
improper to swear before a lady.— Omaha 

f""ll d In. Il.all ilu .-v, ivllilllg ( \l , pt 

I; ,•„.,,. 1. 

Tb"lro"y\'» jVViV..' 1 -'!',',,. 

Franklin Hinklev. of 

ill for ,- lim,. m,l, ,1 

mid III, hair i.f hi- Ii<ai 
,-Vi'linav. an, I rvi-1,,.1, 
l-'rniikliii iiii-i all 1,1,1 In 
■ I i>- . „l,.l tl„ l,t-[ t Inn l; I 



M;iik I«bhi- rcialn. v from In- hn.-l: -li | 
-The AVw York ilrraUt h :oillionn f..r 

N. C. Y L. 


j. c. y. i. 



FOR 1887. 



l.-na'i.K ... Mini...... It. .1.1 .in-' 


•ARTMENT will be »r 
b JOURNAL'S faciliti 




tudent and the 

lot preotioal ... 

r, a 








Under this title we have just issued a new wor 

-li| - . :i.!.-»h many i.f the h-'-t fixtures of thr >,uuU : 


teacher of pen- 
ting. The Copv 

The Copy Slips contain everything that is necessary to make a . 
practical penman of any person of ordinary intelligence. 

ndard Business Writing, \ 

SI .5a : 

805 Broadway, Ni 


D. T. AMES, Editor and Proprietor. 

,^y j 

f /^>yj^smtMC 

'■8J!l~.~>iy/u<J /J.r/c/ic /'/ re /////'- 
nd'Jilese&et' iee/i<m let^cem/- 

"OjatTttttxtca uiitinrmttr' jrvjjmmnus fitnusipif immrmst. ^ ^ 





■• Worth aU c 

i MMi-i , , i r,,,, 


K\| ailill't 




All of Standard and Superior duality. 

Writing and Measuring Ruler. 

ever present ami convenient (>(..'■■« the wri 
: r Kitting. This ruler la 15 Incl 




FOR sa.00, wholesale, on a single pen, we 
will sc-N.l v.. ii, hv r.'i:W.Mv,l in .til. .i Tii.Mnun 
• i.'.-.l 11. ml i;nlil»T Foi.iiiiaiii llul.l.-r. Iitte-,1 with 


Something Entirely New. 




College (Copyrighted 1885.); 


Elementary, 104 pages, Price, $ .80 

Commercial, 160 i .50 

Countlng-House,3l2" " 2.50 

A Complete Key for Teachers Now Ready. 

The Business Man's Commercial Law and 
Business Forms Combined, $2. 

Tlie best text-book for Colleges and Schools ever 



II Work Fresh from the 

MOTHER, Omaha r Umm ,rr>al idL 



Geography, Oran'imai' sn-.-l Ar tium.-ti.-.'.-iu-li I k 

r,:ni.iiiiiii,L: i.Kti t-ia.-ti.Ml and answers. 

These are positively the only mii.'-Muti hu.-.k-. 
puMMii-d ar..- i/.-mpletn enough of, a -tnglo 
lirancli to tin of anv ti.-l|i to L-iurbnrs or olhnr.-t In 
preparing for examinations, or for reviewing pupils 


with copious illustrations, parsing and analysis. 

alone worth twice the price of the book. 

PHY,"embraclnic Descriptive, Physical and Mathe- 
matical Geography. The descriptive o.uestlonj are 
„M lug the. ^ to n-ir.-l. Ills mind on any par- 
ticular country without reading over the entire 

Chicago Academy of Penmanship, 

\.\-\ Ai'i'i:iitASCt Nun: 'I 



The Journals New Handy Binder. 


Business College, 

THE HAMMOND TYPE WRITER CO., ^ !l^ ' >.'• --SAW.", 


""vr^r..^^. mdmdJLML 

180 Monro. St.. Chicago. OSKALOOSA, IOWA.n / 

SIB Clioslnul M., St. Loul.. ESTABLISHED IN 1866. 

' ''" ""'":"'„ \ , i:. , N'."»'.'."« n ;.„i„ k -to„. ' >A School Tkorom*!; If ipH for OSte TraiD 


Shorthand Schools, 

SM^m:,^ !,:,"': 


EWjclofi's Phonographic I 


<S IE 



>: .-■ ■ -1 mi Novs England, and one 


ORGAN CO. -*' »M"riS , Fki , uli. , .''ii| 

T^UREKA RECITATIONS. Seven numbers. 





s any of its class in \i.hiii.i n ■ ■()- -r-a < ...upl.-i .■ 

Ii.m thaix! ;iml Ty|»'-» 'rithli*. Stwli'Ilts ail 



449 Main St., Buffalo, N. Y., 

Business Education 

The First School of Ha kind in America. 

The Course of Study and Practice includes 



>■ ■■•>- 1 ' -nil ■ ■■■ in. I > ■ ■* II i.''tu-:ii\.l I- 



PROF. a. W. DIX. 

onorlntondoiit Uueoo City renmssuhlp 

o.l Art l-.,rlo.. uill -,„.| 1 1. . ri. ■,- „ ,. !,,,.„„ , ,\ 




^^ANV E ^ p O QvEMEN 








„r,|,t|...-..i I, — -...,- l.\ Mini, i:.. 

-, Tr;u in-, Capitals, 

, He. Address, 

.KsiiNs. Wilimi .luu. 'ii.. ii, t..\vit. 



Peirce's System of Penmanship 
Peirce's Philosophical Treatise 
of Penmanship, and Peirce's 
Celebrated Tracing Exercises. 

1st. A Mem burs! ii|> in the Business D. partm. nt is 

' ] ; ,'ii,y :,'>'■.■.:,,.,[■ )', hlu.n.-tu;.. v.iili \1.-ll 

Imjuin.-I I. "in .|Ui--fi..Fi- -: 1 1 . . I run ,,,„«,■„, p "'...., [I 

''''liirilii'^viiii-ii v,.lume of this "TKEAT4SE" 
will be iiiiii.'iui ..'..'. 1 in these columns when ready. 

Chandler H. Peirce, 


1 Contains Tinted Block Alphabet. 
•J " Hair Line Hoard Alpliab.i 

3 " Enjrrossinjf Backbond Alphabet 

4 " Examples of Card Writing 
u " BiifrroasliiK Hand Alphabet. 

8 " Uothi^Al Kf 

9 " Bapld C Miifitular Writing Alphabet. 
11} " Rapid Old English Text Alphabet. 

!'• '■ 8e a mi^iVi'ii ll A'liib^t lb0 ' 

\J„ lt -i.'l,t"styl.- [ .,,f K..[dri- 
13 " Ladies', or ''and Hand Alphabet. 
11 " Foliage Letter Alphabet. 

j- ' Md^TnocW^abet 

"price of complete sot, 75 cents; for five til 

;. ,■ .': ,- ■ . ', .■ .■ . 'J..- I ■ HI*. |m.M .!•'.■ |Ml.j 

Paper Warehouse, 

Nos. 15 & 17 Beekman St.. 
8-121 NEW YORK. 


s .60 f:,;.,;::",^'.7!;:;,7.v.:. , „: 
si.oo '""■■ 'n. , ". , "' , .. v : , " i -. 
S2.oo ,-\ ",' l r"" 1 

E. K. ISAACS, rVimi.m N.iiII.i-ui In.luiNi Si 1 1 


Eclectic School of Shorthand & Typewriting. 

I'lloN,» ( .l(Al-jnC 1 


SAT°N'S ^%W^ 

The immediate large sale of Eaton's (hie Hundred Lessons in Ilusiness 
indicates that enterprising young business men in all parts of the country have been 
looking for just such a work. It is so new, sensible, attractive, ;uul innnv ■■., ■ „-,■ 
praetieal, IIj:i! experienced Uoiiiens men pronounce it ill a good thing, just what is 
needed. lis lessons buvc hn-u drawn from ibe counter, I lie cash <le--U, and the counting- 
room of the largi'sl ami best business houses of the country. It may he to many a young 
person the s'epping-stone to a successful business career and it will undoubtedly prove 
helpful to the thousands of young men ami women who are each year entering the various 

U not a booh' ptthlieafioit, lull an ingrnimi'-ly arranged course of self-help 
Each IcSSOU is complete ill itself, ami almost any our lesson is world I be pi ice 

r the whole hundred. The business paper:-, clieeks, notes, etc., used in some of 

us are beautifully printed in four colors, 

Mailed, seettreltf /taeheif in heart/ ease, />osi 
for ONE DOLLAR. Circulars free. All orders 
your address in full, Address, 

f, tt, any address 
' promptly. Hire 


50 Bromfield Street, Boston, Mass. 

Good Cannt**iita \</< itts 
The work itself is the very hest 
outfit is One Dollar. 

Liberal inducements, but no free 
y agent can possess, and the price < 






With Two Supplementary Books. 



guishing features of " Spencers' New Standard Writing." It effects a saving 
of from 15 to 25 per cent, in the labor of writing and a corresponding 
saving of time in learning to write. 

A Sample Set, cuntnining it ll numbers, sent for examination on receipt 
of $1.00. 

Full Descriptive Circular scut, on request, to any addre<" 

Ivison, Bl' 

753 ' 



ERE will be commenced in the June number of THE OFFICE, the publi- 

This effort, which is by an eminently practical man, is a reflex cf 

bookkeeping in large establishments, and is accordingly invaluable to 

and students as well as practicing accountants. Nothing equal to it 

appeared in print. It describes correctly and in detail, the system 

retail stores, some notable examples of which are 

large cities, not only possible but also eminently 

I be profusely illustrated with diagrams of shipping 

fac-similes of blanks and tickets, including the 

The only opportunity of securing thi 
is by subscribing 



Each number of THE OFFICE 
matter of the greatest interest to 
scription $i a year. Single copies, 10 cen 
Back numbers are not kept on hand foi 
persons. Remit by Postal Order or Draft 

28 pages, 9x12 incr 

ic accommodation of negligent 
New York. 


P. O. BOX 1663. 






1st.— The pupil does not have to write through from ten to twenty books 

in order to learn the System. Only six books. 

2d.— The letters are entirely free from useless lines like donble loops, ovals, 

etc. The first complete system to present ahhreviuted forms of capitals. 










f J 







// /! 


» // 

3d.— The lateral spacing is uniform, each word filling a given space and 

crowding or stretching to secure such results. 
4th — Beautifully printed by Lithography ! No Cheap Belief Plate Printing ! 

Send 10 cents for sample bottle in neat 
box, by mail, post-paid. 


sotutrh/ UHSurpHfisnt for F.Ittsliritij, 

s moot tut* 'ss, and Durability. 

ad i" cenl Eor uiyque rani of differ- 
ent numbers. 
















. -y 


C^ « 


5th.— Words used are all familiar to the pupil. See above copies. Contrast them with such 

words as "zeugma, urquesne, xylus, tenaily, mimetic and xuthus." 
6th.— Each book contains four pages of practice paper— one sixth in. pre paper than in the books 

pp| .pipy p. tlicr scries — ami the paper is the best ever used for cojiy-bi>ppks. 
7th.— Business forms are elaborately engraved on steel and printed on tinted paper, rendering 

them very attractive to the pupil. 
8th. — Very low rates for introduction. They are the cheapest books in America. 
3 than Two Hundred of the Finest Professional Penmen In the Country. 

^....UAENES & CO., Publishers, 


Beekman St., 

Representative Penmen of Ar 

i die biographer of one who 

is living (md cotnp 

tent to resent the lakin-' 

eventful life miy ; 

serious irusi tbnn lo chronicle the deeds or 

misdeeds of those 

vho hue passed awav. 

. isa life prisoner within 

the temple of his 

swn beiDg, powerless to 

stand outside of hi 

lself -to see himself as 

others see him." 

Ik-nee, Ihe need of the 

offices of a frieudly biographer to perpetuate 

lm name and fame 

The Good Book 

aya : "A man may be 

Having an 

and general utility man, its duties called him 
to visit, in rapid succession, most of tluj 
cities East. of the Mississippi including those 
of the Canadas. 

Impelled by a love of country, as well as 
the love of seeing it, he, early in 1861, en- 
listed in its service. He was stationed at 
Staten Island, N. Y., where soon after, 
owing to the blind fury of a drunken conj 

1 riding whip which broke 

Camp life gave him ample opportunity to 
indulge his passion for using the pen, when 
not under orders to wield that lesser power, 
the sword. His strong infatuation for the 
chirographic art had never been at rest. He 
was bound to it by a fascination which 
evinced itself whenever occasion offered. 

His pen pictures were purchased and 
treasured by citizens and soldiers wher- 
ever the flag was planted by the Ninth Army 
Corps. His trenchant pen was also freely 
employed in correspondence with ihe loyal 
press of the North. 

Soon ufter being discharged from service 
his old longing forseeing the world resulted 
in his takiuga tour, first to the West Indies, 

demanding, by his countenance." The 
many thousands of readers of the Journal 
may, without violence to their faith and 
perceptions, find it easy to pronounce this 
passage of scripture well and truly fulfilled, 
in the presence of the portrait herewith 
published to the world, for the first time, of 
Benjamin Franklin Kelley. 

The hero of tbissketch wasborn February 
18, 1835, at Jamaica. Windham County. 
Vermont, His mental accuracy was mani- 
fested very soon.nfter leaving the cradle, 
for he knew the multiplication table before 
he was five years old, and solved all 
problems in Colburn's Mental Arithmetic 
before nine years of age. At that period 
the family moved to Bainbridge. N. Y . 

in acquiring a 
education, whicli 
mented in the grt 

• '-'lm- iliniKl] 

school, also an evening i 
His mathematical genius was 

i" slumber and he discovered 
for arithmetical calculations 
gained for him a license to 

sof t 

stage, canal uud railroad interests, leading 
out into the restless busy world. For 
several years he derived a ready income from 
teaching district and writing schools, and 
expended it in his favorite pastime,— travel- 

i Hi,-, i 

New V„ 

led him to give such attention to their cul- 
tivation as to gain some local celebrity for 
speaking, recitations and ballad singing. 
This phase of his youthful ambition gave 
him much unrest until he joined himself to 
'") EnglNh traveling theatrical company, 

the larger towns of New 
New York. The following 
responsible inaiia>:er 

I "Vermont, 

i favorable opportunity for 

They did not. 

suffer privation and 

Arriving home after many days they i 
isidered deserters, at 

reception. In September of the same year 
service in the army began. He 
i battles of Camden, N. C, South 
Mountain and Antietam. Was finally taken 

St. Helena ; where he was at- 
tacked by a robber or insane man demand- 
ing money, From thisencounter be received 
fhicb will ever 
remain upon his right 

his visit. He next visited the Cape de 
Verde Islands, Canary, Madeira and the 
Azores, afterward going to Egypt and 
Palestine, spending eight days in Jerusalem, 
apd obtain 
tombs, chi 

Italy. France, Germany and England were 
visited. Arriving home, he engaged in 
selling goods in a country general 

more wooed by 

the beloved 
with teaching district schools, for several 

In 1869 he visited Buffalo, N. Y., and 
took a course in the Empi 
College, where he afterward taught com- 
mercial branches for one year. He worked 

on as a branch < 
penmanship in 1871, and in November i 

the same year came to New York, since 
which time be has devoted himself almost 
exclusively to penmanship and the romance 
of hi-- life ceased. 

His first teaching in New York was at the 
Ellsmwth Business College, afterwards 
known as ('ady aud Walworth's, but now 
established at 38 East Fourteenth strei t 
(Union Square) and known as (be £pen- 
cerian Business College. 

While engaged in the business college he 
was confidentially employed in the revision 
of a popular Southern series of arithmetics 
and prepared some portions of the Fair- 
banks' Business Arithmetic. 

Frequently he has been called upon to 
lecture upon his favorite subject : " On the 
Way and at Jerusalem,"— a subject which 
has engrossed considerable of bis time and 
in which be has facilities for illustration 
equalled by few— winning the warmest 
encomiums of the press and public. 

For eleven yearn the subject of this sketch 
engaged in teaching in the private schools 
of the great city of New York, aud practi- 
cally retained a monopoly of the teaching 
jaLpcamanshin therp 

The sons and daughters of many of the 
wealthiest families known in the world have 
been under his gifted instruction. 

He became connected with the Penman's 
Art Journal as associate editor during the 
first year of it's publication, and under the 
mm (U plume of "Peustock," contributed 
various articles as well as his monthly 
column of paragraphs relative to pe Eiuan- 
ship. In 1879-80 he gave a couree of twelve 

Mr. Kelley's skill and experience in de 
tecting forgeries in writing gives him 
national reputation and in promoting the 
ends of justice in such matters the courts 
often require his services. 

During his residence in New York the 

his musical associatioi 

of Gotham, a talented musician. 
gave him lessons in vocal culture. Her voice 

two lovely cbilrlrenbave happily t 

the amiable wile 
who now restrains him from wandering 
desolate and alone over the wide, wide 
world. II. A Bpekohh, 

Sptnr,-riau Riminc** tUU-ije, y, ,r York. 

How to Remove Ink Stains. 

Inks made with nutgalls and copperas 
an be removed by using a moderately con- 
entrated solution of oxalic aeid, followed 
y use of pure water, and frequent drying 
alb clean blotting paper Most other black 

willi frequent Lining wilh 
■bite green ink is bleached 
ia; stiver inks, by potassium 

remarks apply 

I. The removal of 
papers or colored 
npossible, in many 


reliable method for 

Wliat Itcpi-wntntivo Amertciin IVnn.en 

The subjoined digest tells its own story. 
It is tbe result of the efforts of the Pen- 
man's Km JOKBHAL to get right at the 

to the organization of a National Penmen's 
Convention. As the formal call has been 
made for a National Convention, to meet 
in Erie on July 6th, we have iu the publica- 
tion generally omitted suggestions as to 
place and date of meeting. We refer to 
tbe matter more fully in our editorial 

I am heartily in favor of a simon-pure 
Penmen's Convention, and would do all I 
could in my humble way to make it a suc- 
cess. If an association is to form this year, 
and I hope it will, it will have my best 

get together tbe whole profession or lending 
lights in it, as many have made arrange- 
ments and engagements to go elsewhere. 
D. II. Farley. 

The proj ct meets with my approval, 
because of the possible benefit to be de- 
rived. I would suggest that it be an annual 
affair and not be controlled by a clique. 

J. C. Kane. 
Eaton & Burnett Bus. Volley*, Baltimore. 

The project does not meet with my ap- 
proval. Of course I have no objection to 
euch a convention being held, but being a 
member of the Business Educators' Asso- 
ciation, which now includes penmanship, I 
don't feel like going to another meeting tbe 
same year. Cannot spare the time. I 

National Penmen's Association to meet once 
in two years, and I would further suggest 
that the Business Educators meet only once 
iu two years, alternating their meetings, so 
as not to conflict. This would give us one 
meeting to attend each year, which wou'd 
answer every purpose. C. Bayless. 

Ioica Bus. College, Dubuque, la. 

It is a very good idea. We were at Des 
Moines last December, and the enthusiasm 
that we gathered there has not left us yet. 
These meetings do a world of good, and 
the more we organize and follow them up 
the better we will be prepared to teach the 
young* ideas how to shoot, and sboot in tbe 
right direction. Let her boom 1 

Wood & Van Pattkn. 

loiro V.iimiii-rrwt VutUgc , I In import, la. 

that its practieal results would many 
* repay all whose good fortune it might 

i attend. J. o. Harmison. 

■iir ma l Volhge Kg. Vninrnity, l.eriny- 

ncss Educators" Association, and as 
time allotted to penmanship must DC 
sarily be short, they do not feel warrai 
in making the trip l<> that body. 

S. I> Fount 
LnU motional Bus. College, Altoona, Pa. 

Several years ago I bad articles in I 
CMraoraphor and Penman and Artist t 
pressing an earnest desire for a meeting a 
an organization of penmen simou pure, 
have not changed in my views since. 

Wilton Junction, la. A. E. Parsons, 

;Ih. ii_I,i 

1 have not given the subject 
it deserves. I am inclined to t 
Prof. Hinman's idea could be carried out, 
the meeting would be profitable. I am con- 
fident, however, that there is much exag- 
geration in certain localities ofjhe claimB 

p. There is also danger of 
effecting tbe Business Educators' Conven- 
tion unfavorably. On tbe whole. I am in 
favor of a trial. I would suggest that pen 
mansliip cranks should be requested to stay 
at home, or else fiDed every time they 
" speak in meeting." If a convention 
be held, a tremendous effort should be made 
to get real practical teachers to the front in 
order that something of value may be 
accomplished. W. N. Ferris. 

Biy l!>ipiih, Mich.. Bus. College. 

I give the project my hearty approval, 
believing that it will promote fraternal- 
union and render p<-»s 8 ible that free and 
frank discussion which must precede any 
important step in the line of progressive 
methods of teaching. Being an independ- 

more earnest support of penmen. My only 
objection to an independent meeting this 
year is that the time is too short to enable 
the promoters to work it up properly. 
Cleveland, 0. J. D. Holcomu. 

I like the idea, but doubt if a meeting of 
this sort would attract Sufficient numbers to 
make [I q Bucoess. I). B. Williams. 

Chicayo, III. 

The plans meet with my approval, but I 
think a meeting immediately before or after 
our gathering ;it Milwaukee, to be held in 
Milwaukee, would be preferable. The pro- 
ject is thought by some with whom 1 have 
communicated to be a scheme to make a 
failure of the Business Educators' meeting. 
If this Is eo, I would have nothing at all to 
do with it. In order to upset this feeling, 
I think a meeting should be held in Milwau- 
kee as suggested above. We can stay there 
two weeks almost as cheaply as one, and it 
is a cool place to spend the dog days. 

Joliet. Ill, Bus. College. II. Russell. 

gained by all who attend. W. E Dennis. 

Peirce'sBus. College, Philadelphia. 
A Woman «l... Ukes It. 

I approve of tbe move, for there can be 
no better way of raisiug tbe profession to 

be lop of tbe ladd 
Little Biotas, la. 

Edna Ellis. 

lit)- in \ ideas 
itside of the 

The project, is far from 
for the simple reason th 
gain the respect of thoi 

know something nunc l 
The Business Educators' Association in mj 
humble estimation answers every purpose 
An organization such as is suggested wouh 
certainly strengthen tbe already quite preva 

■ I . . I 

The notion is ! 

good one. Such mee 

ings, if well attended and conducted in th 

right spirit, are productive of much good. 

E. K. Isaacs. 

A". / Normal School, Valparaiso, Ind. 

penmanship, like i 

very dry 

or five days and listen to one simple thing 
talked over and over. J. M. Frasiier. 
Whaling, W. Ya., Bus. College. 

You can count me in. I would be glad 
to go if for no other reason than for the 
benefit of social 

The project does 
inness Educators' 

t exactly suit me. It 

who attend one will not as a rule attend the 
other. Who spruDg tbe trap at so late a 
date, and what is its especial object ? 

C. II. Peirce. 
h-.-i.oi,. To . Bus. College. 

P. S— After due consideration I would 
suggest holding the new convention at 
Chicago. July 10, or the same lime as tbe 
National Teachers' Convention. C. H. P. 

I like the idea, because it involves the 
meeting for a special purpose, tbe only way 
in which the subject will receive proper 

attend, because it is a Penmen's Convention 
only, who do not gi> tu ihe Business Kduca- 


ors meetings. 
Adrian, Mich., Bus. College. 

I nrn delighted at the idea of a strictly 
Penmen's Convention, and you may put me 
down as one of the workers of the same. 

M<-K<-t- Cannot A]i|irov< 

1 suppose > 

_■ of the fraternity will rise 
hard things of me because 
I cannot, with my present light, see my 
way clear to favor the organization of a 
National Penmen's Association independ- 
ent of the National Business Educators' 
Association, knowing at tbe same time, 
that the new association is already 
far under way. My reasons are, briefly, 
that about three-fourths, to say tbe least, of 
the prominent penmen of this country— of 
those who would attend such an association 
—are interested either directly or indirectly 
in all branches pertaining to a business edu- 
cation, and would therefore be aDxious to 
attend the Business Educators' Association; 
and since penmanship is already made 
much more of in the deliberations of this 
body than any other one branch, it seems 

proposed would not meet the general de 
mand as well as the original association. 1 
would much prefer a distinctively indepen- 
dent Penmen's Association to meet in con- 
junction with the Business Educators' As- 
sociation, with independent officers and ap- 
pointments. This would give all the advan- 
tage of both associations, though I don't see 
any special advantage in the present arrange- 
ment. Uriah McKee. 
Oberlin, 0., Business College, 

It would be a fine thing for the cause of 
penmanship, E. H. Robins. 

Loct City, Li., Bitsimss College. 
Providence Permitting. 

If possible for me to be at such a conven- 

Providence, II. I, 

Coll, ye. 

The project of the National Penmen's 
Convention meets with my hearty approval. 
The profession needs it to keep pace with 
other branches of education. Through 
such a convention only can proper time be 
bad for the accomplishment of special good, 
any other convention so far as penmen are 
concerned being a delusion and a snare. 

Fielding Schofield. 
Qm (My But College, Quinoy, IU. 

will mtiteriiilly lessen 
Milwaukee, and I should 

nldei orgaiti/iitinii mjIIi 

lions, I am in favor of a separate e 

tion. J. M. Vinci 

Svuda-'t Com. College, Chicago, III. 

National Convention will never regret it. 
W .1 Knrauti 
Stab Normal School, Shenandoah, Ta 

A National Penmen's Convention is what 
we need, but can we support it 1 Are there 
enough penmen of the right natcriid to 
make it a mccess ? If so, by all means T 
say such a convention is what we need. 
And if not, we had better let it stand as it 
is, and if any change, give it a day or two 

Chicago, IU. W. W. BENNETT. 

I like the idea. In the Business I'duca- 
cators' Convention onjj that branch in pen 
mansliip used in commercial life receives 
attention, therefore, let us have a conven 

branches, and awaken deeper interest ai d 

greater desire toward higher attainments i 

tbe profession. A. I). Skeels. 

Canada Bus. folley,-, thotom, tint. 

Judd'i CoUeot of Co 

I am in hearty sympathy w itli the i 
believing it would be ;i great help I" ;il 
would attend. A. E. DEWIIUI 

Utita, N. Y. 

A meeting of the kind proposed would be 
very beneficial if conducted on the right 
plan. C. P. Zaner. 

While I lov 

e the Business Educators' 


itn convinced that penmen 
d with the business course 

will not iuteres 

themselves in tbe Penmen's 

Section on ace 

aunt of being almost shut 

would be of hie 

atiou of national penmen 
stimahle value to young pen 

By all means let us have a National Con- 
ention in its purity. M. B. Moore. 

Morgan, Ky. 

I should like to sec the proposed orgaui 
zation perfectec, provided It will not con- 
flict with the Business Educators' Associa- 
tion. I have been very well satisfied with 
the time alloted to tbe Penmen's Section, 
much of which has been wasted. We can 
get tbe cream of penmanship just as well at 
one meeting and at much less expense with- 
out dividing tbe membership. If it were 
possible to induce such penmen as Kibbe. 
Flickinger, Lyman Spencer, Madarasz, Den- 
nis SrhufiYhi. Wurthington and Weisehahn 
to attend, a National Convention would be a 
success. Otherwise, I think tbe attendance 

who are not interested in husiness educa- 
tion. Ample opportunity will be offered to 
any penman to let his light shine at our 
annual meeting of tbe Business Educators' 
Association. I would rather be a small 
peice of something than a big piece of 
uothing. E. J. Heed. 

Indianapols, Ind., Bus. Cninrsity 

The prnjrrl meets with ! 

[iproval for 
several reasons. First, the time allotted to 
the Penmen's Section at the Husiness Edu- 
cators' meetings is not enough to devote to 
a subject of such importance, and one upon 

it is a subject that we will devote eight 

ten hours b day to for a whole week, if 
lake up all the departments of penmanship 
and the different modes of teaching. Third 
I think it is a subject of more importance 
than any other usually treated ■''' ""' '"' 
venlion*. an<l tlierefore should be inadt 
special subject at a special convention. 

W. L. Howe 
Otkaloom, la.. Bu» I 'd '.,</< 

during thi winter, and bo much iu love with 
rest and repose during our dull season, that 
I could not he tempted to attend any more 
conventions of any kind. I am ready, how- 
ever, to go to the mountain top, or to the 
sea-shore, or to any rural, restful spot, and 

leave a pleasant country home to be baked 
in a hot city. To keep these conventions 
out of a city will not be assented to, as it 

tieular individual 
two of us will att. 

u /<•■■> >hi, y>'i 

It is likely that one < 
attend I he convention. 

D. K. i.n i renin i 

/jl>«i/HXA ('off,;/, 

Oui grand success al Des Moines last 
winter is my chief reason for approving the 
project of a National Penmen's Convention. 

Des Moines, la. C. S. Chapman. 

Penmanship bir Enough for a Separate 

The plan meets with my approval for the 
reason that I think penmanship is well 

time can he given 
WinjiM, Kan. 

The proposed convention does not meet 
with my approve!, because a Aral class pen 
man does not need it and an inferior one 

would not get any goud ..ut of it 


<'■>> * /•'"• <',,/!,,/, Xurark; \ ./. 

The project of callim 
nen's Convention does i 
pproval at Ibis tune f,.i 

i following rea- 
of penmanship 

The peniMin and teaela 

i this country are nearly 

lusiness Colleges and other educational 

, literary, scientific and 

The large majority i 

l the moat broad, 

satisfactory help 
p is secured by 

penmanship, and have been zealous workers 
with the so-called Penmen's Section, or the 
tail of the Ilusiness Educators' kite. The 
e leaders of that organiza- 

Tln-ouicli I ]i<kin B or-« Spectacles. 

believe 11 would advance the interests of 

mum to have an association independent 

the Business Edui atora Association. 

II. W. Flickinokii. 

Va tJu Penmen tf America:— 

The proposition f. i a "Simon pu 
man's I ongentfon bus met with tl 
Haltering encouragement from all i 
and all live penmen who can milk 

imted , 

Profs. Ames, Wells. Schotield. Flickinger, 
Curtis. Shaylor, 'bree Spencers, Clark and 
others. Forty three penmen of ability are 
enrolled now, three weeks before the meet- 
ing, and new names are coming to hand 
daily. Sixty are now confidently hoprd 
for and from the splendid material certain 
to be present, a rousing meeting of profit 
and enjoyment can he relied on. 

Facilities for board, from $5 per week 
upward, are being provided, and evenings 
and outings of enjoyment are being planned. 
It will certainly he the largest gathering of 

1.L . U .. LU ■ . n a. - imiij ie ti TmrrTnTr^wTrTcn"no ~ 
penman in this country can afford to miss. 
The location is proving a most favorable 
one as equally convenient for Eastern, 
Western, Canadian and Southern penmen, 
as assurances of attendance are coming from 


i Copy Executed by I 

strips them of their advertis 

n society, " I'se swoi 
W. II. Doff. 

\U*huryh, Pa. 

what they could get 

outoi it Tin ,, uoi 1 

11 ' Btronglj in 

that the time is usu 

illy occupied by a few 

crank talkers, win, 

to advance Unit jir 

more interesting ami 

favorable to ilic lulk 

Later they, I IliinU 

'"i n aelda an 

1 pursue their favorite 

•"." ■"■"■ /•'«..»,,., („/,, 

cators' Association. The two conventions 
will involve a greater outlay of time and 
money than most penmen and others inter- 
ested in penmanship will think warranted, 
and as nearly every penman is as much in- 
terested iu every commercial branch as in 
penmanship, it seems to me the part of 
wisdom to have one grand meeting each 
However, I have nothing 


-, and would attend such 

vention if possible. 

L. L. Wilua 

1 :.■<■)„. st, ,-, flr }■ . Business I niversity 

decidedly in favor of the propose* 

the annual conventions of Husinos Educa- 
tors. Few teachers can take the time lo 
attend two separate conventions, and both 

between them. 

A separate convention might be called for 
each topic to be considered at our annual 
contentions, and the delegates would sit 
down to an intellectual repast consisting of 
one article of diet only in each case. This 
would not be in accordance, however, with 
hygienic laws, mental or physical. 

The call for a separate meeting to con- 
sider penmanship is not of interest to 
teachers or adepts. It seems rather an 
effort to draw otf attendance from the ap- 
proaching annual convention of Business 
Educators, and if that he the motive it doe.s 

lltttlibun lms His Si,>. 

I am heartily in favor of an exclusive 
National Penmen's Convention on the plan 
of the one held at Des Moines last winter, 
only on a larger scale. Too little time is 
devoted to this useful brunch at the Busi- 
ness Educators' meetings. The fa. I Is nine 

New Orleans to Montrc 
to Iowa and Minnesota 
thai every penman sho 
opportunity for the bes 
and money that can pos; 

and profit more for the rest of your lives. 
Come and compare your ability with the 

most skillful men in all departments of your 

art and it will pay. Fraternally yours, 
A. II." Ui.nman, 


^cp'tof ^fioiioqiapfoj. 

The Study of Phonography. 

honks n'pn-vciiliiii: the sounds of./ or r and 

n, two luig ka repreeeoiing the Bounds 

ol th An and (roriAr. They are called 

the/, ". »Au/i and 6 r i ka 

. J rn, ™». Kf,._— ^ Kn. 
( L:,.-,to, L_Tshn. __^>..Kshn, 
— :?.Ktr. ^Ishn.^D-Mshn. 
Mil ( nlilvi- honks, firm] bonks nre 
road nftcr Ibe sleui to which Ihey ore added 
and llif vnvvi'ls Ih'Ioiii'mil; in il 

«. L- 


pin inn .>" gat 

The sAun hook nuiy represent 

mother word. 

NaLion,.V. fa SM «>, 1 ^,f.::« 

.^sceptre ^.Tartar ^ . gat: 

114. A vowel or diphthong occ 

written according to Ihe rides for i 

Vurnli/iiliMii, <n it il i- Uiin] place 1 


110. Any circle or loop may he adde 

u on slrniuiit ttcms hy simply writ in;: i 
,/cha.n^hatns^chanced Kptast 

118. In the middle of ii word where il 
i. slt'in -iiiiK. - us awkward joining, it may 

.^Stranger k'danger V passenger 
110 If B vowel follow* /. p, or n at the 

follow it 

(Us and loops ami to the shun curl. 

.^Incisions. N^-.poslt Ions . 

i. physicians, . _ \J> punsters. 

Vi'i. A straight stem having a final hook 
is lengthened to add tr or dr. It must he 
remembered that it is only when a straight 
stem has a final hook, and, therefore, the ur 
hook canuot be used, that lengthening adds 
these sounds. 

\ pointer. I tender .. r rafter. 

134. When the present tense of a regular 
verh is written with a hooked stem length- 
ened, the rast tense is usually written with 
two half lengths 

125. OllDEK Of Uk.MIIXO : 

1, Initial circle or loop, 

3. Stem, 

4. Initial hook, 

5. Vowel after the stem, 

6. Final hook, 

7. Halving or lengthening, 

8. Final circle or loop. 

C_ C 


■ xuind. il i- i xpnsjtd I 


\> 'b I" J" 

I: J 7 

Hit ^ freq 

begun.. ..-r^ gentlemen J. 

between.!--. indispensable^*. 

ievelope.U^ intelligence../ 

iescr lp tton_ D ....op 1 n.on y. 


v., .vf. ..3 ..«, :. -x W 

L ^i' 





.W, >j b ....\ L 



t k 

+<£. 2... 








l * --A-- 1 "-- --V f- 
, J .,..\..t... ) .:...l..suOv 


^' I- 

v ^J>- 


j ( ^: 



tuna clnnits 

■: ii i»liy-i. 1 1 

i ' ■■;■■>• < ■ ■ •■■■< < •..., ■).... ■-( 

■■!■!•: ii '■ I. l"iMi] 

platter rtlrttor aversii.n tn<»« ncl 

i iiO-'Mti.tii iiiiil-i..|i 

S-Ss* vi:?;:; ; " 

Goblin oba plain 

t. i .hrtiH .i|i|.ln.iH..ri 

uusb ponder 

The Mlilllgfl IihtIIIil; hi: ' . u ■!■"■' ■ 

the same - tiarai let wa( di i plj gi It ^ed i 
made a reaoZutlon to see ibe Queen to 

wandered toward i 
[Dg visit to tlie mi 

upon a person of pro- 

■■ M\ peopl* tTumld iijvr Hie keenest inter- 
08l in the museum ns it is, n joined thi 
Queen ; " but I am perfectly willing to add 

anything to render ii of grealcr value. How 

soon can you return?" 

" li will require ten days," said the stran- 
ger, " and nothing shall prevent my gather- 
in- whal l want for the gift." 

" Promise to return in ten days," said the 
Queen, "and <y»ai once " 

The musician filled a linen bag with pro- 
visions, and went out of the gates. Wan- 
di-ring through I he open coun/ry lie thought: 

I have certainly undertaken a difficult 

Exercise for Practice. 

iain (as one of the) best deeds 
s Olub) (thai it has) erected 
t This cemetery is (full f of 
i the) departed, bul none will 
wide and deep .w// nifln,,,.-. ias ibisi 
From each mournful visit ihe sur- 
ill hear .Willi the mi) ;i broader char 
Ctllii ill Ifnllhu r Ivitisliip Id n.-ach 


ii e pli 

/■. and 


walked somedismnc 

At the entrance of 

; ','!; 


w In- 




had finis/ted, tbe 

tenanted if mankind 

only knew 1 

ow improving il 

is to live atone 

Bui it posiibU I will aid ii 

your quest. I 

ny pupil w*ho is 

dr. 1,1, aim, 

than of study, 

rud be can join 

The pupi 

iistance op th, 

de. The slran 

er found him 

the ground. 

Whim, he was 

awattentd i 

id told of the h 

runt's permis- 

Bion, hisey 

s brightened. 

"II is splendid," aaid he. 

"to be (et off 


daw and S 

tog wlun tin 

"i! ;.;-- 

only) the editors ibui tuci f contributors (to 
our) literature whose names are immortal. 
In glorious battles (for the) liberty (of the) 
press (it has) promoted the freedom of man- 
kind. The soldier, inspired (with the) (hope 
of) promotion, becomes a hero (in the) mad 
dening passions (of the) battle. (But the) 
reporter, with no iucentive but duty (shares 
the) dangers and exposures, notes (in the) 
thickest (of the) fray the fortunes (of the) 
fight, and (while the) camp is asleep rides 
weary miles (through a) hostile country to 
send the f rut account (of the) victory (in a) 


signuture. (I wished) (at one time) 
he author (of a) report (in one \ of 
our) dailies. (I discovered) (that he had) 
been a gallant officer (in the) (civil war) and 
was mustered out (at its) close covered with 
honorable scars and bearing (with him) a 
noble record. (He resumed) the occupation 
(of hib) early manhood, (and his) graphic 
pen made picturesque the columns (of his) 
paper. (A few) nights before my inquiry 
i he was] reporting fa great) fire. Many lives 
were in danger. Where (no other) dared go 
he fearlessly ventured and fell a sacrifice (to 
his) courage and humanity. Three lines of 
cold narratiou (was the) sum (of his) earthly 
fame. Hut if then (he could have) had 
before him lender care and burial (at the) 

(post | of duty) : 
happier, brighter, and belter (for this) close 
t communion (of the] strong (and the) weak, 
tbe successful (and the) struggling, tbe pros- 
perous Hind the) poor. 

Chackcev M. Dei'ew. 

stamped envelope I 

I'aekanl, r.illegf 

artest man on earth, 
nattst, la Joe Howard, Jr. This 
vn journalist and free lance wrote 
: Henry Ward Beecher. comprising 


then s 

I am to do for the next 

"And you aJways do it?" suid the 

■■ Oh, 1 get some of it done, though I have 
■' h ■ oi ivondi ring if ii .■ mid . ■ havi 
been better to ("e.iru something different, 
Bui i have chosen tins profession and must 

lit' ojU'IH'd L 

a laoie, put a tiding line in his pocket, then 
Hi twostarted off. Before noon they saw 

; UD -tain stream, and the pupil iusisted 

on trying his tock. Me ran off for bait, 

din.- lb- had not flnlafied his meal before 

'lie pupil returned in a slate of great excite 

"C ' With me," be cried. ■■] have 

f»t nd si >nw th, i. 'j wonderful !" 

The stranger, anxious to sei the wonder 
, '" ;i 'wed along a winding tndei roui d p is' 
~ : '-'' '" :1 spacious caver, tied bi open 
toga In the rbol h wasa robben den On 

silks, handsome caskets, and many other 
articles of value, 

"I don't belts* they will be back very 
" l-i.Ml: "we ought to stop 

iy, foolisA boy," said the 
stranger. -The dangers of this place are 

unknown tn you." 

. n '^ """'-' to escape, but it was too 

band entered, 

that liniment 

e captain and his 


(would have been) spared 

Two (of the) most famous journalists (of 
lieir time) were Greeley and Raymond, 
'residents, Cabinets and Congressmen were 
ibject (to their) f control. The land was 

measure (of their.) } commanding influent* 
and power. (To all of you) is assigued i 
portion (of their work) and its results. Th 

newspaper (is the) most impvrtunt factor tit 

s tor publication. Only he 
'n, aud he doesn't write; but 
walks about, aud dictates to 
. His habits of close think- 
ing and exact speaking render this a com- 
paratively easy task, and he is saved a vast 

The practice of dictating is something 

but much better— clearer, fuller, more 
logical and more conclusive letters are 
written. The mechanical irksomeuess of 
writing a letter is a premium upon dullness 
and inconsequentness. If the business man 
habit of talking his 

* riling, 

produce far better 

correct the inaccuracie 
J. W. asks this questio 


hired as 

Iriiii -ilii, 

sis, like every other respect- 
should be an animal who 

asked to write down exactly 
to him, and is paid therefor, it 
ssto doit— if he can. If he is 

editor rather th 
e case is different. Then 
i charge accordingly. 

This require* 

iii.n to diotati 


pages an boo 

pkird wiihii 

three hours a 

daj three rkj 

■i we.-k for 

three week-. 

The Journal! 

' «W «TJ 

work." We 

-litiiihi tli ink 

"A 1) (1 . 

of Detroit, ask 

how to '• be- 

eoine a tirst-e 

speed correct 

ess, facility in 


Then go into 

lie c n tot i 

metier-. Get 

copying to do 

fonns and the 

pccidiarilies of tluil brant h of 


Last month I 
thing respecting the dai 
papers to be preserved. 


lip, 1. 

side of tbe question is thus given by the 
New York Tribune: 

"The recent articles of the Trilmnt iu 
regard to documents ut Washington, pre- 
pared by a typewriter, in which the ink 
either faded or corroded the paper, have 
created a distinct sensation among tbe 
manufacturers aud users of these machines. 

"The matter is of widespread interest. 
Many wills are prepared with a typewriter, 

his Wnlk 

an) approach (to substantial) unity (in tbe) 
aims aud liberties (of all the) peoplt [of the 
globe. Tbe reader has no interest (in the) 
army which (makes up) this (library f of 
nformation,) discussion and imperious 
direction (as to the) character and ollicial 

actsi otpuoHo) officers (and the) (duties f of 
irivate) eft&ww The journal is to him an 
mpersonal (expression! oi popular) feeling, 
but he) hardly recognizes the man behind 

lea healed \\ briber 

forgotten, all enmi- 

ployed, (We are .in the pr.-. 
of one family and luminal. v\ 

flow tbe tender and heneticent 
which) the (voices \ of those 
gone before conn (to us) (with 
t of hope) aud rest, of oharil 
good fellowship. On each re 
versary f of that) sacred day i 
comrades decorate the soldier; 

will) bang garlands (upon th 

Charles Reade, i 
Coming Man," says 

" r l advise parents 
and girls taught 
typewriting. A shorthand writer who can 
typewrite bis notes would be safer from 
poverty than a great Greek scholar." 

One of the shorthanded young men seut 
by a well-known business college to fill a 
place where tbe chief correspondent wu<- a 
lady, returned early in the afternoon of the 
first day. He said he hud no objection to 
the work or the pay, but he objeeied to 
being dictated to by a woman. He has no 
thought of matrimony. 


a Phonographic fFerWwas on 
last week with a party of 

• attain, .1 

led to a 

" Manufactu 
Washington arose from using inks which 
were not properly chosen for permanency. It 
s stated that for writing of contracts, 
deeds, wills, and other legal papers, ribbons 
called black record ribbons .should he used. 
Tbe ink on these ribbons is made from lamp 
black and is indestructible. For correspon- 
dence and any other work from which press 
copies need to be taken, ribbons which are 
culled indelible copying ribbons should be 
used. These ribbons give an original proof 

b\ cliemisl-i 


last as long as the paper on whh 

ing is done; and ihe E\ami 

Chemical Division of the L'n 

Patent Office, who recently iuvt 

subject at the request of tbe £ 

the Treasury, has slated that the work of 

he record ribbons and the indelible ribbons 

■lary of 

September 1st in the building bun 
owned and occupied by tbe College of I 
sicians and Surgeons, corner Tweuty-t 
Street and Fourth Avenue. It will oct 
the entire building above the stores, and 
have ample space for many iuiprovem 

hereafter should be nddressed to Col 
Building, Twenty third Street and Foi 

a written on 

lie type 

writer with these 

ns have ihe i 

k drive 

n into them more 



e machine than 

n , and tha 

ount of the ink 

traced below 

the sur 

face of the paper 

ore ilillicult 

emicnl agents 


it in this respect 

n advantage 

ver pen 


$900 Hanging by i 

would baldly 

a'-'baTu,i"." l i„'.'t 
inakoiu il a 

The Editor's Lei! 



beautiful volume 

* 500, i in ibi- Congressional Library 

CTibi l si D monh in the sixteenth century 

11 .1 i matched too 

printing office in the worli 

ring i i"" 

study. Tbe general 
text, each letter per- 
' them in coal-black 
ink. without a scratch or a Hot from lid to 
lid. At the beginning of each chapter tbe 
first letter is verv large, usually two or three 
inches long, nii'l i> brightly illumiutcd in 

I. In I ink Within each of these 

capitals tbereis drawn tbe figure of some 

lowing rlnipkr 

..ii n |n 

illustrated. There 

;e. andnowhire is 

they seem flawless, 
kept under a glass 

A legend relates that a young man who 
had sinned deeply, became a monk and re- 
solved to do penance for his misdeeds. He 
determined to copy the Bible, that he might 
leant everj letter of the divine commands 
which he bad violated. Every day, for 
many years, be patiently pursued bis task. 
Each letlirwas wrought with reverence and 
love ; and the peDitent soul found its only 
companionship in the saintly faces which 
were portrayed on those pages. When tbe 
last touch was given to tbe last letter, tbe 
old man reverently kissed the page and 
folded the sheets together. Soon afterward 
he died.— hieago 7¥mat. 

c length of lime spent upon his coii- 
tion. Mark Twain will not write at 
r anybody. He is so rich that he does 
ive to. ;iim1 is so careful of his reputa- 

t. Once in a while be sits down and 
s souielbing when he happens to he in 
lood. and can then command an) price 

With these exceptions, tbe authors 


ceiving the highest prices are Franl 

Stockton. Mrs. Burnett. Bret Ilarte. , 

Trowbridge, George W Cable, who 1181 


gels *50 for every thousand words. Edi 

Everett Hale. Elijah, lb Stuart Pbelps, 

Ohandlet Harris and some others get * 

thousand words, while 1;..\<-i.ii to 


Parsons I.othrop, aud Julian Hiiwth 

stand in the next grade, and get from $15 

to $2"i per thousand words. 

Mr l.olhorp. in an article in the Chun- 

tutnjtnni, -ivrs this ndvice to people 


wish to become writers tor the press 

"Learn first to write English ; I i 

plain, straight, quick Saxon, sturdy- 

lithe as a sapling. Let your Latin 


Greek adornments come in afterward. Studv 

the history of tbe world, of the United 

States and Great Britain and Ireland; 

study everything else that you co 


Deck, forms a rallying point for the 

Oncrally the Indians ornament them 

by passing strings of red wool through the 

tips of their ears, pierced for the purpose, 

and with collars of like material. They 

■'Whether out of policy or through a 
fellowship of patience, I cannot say, hut 
the Quichoas treat the llamas very 
kindly. Generally a girl walks ahead of 
ic troop as a guide, and the animals follow 
ithout be.Dg driven. When they hear or 
■e anylhiug unusual they slop, throwing 
their heads forward to watch. In the even- 
when the troop reaches its renting 
, they arc gathered close together and 

The real cinnamon tree flourishes in 
many regions of the Indian Seas, in Java, 
Sumatra. Cochin China. paTts of India, tbe 
Malabar coast, and the Philippine Islands. 
It has become naturalized in South America. 
But never is the bark esteemed so tine 
growing in these regions as thai of Ceylon, 
and other first homes of the tree in the 
Orient. For a long time the Dutch, first 
importers of cinnamon bark, relied on wild 
trees for their supply. In the latter part of 
the last century plantations made of the 
tree had thrived so well in tueir Indian pos- 
sesions that they ceased to buy the bark of 

Writing is well enough in its way, but 
politii i- Ihi game with the biggest slakes. 
The appended table purports to represent 
the wealth of certain U. S. Senators : 

Eugene Hale, of Maine, is worth $1,750- 

John P. Jones, of Nevada, $1,250,000. 
George Hearst, of California, $10,000,000. 
Henry B. Payne, of Ohio. $14,000,000. 
James B. Eustis, of Louisiana, $1,100,000. 
Randall L, Gibson, of Louisiana. $1,400,- 

William E. Stewart, of Nevada, $1,500, 

Philctus Sawyer, of Wisconsin, $2,000, 

Thomas M. Bowen, of Colorado, $3,000, 

Thomas W. Palmer, of Michigan, $4,000, 

Don Cameron, of Pennsylvania, $5,000. 

Joseph E. Brown, of Georgia, $12,000. 

Leland Stanford, of California, $50,000, 

Francis B. Stockbridge, of Michigan, $1, 

John P. McPherson, of New Jersey, $1, 

, of West Virginia 


t lK, - ili, plate of wine, and is good 
ealtu and sobriety." Tea must then 
have found its way into Europe, aud the 
Portuguese were probably the first to im- 
port it. It was not, however, until about a 
century later that it was brought into 
England. It was so much of a rarity that a 
gift of a few pounds of it to the sovereign 
in lfi(14 was considered a magnificent pres 
ent. Iu 1607 a considerable importation of 
the article waa made into this country, the 

many bays on tbe c 
does above. Woves a 

When an Egyptian of rank dies the 
family aud relations do not put on sack- 
cloth and get down into tbe ashes. They 
have a simple expedient of hiring profes- 
sional mourners to give the- defunct all that 
any reasonable corpse could wish in the way 

Drill yourself i 

" On leaving Tupiza we passed the first 
llamas drm-n by Indians The llamas are 
TOTJ useful and rather pretty animals. When 
full grown they are the size of stags, and 
are very gentle and tame. They have 
beautiful liquid eyes and are impressive. 
Through the highlands of Bolivia anil Peru 
they are much used for packing merchan- 
dise. They carry about . i-Un |..-u.,.l- 
Theirwool is also used. They travel very 
slowly, about twenty miles a day. and can 

only In- mami-ril liy kindlier When hi-il 
out or abused they lie down, and nothing 
can make them get up. Each herd has 


mourners are paid the 

Whether the Egyptians a 

justice to 

they alo, 

is certain, aud that is the c 

mourners plentifully supplied 

and tears is rigidly adhered to. 

lure earlier than I 
Certain Italian wrin 

apeak of it. and oni 
Cowper, describes 

traveled. The water stays iu the 
e, but the motion goes on. Some- 
-torm.s these waves arefortyfeet 
travel fifty miles an hour, more 
e as fast as the swiftest steamer. 
The distance from valley to valley is gener- 
ally fifteen times the height; hence a wave 
five feet high will extend over seventy-five 
feetof water. The force of the sea dashing 
on Bell Rock is said to be seventeen tons 
for each square yard. Evaporation is a 

presents an interesting problem. If tht 
Atlantic were lowered 0.5G4 feet the distance 
from shore to shore would be half as great, 
or 1,500 miles. If lowered a little more 
than three miles, say 19,680 feet, there 
would be a road of dry land from New- 
foundland to Ireland. This is the plane on 
which the great Atlantic cables were laid. 
The Mediterranean is comparatively shal- 
low A drying up of 660 feet would leave 
three different seas, and Africa would be 
joined with Italy. The British channel is 
more like a pond, which accounts for its 
choppy waves. 

At the side of a lake stands tbe famous 
temple containing the so called 'torih of 
Buddha." It is a curious building, with a 
circular raised gallery, from which the kings 
of Kandy were wont to exhibit themselves 
to the people. We attended an eveniug ser- 
vice iu this edifice, and were conducted by 
the priest through some little frescoed halls 

were offering for sale to the votaries, male 
and female, as they entered, blossoms of the 
champak, the frangipa 

.'ith totn-tom,j)ipe and cymbals. The 
temple is ornamented with curious frescoes, 
it and modern, grotesquely represent- 
ing the previous lives of Buddha and the 
suffering of those who have been bad Bud- 
dhists, aud in glass cases may be seen many 
I figures of Buddha in marble, jasper, 
mil |ade, and one, which is especially 
w. carved from b block of rock crys- 

Wonder, of the Deep. 

The little town of Livingston, on the 

A contributor to Round ami Bound states 

Gulf of Ainatiquc. has existed lor more 

some Interesting facts ahout tbe sea in a 

than three centuries, under various names, 

very striking way. We append an extract : 

on a high bluff, at the mouth of the Rio 

The sea occupies three fifths of the sur- 

Dulce, where a large commercial city 

face of the earth. At the depth of ahout 

should be ; and with all these centuries upon 

3.500 feet waves are not felt. The tempera- 

it there is nothing there but a mud wall and 

ture is the same, varying only a trifle from 

palm thatch camp tc this ■ 1 •> I Merit 

the ice of the pole to the burning sun of the 

isolated from the real oi thi n\ ah i i s- 

equator. A mile down the water has a 

cept bv waterway, It oo apli - i liti largi 

pressure of over a ton to the square inch. 

enough for and well suited to ui mrtemhra 

If a box six feet deep were filled with sea 

water and allowed to evaporate under tbe 

bove the water, 1 ft i reton i" fsntd 1} a 

sun, there would be two inches of salt left 

on the bottom. Taking the average depth 

part of each day, while tin descending sun 

of the ocean to be three miles, there would 

he a layer of pure salt 230 feet thick on the 

Gulf, Springs ItceHent water break 

year through. Seldom 
iglny six degrees, and all 

twenty four hours at a time.— From an 
"Uncommercial Republic," by W. T. 
Bringham, in Scribner'a Maga&m for June 

considerable traffic 

which J- - ped i 

river, to be used Eo 

■ other. And < 

down to varying degrees of fineness, and 
■washed to varying degrees of whiteness, 
eight hundred tons are manufactured daih 
four hundred tons being consumed in and 

tl.iel. . 

I silve 


made. Every morning tin- prii--t- 
away piles of these simple Bacrifli i - « hi : > 
are constantly renewed, so that a faint per- 
petual perfume of delicious fragrance for 
ever tills the dark chambers. When the 
silver door was opened there was disclosed 
another silver table, and behind it a barred 
n-ecptai le containing the sacred relic, hid- 

,.i,., ■,.,,. 

adorned with the mo: 
The total value of the) 
gs must be something vefy great f( 





i V, 



[n a late number of Tfo Current, < liariea 
Wilson comments very sensibly upon 
me foolish notions about handwriting 

, flourisbes, pothooks 

,i W iiL' im*i<' complacently witln 

fault of a bad band writing may 
tbe trace of ibe sluggard, and 
e baste of tbe man wlio imagines 
money'— a selfish view, for ill 
ime may be worth far more llta 

Perhaps no 
taken bold of tbe public mind to any con- 
siderable extent in recent times than tbe 

Id. delusive tbeory of no properly in land 
advanced by ibe scbool of political agita- 
tors of which Mr. Henry George is the head 
and front. Willi a h-s powerful champion 
(for Mr. George Is a man of splendid ibillttes 
and superb courage) there would be leas 
danger in a heresy which worked out to its 
logical conclusion, would pull down tbe 
pillars of an industrial civilization that 
represents the fruits of mind and brain toil 
from tbe foundation of human society. In 
New York particularly Mr. George has an 
immense, constituency made up largely of 
people who would find it less difficult to 
respect their neighbors' rights of owner- 
ship, if they had anything themselves w#lb 
owning. It is the "Id story of being blinded 
I iv the glare of Alailin's lamp, 

The following from the New f ork Tri- 
bune, of June 11. is in point : 

About a fortnight ago Henry George 
answered a number of questions in regard 

Packard's Business College, at No. 805 
Broadway. Yesterday morning, by invita- 
tion of S. S. Packard, president of tbe 

writer on social economies, replied to Henry 
George's answers. The lecture room was 
crowded with an interested audience. All 
the students were present and a number of 
invited friends. Professor Packard pre- 

-Iki\y< '1 from ■ 

Hum; and therefore 
alf the amount out 
3 day in the large coi 

year prices have greatly fail., n, 
risen more than 50 per cent, aud 

has been greatly reduced. 

of what he produces 

Educational Notes. 

There are seventeen Japanese students 
Ibe Michigan University at Aon Arbor. 
. The wife of the Mikado of Japan is 
graduate of Vassar. 

Tbe omission of a comma in the tariff act 
,,1 1S72 entailed upon ibe Government 

graduated from 
lene at Chicago. 

Prof. Max Muller, of Leipsic University 

,s forty 

ave somebody to ^ 
•The imaginatio 

ealer who ordered 

have play, but 


bipped instead, will show. 

i- rmi Migircslcd Unit everyone should 

a script like baud. I'pou the con- 

haiuUnling may -linn an individual 

Ludovie would have for 1 
ilcare if Dr. Whirligig wr 

i gallon of i 

" Doubtless more sweetness would 
added to life were John Doe always to 
h s lines so distinctly that he would n« 
be mistaken for Richard Roe. 

'■Whether you write with a pen ' n: 
of a quill from an angel's wing,' or ' though 
with a golden pen you scrawl,' not 

owuership in h 
argued, then tbi 

ownership, tbe United States cannot have 
exclusive ownership of its territory. If the 

tory as against other nations, then has not 
for the same reason New York State a right 
to own laud as against the United States, or 
New York City as against New*York State; 

New York City V (Applause.) In other 
words, whatever principle will give tbe fifty 
millions of people in this country the right 
to own land will give ten millions or one 
million or one person ihal right. (Applause.) 
In short, there is no such thing as absolute 
ownership. In society everything is con- 
ditional. Tbe very idea of society is that 
everything must be done in harmony with 
the good of the whole, and therefore Ibe 
question of land ownership isnot a question 

expediency. The principle of taking un- 
earned increments ou land would simply be 
taking the profits of business. 
Poverty, continued Mr. Gunton, can only 

i and honorary sumx< 

well i 

\ o. i, Raitus Yes. sab. Me 

it I l.o.l <>-.u <: ,ml v..u ,.,..„ 
$1 .ach moon 

Cn,b\u' , M.l M F,'d'.'.na, , -.-: l l 
I'm afraid you don t know 

figures. Uncle Ilaetu — N" 

-pc. - I knOW all bout Dnclc 

1, takes i 000 men. 600 o 
l''»> ■' '■ "' ■'' ' ■■" ,. N 

|d«J ''all, ami It- veil I lie 

, ,,, i, -i-i, to 

mother sent ma t<> the .' | 

dreadful u..|>. ..I s] 

I ■ :.d animal?" 

•' Yes." 

" Dnn't let people sleep f 

Tommy, triumphantly— "The piam 
How near akin laughti r is to t< n whet) Idd" U-. will, a -ingle 
of hi- iru-li limiiil a laughing chili 

pniuting to one ■ 
without being gi 

by a single stroke 

II cents on a $100 to 25 cents. 
is Hopkins University of Balti- 
n income of sg' finm the 
funds, and $40.»00 to $.".0,000 
Tbe students, therefore, pay 

Fifty years ago I 

fifths of the public 

si-lioul'li/ai bei- iii Ma^sacbu-. ::- .\ne . .. :. . 

now about one-tenth are men. The average 
wages of men then were $25.44 per month, 
and of woman $11.38; now men average 

tbe endowment <da school in San Francisco. 
where trades will be taught to any girl or 
boy who is qualified to be admitted ns a 

The number of schools given for Kngland 

chool, and a cost of Is. Gd. per bead. 
In Italy, for 83,000,000 inhabitants, then 

France ha- 11. nun mIiooI-. being . 
ver\ .".nil, wiib iiH in each school 
.Mu'ld, therefore, seem to have more • 
haii nnv other great European c. 

with you always. 

Hard to iHscouragi — Tli 
(be public has alway- <; 

i girl asks 
"query be 

,e-M.ia> Willi a -pring 
IIH.Iia'ely made 111 til at! 

f'iniiwm'ttl Traveller. 


community, however distributed, to make 
any important reduction in poverty. Wealth 
can only be increased as tbe methods of 
producing it arc improved. Improved 
methods of production, such as machinery, 
etc , can only be employed in proportion as 
capital is concentrated, and therefore in- 
stead of abolishing the concentration of 
capital in large corporations, it is only by 
that means that iucreased production of 
wealth can be accomplished. Iu proportion 
as large concerns supplant small ones, and 
large firms supplant small firms, everything 
that is produced is produced cheaper aud 
more abundantly. In 


The merest school boy could dispute the 
saying that "hislnry repeal- it-eit 

Teacher, to a female pupil in one of the 
lower classes in a grammar scbool on tbe 
East side of the City. ' Wlmt countv is 
north of New York?" Answer, "The 
Countv Democracy." 

A sweet girl graduate: He (at dinner); 
"May I assist you to the cheese. Miss 
Vassar?" She. (just graduated) Thanks, 
no ! 1 am very comfortable where I am 
But you may assist tbe cheese to me, if you 

I u,,.n the inii>|iiil> ■■! 

],, n.-xl da\ hi- Vank.c 
,, « ,\ li: I, -., i-d hi- -ign in 
■ Ksiabli-bcd y.-tcr.lav N . 

Speed Writers 

Telegraph operators, loken altogether 
can probably write faster than any otbe 
class of men who use the pen. It is also 
true that tbe telegraph operators of Am- 
erica arc much faster, and in every way 

continental countries. This is probably due 

In America it is just the reverse. The 
salary is in accordance with the work of the 
employe, and a first-class man need never 
tie without work at good pay. 

Before an operator can secure a berth in 
nDy first class office he must be able lo 
" take " on a test at an average rate of send- 
ing, and make a " clean " copy of ihe mes- 
sage. A. single glance at a " copy " is suffi- 
cient to inform the manager wIhUmi tbc 
applicaut is an old operator or not, for there 
is a peculiarity about the penmanship of 
telegraphers that is unmistakable. From 
necessity there is very little flourish in the 
writing, and the pen is pulled rather than 
pushed over the paper, and is very seldom 
lifted from the page. That accounts for 

tinguish tbe sender as plainly M Ihe mini. 
ner he uses the "key" a hundred miles 
distant as they could an intimate friend 
speaking in the nest room. 

Type-writer Shorthanding. 

Mr. Campbell Itna an Ingenious Plan tl 

trillion to what 1 have in the way of a sys- 
tem of Phonography to be written on any 
type-writer, or t<> be set up in ordinary 

I arrange the vowel sounds into three 
classes, just as is done with most practical 
systems of Phonography, and as these 
classes are gfnerally understood and re- 
ferred to by shorthand people as the first, 
second and third positions, I will so refer 
lo them in this article. Instead of distrib- 
uting the phonographs to the posilton, I 

8 represents 

the sound of (ion. 

The first line Of the parentheses repre- 

Tbe second or last line of the parentheses 
represents pi. 


:,.-! pentni- 



in moving 

their tin 

but becaus 


tbe inst 

ument from which 

ing. Operators w 

Inot '1 

if they c 

an possibly help it. 

order to avoid br 


. ■■in I'ullm 

lie iuslnn 

irop tlirr. 


•bull' of it 

„,. they 

do their he 

I, and tl 

in speed. Another f 

'" prrsfiu :, „||,j, ,-, exhibiting BO I the 

absurdities thai :ue likcl\ !•> hr . ■, .mmilt. tl 

by a person ignoranl of it. Perhaps the 

best thing ever designed tor this purpose is 

lished by Dr Brooke Taylor so elaborately 
Bcieniiflc as well as voluminous, with many 

of the problems demonstrated in full by 

descriptive geometry, as to make it quite 
impractical and almost useless without a 
familiar knowledge of geometry, Joshua 

Kirhy, a friend of Hogarth, attempted to 
simplify this work of Dr. Taylor's and 
make it easy for> His work was 
very curious and ingenious. There were 
folding plati a which could lie raised up and 
placed in Buch a position as to show object- 
ive^ the various planes according to the 
(henry. Hogarth suggested to him the ad- 
\i»abilily of having us a I rout ispj, ,-■■ to the 

not receiving as when they are following 
the instrument. There are many telegraph- 
ers who can make a legible copy at the rate 
of forty-five or even forty-eight words a 
minute while receiving who could not put 
forty words on paper at other limes. 

"I knew an operator who made a wager 
of an oyster supper for a <],../, u uicn. M-veral 

write legibly live words more a mioute, for 
three miDutes. than the reporter, who was 
a i'i penman, The reporter succeeded in 
getting down 114 words in three minutes, a 
friend reading lo him from a newspaper 
article. The average was just thirty eight 
words. The operator then invited the party 
to a telegraph office and got one of the fast 

i read for I 

nly averaged fony 

i operator 

. 216 

during the atternoou of the same day. The 
messages, including the nddiesscs, signa- 
tures, date line and "checks," averaged 
thirty words. Thus, during the five hours 
lie was wielding the pen, he copied over 
7.500 words, or 1,500 words an hour. There 
nre a dozen operators in Philadelphia who 
could beat even thai if they were called 
These men would probably 

certain phonetic powers to 
ers which appear on any of 
our popular writing machines, (which I wilt 
further explain by the table inclossd here- 
with,) when written in connection with the 
indicator, or letters of the alphabet, I think 
I have a Bystem that covers every principle 
of our popular practical phonographies of 
the present day. In the table I mail you, 
we will represent the first position by the 

id, ■ 


These sounds an- the same 
first position of Munaon's system of phono 

The second position is represented by tin 
dash or hyphen, thus : -d would rcpresen 

s own. is used in this system to represent 
le sound of com, mm, eon, or cog, as the 

t may require. 
Permit me (o say that I made application 
for a patent on my system in last January, 
and my attorney informs me that the claim 
has been allowed on what I consider the 

where tbe simple phonographic sounds will 
be represented by the small letters, or lower 
case letters, and thecaps will be used for the 
purpose of carrying out the halving prin- 
ciple in phonography, and thereby add /, 


My Lady Fair 

the instrument i 
The writing bee 

o il the tartrate of silver . then mix in 
B sugar, 6 drs , and powdered gum 
c, 10 drs., aud add enough distilled 
rto make (i oz. This ink is nd wjien 

An Easy Position. 

llcmv Ward lieechcr 

lettt t from a young manw 

himself very highly as lit 

easy. Do not try law. Avoid the school- 
room. Keep out of the pulpit. Let alone 

all ships, stores, shops and id- . m ■bamli.r 
Abhor polities. Keep away from lawyers. 
Don't practice medicine Don'1 he a farmer 
nor a mechanic; neither a sailor. Don't 
study. Don't work. None of them are 

easy. Oh, my honest friend, you &re In a 


Wednesday, July '^—"Practical Pen- 
manship in Tiu-iiics^ ( Yillcires." Discussion 

with illustrations, by Orrin Reynolds, Chi- 
cago; A. H. Hiumau, "Worcester, Mass.; 
II ('. (link, Krie, Pa., and others. 

'■ Tin Conditions. Progress and Demands 
of WritiDg as a Branch of American Edu- 
cation " II. 0. Spencer, Washington. 

"Styles of Writing for Business Uses.' 
A. II. Hinmau ; "W. W. Daggetl, Oshkosh, 

Teaching Writing." IT. W. Flickiuger, 
Philadelphia ; A. J. Newby, Chicago ; II. 
C. Spencer. 

"Artistic Jiml Ornamental Penmanship : 
their Place in the Business College." D. 
L. Musselman, (Juiiny, II) 

"Business Figures." Chandler H. 


in Penmanship." 

" Rhythmic Writing" George R. Rath- 
un, OmaliLi, Neli. 

Friday.— •• Teaching Business Writing 
rom the Blackboard." II. B. Chicken, 

Editor oft/tr Juiirnal . — Arrangements for 
the meeting of the Business Educators' 
Association of America, at Milwaukee, July 
19 to 23 inclusive, approach completion and 

re coming will be 
route at one-third 
fare on the certificate of the Association. 
The time to return is extended to July 81, 
and the leading roads in this State will, on 
application, further extend as individuals 

will, h iii.rt> in Ch, ,:,._.,, ,In!\ I > 

These ticket- can br mn , 
the railway- of the country fnt Ihc 

trip for one fare and %%. These tick 
be sold from July ."> to 13 InclUBl 

Will he L'ood to go July (J In I;; jnrll 

Holders of these tickets i 
to the Treasurer of Ihe National Educa- 
tional Lasociatlon, to I go Jul] I I to 

16, the coupon from mkIi round nip tiikif 

.iniv 18 to 88, will take said return ttckel 
re-atamped to John N. Abbott, Borne lu 

sunnier I'.inhlii:^, Chicago, or to such other 

place as Secretary Canfield may direct, and 

there deposit it, taking i i -andum 

receipt for it until they return from the 
Milwaukee meeting. 

Prom Chicago tn Milwaukee eight] fivi 
miles, there are three lines of railway and 
the Goodrich Line of Steamer*, .n.-r »l.i. I. 
reduced rates will he given ou return fare. 

The programme announced in the \Yn„- 
d\ i.r for May. will not he materially changed 

The met 'in. i" 
attended than usu 

sources and shall appm-iah uh.i.v ,\ 

be done by the Business Educators of 

America to advance thecaii^.- uf luisiuess 
education through the agency aud influence 


, CT, Smith, Jacksonville, 

"■ Simplicity of 

" Qualifications 

of Writing." E. J. lleeb. 
" Advantages of Association <lf 

George R. Rathbun. 
" Ivxperl Handwriting 

D.T.Ames, A. II. Hie 


Branches of Business Ed- 
ucation, and the Present 
and Prospective Demand 

the final announcement will soon be mai 
'u circular form, giving information mo 
particularly in relation to transportation. 

twenty railroads, north, northwest, west. 
southwest and south from Milwaukee and 
Chicago, and by the Goodrich Line of 

The Committee have not been able to get 

of the approaching meeting of the Associa- 

reduced fare on roads east and southeast of 

tion in Milwaukee, July 19 to 23. 

Chicago and Milwaukee. But it will be 

This meeting and : 1 1 1 future mcetiuLSof 

fortunate, we think, for our members who 

the Association will be whatever the pro- 

come from a distance in those directions, 

fession make them. Respectfully, 

that thev cau. by leaving home earlier, avail 

R. c. Spencbb. 

themselves of the low rale of fare granted 

Chairman Ex. Com, 

to the National Educational Association. 

Milwaukee, Jum 1 1 '81 

an. I disaov.,1 I- 

M llarlliolonicw. \ew 

Tracing Paper. 

Paper Temporarily Transparent. 

The Auorinni Li1h,, u ro]>h, r ami I'lin'-r 
gives a new method of preparing I racing 

paper that will subsequently resume its 

opaqueness. Its directions ore to place the 
paper on which the drawing is to be repro- 
duced over the original and rub it «.v< r with 

Remington Standard Typewriter, 

n „,: 

QOt wrinkli- m 


wavy, but r 

and eve 

„■ ..riirinal »■ 

IVncil. ink. 


may be used alike ; d 

II..- ink ii. -r the tiislic will sp 

of in. drawing will be almost indelible, 

erased. In copying large drawings the 
copying paper must be coated from time to 
time with the benzole, which should be used 
whenever the tracing on the paper gets dull. 
When the drawiug is finished and laid over 
for a while the benzole evaporates and the 
paper becomes as white and opaque as 
before. No slain will be seen nor smell 
perceived when refined benzole has been 

The Great American Crank. 

A wealthy westerner, a man who has been 
married a score of years, but who has no 
children, has recently sailed for Europe on 
a quest of which the result is likely to be 
curious if he carries out his plan. He 
wishes to adopt two children, and for some 
reason by do means evident, has determined 
to select them on the other side of the 
water. His wife, who accompanies him, 
gave no better explanation than that Euro- 
pean children were more picturesque than 
American ones, a statement which, if this 
meet her eye, I trust she will pardon my 
disagreeing with. The man has taken with 
him a nlirenolo<rist. a professor of physi- 
ology in a western college, who is bis life- 
long friend, and his wife's brother, who 
prides himself on his skill as a physiogno- 
mist. These five people are to select a boy 
and a girl. The gentleman intends to edu- 
cate tin.' pair without regard to expense, to 
bring them up as if they were his children, 
and to make them marry if he can. He is 
confident that he shall be able to carry out 
this programme, even to the last item j al- 
though lie acknowledges the possibility of a 
failure in the matrimonial scheme so far as 
to say that if they will not marry he shall 
divide hlfl millions equally between them. 
In a romance they would of course hate the 

each to wed somebody else, and end by 
coming peacefully together in the last 
chapter, What the result in real life will 
be is likely to depend upon the skill with 
which the physiognomist and the phrenol- 
ogist do their work. It is almost a wonder, 
in these days of witchery and occultism, 

osnphist was not added to the party, but 
coming from the West, the gentleman is 
probably hardly up to these late improve- 

— London has a population of 15.000 t 

000 inhabitants within the same area. Ne 
York, leaving out the uninhabited porlioi 
has a population of 85,000 to the square 
mile. In the Sixth Ward there is a 
lati.m of Mil. ohm to the square mile , l 
Tenth \\ m-l, 876,000. 

Philadelphia, 834 Chestnut St. 
Boston, 201 Washington St. 

Washington, Le Droit Building. 
Baltimore, 9 N. Charles St. 
Minneapolis, 12 Third St. 
Chicago, 196 La Salle St. 

St Louis, 308 N. Sixth St. 
St. Paul, 116 E. Third St. 

Indianapolis, 84 E Market St. 
Kansas City, 322 West 9th St. 
London, 100 Gracechurch St., cor 
Leadenhall. ,i 

American Pea Art Hall. 

N.C.Y.L K'U'stll.C.Y.L 

I ,.li. -. V.slmll.', I.iiii 1 ..rnrlaU'd »ith \ nil 
.b-iliill University. Itev (.co W ]■'. ITi.-c, Vres 

N. C. Y. L. cSVr M N. C. Y. L, 

Jones' Select Writing Academy, 

"Golden Rule." Terms 




AS A TEXT BOOK 111 I i H.I.I-.i I I ■< AM) - - IN VI I, 1 1 1' I 1 1 E I'lilNI ■II'AI, <T 

llll T'UNs Tlllln Hill. I T THE OH VI„Y 


Crisp Sentences from the Letters of Leading Teachers. 

'Tli.' "lily vv.irk Hi- .\|Tiii. iti, ,11a m win h . ,. In r. .ail v .'.>mi.r<-li..THl".l and iini'li.a " 
are uelinlited. i Kvi;ry i> ; u'e iiwukm- m] ulnnum,.!, " - it is th..r..ii-l, |.mii'.,l 

IS & ROGERS. Rochester, N. Y. 

F. E. Persons, the Card ^Writer, 

ull si-iiri Hi.- fniiiiwiiij.' w.u-k promptly, on receipt 

J-.-nd Siht-r riiviilur- Fnc. .\<idr..'ss, 

Do Yovi Write Cards"; 

,,1,-th..,] 1,:,- I — n i1ls.:..verr.| l.v whlcll Vim i 
I, .■iir.N iUi-i in-i;inliy i,-n.,.w Mi.- inn- v.illn 
ivitiH tli.-sl^-hU'st ri ;i. .■ ,,| il Ii ,-. simpl..- . 
r|..rm.-.i in a -i ml I'm.. ':,.<■. N» cu 






\- ...lU.i . |ll U. Will llli Mr. ,.|- .u.V .,(}„ r 

i ■■•! ■■:■■)■ .,-n,-,- Addn--.-, 11. '.' , ,-„ r 



Put ii|i ii) hiimls.inn.- li.iiirl.'i' boxes. Korty 
i.'nts f..r -niL-le |..,x. \n,<t |.;ii.1. m fmir h.i\«><t fi.r 


This ln>:infiriil ami likhlv-eiitertainiiij? MftjMzin 
is mi ..tjlLfinwlli of til.' I'KMiiNS G(/KiTr:, M,,,. ,, 

the fi.-ltl .if pi'iniian-hiiT 


OR S>+C '■'■"■ : *"E'V* Tli. ll.H.l.sllpy 

<CO CIS. i 

The Model Guide to Penmanship. 

THEKT"" 1 .^ 


/ nf^BUSINESS , 




tjiKt*™ n&^l *}S. 

■ proofs of display cuts prepared at the office of the Jouiinal. For this class of cuts our facilities for prompt aD(l excellent work arc unexcelled in the countn 
1 liesc cuts are iu relief, and can he used ou any common priming press. Duplicates of any of them, will he furnished by mail or express within forty-eight hours after receipt » 
""'"■ ■" ln " '"*' A duplieute .if Ihe cut " Orchard City Butinrit College " can be furnished to suit any locality. Cuts sent only for cash orC. O. D Special orders for all maiini 
of (ins will receive prompt attention. College currency, in all convenient denominations, in stock, and can he sent by return muil or express, also diplomas for business colleges mi 
other institutions in stock, and special orders hllcd. Samples sent, with terms, for 25 cents. 

Address, D. T. AMES, Office of Penman's Abt Journal, 205 Bboadway, New Yokk, 


Shorthand Schools, 



'• i' ! ' ."...n i M..1 l '■ 


The Journal's New Handy Binder. 

Business College 

707 to 713 Broad St., Newark, N. J., 


l- llnlM'II \N]> IN ' I ' 1 ■: M r.KSSONS Nosliadititr; 

.^ |H in,,,..,,, •-, ,„] -I ,,,; |,„ I, l.,l I, --..|| III 




•>A School Thoronshlj Eqaipped for Office Training. •: 



AufbcdPYisf j v 

i;ii;i:ha Kt< n ations. 


New York office only. Address ° f ' ' f ° m 

H.A.SPENCER. 11-t 

session day nix] .-v,-iiii,l- Mi ulim i h.- i.-.n 

lialluiii/eil U ill -.aiiaui* , !,„■ IVn-itn- 

Il'i-I IIH, li I'll' . '-I"! nl'T-. 




449 Main St., Buffalo, N. Y., 

Business Education 


The First School of its kind in America. 

SludenU now registered from every State and 

The Course of Study and Practice includes 






Price 50 Cents, Postage Pali 

_fprtwo^cws£ l n', l ,i' | 1 , 1 ,,,."' '"'' 



Any ,,f the t\. 1 1.. wiiii; iirlklp"* will, up.,11 iw.-lpt 
mental Penmannblp $5 00 

I ill ..,,.1 I -|..ui il,. .1 Ci.nK 1:.M, ■-!(.■. in, 

.irU'iiiiil i-unl .irii.-ti,., per puck ..(' '■", 
Bristol Board, 3 aiiret iliick, -."Jx-N ( >vr -lu-rl . 

, ■ , . . 


Blank Bri ? M B..:ip] ('..nK per 100 25 

Engrossing Pens tor lettering, per doz 25 

Crow-quill Pen, very line, for drawing, doz . . 75 
S,niin;kin IYri. f\.r U-xt I (.'tiering— Double 

Oblltiue Metal TiiVi'i-iju'-i'il ,'.■ r'., ^u'yh'.i.'u'r',; 

New Iiupi-ovci I':irii<,frr;i]ib, fur enlar^-im.- nr 

.IniiiMi-liiriL' .Intwifi^'s ] 25 







»i','i',)i,'',Vriri'rf:. -i"''"^ "vli'-r'i'o'^i'ii' 

No. 2. ;; 94x31* (i 

Liquid s1aHng, e uio"oe5t In* 52, for waifaor * * 
We will Supply, at publishers' ral<?. any .inn. laid 

' -■ K inn! all whii fav^r us uiih 

Address, D. T. AMES, 







ByTriOSE.WHD eToaEc ^ 




Sr5^u\sandint l ^l,'Ti;',i, , \ , , , ,,!,i, l m",',',,'r,',.i , , , , , ,',: i \ 

a -|,ern. ! U'M.nU II Hit A i IIKMHAI, 



Iiiiii'l, price list (liicnptiVL;. 

Carils. Fioi'irisliinff. K.v' At: 




Peirce's System of Penmanship— 
Peirce's Philosophical Treatise 
of Penmanship, and Peirce's 
Celebrated Tracing Exercises. 

, I.VCUUl -'tlltl W IIM,|V Sllllipll' CnpH". -..III 

mi r-.c.'ipl uf ■::-, cenLs, By tliedo/fd, i'. c.'iiM net 
stli My : il Treatise of Penmanship 
lias (k-clj pul in ilc-iruble form uiiii n-.iw r. -tails tit. 
50 eents per volume. Remember, il is the only 
hundred (700) Questions and 700 'answers, together 

P£ l«n S IftiiUMMi* volume Of this "TREATISE" 

m'I 'a ■■Tn.'.'ii.i: l.xeVciLs ' Iv'iil," ,",.■' 


■ ] I .1,1 fl ,:n,, ■ 

1 i ."Si'Mr*"' 1 "''" 


Paper Warehouse, 

Nos. 1 5 & 1 7 Beekman St., 

8-ui NEW YORK, 





sam/'sy-cr//r /// \2> //c/cylay/uc 'filrreJJ- /y '/r/tt</t ./rrc Jtj/u'/e^ccy/tcJ rf cultdiauWM^/aJU/sfoanJ/ 
yyMedS/fe^firn£//attelyUi7ifa£J>ij/ ^Ztf'/iealayi/i/i.'H ft '//icfa/'. k/(c/:/(/f/feJ . a/ic/ yi Uu/cd ///iWsaSsCerm/- 

;//<jf i'///JJ, f//c:Jt7>/ie ' tzJ , (/>/<■/ /// 'rai/trc/trn '//'(/// f/'/i ri '/'////// ////) t) r/ J//cr(///r/i. 

This ktiiiiChkmt^t ANi)lter^Imii<M)iN i sn 

'. /a?l '. /ul/if/Uf/', ('//I-/ YtC//t // t 

The above Cut was Photo-Engraved from Pen and Ink Copy, Executed at the Office of the Journal, and is given as a Specimen of Diploma Work. The 

Diplomas were Printed on Paper 18x22 Inches. Diplomas are Gotton Up in any Form to Suit, on Short Notice, and at Very Low Prices, as 

Compared with the Cost by any Other Method. Special Estimates are Given and Specimens Mailed on Request. Diploma Blanks for 

Business Colleges, Penmanship Schools, and other Institutions in Stock, also Testimonials and Certificates. Samples sent for 25c. each. 






33jEg« stands for List 'presses, 

.Jew: ) ,..., i , ;l] . i! . i t0 | <tCtorv 

ItcNuy & (u, >l.n.l,.,.( u»» 

Writing and Measuring Ruler. 


'roadway, New York. 


K\|.nssly ;l .hi].1. J f,n' [iM>lc--ninii:il use und unia- 




All of Standard and Superior Quality. 



Penman's Badge. 

Something Entirely New. 


n: nf.w m,inii\I![) 


Elementary, 104 pages, Price, % .80 
Commercial, 160 " I. SO 

Counting-House, 312" 2.50 

I Complete Key for Teachers Now Ready. 

si -5q. io /e£3 e 

«dare»« J"»S rI (or' 



ESSst' " 

a aSd solution's 

one. Besides treating 

'.Mil: . ..;■:. ■!- illu-TiUiM,,.,. i,,, .|n L - U ;.| ! 


Chicago Academy of Penmanship, 



.\TKI\S..N, "i S:i'--n 

9 S 




Ontheflretol iugusl the revised edirfon of the Packabd Commercial Auithmk-i 
will be ready for Inspectlou. It will be an entirely new book, so far as tbe typography 
concerned, and will contain all the valuable portion of tbe old book, with fifty or mo 

[aires nl nru matter, i sisliii- nl :in i ill I < .. I lie I jntl W 

rules, with valuable hints as to short methods, etc., and a large number of new ei 
under all tin* ilitTerent subjects. 

Tbe Packakd Ommi-:ii(/iai. Aiutumktic needs no speei:il commendation. Its 
ter is well known by tbe practical teachers of tbe country whose 

l, -i i ,i,;il.s ,| i, riii- (he p:c-l lour yen is liave left nothing further to be said. 


1, Because we waul to make it belter. 

','. Beeuuse we want to make it fresher. 

3. Because we want to meet some expressed desires of our patrons. 

4. Because we want to meet some decided wishes of our own. 

5. Because we want to extend its usefulness 

6. Because we want to. 

We also want lo send a i opv of i he new hook— first, to all omt old patrons, and next 
to everybody else ; anil we shall get out a specially large edition for this purpose, putting 
the price down tor ;t single copy to near the cost mark. 

Whoever will send us before the first of September, seventy-five cents will receive 
by mail, post paid, a I. rand new of a brand new Arithmetic; and whoever thus sends 
shall have the amount deducted from Ihe first order of one dozen or more. 

Retail price $1 50 

Price to schools (in any quantity) 1 00 

Introductory price (flrsl order) 90 

Send for ihe new book right away. 

In making orders, be sure to Btate whether you desire the oW or the new edition. 

8. S. PACKARD, Publisher. 

Lddn • [ofler.Julj 1) 



An abridgment of the Pace mid CoHMBBCUL Arithmetic, with an introduction of 24 
pages, containing Ihe fundamental rubs. Specially adapted lo evening schools and lo 

short course commercial sclmoU, and i-onnnereial departments ,,f hi ub schools. 

The prettiest and completes! In ink lor schools and academies and for young stu- 
dents to be found. 

Retail price ', ... %\ oO 

Price to schools 07 

Introductory prii e 60 


Book-Keeping and Correspondence. 

Is the latest, freshest, and best publication on these topics before the public. Don't think 
it possible to do wlthoul It, 

If you own a Business College. 

If you are a teacher in a Business College, 

If you are at the head of a Commercial Department, 

If you arc B private student and want to know something, 

Send for the New Manual. 

Retail Price $! no 

Prii i 10 schools G 7 

hiioiilii.'lniy price (jd 

S. S. PACKARD, Publisher. 

Address alter July li 

COI.LEOK BlIl.l.l.V-.. 101 i;.\sl TwFMV-TlIITtD ST., NEW YORK 

v^ w ^ l y- - 


FOR 1887. 

The .inriiNAL 




UikiiiR ttie student l>y rasy ami naitiral •tii^i-s to the finished 1 

convenient form fur '.metier, as well as for teaehirn;, witli rimst exnlieit direeMons for slmly and 
iimetlee. Much of tin: work is printed lor tlie lirst tiiac, ami all of it is „e\\ as to ^i-oiiping, method eto. 

The Copy Slips contain everything that Is necessary to make a good, 
practical penman of any person of ordinary intelligence. 

Twenty slips ao' <l. wa.-.l loSUnd inl 15u-im. -- Wiitinir. with form" of Business Letters, Notes, 

vc-iopcia mailed 

for SOconts ■' ■■■;■■ 


Tin- riAM.v'l Aur to, u%.a:- !)■•■ l-'-t p.l.ei 
Its elas- in ihe i oiintry -Tin Fountain, York, I 


— N. E. Journal of h 

rue.-Co|.) si,, . 

We offer the Nlips aa a I 


'"..I. a ocut book 



O. T. AMES, Editor and Proprietor. 


■ Inn, uri'l ii^ l;i.-iilt\ is r | ,.f ,„ ,„ u,, ( i „ ,,f ,. , i.,-i i.^i . I i is . ri'l. ■■ si-.i l-s l-n-lm^s im.l 

ni!il mill iif this ill v mill Hi.- ttrmlnnt.-s ar<- n- in it- i-mis, N, vn, ati'ms. 
rat any time. Speci ,1 t.n-llnii.-s r,,r re;i.-]i.-i - t. r- h.iiiiii-i,i|i. I;. ...ksieplin.' 
iniL- tin- summer nn-ntlis F,.t riilal'vu.. Kiviiif rates ..f tuitimi and full indnuintkin, 

Goodyear & Palmer, Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 

S£±f\ ISAACS' 

.DO l,.,„:,li,s,.r 

~. «« IsU's- tinil-IMHIv ell I AM V l-l NM VN-stllf. rini-istiiut ,,f , si-t.-n 

$2.00 '" , "- •<""!■' ^"i'"' ' >» , ,, „"^ K S^^5^S°(5S,°' h *eoS° mecollM " 

E. K. ISAACS, IYlimini •-.i.Hlii 111 Iii, hnu. ., \,,riu:il Si-1 1 


Eclectic School of Shorthand & Typewriting. 




Tliis LATEST AM) 1IEST business publication is being bought up readily by 
chants, manufacturers, mechanic. accountants, office clerks, salesmen, students, 
teachers, and it is meeting with general favor everywhere. It is so new, so sensibh 
practical, and In every particular, so different from oilier self-help publications that t 


' Ual'l'l W M.nsm- 

make you familiar with the most approved methods of work in all departments of trade 
and commerce. A dollar spent for Ihis work may prove Ihc best invested dollar of your life. 

packed in heavy case, postpaid, to any address in tin- United Stales. Canada] or Great 
Britain for One Dollar ; Six < opics $5. All orders filled the lame day they are recuved. 
Be sure to give your address in full. Send orders 10 


50 Dromllclil Street, Boston, llass. 
Good Canvassing Agents wanted in every city and town. Tills work lias only to be seen to be 






With Two Supplementary Books. 



guishing features of " Spencers' New Standard Writing." It effects a saying 
of from 15 to 25 per cent, in the labor of writing and a corresponding 
saving of time in learning to write. 

A Sample Set, containing all numbers, sent for examination on receipt 
of $1.00. 

Full Descriptive Circular seut, on request, to any address. 

Ivison, Blakeman, Tavlox*, & Co., 

753 and 755 Broadway, New York. w 




ibetlme- Tli'i . ', ^- ™ s t! . 'j o'u'r- 

P. A. WRICHT, Author and Publisher, 769 BROADWAY, 



ter»-.l 'an.TVriiumfiiU-d in ii variety <>f .-, ,l..r - wit!' M.. A . 
■ I"'- ''*;", j ! . y, ; , h |['|" 1 i J ' Vu'toinati.' 

, ,|ll, ■,■'.;. .11- l-T IliilklJIL- t.rtflT 

link' Pens. 75c. t^Three 


Circulars tfivhiL- full inf. nii.Ui.m with r.-^.u .1 r>, I, 
■i,t;il..L'n<-..)' l!i.- N..Hli« n. lntliani. ; "> •••■<[ ■ < ■ 


>HERE was commeaced in the June number of THE OFFICE, the publi- 
being on? of the results of the competition conducted bythis journal a short 
time since. This effort, which is by an eminently practical man, is a reflex o f 
the best bookkeeping in large establishments, and is accordingly invaluable to 
teachers and students as well as practicing accountants. Nothing equal to it 
has ever appeared in print. It describes correctly and in detail, the system 
which makes the mammoth retail stores, some notable examples of which are 
to be found in each of the large cities, not only possible but also eminently 
successful. The study will be profusely illustrated with diagrams of shipping 
department, office, etc., and fac-similes of blanks and tickets, including the 
the ruling of the books. 

The only opportunity of securing th's important addition to the litera- 
ture of practical accouuts is by subscribing to THE OFFICE. 



■ of THE OFFICE is 28 pages, 9 x 12 inches, and is filled 
with matter of the greatest interest to students and accountants. Sub- 
scription $1 a year. Single copies, 10 cents. Now is the time to subscribe. 
Back numbers are not kept on hand for the accommodation 
persons. Remit by Pos'al Order or Draft on New York. 
P. O. BOX 1663. NEW YORK, 





twenty books 

1st.— The pupil does 

i/rite through from 

2d.— The letters are entirely free from useless lines like double loops, ovals, 
etc. The first complete system to present abbreviated forms of capitals. 


; r 

'. . 




r: " '7 r- ' ' ' ' 


3d.— The lateral spacing is uniform, each word filling a given space and 

crowding or stretching to secure such results. 
4th — Beautifully printed by Lithography ! No Cheap Eelief Plate Printing ! 

Send 10 cents for sample bottle in neal 
box, by mail, post-paid. 


inicple card of differ 



^2 ^7?/ . ' 







5th Words used are all familiar to the pupil. See above copies. Contrast them with such 

words as " zeugma, urqnesne, xylus, ten illy, mimetic and xuthus." 
6th.— Each book contains four pages of practice paper — one sixth more paper t4mn in the books 

of any other series— and the paper is the best ever used for copy-books. 
7th.— Business forms are elaborately engraved on steel and printed on timed paper, rendering 

them very attractive to the pupil. 
8th Very low rates for introduction. They are the cheapest books in America. 



A. S. BAENE8 & CO., Publishers, 





Representative Penmen of 

Tin- subject of (bis sketch was born forty - 
Ewoyearsago From the 30th of last June, 
in the tow M ,,f Ashtabula, Ohio. He 

irib.-iiti i| ,i i:isi, (.„■ urilviii- work frotn both 

opics. produced 

I |.:|| 

Wbeo youug Shaylor was ten years of 
age he bought his first ropy-book— if that 
designation may be applied to an ordinary 
cheap account book. A neighbor with a 
turn for ornamental acripl kindly helped 
biui out witli ibc bead lines. This book be 
has preserved and often refers to it will 

About the same time a ueTi scj Imaste 

nunc around to the district school. All ou 

in the Bryanl iS Stratton Business College, 

The Old and New in Writing. 

at Portland. Mo. That city has since been 

original jollege lias been continued unin- 

A Z7er.lllZ S VZ"7sZ7" 

terruptedly during tbe twenty-three inter- 

From a Paper Read at the National Penman's 

with the public Bcnools, of the city, and has 

Convention at Erie, Pa., by II It'. 

maintained the same sinoewitn great CI t. 

Shaylor, Portland, Me. 

I'curv of tins office his 

business college work bns been limited to 

toiled long and earnestly to lay the founda- 

instructing evening classes. Since his 

removal to Portland he has received many 

day. Many of them, in obscurity, yet 

flattering calls to other (ields— once to 

faithfully in tbe darkness, and beneath 

Philadelphia, twice to New York and to 

■ I.'ep wu'rrs hud broadly that foundation; 

various points in the West— but bis attach- 

ment for tbe beautiful Maine melropolis 

their labors, and sometimes without n gralc- 

deft pen of the 

ng eagles from the 
?r. At the age of 
fortunate enough to secure 
ids with P. H Spencer, Sr . 

r of our sub 

.f bis friends 

par„l„,„iher. i |, M ,,,| , 


« hen Ihc fact became known m 
the young master he generously donated the 
tuition. The two pupils were very atten- 
tive. One cold day they brought' to the 
teacher's home a beautiful pair of mittens, 
'""I b.\ their LTandinotlier, to pay a debt of 

'" ' "••>"> a time has M, 'siiavl , 

after life referred to Ibis simple incident, 
and declared that bo compensation ever 
received by him was the cause of more 

; l--> Mr. Shflylo 

Jefferson County, O. 
be was offered a place 

fixed principles which are as a foundation 
upon which tbe whole is built. The right 
understanding of these is absolutely neces- 
sary, that we may become masters of the 
art which we undertake to learn ; and a 
neglect of these in learning to write is the 
only reason why so many, who have speat 
time sufficient to have become accomplished 
writers, are, after all, Incapable of writing 

a legible hand, and arc thereby, in a is. 

lire, disqualified for the service of the 

I, el 

has overweighed all temptation to cast bis 
lot elsewhere. 

In 1870 Mr. Shaylor published a "Family 
Record," and ten years later a "Compen- 
dium of Penmanship," both of which have 
passed through several editions aud met 
with a wide sale. 

In 1885. the well-known publication bouse 
of Harper & Brothers, New York, began 

alilicatii.n e| a scries of copybooks 

ieh Mr. Shaylor is the author. These 
have bad a wonderful success, more 
half a million copies baviDg already 

been sold. 

the National Summer School of 

Methods held at Saratoga last month, Mr. 

Shaylor was in charge of the department 

! BBoT. The duties of this positien were 

tut nod of recogniii 

wbieli they made, a 

should be unable to ' 

In our department 

i of the self-sacrifice 

It Which 1 

f Arts '■— 

i well 1 


'" l ngagement with Bryant & 


■ Mr. Shaylor hit in 1864 ,,, ,, .„.•, 

High Street 
has for M-v.-nil years been Secret:,,- of tht- 

Hum Bible Society and Vice President of 

bas Poi aevi ral 

' "t t tile Hie 

Church, of Portl, 

said, it is " the record of tbe 
lator of the future, the soul 
and messenger of thought "—I saj 
department tbe same thing is true. 
There were many men who gave 
Hie advancement of this art, in I 
history of our country, who are 
recognized as entitled to any cr. 

instruction, and, tberef 

which, when adapted to the requirements 

away with and uniform strokes substilutcd, 
so that, one would need sharp eyes to delect 
much difference in the current penmanship 
of 1800 and 1687. 

Hardly a system of penmanship lo-day 
before Ihc public hut presents copies with 
shaded strokes, and yet the demands of 

simile of copy Look style is adhered to now. 
The same was true in early times, only in a 
more extended sense, and naturally, for the 
limes did not demand so much haste. 
Coarse hand was taught in the books, but 
not adhered to in practice. 

I have in my possession leiters which were 
written more Ihnn one hundred years ago, 
the style of which, in almost every import- 
ant feature, is identical with that current 
to-day, and would si em to prove that there 
must have beeu more practical writing in 
those days, and less adherence to Ihc old 
I ui nil style than man) are willing to 

Where could you find i 
, signed by so many public 
stand a fair comparison l< 
-pecN of plain writing and 

admit Look 

we fata iu.toci ds: 
which they wroi 

candid persons tl 

document todi 
men, that won 

Legible style I 

think, and have come to feel, probably by 
the general trend of chirographic literature, 
and by the teachings of those who bavc 
assumed leadership, that penmanship, which 

recently- that it came to us "brand new," 
as a coin struck from the mint, which had 
hitherto never heard of such creation. 

the line of steady development, altering ami 
improving that whi- h was before cumbrous, 
bulky and unwieldly ; like the substitution 
of the '• new fashioned" cent of '57 for the 
ponderous copper coin of an earlier date. 

Spencer, iu his lecture on the "Origin 
and Progress of Writing," after mentioning 
many authors, says : 

"We have also Reed, Ely, Hoot and 
some others, exhibiting the tact and features 
of recent times— improvement in everything 
— according to the speculative or utilitarian 
apprehension of various minds." 

After Jenkins came, in this country, 
Wrifford, Dean, Huntington, Guernsey, 

Hewitt. Rand, Town, Noyes, Jackson, 
Gould, Clark and Hoot, a line which brings 
UK down to times with which most of ub 
are familiar. With the works of many of 
these I am not acquainted ; others I have 
seen, but doubtless all are entitled in 
greater or less measure to our gratitude, if 
not only for the advancement of new and 
original ideas, at least for keeping the spark 
of chirographic art alive. 

Not far from 1820 there was a work pub 
lished by Hand, in Philadelphia, the greater 
part of which, it is true, was in coarse 
hand, yet some pages of which give, not 
only a hand without heavily shaded lines, 
but a siyle of letter corresponding in all 
essential features to that which we call 
modem. I have seen the work, but do not 
at present possess a copy. It plainly shows 
that gradually preparation was being made 
for an elimination of coarse baud from the 
works of those who assumed authorship 
The time was not yet ripe for an innova- 
tion i steel pens were not ready to replace 
the quill. The writing was in keeping with 
canal boats and stage coaches. ItwaB safe ; 
it was plain ; it was not iu bad style, but 
required loo much time to execute, if the 
copies as given were adhered to. The next 
step was to give copy-books, commencing 
with a large band and reducing the size 
throughout the series. This was done by 
lloot. in a series of copy-books published 
in 184?. Many of the capital letters were of 
a style still in use, with slight modification, 
while great stress was laid upon movement 
and its proper development. 

Copies were given at- the top of the page, 
while at the end of the page were many 
excellent movement exercises, with the 
design of thoroughly utilizing the paper 


and thi j gave afl thelrreason for so doing in 
these words : 

'• We present some coarse hand, as a con 
cession to the prejudices 
improvements in mel 
shall have time to wii 
secure adoption." 

Iu the Spcncerian Compendium of '57 
and the Bpi ncerian Charts of '59, the priuci 
pleagiven differed but little from those o: 


that when the coai 
to be superseded by t 

principle, be maintainui. 
an inverted upper. 

Commercial Cullers we 

I he style and methods . 
art. would seetn to ^o wil 

think i! would need no f 

of all copy-books from . 
from 1850 

,r it also is only 

■horn and la-gun 
and that a host 
he leading cen- 
n wealth should 
ting a change in 

>ut saying We 

The National 

of the Na- 
enmen's Association v 
Erie, Pa., i 

attendance, the number included many of 
the recognized leaders am^ng the teachers 
and authors of writing. The proceedings 
were uniformly interesting, and the occa 
sion will be remembered by those present 
as one fraught with good fellowship and 
produclive of far reaching results. 

A large number of penmen, whose busi- 
ness , ii'.'a-i no nis would not permit tbem 
regret and iudi- 

school boards. His idea was to present 
only the plainest and most practical forms 
of writ in-, avoiding nourishing and all un- 

necessarj embellishment 

B, A. Drake, Erie, Pa , spoke of the prev- 
alent belief that writing is a peculiar gift. 
This fallacy tends to discourage in the 
pupil practice necessary to make a good 
writer. The speaker believed that as a rule 
public school teachers stand in the way of 
good writing, largely on account of their 
own defective skill in this direction, lie 
ttaoughl thise very Inviting field for reform. 
BuBiuese men often complain, Mr. Drake 
continued, that school room writing is 
never used in business, as it is too delicate, 
too nicely touched out with bair lines, 
shade and flourishes, As a matter of fact, 
he thought that this objection existed to a 
considerable extent, and that writing teach- 



practical method, 
quired but little sagacity to see that sucli a 
plan, if followed implicitly, would neces- 
sarily lead to the abandonment of a coarse 
hand— as no doubt it did with many. It 
also paved the way for Ihe next issue of 
copy books, which, in fact, were but a step 
in advance of '42. That step was a natural 
oue. viz.: the almost entire elimination of 
heavy strokes and coarse hand. The 
strange thing about it was that it did not 
come sooner. But here the railway began 
to open avenues to trade. The old stage 
coach and canal boats were about to become 

No startling change 
Jenkins' principles, e 

,'sleinatizmg this 
:his time. John 
iven fifty years 
lly changed. 
Hoot had introduced many letters contain- 
ing the loops, as in capitals V, U, Y . and Q, 
suggesting another principle which was 
utilized by those who followed. 
The work of Root presented a copy-book 

termed a Philosophical Theory and Pr 
of Penmanship, in three parts— Pri 
Intermediate and Final; each part in 
books. His introduction is as follows 
"This work comprises cuts desigi 
illustrate the manner of holding am 
ducting the pen ; preparatory exercises, 
which thoroughly train the muscles em- 
ployed iu writing ; a classification of letters 
and words according to their similarity of 
formation, and Instructions accompanying 


use his left hand as well as his right. This 
was done so that if he happened to lose his 
right hand in action be could carry on the 

who have suffered that loss have trained 
the left hand to a more beneficent use. 

A gentleman in New York city, awhile 
since, took it into his head to collect speci- 
mens ol wrilingfrom soldiers who had lost 
their right baud in battle and afterward 
learned to use the left. 

lie -rave public notice of his desire, and 
offered prizes for the best of these speci- 
mens. Pretty soon they began lo come in. 

All are good The writing in near 
cases slants backwards instead of for 
Oue piece of writing, from a soldiei 
had lost both arms, was made by holding 
the pen in his mouth. — North American 


Hired : 

The first edition of the Pay son, Duuion 
& Scribner copy-books, which were the next 
copy books to follow, nine years later, con- 
tained a classification similar to Root's. 

Engraving, of course, was all the time 
making advancement, aud as engravers 
became more expert, better workmanship iu 
reproducing the lines of the penman was 
possible. Lithography also look its place 

and Payson, Dunton & Scribner's in 1851. 

Dunton & Dolbear's. The leading feature 
of all was the excluding of the coarse hand. 
Payson, Dunton & Scribner, however, did 
present one hook containing a coarse hand, 

How Demented People Write. 
Science says that the manuscripts of 
neuropaths— a word wide enough to in- 
clude the slight and severe disturbances of 
mental sanity— present certain typical char- 
acteristics. They abound in italicised 
words ; iu exclamation points and punctua- 
tions after almost every word ; in frequent 
use of capitals ; in various sizes of writing, 
particularly much very large writing, and 
the like. It is not often that such people 
have the opportunity of going to print and 
converting the compositor to their peculiar 
system of typography. M. Richet prints 
a few specimen pages of such an author, 
and counts twelve different kinds of letters 
inseventeeu lines, besides the usual capitals, 
exclamation points, aud so on, in great 
abundance. All this is significant of 
excited, prancing state of mind, closely 

— At an autograph sale in Boston, a letter 
from Hawthorne to the late Mr Whlppll 
brought $ 1 0. 50 — two dollars more than a 
document signed by Henry VIII. A verse 
of " Old Ironsides," signed by Dr. Holmes 
brought $'.}.'i~>, and a document bearing tin 
joint signatures of Ferdinand and Isabella 

The Organization. 

The convention met at ten o'clock in the 
morning of Thursday, July 7th, in the 
rooms of Clark's Business College. H. 0. 
Clark was called temporarily to the chair 
These officers were elected to serve for twe 

President, A. H. Hinman ; Vice-Presi 
dent,H "'lark; Second Vice President, 
C. R. Wells; Secretary and Treasurer, 
M. Robinson ; Executive Committee, II 
W. Shaylor, A. N. Palmer aud C. 0, Cur 
tlaa, The rest of the day's session was de 
and adoption of : 

■ Association 

At Friday morning's session, 
Smith, of Corry, Pa . began a 
respecting the best methods of 
writing for gaining the recognit: 

■iTccliv.' cooperation on Mm part ol Hie sun- 
ordinate teachers. This he accomplished 
through two normal lessons per week when 
the teachers were drilled both as teachers 
and pupils iu all the work appertaining to 
instruction and penmanship. By beginning 
at the fountain head he has been enabled to 
obtain highly satisfactory results. A general 
discussion followed in which Mr. Clark's 
methods were highly commended. 

Rev. N. R. Luce occupied the attention 
of the convention with a spirited address 
upon -Principles." He contended that 
correct principles underline all successful 
achievements, and ingeniously applied his 
argument to the teaching of writing. He 
regarded round band writing as all legibil- 
ity and no speed, and angular hand as all 
speed and no legibility, while the modern 
semi angular band is a happy embodiment 
of these two essential qualities. In his opin- 
ion practice upon flourishing and orna- 
mental writing tends to advance a pupil in 
plain writing, because it gives him increased 
skill and tends to educate his mind to 

higher standards 

John T. A. Holah believed that writing 
is improved by study and practice of artis- 
tic forms, but was also of the opinion that 
Ihe highest order of attainment results from 
devotion to a single specially. 

The practice of flourishing was condemned 
by Messrs. Robinson and Clark on the 
ground that it is a direct hindrance to good 
plain writing. 

Mr. Ames thought that the difficulty re- 
sults from the intermingling of the plain 
with Ihe ornamental, Each should be con- 
fined to a separate and proper use. He 
would be the last to commend flourished 

/The convention then listened to an all' 
paperon the " Growth and Development 

which is punted elsewhere iu (hi- issue 

c. R Wells, special teacher of writing 

the public schools of Syracuse, X. Y.. a 
conductor of writing at the Chautauqua 
scmbly, gave an interesting exposition 
his methods in public school work. 

had developed a new plan which consist; 
n loiiy preliminary drill purely upon mo 
ment. He had thus drilled his pupils 

movement exercises an entire » cur \uMn 

■ Detection of Forger- 

lb'( subject than Hi Wins, and his opio- 
able handwriting la tb< csun foi a auit, 

Mr. Ames stared thai he would simply 

present a Few off-band thoughts pertaining 

ro forgeries, lie said that he had been 

called to 'estifv in many coses, where large 

sums were involved. Only a short tune 

ago lie was called to pass upon anonymous, 

s.urriloiis and black-mailing letters received 

by a prominent New ^ ork banker. 

-■) 1 !»>>■ 

habitual w 

peculiarities enter into tbe make-up of an 
habitual band writing. These are scarcely 
notlcable to the writer and cannot, there- 
fore, be diflxegarded at will. 

Three well nigh insuperable difficulties 
confront tbe forger : First, avoidance of all 
his own uncoucious and habitual peeuliari- 
lies; second, the discovery and cognizance 
ol all the same in tbe handwriting to be im- 
itated ; third, the exercise of that perfect 
artistic skill necessary to the accurate ma- 
king of uupracticed forms which he must 

<uppt»-menk'd the remarks 
with marked ability, giving 
tation of the very intcreslin, 
dividuality of handwriting. 

by Mr A me 

i lucid preseti- 
subjeet uf in- 

N. Kelly, Fostoria, O., opened I 

The disguised le 
biui together with 
originalB from various suspected parties, 
and as a resull of bis examination the per- 

arrested and bo strong a ease made against 

Mi- lines said that in writing our every- 
daj band we arc not cognizant of what we 
-'"' doing. Force of habit controls the mo. 
lion of tbe hand and produces tbe writing 

■"" :l1 " -' lly - Prom long practice every 

adult bandwriting comes to he completely 
personal in its character and as thoroughly 
i individual ns do his face, 
or oih..- r per*.. nal characteristics. Tbis 
nulity comes through a gradual change 
tbe set, still and formal style of tbe 

necessarily reproduce. In addition il often 
happens that the writing to be simulated is 
of a higher order than that of which the for- 
ger is ordinarily capable. Iu such cases, 
however painstaking the forger, a manifest 
degree of inferiority in bis work as com 
pared with the genuine is apparent to the 
practiced eye. On the other band, the for- 
ger may be vastly superior in point of 
artistic skill 10 the writer, whose hand he 
is to imitate. In this case he is equally 
liable to betray himself iu overdone work. 
There are few forgeries so skilfully executed 

that they are spurious. 

. rapid writing 

(3) of 

he Saturday mornic 
teachers uf writing 
three heads— (1) advocat 
(2) of slow at 
rapid writing 

Mr. Kelly said that he was among the 
last class. He believed that every pupil 
should be taught to write rapidly from the 
first lesson, also that pupils should first be 
initiated in the whole arm movement, and 
afterwards brougb 
and combined n 


existence of any class ol 
taught or advocated slow 
pronounced the claim that ; 
exist, made by certain advo 

n libel upon the profession. He had never 
met. nor did he ever expect to meet a pro- 
fessional teacher of writing so idiotic as to 
advocate or teach slow writing. 

Remarks in similar vein were made by 
Messrs. Shaylor. Clark. Smith and Drake. 
The first two endorsed the views of tec 
last speaker as to the Impracticability of 
even teachiog forearm writing to pupils 
under nine years of age. Tbe common re- 
sult of such teaching is a mistaken whole- 
arm movement, which balks the child's 
progress for all time. 

Mr. Ames then addressed the Convention 
on the preparation of copy forphoto-engrav- 

mentor de 

to give the 

most pleasing 

conclusion of tbe address 

the Conven 

gave a vote 

motion of H. W 


At the a 

'ternoon session 

H. C. Clark 

spike on " 


ic.s Writing 

He believed t 

int most of 

now taught 


too complic 

itcd and diffl- 

cult tn ndm 


the approval of 

be business 

vorld. Every 

letter should be 

reduced to (he minimum of 



. No line not 

necessary t 


should be al- 

A. H. Hi 

followed w 

ii an inlcrcsl- 

ing talk upon 

he general philosophy of 

teaching an 

I practicing writ 

ng. A teacher 

with a love for good writing and awake 
and maintain an enthusiasm in its practice, 
and he should study to devise plans that 
would reach every pupil. What would 
enthuse one might not move auother. He 
should appeal to every motive that could 
influence a pupil to put forth his most 
earnest effort — to ambition iu the hope of a 
good situation ; to pride, in promised suc- 
cess, and by immediate praise; to the sense 
of duty to parents who paid the expense, 
and tbe teacher who worked for their ad- 

Tbe remainder of the afternoon and the 
evening were devoted to the answering of 
questions from the query box. Many of 

Tbe subject of flourishing was discussed 
at Monday's session by A. H. Hinman. 
He believed that penmanship was ret- 
rograding from the disparagement of 
flourishing. A few months since be visited 
the British museum in London and in- 
spected specimens of penmanship repre- 
senting the styles practiced during centu- 
ries past. Flourishing was a very con- 
spicuous feature of all the specimens, and 
especially was this the fact respecting 
the writing by all the most celebrated of tbe 
English masters. In England to-day there 
are no masters of flourishing, consequently 
practical writing there is to-day far below 
the standard of fifty years ago, and Mr. 
Hinman believed that the same would be 
true in America if nourishing were die- 
warded. He also Illustrated in detail the 
flourishing ami the intimate 

writing and flourishing. 

Mr. Ames talked about engraving and a 
tistic penmanship, and Mr. Jones gave a 
exercise illustrating utility of the aut( 
malic shading pen for quick lettering. 

After an elucidation of the Cross Eleclr: 
system of shorthand by H. 0. Hinman, th 
■onvenlion adjourned . *//)<• rft'r, subject to tli 

^Dcp'f of ^fioMoqiapfaji 


3 liteness by Bs joined or disjoined. 

',:. /•'ii'm-s.i h\ l-'x joined or disjoined 

t. Tveness by Vs joined or disjoined 

5, fewness by V.* disjoined. 

E&rhy the r hook on both straight 

and curved stems, | Whatever and/<n*- 
nsr are always written with r stem.) 

7 F.n-m by /-'joined. 

s .1/, ntei, in ntaJWyby Stht disjoined. 
(All words ending iu mrntal are second 
position ; ending in mentality, first 

9. Ology liy J joined or disjoined. 

10. Self by a small circle joined. 

i StfoM by a large circle joined. 

13, SAip by S// joined or disjoined. 
L3 flbnierby «t'joiued. 

14, Worfty by 2)2/ joined or dis- 
join, d. 

IS Zfl and on by the n hook. 



• ! 1 -"•S- 




1 r-— H •C--\b/-^ 

■t r- 


..^...^..y...) €.C..^,...u?...:.... 

V..r^ :...,... ybi. 

fl..:..C .C.;..£...-^..:...^,4:. 

?.V^»...^,.^.. V W,. 

I..CA.. 1 ^...b/.., 7 .^.L.U 

.:^. ( ,.,. v ( A^ v \-U:, 

i^,<;.. No .,.. J ..v.<..^..:_.. 

S - T ... ( .^4-V\ ( ,<^,. 

v > T ..j...L. c:jr ^ v ..e..->...v :a ,...^. 

Shorthand Notes. 

Two good exercises to write in connec- 
tion with llie 17th and 18th Joims'AL les- 
sons are "Words Continuing Wr," and 
■■The Jenlous Punster," to be found ou 

pages 2!0 mid 311 of the Co/nphh l'h., „■>.,- 

eons'tanlh hu>\ Having read his mail, a 

word. The Mayor does not like m be dis- 
turbed while dictating, and is v. i\ parti, 
in bis useof words He has a perfect horror 
of being misquoted, and woe to the news- 
paper reporter who trusts to his memory f'T 
an interview. So says the World. 

Don't make a phrase that is 111c 
Don'1 join words which see 
beloDg together. 

[><in'l timKe difficult joinings. 
Don't join words that have i 
even a rhetorical one, between tb 
I't write very l< ae phrases 

i 1 write phr;iM-s that vmi i 

Validity of Type-writer Signa- 

■I '-:l'I-. .1 in t|.j. 



I. -i,l 

1. 1. 

. be 



thand a 



siness Ed- 

Good earnest 
shorthand section 




in the 


D. <; l»i 


iyn,.i ■;.. 

D Mi 1 


Tllck.T. ll 

ford, III 



Tin- -vsl 

il. ,1 « 

eio Bonn 


[ley, Eclectic, 

Ciniil.l, T„ 

Tbe rep 




Oil I-Xlll 


le ffi ,c t 

ii'.ditful, loreihle issue nnd well re- 

n the discussion upon ■' lion tolneirase 
|,,.,il,ilil\ o| Mi, III, ami,' the follnw. 

hints were conspicuously presented ; 

Jlr, Wright of Brooklyn, said a goml 
word for the girls who don't know every - 
Lliing and cannot spend the time and money 
to get a liberal education. He (-aid there 
should be classes of stenographers : one 

in- exclusively for punctuation. Fo 

paragraph he haves a line \ ai ail. f" 
period, half a line, and less for the ol 
niarkMd' punctuation. 

Mr. Pierre, who gave 

lukiL-n.fy. was formeilv :i 

Dr. Cross stilted in the i 
Ilmi lie learned tift\ nine year- ag" <■•-. 
stenography— a system which had theu oecn 
praciii'cil in CmiLTr-s I >> Hie :unlioi t . .1 

ninny years. I>r Cross learned it without 

n text-hook. :md in the course of two 
inonths could report verbatim I lie most 

Home. N. Y.. 

■iillc iiimli' an aiMn^s mni 
When Hi,. I i r ~ T 1 . . F . Ii:„] !>,.,.,i 

antion of the N. E. A. 

'V-'ooo'lVo'li.-rV in'vtt'^'.'l 

ui.i most enthusiastic medio: 
■ i the National Kdiicatir-u .1 
' ' ' 1 Chicago fro 111 .lnh 

express .t prefi n 

M, Si vin forms given, choice made to 

! penmen, 74 
N. Eight styles presented, choice by 18 
■ninen. :!i.i per cent, ol all. 

0. Four styles, sihclion In '.'.' p 11, 

I percent, of all. 

1*. Five styles, flrsl choice, by 28 pcr- 

itis, or Till per cent, of all. 

Q. Choice out of five, made by 1 

- t 60 per t 



of A.j , its 

ders, upon which 

a mouthpiece, etc., etc 

tain ki 

ds of worl 

its besi promise 

sible bodies of water, its soil i 
not he entirely arid and desicca 
e observations which liint at 1 
res in certain spots that could ] 
aused by vegetation, and there 
servations which suggest the 
lectric luminosity in a rnrefu 

may have existed is possible, particularly if 
it is true, as generally believed, that the 
moon once had a comparatively dense at- 
mosphere and water upon its surface, which 
have now, in the process of cooling of the 
lunar globe, been withdrawn into its inte- 
rior. It certainly does not detract from the 
interest with which we study the rugged 
and beautiful scenery of the moon to reflect 

nottoms, or explore those glittering moun- 
tains, we might, perchance, find there some 

shed, und perhaps was all gathered again to 
ts fathers, before man appeared upon the 
sarth.— From "Astronomy with an Opera 
9Uaa," by Garrett P. Sermsa, in Popular 
Vciente Monthly for August, 

The undergoing of present hardship for 
the sake of future gain is one of the most 
encouraging features connected with ath- 
letic sports and games. That the partici- 
p;mt< ni;i\ W in the best physical condition 
at the day of the contest, they are obliged to 
undergo a long and arduous course of train- 
ing, denying themselves luxuries, foregoing 
pleasures, and holding themselves down to a 
rigid system of mechanical exercises i 
ultimate object— the winning of a foot 

hundred will practice self denial, ar 
dergo hardship in order to win a priz 
llretin- pastime, is it not an insult to t 


e is the school-hou 

se of the Wi 



Society. This is 

the oldest so 



destroyed in the 

late war ) it 



District. It was at 

first a " cody 


meeting monthly t 

.discuss the 1 



from England and 

the prospects 



of indigo, then ll 

eir great staji 

now. Perhaps the 

ilvesl nil imp! 


to the 

r minds the tint of 

the material 


and the society waxed rich. The exchequer 

was full to overflowing, when in 1753 the 

question waB debated. "What shall we do 

with our surplus funds '! " As the lule runs, 
solid. The president called on the members 

valley," the lii.-i dolli 
in a liohemian valley 

to till their glasses ; he wished to offer a 
resolution ; if it met witli their approval 

Germany, King of 

emptying his glass. He moved thai the 

surplus funds in the treasury he devoted to 

the establishment of an independent charity 

t back to 1785, whe 
Congress which pri 
he unit of money c 

No dollars were coined until 1794, and then 
irregularly. They arc worth now f 100 each. 
In 1794 the coinage of regular dollars began. 

metal ; it is synonymous with pinsle. It is 
supposed that the Spaniards took the Ger- 
man "thaler," and called it by the name of 
"piaster." The word dollar is enlercd in 
Bailey's English Dictionary of 174.5, and 
was used repeatedly by Shakespeare at the 
teenth century, espe- 

M:„ belli. 

I dulla 

baud. The birds a 

head at some height. With his heavy gun 
he killed two of them, when they circled 
and swept across the pond, where Captain 
Green killed two more. The remaining 
bird, which had been wounded by scatter- 
ing shot, made a hard struggle to rise to a 
safety height. Captain Green hastily slipped 
in a cartridge, and look a long shot. A few 
feathers fell from the bird, and he flew 

A Unlvemat language. 

Mr. Charles E. Sprague is engaged in pre 
paring a Handbook of Volapuk— a scientific 
international language. " This language." 
Mr. Sprague says, " is not to supersede aoy 
living langunge, but to be learned next to 
ihe mother tongue, by every educated per- 
son. Formed on the general model of the 
Aryan family of languages, selecting from 
each the true and beautiful, discarding ir- 
regularities, oddities and difficulties. Mate- 
rial taking largely from English. Par 
easier to learn than any existing language. 
Perfectly regular and transparent. Invent- 
ed by Hev. Father Johann Martin Schleyer, 
of Constance, Baden. Germany." Of the 
forthcoming book the author says: "My 
plan is to write an instruction book suited 
for those who understand English only, and 

English. To write it with coustant refer- 

English. To give, from the very begining. 
practical and progressive exercises, so that 
the book may be studied without the aid of a 
tencher. To give a short dictionary of the 
most distinct words. Thus the book will 

A short distance fr the church, 

Educational Notes. 

first of ilS kilirl in l||, 

rdted siat.s, was 


. The largest graduating 

There are 1,250 female 

ITS 111 tllC public Schools 

of Chicago. 

has left $500,000 

education ot poor calls. 

The 31,000 school leac 

last year received an average salarv of sill] 

Vi. himslhal 
Emperor o] 
md Lord ol 

W. J. Henderson 

down without soiling the linen, and the 

Winyi llgo Society was established." 

From "A Boiifk Omlina Village," by /.„■ 
O. llimlji, in The American Magazine. 

tied in abnegation and s 

Enrly one morning Mr. Bright heard a dis. 
tant vigorous honking. He soon saw a 
Book of seven geese Hying toward the pond, 


in the smc 
Out of the 

P'-ile Mr 

Harvard 1.09(1, C 

if Michigan 1.475. (Jlieilin 1.302, Vale 1 1:14. 

Northwestern 1.100, University of Penusyl. 

I ". '''."'> pursuing a iiie.lhal coin 

Me only ::5 fell called to such II., .,1. 

I, with 97, 
eacbers. Thei 

. for Ihe edueaf 

They have IIK7 | 

play, and though they watch Ihe gamci 
very closely, and if their money lasts, play 
sometimes all night long, there is none ol 
that feverish ur excited look about them 
which is noticeable in the face of gamblers 


Couldn't Fool Him. 
>f the bitter opponents of 

ulijeet Willi the lollowin- 
favor of some educ.iliou '" 

ekuse I can sign my name. I'm tu well 
idicnted to be fooled any furder. No. 
og-ou yer scules, any way."— American 

ol N.nplnre in tne.u, six laiigua". - have 
been circulated in (Ileal Britain and abroad, 

from the Crystal Palace Bible 

London, by volunlarv helper 

vol $515, 
llion of Ihe 

■ those who 

you may not." Tommy. — "Darn gram 
mnr, anyway!" — Itamliler. 
When we realize with what celerity a goal 

called a conju 
A Berlin newsp 


i boy to get at Ills! principles. 

■vhibilioii (he < I. 
sGod give to glial, i ?l ii. hi 
ill course he thought the 

L'oine lo (he heao of iu V ela-> lo . I ,, v 
w is that, my son?"' "HI,, ., be- 
came all Ihe way down lo me, and if 


gum- clear up. 




Penman's Art Journal 



"CC'- ■"; ^ >■■- ■' '...-. i,n„-u( uac/: TiTlVuSa 1 

i-.-i .1 !..',', .,.- ,..i v ',"",', -." \ i.'.f.'* Wi.'.'l: ,'i'!,':'k 


imaM, whose headouarttrt are 18 Grand Optra 
toute, Toronto. Elliott Fraser, Secretary" Circled* 
I 3alU," Quebec, [P, 0. Box 1641. t* special agent/or 


»w Demented People V 

•3-Verses. . . m 

G. W. Brown, 


Mrs. L. B. Packard. 

C. Bayless, 

Bxes; Sufllxes; IloailliiE and Writing 
"rH^.Mn.nti.m.l N , ; Validity of 

E. Convention ; The Oraphophone, etc. 

Mrs C Duyle.s>, 

s liucfirdus, 


-■i-lfyim: r.i-speUlve Arlirlr \\ | 

Athletics As a Disclplln. 

» Harper's New Copy rtuoks (H. 

Of Interest to Teachers. 

ployment bureau/or teachers of p<:nman*/<i} 
■, ,' mmereiai braneht*. Tin- registrattoi 
■ it JS.80 {including ",, ,-,.,/ 
of forwarding tetter*), and <ri/l be charged 
.rii.. folium seeking teacher* and pom 
Thtplan is to keep a full list oj aUwhodesirt 
emptoymsnt, and <■/ eehoote fasiring the wr- 

tire* of a teacher, ami ettablith a Unr of com- 

The pilots of dii.s number of the Jouhnal 
ritlectinan unusually marked degree the 
views of representative men and women iu 
tho-e lines of knowledge of which it is an 
exponent. To make it aH the more perfect 
mirror of contemporaneous events pertinent 
to its purposes, the records of the several 
important conventions held last month have 
been given precedence overall other matter. 
Many articles and Illustrations intended for 
this issue have been necessarily laid over 
until the September number of the Journal, 
which will be as bright and entertaining us 

Business Educators' Meeting. 

The ninth annual meeting of the Business 
Educators' Association of America, held at 
the City of Milwaukee, from July 19th to 

to all friends of practical education. No 
more enthusiastic or successful convention 
of tlie iissociatiuii has ever been held. 

Coming at a time when the Journal's 
forms are being made ready for press, it is 
impossible lo give as extensive a report of 
the proceedings as the event might other- 
wise demand. The readers of the Journal 
will, however, appreciate the enterprise of 
the paper in reconstructing its make-up iu 
order to lay before them a fresh and accur- 
ate report of the convention's proceedings. 
From the many able papers that were read 
it is quite likely that the Journal may ex 

i deal c 

■l i ■ ' ■ 

■ i'.'u" iV.i'i.K 

gave an interesting talk 
of iraininir pupils to be- 
o a clearand smooth band 
in writing U-iters The best way toaccim- 
plish this, he said, was to di \- lop Ibeil 
faculties of form, size, weight, nrder, [mi- 
ideality, constructs ncss, ecquisi- 

. hope, hrnniess, cauti.n n 

and appropiiath 



ing address, delivered in [In 
earnest, thoughtful and im- 

Mayor Wallber extended the hand of 
welcome on behalf of the city, and Presi- 
dent Sadler replied. Other addresses were 
made by S. S. Packard. President Cbapiu 
of the Milwaukee t bamber of Commerce, 
A. D. Wilt, Col. George Soule of New Or- 
leans, Rev. J. L, Dudley of Milwaukee and 

At Wednesday morning's session A. H. 
Hinman read a paper on practical penman- 
ship in business colleges, which evolved a 
general discussion, in which Col. Soule and 
D. T. Ames were the chief disputants. 

Homer Russell gave his views on 
"Bookkeeping as a Branch of English 
Education " Hon. Thomas E. Hill argued 
that the study of bookkeeping should lie 

exhibition of a new business alphabet, 
selected by a majority of fifty penmen from 
sample sheets and sent out by H. C. Spen- 
cer, of Washington. The alphabet repre- 
sented the capital letters in script, and 
started out with a large lower case. (See 
article on ' ' Some Changes in Script Forms, " 
page 105.] 
In the afternoon "Expert Accounting'' 

bj Enoa Sp 

J. W. We 

i iMiniNiiL' \\ < -i k , anil rrpor! - 
ic next annual meeting. 
Ira Mayhew, of Detroit, mi 

The Ethical Aspects of B 

-I. miiI,] he added I 

atet to pn Mi private virtui It 

l to economj and thrift in public and 
ale affair-. lis general study will re 
e pauperism and crime and promote fru- 
gality and virtue. Messrs. E. Spencer and 
Bayless concurred in the views Ol Lhfi 

formal discussion be science of phren- 
ology, which took a humorous turn. 

The proceedings of the evening session 
enlivened by an uncommonly-bright 

address by Mrs. Sara A Spencer, on the 
'Condition of the Educated Young Women 


colleges in the I idled Stalis and Canada, 
relative to the auccess of young women in 
business. She received answers from tifty- 
five. located in twenty seven Slates, and 
with the exception of La Crosse, they wen- 
more or less favorable and encouraging. 
She continued j 

"Two hundred and thirty-two business 
colleges reported to the bureau of education 
at Washington last year, an attendance of 
young women of 5,3:i3 ; at night sessions. 
of 1,084; total attendance. 8,417. Forty 
colleges made no report. During the last 
twenty years 9.890 women were sent out by 
those colleges prepared to earn a respectable 
living. To the question what was their av- 
erage age, Rochester replied: 'Never 
inquired, Think too much of our scalps.' 
Their combined reports show that it was 
19. The number married was 6,846; un- 
married, 2,979. Forty colleges answer that 
the demand for their services has increased . 
'yes, very decidedly, greatly.' Others say 
'no, nonsense, it does not diniinsh.' I ,a 
Crosse says, ' Discouraging to such a degree 
that 1 warn lady students if they will enler 
our college, to expect no employment/ 
The employments open to women, 1 find 
from the answers, arealmostendless. Elko, 
Nev., says, ' Room for more good women, 
send them on ; they always succeed.' As 
to wages the answers are : 'Lower, always ; 
20 per cent, lower ; highest, $600 per year.' 
Fifty ceDts a day for 12 to 15 hours' hard 

starvation from time immemorial. 

"I find from my answers that women 
change less, continue, stick generally ; 
'change only to marry* There was no 
other testimony, and I lay down this testi- 
mony as a triumphant vindication of young 

Mr. Packard said that women were grad- 
ually working their way into the avenues of 
the pursuits of life, although not every red- 
headed girl that went to New York expect- 
ing to marry the man that employed her to 
do type writing, cou" 
were too many of th 

ligation of all subjects pertaining to Duai- 

All. r thorough discussion acoinmitlie 

was appointed to devise means for carrying 
the project through, and report at the next 
meeting. This is perhaps the most weighty 
work of the convention. Tin , -mil, ll I □ 
constitute the Cominillre S. S. J'aekaiil, 
Ira Mayhew, George Soule, II. 0. Spencer. 
A D V\ ib. W E. McCord, Q. W. Brown, 
C. 0. Curtiss, L. A. Gray. C. Bayless. 1„ 
L, Williams, Enoa Spencer. II I W rlglll 
i: [■ ih aid. \\ i: Gallagher, Frank Good. 

, devnled at Friday mm 
i discussion of the mer 

Imanucnsifl " Mr. Goodwin gave a review 

of tlic work done by the shorthand section, 
and was followed by K. D. Peterson, pri- 
vate secretary to II L. Palmer, who de- 
scribed some of the humorous experiences 
of a shorthand reporter -I '. ' n^- of 
Chicago, explained his system of shorthand. 

S. Bogardus, of Springfield, III., talked 
on "The Morals and Manners of Business 

position and good character. Col. Soule 
spoke on his hobby, *' Philosophic Arith- 
metic, and the Logic of Accounts." Mr. 

rendered, were unanimously adopted. The 
convention then adjourned tine die 

In the afternoon the members were 
treated to a delightful carriage ride about 
the city by It C. Spencer. 

One of the most pleasurable events of the 
convention was an excursion to While Fish 
B'.v and an elegant, collation, given by the 
Speii<-« i lb-others, a -.piaial report ol whii Ii 


The Penman's Section of the Business 

Wednesday morning by the chairman, I). 
T. Ames. 

A. II. Hinman opened the proceedings 
with a paper on " Practical Penmanship in 
the Business College." He said that prin- 
ciples underlie success in any undertaking 

on -'The Application of Form to Move- 
ment." Mr. Pierce presented Lis subject in 
a very interesting and effective manner, 
eliciting the warmest praise. 

A discussion followed in which C. T. 
Smith agreed with Pierce, adding that he 
would simplify form and contract the ex 

from primary to highc 

( Spencer. Wilson, Elliott, Hinman. Ames. 

Drew, llnrkins and L&mson approved, 

■'Teaching Business Waling from the 
Blackboard " was the subject of a thought- 
ful paper by II. B. Chicken. 

After going somewhat minutely into the 
selection of materials, he filled the exhibi- 
tion blackboard with exercises used in pri- 
mary instruction. 

The copies given were very plain, oroit- 

speaker stated that he would shorten all 




j A J 7 ^ ^tXj&a^C^LLLL 

!i"ii- that arr raided against business col- 
leges, and received a vote of thanks for the 
suggestions be advanced. 
H. W. Ellsworth, H. C. Spencer and C. 

annual meeting. Invitations w. re received 
from Hamilton. Pittsburg. Portland, 
Albany, Saratoga and Minneapolis 

The following officers were elected for 
the ensuing year: President, L, L. Wil- 
liams. Rochester \ Vice-Presidents, Col. 
Ceo. Soule. New Orleans ; Enos Spencer. 
I."insvilh. , Mi.s.s Askew, Jacksonville, 
and Treasurer, A S < isborn, 
Rochester; Executive Committee, C. C. 
Curliss, Minneapolis, chairman C. Bayless 
I>»bn.p,e; A H. Wilt. Dayton. 

Hesolulions of thanks to President Sad- 

ke perfeetly 
,ud for coab- 

of penmanship. A pupi 
l In- piiiiciples pcri'erlly <■ 
all the letters. Fixed fc 
a- a standard of measure 
ling .me teacher to suppl 
work of another. Pupil, 
structed in a proper 
and ifterward in the proper mo 
rapid writing. Mr. Hinman ilhi: 
great facility at the blackboard 
of conducting a class of wrl 
In applying the principles to 
thought of and described th' 
openiugs or spaces Inclosed by i 
writing. The office oi lines Est 
of forms. The office of inst 
practice is: 1st, straight line ; sis 
size, shading, introducing move 
parent form ; too much form, r 
tion, and too much motion, st 
Principled writing like principh 

lowed by Messrs. Eamson, Russell, Ames, 
Smith, Ellsworth, Goodman, Beardsley, 
Elliott, Stoddard, Heeb, Ilarkins, Soule and 

C. C. Curtlss followed with an explana- 
tion of his method of " Teaching Move- 
ment to Primary Classes." The term 
"primary " he meant, to include beginners 
of any age. He is an advocate of rapid 
writing and very particular respecting the 
position both of writer and materials. 

He begins with lateral exercises from left 
to right, and follows with exercises similar 
to those given by Pierce and Chicken 
Then he would -ive special .lull in the 

opened by C. II, Pierce 

I!;,:;: j:z 

Brief n 
views wei 

Lesson on Business Capitals. 
Ptrman -V. T. Normal Sc&ool, Vaipa- 

No older are the bills than the fact that 
skill is acquired by repetition. Exercises 
in penmanship arc based on the theory that 
repetition prodm-es skill. In my last lesson 
I -ne a -H i if plain eapitals, and showed 
one. method of practicing same, that is by 
disconnected repetition. 

The accompanying plate illustrates 
another method of practice, namely, con- 
nected repetition, by means of what may be 

tended movements 


st thought it 
the case. It 

tinuous repetition in a very simple way. as 
will be seen in accompanying plate, others. 

quite so simply, but by means of the extra 
sweep in the form of a horizontal oval, the 
true form of those letters may be retained. 
Besides, the extra connecting oval is a nice 

Again, I wish to call attention to the fact 
that the copies in the accompanying plate 
were written rapidly in a few minutes' 
time on a single sheet of paper. The size 
of the original sheet was 13x14 inches, and 
the original copies being so large, were 
made with ihewbolcarm movement. Had 
the original been the same size as the en- 
graved copies appearing here, I could have 
made them with the muscular movement 
just as well, and the learner who aspires 
only to plain business hand had better not 
fool away much time on the wholearm 
movement, but practice faithfully and encr- 

acres, as it were, with each exercise. 

Such practice as here indicated is valuable 
in developing skill, not only in making 
each individual capital, not only in joining 
initial capitals— for it is perfectly proper to 
join initials even in business writing when 
it can be done without interfering with 
legibility — but it helps very materially in 
acquiring ski]] in small writing. 

Two of the main conditions in learning 
penmanship are System and Perseverance. 
Be systematic, be persevering ! By system, 
I mean that you must acquire the habit or 
power to arrange all your work systemati- 
cally on yourpage. This, of course, includes 
necessarily the form and proportion of the 
letters. Any one who will deliberately 
practice a letter for any length of time with- 
out a knowledge of its form and proportion 
is a genuine, natural born fool. But having 
a good knowledge of form, be systematic 
and persevering in your practice. One way 
to apply system and pcrsevtrence in this 
lesson would be to fill one entire page of 
foolscap with Kteh of the twenty-six exer- 
cises in accompanying plate each day during 
one month. 

Practice all of these exercises rapidly, and 
with the muscular movement. That the 

speed meant by "rapidly, 1 will. stale that 

of the former 
the merits of 

ipris'inL' vi.-w* of public building, pri- 

r st vi..i.ut n ,_-■■ it-,.. 

M.i r. Ht) A^.i.-:.Ml.i.u..— i- .-..- 

Exchange Editor's Calendar. 


rau l i .--• .,i i paleo logisL The 

subjects of " Scientific Orthodoxy," and the nppll- 
oatioo of "Physical Culture as a Means of Moral 
Reform," are dlsouased In the "Editor's i. [e 
New York : I) Appletou & Co. Fifty centa a num- 
ber. $5 a year. 

1 his Bridgeport position f. 

/ ,rr/> 


/6sScj. CaUt£t< rSfr 

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argent's paper on "Tl..' I'liy> : Tower*" from Lbe e 

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Philadelphia, 834 Chestnut St. 
Boston, 201 Washington 

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St Louis, 308 N. Sixth St. 
St. Paul, 116 E. Third St. 

Indianapolis, 84 E. Market St. 
Kansas City, 322 West 9th St. 
.ondon, 100 Gracechurch St., 

$10 to $15 


>HERE was commenced in the June number of THE OFFICE, the publi- 
being one of the results of the competition conducted by this journal a short 
time since. This effort, which is by an eminently practical man, is a reflex of 
the best bookkeeping in large establishments, and is accordingly invaluable to 
teachers and students as well as practicing accountants. Nothing equal to it 
has ever appeared in print. 

1 retail 




Kerised Edition. 



detail, the system 
irapres of which are 

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Crisp Sentences from the Letters of Leading Teachers. 

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M WILLIAMS & ROGERS. Rochester, N. Y. 


Be S a e "'? f 2 j c ^ lit - at-amp for Clrctilars. Price List and 
3-0 Address. A. V. WEBH. Princlpitl. 

Pen Artist, Utica, N. Y. 

pUKEKA HECITATIONS. Seveu numbers. 



■ I • , , |.i | 

F. E. Persons, the Card Writer, 

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Do You Write 


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Springfield, <> 

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T s\ Rl I \J SIMPLE Al'PAliATI'Srepro- 



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<u II. ■(_"■ <>l il.HM :mtl i;..iiiiinTi.;ial Depart 





Business College, 

707 to 718 Broad St., Newark, N. J., 


(...list . sir-.mi^ly .Till. .r-ed by business 
AN INSTITUTION a :M| , i" : ' H 



449 Main St., Buffalo, N. Y., 

Business Education 


The First School of its kind in America. 





The Standard Practical Penmanship, a pnrtf.ili.i 
acludlDL' the new Magic Alphabet. Capable "of 


hi)sicASiD\n'n\j , 


N. c. \.l 
N. c.'y. L. 




ct Writing 


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^Tr;0SEWH0 ET0aEcljRe 



not corrode the pen. Clioupev than any 
llniil ink. Also violet, scarlet and red 

make, from thrt-.- pints I-. one irallon of ink. I'ii- 

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Pelrce's System of Penmanship 
Pelrce's Philosophical Treatise 
of Penmanship, and Peirce's 
Celebrated Tracing Exercises. 

1st. A Membership In the Business Department Is 

laratid specimen of Penmanship 
Tth. Peirce's System uf I'.jmn.nisbip, with Method 

volume of this "TREATISE' 

Chandler H. Peirce, 


Engrossing Uaekhand Alphabet. 
|| Exampl.-s..! Curd Writli.B 

Engrossing Hand Alphabet.' 
■■ Gmiilte 

KaEld iMIiiSu T, 
;; Rapid Working Alphabet. 

'AtoelgSt siyl'.'suf ll,„,l,rs 
I.:...;. . ... i in.) Hand Alphabet. 

Paper Warehouse, 

Nos. 1 5 & 1 7 Beekman St., 
8-12X NEW YORK. 



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"rot. W. 1) Bridge, ot 


: 7 ■■'::; 

25 a cts. 

The Model Guide to Penmanship. 

Sample Copy Guide and Cover, with Copy Slips. 
'J .-.i-.; Pmelie,. B.u.k, .<>«•.; p,i/.e Sp.fimeii, Id,.; 

T l RErrrni).lU- 



tVu'Cii. i. 


Mpsf If Cfajil X 

proofs ot display cuts prepared ot the office of the Journal. For this class of cuts our facilities f 

I ,;,", :v ';; ,; ' : :i •■■;■■.: " . r ■ \- :: - ■■ •■■■■• c ■> '- ; - * ^ * «»n .m be ^,1,^ man y r ^ preM w:,hi„ i^.^' 

.... '"'., ""'""" <".''*»""»» CM.,. "can be furuisbcd U, soil „„, I.™-,.1LIV. Cut, ,,„, „ulv ,.„■ ea«b „rt ' ,. I. ' S -i,,, 

T. AMES, Office of Penman's Art Journal, 205 Broadway, 

ness [colleges and 
New York. 


,bi" v 


c Tms i^i^i5Kptf%^>l^^Mi™H>i^ ran ^5>^ 

e above Cut was Photo-Engraved from Pen and Ink Copy, Executed at the Office of the Journal, and is given as a Specimen of Diploma Worl 
Diplomas were Printed on Paper 18x22 Inches. Diplomas are Gotton Up in any Form to Suit, on Short Notice, and at Very Lo 
Compared with the Cost by any Other Method. Special Estimates are Given and Specimens Mail 
Business Colleges, Penmanship Schools, and other Institutions in Stock, also Testin 






,For cards, 4c. C ' 



I.;.\|.n ssly adapted for professional u 

mental penmanship. 



All of Standard and Superior Quality. 





I Shaded Mark of Two ( 

Writing and Measuring Ruler. 

■ i edited. 

i Broadway, New York. 

Penman's Badge. 

Something Entirely New. 




(Copyrighted 1885.); 


Elementary, 104 pages, Price, $ .80 

Commercial, I 60 I .BO 

Cou ntlng-House,3 1 2 " 2.50 






[.aid. ('ards and Letter Heads at aame 
Afrenta Wanted^ OutfltJor_ 

C. C. DiPTJY, Syracuse 



of four small books, comprising U 8. lII *'" r ^ 

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ThH^f iirf p t .siiiv,-ly td" unly <|tiu*(!nri !»"" 

preparing for examlnatl< 


aubject, the solutions being I'l'"''' 1 
In this book there are over 1,100 
swIthAnswers on GRAMMAR." 

a the price of the b„..i 

TORT." IncTud! 

A "lom°S;l".aon. with Answer, oa OEOORA' 
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SI.OO ■f-'? 
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The methods for IQuatratklB 
USA la Business I>raetlce Departments, are 
conceded, by business educators EeneraUy, to be 
"'" very best yet devised by the Business Col- 
lege world. These "Business Practice" Depart- 

Colleges that claim to be a 

I pupils. For more , 

isluoss College 
9 Specialty of th 


Eclectic School of Shorthand & Typewriting. 

" I'IM'NCit.KAPllIi; WiiKLl),' 


A few evenings with K A TON'S (INK HINDHKD U'.SSONS IN HI S1M.SS. will 
make you familiar with tin- nm-i approved ineiln <K of work in all departments of trade 
and commerce. A dollar spent for ihis w.nk may prove i In- !,,-> i in vested dollar of your life. 


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Be sure to give your address in full. Send orders to 




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to be 






With Two Supplementary Books. 



guishing features of " Spencers' New Standard Writing." It effects a saving 
of from 15 to 35 per cent, in the labor of writing and a corresponding 
saving of time in learning to write. 

A Sample Set, containing all nunibiTS, sent for examination on receipt 
of $1.00. 

Full Descriptive Circular sent, on request, to any address. 

Ivison, Blakeman, Taylor, & Co., 

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Detroit, Mich. 

Portland, Me. 

Fall River, Mass. 

Hartford, Conn. 

^y.#f, j&sc 


• ._. . .._'. ■:' . 1, '- 


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Brooklyn, N. Y. 

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East Saginaw, Mich. 

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FOE INTRODUCTION : Traoing Course, 2 Nob., 60 Cts. per Doz.; Primary Course, 7 Nos„ 67 Cts.per Doz.; Grammar Course, 8 Nos.,90 Cts. per Doz 

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ist.— The pupil docs not have to write through from ten to twenty books 

in order to learn the System. Only sjx books. 

2d.— The letters are entirely free from useless lines like double loops, ovals, 

etc. The first complete system to present abbreviated forms of capitals. 







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See above copies. Contrast them with l 

Bonis .is "zeugma. Mquesne, xylns, ten fly, mimetic and intlnis." 
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ED • TO- V ^AfAMENT^' W 



Representative Penmen 


which LTIlies 

page is a very fair 

College at Detroit. Two years later this 
institution was consolidated with its local 
rival, the Goldsmith, Bryant & Stratton 
University. It has since been called the 
Detroit Business University, aud is known 

institutions of commercial training in this 
country. Mr. Spencer will in the course 
of a few weeks transfer his personal super- 
intendence from the Cleveland institu. 
tion to the Detroit University. 

As a penman Mr. Speucer ranks with 
the best. As a teacher both 

Esthetics of Flourishing, 


A love for the beautiful isiiisd'nitiv 
every human being and uulv needs 
properly developed. And since 

should see to it that we 
knowledge of the beau- 
s knuu ledge be correct. 

i an illnstri- 
bearing Ibal 

Geneva, I)., on the 3d 

Ohio, in which his parents from 
Before lie bad reached 
his teens the young man began to develop 
an ir.ierest in penmanship of which his 
father was the most illustrious living 

At the age of twelve he had become so 
proficient with the pen as to be of great use 
lo his father in instructing primary scholars 
at the celebrated " Spencer Log Seminary." 
Three years later he opened a school on his 
own account in East Ashtabula. A year 
later he entered Hiram College, going from 
there to Kingsville Academy, and defraying 
his expenses at each place by his pen earn- 
ings. The course of business training, 
which he had so far picked up in patches, 
he was enabled to complete in 1857 in the 
Bryant & Stratton College at Cleveland 
During the period of his stay at this insti- 
lution he was connected with the writing 

Mr Spencer's next experience at peda- 
gogy was in the Iron City College, Pitts- 
burgh, which position he relinquished a 
year later to take charge of the writing desk 
ot the Bryant & Stratton College at Chi- 
cago. Here he remained until I860 when 
lKt ra „s,e, r ed the scene of his labors to the 
Biyanl A- Stratton College at Philadelphia. 
Subsequently young Mr. Spencer was en- 
gaged as a teacher of writing in the public 
schools a, Cleveland, the duties of which 
"thee he discharged for two years. In 1803 
'" liecame principal and joint owner of the 
Bryant & Stratton College at Indianapolis 
Two years later he removed to Geneva O 
where he established the Spencerian Instil 
tutc of Penmanship. This institute was 
shortly afterward removed ,o Cleveland 
and merged with the Bryant 6 stratton 
I n,on College, of which he became sole 
"wner in 1877, changing its name to the 
Spencerian Business College. 

For four years Mr. Spencer conducted 
1 ■"- institution single-handed with signal 
MHtj .In 1881 a new management was 
'""led in which E. H. Felt,,,, and II T 
■omuls, two of the best known business 
l ""'-i' men in the country, became ass„H- 

unity of curved lines, and that all forms of 
beauty arc composed chiefly of curves is 
not disputed ; therefore, the true seercannot 
see nourishing 1,1,1 a.s beautiful. 

That it is an art is self-evident. That it 
is a fine art is a question more worthy of 

All arts are understood to be classed as 
uxfful, mechanical or iitiliafrial — or those in 
which the hands and body are more exer- 
cised than the mind ; aud as liberal, polite 
or fine— or those in which the mind and im- 
agination are chiefly exercised. The useful 
arts are iD the main termed trades. The 
fine arts command strongly the powers of 
imitation and invention, and regard rather 

sity of subsistence 

skill. They 
nown by a warmth of feeling 


ion is entirely set 

tandard of result 
would have so mud 
Spencer was 
Mary Duty of Cleveland 

living teach 

• — * „,,,, ii ,. -in,., i , |, nil „ N 

spencer, Fellon & Looniis, 

The new firm branched out in 1883 and 
* quired by purchase thcMayhew Business 

a 18(10 to Miss 
— .j «m, u, cieveiana. Mrs. Spencer 
died at Baxter Springs, Kan., in January 
1884. Three children are living-two sons,' 
nineteen and sixteen years old. and a 
daughter of fourteen years. 

Mr. Spencer is a man of quiet, unassum- 
ing but winning ways, and is universally 
e-l, vii i,,l ami admired 

replied to 

Dr. Lyman Beech, 

inquiry of Dr. Ilawes. How are yo 

getting on ■;■ ■■ First-rate' first-rate! firs 
rate' ever since I st,,pp ( .,l i r \(, Ji: ,,, ru[1 ,| 
world, --Ln-i„ g ClJ,U ' ^ 

The education should consist in having 
our minds trained to a proper and truthful 
conception of things. Beauty is never un 
veiled to us till we look at a thing aright, 
ii-ven the ugliest objects contain some ele- 
ments of beauty, aud in all objects beauty 
seems to be an element inseparable from 
their ugliness, and must be enjoyed with 
it or not at all. There can be no light 
without shadow, nor sunshine without 
shade. But how few seem able to discern 
such real beauty. 

These reflections are due to the heated 
controversy that has sprung up of late 
within penmanship lines with regard to that 
peculiar and distinctive product of penman- 
ship we call -'flourishing " 

Flourishing itself is but a multitude in I 

taincd among professions excludes it wholly 
from a place with trades. That the work- 
ing of the mind in this case is supreme 
over that of the body may also be readily 
understood. Though the degree of manual 
skill exacted is so great as at first thought 
to make it appear to predominate, if welook 
farther and beyond the physical, we will 
find an intellectual motor to be the main 
factor. To produce symmetry of form, 
delicacy and boldness of stroke; to adapt 
work to subject, whether it be beast, bird 
or angel ; to invest nature with a semblance 
of living truthfulness, or even to give life 
to b single line ; and most of all to be cre- 
ative, calls forth distinctively the imagina- 
tive, imitative and inventive powers and 
arouses the noblest emotions of the soul. 

The art of flourishing exacts the use of all 
the powers which make painting a fine art. 
The suspension of a single one would divest 
it of its completeness This an may not 
involve the highest themes and often may 
involve no theme at all. It is very fre- 
quently used for mere decorative purport's 
to ornament the ground work of a piece ; 
and yet it may be tine art, since we know 
the highest style of art to be decorative. 
If upon comparison with the products of a 
Raphael it seems commonplace that is no 
proof that it cannot have some place among 
the fine arts. Flourishing, as exhibited by 
fresh practitioners, may seem ridiculous 
when contrasted with works of fine art, hut 
when the lines are thrown from the hand of 
a genuine artistic penman, they spring 
forth spontaneously as it were, and arc in- 
spiring and are as noble as any art work 
can be. 
The real musician will bring forth more 

playing the simple major C scale than a 
mechanical player could ever produce, were 
he to render the sonatas of Beethoven from 
morn till night. The accuracy of tech- 
nique may be present, but there is no ntom 
of expression. So a single line dashed 
from the hand of an artist penman is far 
more effective than countless labored 
strokes from an inartistic hand— the latter 
being as so many ink stains in compar- 

Flourishing in serving the purposes of 

Many from lack of cultivation in ta 
will [iitlurally underdo or overdo ev( 
thing Hi. '\ attempt. Thus flourishing n 

be made to appear like a person over- 
dressed, by embodying superfluous filigree 
or too many flying appendages, thereby 
becoming offensive to tbe eye and belter 
senses. The true artist, however, will never 
be found guilty of such an error. 

While investing our art with such high 
and noble poi 

t-fulness, tor i 

and a wideone, too. The beautiful flowers 
of life grow side by side with the homely 
plants of daily necessity. 

We penworkers should no longer hesitate 
to recognize the wished-to b,- I"-' art n^ :i 
thing of worth— both fine and practical. 

Flourishing has a definite sphere as well 
as pen-drawing and lettering ; and lue-j 
together form a g 
in companionship with other 

Quincy, Illinois. 

Unshaded Writing. 


1 have had several ladies belonging to tbe 
best society under my instruction during 
the past year who objected to any shading 
whatsoever, either of capitals or small let- 
ters. These ladies left college with the 
neatest-written set of hooks I have ever 

Teachers of tbe chirographic art during 
the school year of 1887-88 must meet this 
coming feature, which I believe to be the 
result of high cultivation in tbe writiDgart. 
I have received letters from some of these 
ladies mentioned and am compelled 
knowledge that the individuality of tbe 
writer is more vividly expressed by 1 

Cranks at the Convention 

'I), (}„■ Editor nf the Journal :— To attempt 
history of the recent convention at Mil* 
aukec without devoting a fair share of the 
mcc to the cranks would be to repeat the 
folly of playing Hamlet and ignoring the 
Prince of Denmark. And the trouble which 
comes of an honest desire to be true to his- 
tory lies mainly in this direction; for who- 
ever shall faithfully record all that was 

given a personal sketcn oi an me acuvt 

Bpicuoua for their activity. 

There can be no offense in saying that the 
chief crank was the Milwaukee man bim- 
se lf_ C ommonly known as " Bob." Bob is 
the oldest of the Spencer family and its best 
representative. He is as transparent as 
French plate-glass, and as impolitic as a 
four-year-old. For a full grown man— 
with a beard and a bald bead— be is tbe 
most unsuspicious person above ground. 
Whether it comes from his honesty or his 
thickheadedness or from his supreme confi- 
dence in hisown unaided intentions nobody 
seems to know, and it doesn't really matter. 
Of his substantial honesty, however, no- 
body entertains a doubt, and one remark- 
able evidence of it is that he is quite as apt 
to argue against bis own interest as other- 
wise; and nothing gives him greater pleas- 
ure than to have a joke perpetrated at his 
own expense. When such a thing happens 
his peculiar and unequalled "guffaw" 
drowns all other attempts, and he is left 
master of the situation. 

On one occasion he sought to ridicule the 
science of phrenology, saying that Fowler, 
upon examining his (Spencer' 
de< ■hired that he would make a good 
dealer; "which," remarked Packard 

it,:!, I. li.'irl 

thought ( 

Mr. Holmes' discovery respecting the ad 
vantages of unshaded writing is what we 
have often commended in the Journal, 
connection with business writing. It 
undoubtedly a fact that unshaded writing 
can be written with greater uniformity, 
greater ease and greater rapidity than it is 
possible to do when introducing shade. 
The difficulty with unshaded writing usu- 
ally arises with professional penmen from 
the fact that too delicate a pen and light- 
colored ink are used. Where this is the 
case, unshaded lines fail to give strength 
enough to render the writing sufficiently 
legible to be easily read. Our opinion is 
that all business writing should be doue 
entirely without shade with a pen of more 
than medium coarseness. This arises from 
the fact that wherever shade is introduced 
there is a radical change in the action of 
the muscles employed iu writing, to wit: 
a sudden contraction to produce tbe pres- 
sure necessary to tbe shade. This tires and 
retards the motion of the pcD, whereas the 
unshaded writing > alh l"i ;i simple relaxa- 

It the June r ■-■ c.juVI im< ' 
Defuro thr sunbeam /» I h. ■ :■<■■■■ 


-Kali r«0>nm 0. : /,.:-i, 

phrenology is a reliable scie 
came a "recognition " from 

Perhaps Packard should 
after Bob, as both are apt to 
in the same breath. 

Siamese twins, but young men of the pres- 
ent generation who have seen them "work" 
together in the conventions take very little 
stock in such a contingency. Packard is 
often alluded to as "the patriarch" of 
business colleges, and as he doesn't resent 
it, he is beginning to be reckoned in that 
light. His appearance, however, is not 
that of a patriarch, nor does he put on pa- 

est pleasure in punching Bob under the fifth 
rib — not for any comfort it gives him, but 
because he likes to watch the effect. The 
tills between these two cranks are often 
very personal, but never dangerous. Like 
heal lightning, they seem to clear up the 

Another crank, but of a different sort, is 
Ames, of the Penman's Art Journal. 

poor and goes away fat. He has a 
topping jit ■--"'.I hotels— when he is 
away from Jacksonville. 

Hinman. of Worcester, is a deep crank- 
mighty sly, but industrious, and has a way 
of getting there, no matter who stands in 
the road. Hinman is nothing if not sen- 
sational. His forte is the coup. He is a 
good diver, but it is never safe to guess 
where he will come up, or which end fore- 
most; but up he will come, and don't you 
Hinman knows a little of every - 
not t6o much of anything. He 
is a great traveler and a keen observer, and 
he is always fresh and interesting. One 
year he will champion ornamental pen- 
manship, another, cross stenography, and 
another phrenology, as the basis of teach- 
ing writing, and when he gets before the 
blackboard he scoops in the unwary, and 
retires with the well-earned plaudits of the 
crowd. Hinman would make a good re- 
vivalist, if ho could keep his converts from 
backsliding. There Is hut one Hinman. 

worthy of the relationship. He is a portly, 
good-looking gentleman, with full beard, a 
wife who understands him, and a way of 
makiug himself solid with the Association. 
Henry is strongest on great occasions, and 
never disappoints his friends when some- 
thing is expected of him. He won his first 
spurs for this honor on the presentation of 
the members of the Association to President 
Arthur at the White House in 1883, and his 
next at Jacksonvile in 1885, when he helped 
Bob and the convention out of a little hole. 
He got in his fine work very adroitly on 
these occasions, and nobody who was pres- 
ent will ever forget it. 

Geo. Soule, of New Orleans, don't know 
that he is a crank, but he is, nevertheless, 
and a very good one at that. George went 
out of sight for a time, succeeding the Cin 
cinnati convention of 1874. but he came up 
smiling this year at Milwaukee, and made 
a record of which he is probably proud. 
This crank is a typical Southerner, beard- 
less, good-looking, affable and tonguey, 
and has a way of putting in his special 
pleas for phrenology, physiology and 
woman's rights that would turn the edge of 
a hroad axe. In bis response to the mayor's 
welcome, on tbe opening day, he out- 
gradied Grady in his appeal for the "New 
South." and it came very near making him 
president. George appreciates his fine 
points, which are distinguished personality 
of presence, i 

is something more than an electric light, 
a full-orbed, midday sun In a cloud- 
less sky. He not only sheds light but 
warmth and life. He touches nothing that 
be does not beautify, he clothes no thought 
ords that he does not adorn. It was 
tly to the regret, of the body that he 
did not take his regular innings in the 
main discussion, but tin- Penman's Sec- 
tion still echoes with his eloquence. 

Williams, of Rochester, carried off tbe 
honors for the coming year and went home 

It ha 

ubsrlVnl. Il" 

when he does get 
his mouth off something is apt to drop. 
Williams wasn't made in a day. His 
"Rochester University" is distinguished 
for having supplied so many business col- 
leges with good teachers. 

Osborne, of Buffalo, carries the purse of 
the Association and accounts for every dol- 
lar. He has been known to visit Canada, 

young cranks, and wisely bides his time. 

Bayless, of Dubuque, is a typical West- 
erner and smells of the prairies. He makes 
no great display of hayseed in his hair, but 
it is there all the same. Bayless is precise 
in his methods, and conscientious in his 
work, and always means business. 

Frank Goodman, of Nashville, is a small 
crank, but be can make more revolutions in 
a minute without getting dizzy than any 
fellow on the floor. Frank was at one time 
a conspicuous caodidate for the presidency 
of the Association, but somebody was 
always stepping in to rob him of the honor; 
First it was Wilt of Dayton; then Cady of 
New York; after him, Spencer of Wash- 
ington, and so it has been traveling down 

II. .i.l:|..|.- 

great creon in matting uie renman s 
Association a future adjunct of the B. E. A. 
of A. Don't pick up Ames for a fool, nc 
is honest, but he is nobody's poodle. 

Browu, of Jacksonville, will expect to be 
let in at this point, inasmuch as he can't 
stand at the head. Various efforts have 
been made to ascertain where and when 
Brown was born. He is undoubtedly about 
sixty years old, but he don't look it. In 


l*S'_'. -nid be has been bursting ever since. 
Efforts have been made to rehoop him, and 
put in a new cead, but the cooper always, '<l JilU-h-;il Vuier, 

familiarity with technicalterms, hacked by 
tbe knowledge which has generated them, 
and a high sense of personal honor. This 
crank did a large amount of wholesome 
work during the convention, but nothing 
that will be more pleasantly remembered 
than his presiding at the Spencer Brothers' 
fish dinner, and the closing speech of the 
meeting on the Dixon graphite pencil and 
the ethics of advertising. Altogether, tbe 
distinguished Southerner should return to 

a particularly satisfied feeling under his 

came; and the dignified and groi 

Russell, of Joliet, should be served up with 

was good foi sore eyes Nothing 

a gold fork and a dessert spoon. He is a 

please Sadler so much OS to cu 

toothsome morsel. None know him but to 

speech in two with a stroke of 

luvehim none name bini but to praise. Hus- 

11, .u a. inv excellent speeches he 

sell is an unknown, but not an unfelt 

tilated at the late convention post 

quantity His ideas corruscate aud illum- 

inate and explode iu a way not to be de- 
scribed lie handles bis subject in debate 

Civics in Business Tra 

with great adroitness, cutcbing hold in tbe 

These important nromni< m! iti' 

middle and working 
minds one forcibly of the pig that tried to 
get into an adjoining cornfield by crawling 
through a crooked hollow rail that began 

His surprise on coming out and finding 
himself just where be started is no less than 
was that of the pig; but all the same he 
keeps trying, though he never gels a bite of 


udgc Horace Kussell ( 
s greatly to the judge's 

New Vo 


him, " the electric light of the West." He 

of " the gentleman from Rochester." But 

Goodman has not heen forgott 

n. He is 

young and cau wait. The "old heads' 

will soon drop into the basket, a 

gay and festive youngsters, of w 

bom Good- 

man is chief, can divide up t 

At present, for some cause 


honors don't seem to he easy. 


is a unique character, and tile father of two 

lovely babies of whom Tenuess 

c is juslh 


Spencer, of Louisville, seems u 

he doesn't belong to the royal f: 

unmindful of the fact that the 

honor in being the head of an an 

tbau to stand in the middle or 

at the tail. 

Spencer will make a splendid ancestor, and it 

becomes this chronicler to advise 

fact, in order that he may " tak 

due notice 

and govern himself accordingly 

■ Let the 

Louisville Spencer remember lb 

requires a good record at his h 

terity will not be disappointed. 

Sadler, of Baltimore, is an 


pcndently otiSy one textbook. 

The recommendations were 
approved by the Association, 


The Photographic Method. 

teach form 
me systematic and scieutific pluu, 
;re it is desirable that each pupil ac- 
ted, nically-accuratc knowledge of 
generally resort 

them that tbe greatest good may result 
therefrom. As a necessary prelude to an- 
alytic and synthetic instruction a thorough 
understanding of the meaning and signifi- 
cation of elements, principles and the terms 
used in scientifically describing the con- 
si ruction of the form is necessary. 
After this preliminary work is finished, 

The next step is to rebuild the diss 
structure, using synthesis as the bt 
operations. Plan and devise as t< 
proper position of each timber, and 
fully study the most minute particulars 
regarding the projected structure. 

A careful and intelligent combination of 
the three methods referred to. aided by apt 
illustrations, rarely fails to insure thought- 
ful work on the part of even carelessly- 
inclined pupils. 

When the entire alphabet is finished, it is 
a good plan to require each pupil to write 

constructing nil of the letters— the language 
to be original, and a prize to be awarded 
for tbe most natural and correct description. 
If we can, by any amount of devising and 
planning, succeed in arousing thought and 

Flenry Stoddard, the \ 

und hand. Richard 

■ Aiocricjin 

t beautiful hand , 

en on Collecting. 

ago. It was somewhat like the Spencerian 
system of to-day. The letters were well 
formed and even, and properly shaded. 
Even now, well advanced in years, he 
writes a fine copy hand as easy to read as 
print. Some of his best poems are written 
in a hand of such neatness and legibility as 
would put the typewriter to the blush. 
Mr. Stoddard handles a pen with wonderful 
celerity yet. William Cullen Bryant also 
wrote a good hand. It was not as beautiful 
as Mr. Stoddard's, but as fair and legible 
as the most hypercritical could desire Mr, 
Bryant's handwriting has been much dis- 


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lie Idlers may be taken up in the order of 
'heir simplicity, introducing the photo- 
Oraphir ,„dl„„l, whicli consists" of in earnest 
Norton the par, „f the pupil ,„ slamp the 

orrec. photo of the form on the tablets „, 
recollection. This method should precede 
analysis, and may be rendered very intercsl- 
"■? by the teacher placing a comet form 
"POT the board, allowing it to remain but 
an instant, and then requesting each pupil 
to tell some characteristic of the letter 
under consideration. As soon as a know 
Wgeof the form a,,,,*,,, has , bus been 
"Parted, the letter may be taken apart 

7'"8 | uc different conned ions, the rein. 

11 positions occupied bv each stroke and 

■ c "Sib. slant and shapenf each principle 

r element employed. This may be termed 

" analytic method. 

awakening tbe slumbering virtue of inquiry 
in negligent pupils, our efforts will have 
been richly rewarded. 

Chirography of Poets. 

I great liter- 

"The old idea that Dearly 

nry geniuses, (specially pot 

hands, has been exploded thoroughly." 
said an expert peoman to a Mail and Er. 
pnu reporter. Me meditated a few min- 
tes and proceeded in the same strain: "To 
luslrnte, Edgar Allan Poe wrote a fine 
and. It was rather small but legible as 
nut. He never scrawled however fast he 
'rote. His life was checkered enough to 

of b.n.K kee|,iliv |- 

said the bright boy 

" Correct ; and i 
definition of doubli 

F every heart is. What is h 
tune to be— what is to be the amount < 
I collection ; will his efforts to collect 1 
eess or disappointment, iriuniph or d 


Sisiers— Ilinernut: If 
e love of collecting, ir 
Hi,' aiUierenee In il, it 
prophet to say to the 
world that you will work out for yourselves 
a career of wealth. Let it be known now 

aod forever that no great weal is ex 

ccptbycolLcling. Work, work. Collect, 
collect, is the condition by whicli the Itin- 
erant arrives at wealth. When AlcMuidci 
wasasked why Autipatej was nol rich, he 
replied: "He does not collect." 

Study the most convenient and best meth- 
ods of cellecting and then above all things 
be earnest, diligent and fervent in your 
collecting. Iu the formation of your classes 
never be without a collecting purpose. 

Hcst assured that the unstable person cau 
never succeed at collecting. Life is too 
short to be forever starling out tocollect the 

1 turn away from this subject to another 
—that of paying. This is a custom that 
some persons have departed from. (N. B.— 
t ui, li. I, ntial I want to take you by both 
hands and bid you not to pay for what you 
don't get.) I am not very fnvorablc to lee 
paying— that is the collector's duty, 

ieited I 

doubt t 

out the period of your 
life. In that event you ought to be relieved 
from it now. Debtors have a hard lot of it 
in life. Anybody can love credit— sly, 
frolicsome credit, full of mischief, prac- 
icing all sorts of jokes. 

Did . 

i hai-niiu: ace t 

read easily. John Howard Payne author 
of ••Home Sweet Home, could will hale 
passed for an instructor in penmanship his 
handwriting was so admirable It was 
somewhat too small, if anything, bin all the 
letters were formed with slartliii" aeein 
— N. T. Mail and Bxpreu. 

ele, lih, i 

would not for my 1 
ant, joyful, hopefi 

Credit is brief enough. It soon passes 
beyond the period of hope, joy and buoy- 
ancy into the hard struggles of life, where. 

among thorns 

and jagged rocks. 





tits arc 

do for tbe comfort, pleasi 



be poor, and ] 

Mill . il is 

live. I am not able to do 
Itinerant in the way of n 
feel thankful for the sensi 

anything for the 
iliticsthal make 

me feel for the 

woes of tbt 


1 am 

;;• ';;;;, '; 

sufferings I 
a borer, and wl 

■ Now 

°Tc|)'f of ^fo>W)<}Hlt% 

The Study of Phonography. 

129. The next work to be done is to 
learn the contractions. Many of ihem have 
been given in connection with previous les- 
sons. In this number we present a com- 
plete list, which is taken from the Munson 
Phrase Book, and is later than the test-hook 
ist. To this many words have been added 
not given in the test-book. 

130. The exercise which follows contains 
all the words in the list. The new ticks 
are to be used for of, to and who and 
w/tom. These have been adopted since the 

131. "An Inconsequent History " should 
be carefully written, then read from Phonog- 
raphy, and written and read again and again 


An intelligent young man having become 
antagonistic because " citizen would cross- 
examine him, together with his domestic, 
as to their religion, spoke to an archbishop 
who was familiar with his history, and 
asked him to take charge of the controversy. 
The Roman Catholic gentleman was aston- 
ished at the suggestion, but thanked the 
youth for the opportunity it gave him to 
develope his doctrine and help his genera- 
tion. His brethren, nevertheless, were of 
the opinion that he should discriminate 
somewhat, and gave him the privilege to 
acknowledge liis responsibility and establish 
his belief. Another circumstance should be 
understood as possibly distinguishing 
between prerogative and principle ; the 
youth mistook the movement for a Ann octal 
performance, and began to practice his 
malignant familiarity, which was a new 
thing in the experience of the Evangelical 
brother, who swore somewhat, but yet did 
not go beyoud the dignity of his Catholic 
and Christian eudeavor. 

This, it is well to remember, was in New 
York, before the first of January, when the 
Doctor was preaching tninsubstantiation, a 
truth not generally held, and the Governor 
of Massachusetts, a plenipotentiary froin- 
San Francisco, a member of Parlia- 
ment from Great Britain, and other repre 
scutative people were particular as to the 
perpendicularity of their belief. An angel 
from heaven could have had no difficulty to 

dwell on the resurrecti 

n. have found their 

knowledge altogether wilhout importance 

tn the peculiar continge 

ocy. The fact is. a 

Southern gentleman, to 

whom the question 

was given, began to m 

ke memoranda with 

reference tn jurispnidi 

ace in the celestial 

world, and to inscrib 

in phonographic 

observations, and to speak of the objections 

and advantages of a 

Republic. A swift 

pliouo^rapher with a 


had part in the controversy, and several 

other capable gentlem 

n, among them a 

in unit hluriT, who was 

their captain, aud a 

Democrat, began to re 

mark on the effects 

of an aristocracy. The 

County Democracy, 

misdemeanor, and wh 

during February, 

■vrptunber, November 

aud December of 

Signs, Contractions and Words Out of Position. 

M ..„„k^ Mw „\^. 

*. V 


i"3 iiiu 

*«J D*»il» I 


-A, -^ i 

— -4 


u_ w t 

— ■*,-■ 



u, / 

i„r„ "A. 

;:r \ 

E.tcinn ... ....' 

E — v 

' H , d 1 1 H 

HII ^ 

Hi|vt ^ 

'-"- ^ 

• -^ 

F.b^ <^ 


H (s. 

i„ ra V 


nn. ^ ... 


He ,/S, 

h^, a 

• h «^- .5/. 

.— . n . 


h„p r\ 



Cmtoll J 

to,,]™.,. .</.. 

. H«.~\ 

H,.,.„ ^ 

think it practicable to do so. According to 
istinct remembrance the architectural 
bishopric was circumstantial and artificial, 
and no certificate of baptism could dignify 
the mistake, or qualify the probability to 

peculiarity of tin- half length ,„ phonop 
raphy is singular, hut practical, and it* 

-vntioii. I.eoiitM- iuihspinsaMv. w.ll 

probably continue as usual, notwithstanding 
the number of perpendicular strokes out of 
proportion. These do not ilgnifj where 
similar ttroktt come together in a regiilai 
"",'/■ Regularity is what we owe to system 
Wealth Ha in that quarter, and worth. 
Your benignant people belong to this eta**, 
and to them we shall send a savior. Super- 
ficially, truth hath her home here, and has 
bad, oh, so long ! The immediate kingdom, 
though large, is no mera manufactory, as I 
recollect it. It is also recoverable in a 
degree try the public and never nv. vrr.^nl,,/. 

have a representation in the Cabinet, es- 
pecially if one can govern himself, or adver- 
tise what is already begun, or almost to 
begin. As this is altogether beneficial I 
need not describe it, nor mention it for child- 
ren to hear with awe ; but simply collect the 
facts, and correct the errors, mid thus halve 
the ditlieiiltie.- jimt I ilk ially and in due form, 
To this regularity no one could specially 
object . because the frequent and peculiar 

heless, people differ according 
n ml hmpvraments, und it should 

rally -useless. But. a lengthy dissertation is 
f„,t possible, *„ this shall not he long, /(will 
probably represent the celestially inclined, 

pensably connacUdwiti the subject. Tlutui, 
nobody for this, nor publish the fact, how- 
ever responsibly it may be stated. This will 
not do to republish, for oh, it is so flat. 

each year manufacture revolutionary lan- 

the indignity shown him, he would never 

guage for the Legislature, gave a satisfac- 

again bave sympathy for a system without 

tory description of the difference between 

a pecuniary object. 

the plaintiff and defendant ; and the Rev. 

I remember a time, now past, when pre- 

Mr. Brown, ever ready to deliver bis opin- 

liminary bankruptcy was healthy, and 

ion, or to change it on any subject for a 

would influence people to swear ; but do 

dollar, said, notwithstanding his surprise at 

not infer from this that any bankrupt would 

keeps account i.of his time), rhar-j>.« I -• 11 

with lufih'-t.i) »i>}»'>rtintitifs\u\\\ \\'w\\ 

dered means, will find himself (very soon 
practicing wholesome reforms. (As u) 
general rule, any (young man) who. (at Ihi I 
close (of his) frst (year \ ot responsioU .-.) in 
dependent life, has saved something, und 

end, anor (to be) (a little) belter off (at the) 
(close f of each) yeeer. (I nevn could ■■</■■■ 
pathize (with a) targe class (who are) fond 
of saying, "il am; tproud + of being a) 
poor man." Doubtless, mis/ortune may 
justify men in being poor (to the) end (of 
their lives ;) but, (after all.) this universe lis 
not) bankrupt— {we are not) sent (into it) to 

fight a losiDg battle, at is pomble,) nay, (it 
is) feasible, for icvery man) (in tina) Bepub- 
lie nn )>•■, >n„!t/,,/ lif hci i WW be) frugal, (not 
only) (in bis) expenditures, but (Id the use] 

ese.) integrity ; because (I foftta I [thai there 
I to-day a (good deal of) misapprehension 
n this point.) (There is) (now and then) a 
use f of brilliant) rascality known among 

i , and we (hear \ of tbi.s. I and talk (uf it ; i 


iccalthy men (have been) essentially upright 
met). (You will) find few case- (W„/v tin i 
dishonest man bas \ continuously nourished, 
(There have been) cases (of bis) temporary, 
transient, nietoric success ; (but the rule) is 
very uniform in its operation, that business 
success (bas been) based (on a) broad (plat- 
form f of integrity.) Next (to that.) (I 
would) place frugality, (on which) (I have) 
said (as much as) (I mean to say.) And 
next, general capability— {I mean) natural 
capability. (I venture) (to say) (that all) our 
successful men (in business) (have b'een) 

perfectly idle, the popular \ conception that 
fortune goes by luck, or that weak men 
(make it.) (They do so) in very rare in- 
stances; and (there are) abundant cases 
where strong men, (having other) desires, 
other aspirations, (have not) sought wealth. 
The rule is very general, however, (that the 
men) (who have) succeeced (have been) (men 
f of very) strong natural powers. 

Then comes training — general and special 
education and system— and (after that) the 
energy of \ continuous application. (There 
is nothing else) wherein the rolling stone is 

'stir business man (must have) the (power f 
of persistency) in discouragement— of keep- 
ing on f con!inuous!y(in a) good track, sure 
(that he will) come (to the) right result (at 

We are indebted to an anonymous con- 
tributor whose talent is only exceeded by 
his modesty for the "Inconsequent His- 
tory," His effort will be appreciated by all 
teachers and learners of Munson phonog- 

Eclucational Notes. 

Cornell University, at Ithaca N Y re- 
<;enlly sold the lumber ..n L>:. lino ..crei ,, f 
land at Ashland for ^.ToO.OOo ' 

('ujrago lias forty two female principals 
and thirty-spv^n 

l went v -one n 
The value 

om $3,000,000. It 

More than twentyfive ladies have already 
heen accepted as students for next year in 
'he missionary training school at Chicago 

The Carlisle Indian training school re- 
cently sent seventy three pupils W.M 
nearly all of then, bavin, e^ueted the 
;he U^ srouL t t h rfbe S C . b00, ' T "^ w — stly of 

The school teacher at Osceola, W. T„ is 
■' V'ung unman of nulv ei"bleen i,-ir, 

hi " s-hciiiismidiiiii-iiitv-.; :.-, 

nat„ She wii ; _.i,- ;:!•., 




,„, \ 

N*. \> 

Opoorton,,, \ 

«fe, „\ 

: v-— *- 

»*..S^ R*««»^! 




U R ,^«:^ s»~k„.7 

^ R_^/Vsoo., m ...C 

f.CyrO... R<pro*nut,on ,/\} Spck ...9 

Rcpublic-b ^<V SpeculJ, X. 



Prob.blo-,. ...X Re. (R,. OT «d) ,/>S_ 

-■ Proportion A. Revolutions ^>T^... 

■- P»bli„h...\ to^C^/CZ.. 

. A 

^,A Sob_,A> .... 

Sympathy.. <0. 

n k a T < 

T,, ( 


^ ) 

-■* :T p .-3 

Troth....! Whon.....1 _ r 

■od.^f «■*._/ v B ...r 

-^ -»•--. -- c 

) w Wi "^ v -^- 

Wi ' h ■■■(■ —■'(■■■ 

reli swit.-h with a YanUe sehonlm'ain a 
e end of it and a Yankee lad at the otbe 
all the university a good man\ successfn 

When the colored teachers from all part 
of Georgia came to Atlanta recently t< 
attend the Pea body Normal Institute, thej 

An - Hi.' recent LTaduates of 

■ uiiian s Medical College in New Vorkc 

■Kin Viimci, a Chinese girl, who 

l;cn the highest position in t he class. 

an aecumpljslieil scholar, able to ceiuvi 
id write accurately in live languages. 

There are now in New England mi. 

■ Sci mill ;■ 
t\ lio buri 

nous prize fight was Henry 
Gray's L-E-G in a country 
ing permit Canning a foreign 

Johnny in bis composition. '* It is bcttei 
to be ahead of time than behind time." 
"The shades of night were falling fast/ 

birch woods —Burdettc. 

"Oh. mother, what do you 
marked ibe high school girl. 

apidly backward ? 

Proprietor— "That is Mr Emers 
Bancroft, who delivered the mi 
'The Ideality of Life' 

' Nonsense, child ; what are you ti 
' Well, wasn't .Joan of Arc made i 

Rapid from the Start. 

An Addrefli at Prof. Spliltoodle'j Pen Art 


Prof. Splntoodle said ; — 
Pupils and VisiHn' Mmbentftto flail.- 

I am numbered among de Bellebrated and 
highly-obtinguished abdocates ob rappid 

shun was nebcr knone to compulsotory any 
distinguish! events, an ' dat I prognosticate 
am a deficient caws fo" de faith wots in me. 
Ef a man is gwiue to try an - 'complish 
Baffin', he aut to do it wid a full grip. He 
auten take a hole day and a peace ob denex' 
afo be gits frew wid it. 

a football game.- 

le wayyon brake him in when 
he's a colt (de hoss I mean) dat am de way 
he'll be when he's an ole nag. De same am 
de characteristic]! ob a boy. Ef yo' want a 
good hoss an' one what will get up an' go 
jus' previus to youah gittin' into de wagon, 
yo' mus' make a practia ob crakin* him wid 
de whip de minit yo' take up de ribbuna. 
My boss neber wates fo' de eluk noh de 
whip, an' it's ten chanses to a million ef yo' 
don't see a lot ob young niggahs rollhV out 
ober de tale bode when my Hambulltoniau 



My grate suksess as a ritin' teecbah haa 
been coutributary in a lurge mesure from de 
prinsipul ob startin' rite. Yo' see by gittin' 
de young band traued to move wid rappid- 
uly it comes natehural fo' de lingers to fly 
simultanousley wid de muskewlar move- 

wni grate pcrspicewity and wherefore de 
ritin' is perduaed so fas' dat it becomes al- 
impossibull to desyfur it. 


potant to me as a ritin' teechah but it ac- 
cownts fo' de obskewrity ob mos' ob my 
pupills arter dey obtinguish demaelbes 
undah my tewtorsbip, and go out into de 
brode wold fo' daib own sclf-aggrcgashuu. 

1 shall not entertaine you dis ebcniu' wid 
a bistorickal skech ob how I sukseed wid 
my pupills, but ef any ob my visitin' frends 

truly grate Pen Art Hall when de classes 
am in full uniform an' doin' dress parade 
duly dey will not only appresheate de agil- 

pills am able to get obermoah papah in less 
time wid questionable results dan de skol- 
lahs ob any ob my competitors. I conaidah 


esn-l i. bills Hall v 

nadc arrangements for 

The Editor's Leisure Hou 

nii.iillily.'jr.'riiiL'l.v writ 
ing to tbe office 
tbcirappreciation nf this 
work. The Journal's 
facilities fur designing 
and producing artistic 
work of Hit- highest 

:; !i-| .1 il'l . 

i those of any 

stablisbiuent in 

so generally un- 

- take 

position in the profession to 
is to be adapted, resting con- 
bis work 

cnllegeialc - din iiti-.n, il will he w ill. 

Journalism, it must be borne in mind, is 
distinct from authorship, pure and simple. 
The journalist deals with the questions of 
the day ; his knowledge must he on the tip 
of his tongue, or rather at the poiDt of his 
pen— ready for use at any moment. The 
author, on the other hand, can sit at home, 
write leisurely, revise frequently, and con- 
sult books of reference to verify his state- 
Some college-bred reporters are occasion- 
ally both pained and surprised at their first 
newspaper experiences. Such a young man 
may look in the morning paper for his first 
report, on which you may be sure he has 
taken the greatest possible pains. He has 
given an elaborate description of the hall, 

r thea 


Yet he cannot find his account although 
he is sure he wrote a column. 

" Maybe it's crowded out, "says a brother 
reporter, aud then adds, " Why, no ; here 
it is ' It ts cut dowo and they've put a new 
'head' on it." 

Yes; there it is, hwiij- down in the cor- 
jcr of the third page, next to tbe market 

i column— all but nini -tenilis 

structure. Tbe boat is usually some fifteen 
feet long, and from its central point gently 
curves upward— from a width of twenty 
aud a depth of ten " 
Both prow and 
with a thin molding of walrus ivory, which 
is a protection to the skin covering when 
the hunter, spinning through the water, 
strikes small ice. or in landing so throws 
forward and upward his kayak that boat 
and man elide easily and safely up the edge 
on to the level surface of a floe. The only 
opening is a circular hole with a bone or 
wooden ring, its size being strictly limited 
to the circumference of tbe hips of the 
largest hunter who is to use it. 

"A waterproof combination jacket and 
mitten of oil-tanned sealskin, is worn by 

the ring, so that no water can enter the 
kayak. Thus equipped, tbe Innuit hunter 
faces seas which would swamp any other 
craft, and plunges safely through the 
heaviest surf. A single oar, with a blade 
at each end, in skillful and trained hands, 
propels this unballasted, unsteady craft 
with great rapidity, and it moves through 

the sea aud the exigency of tbe occasion, 
The oar properly bandied enables an expert 
to rise to the surface if, us happens at limes, 
the boat is overturned. 

"The kayak of the Eskimo is probably 
unsurpassed in ingenuity by the boating de- 

Fifty years ago tbe first anthracite fur- 
nace was built, and tbe whole country was 
producing in a year about as much iron as 
it has produced this year in two weeks. In 
1837 it was accounted a wonderful thing 

used ; now the mines put out as much In 

Fifty years ago the country consumed 
222, 000 bales of cotton in home manufac- 
ture, or five and one-third pounds per 
capita. Now the country consumes more 
than 161 pounds per capita, even during the 
past year, and over 190 in tbe previous year. 
So of other departments of industry in 
great number; science has revolutionized 
human endeavor, and nowhere have its tri- 
umphs been more conspicuous or more 
fruitful than in the United States. 

The part of science in all our labors is 
recognized as it never was in old times, 
o mean, to the 

now a-days dr 
and the countr 

himself begs tbe Weather 
entomologist, the chemical 
1 him at every step. " Pracli- 

achieviug high sue- 
f a scientific chemist, 
s more steel than any 

number. The two which appear in this 
issue are fairly representative of the whole, 
and we dare say that tbe intelligent peu 
artist will find something to admire in 

And tbe best of il all is that the Journal 
dedicates them to its patrons, waiving its 
copyright interest, and placing tbe series at 
their disposal with its compliments. 

While the subject is hot we wish to say 
that the plates of a superbly engrossed 
album will be run through tbe Journal, 
beginning with the next issue, two or more 
at a time. As examples of artistic penman- 
ship and a study for penmen they will be 
very valuable. 

The Width of a Tornado's Path. 

Fortunately tbe paths of tornadoes are 

tornado is seriously destructive overa width 
not exceeding live hundred feet. The 
length of tbe tornado's path across the 
country does not commonly exceed thirty 
miles, and it generally traverses tbe dis- 
m hour. When the upward 
ion of the outer part of the 
swifter uprush of tbe air 

knowledge inlo tbe converters. In the 
thousand uses of the electrical force this 
country has practically led the world, so 
that France. Germany. Great Britain and 
Austria have altogether only about as many 
miles of wire in operation as the United 

.le since the earth was lirst made, 
d not have gills and hoys who not 
ved play, hnl <lhi pla\ , and Willi a 

eets, tbe boys and 
ton and New York 
i kindred tie — tbe 
is nothing new 


J tornado dies away. 


The equilibria 

time restored, tbe lieu 

down upou the surface, and the warm air, 

spreading laterally as it attains tbe level to 

Assuming the width of ihe destruction 
brought about by the Btorm at six hundred 
feet, and the length of its journey at thirty 

Fmm " 77, 

h v. 8 S 

rtfmar'i Magiuto 

Trial, of a Vo 

The hoy who would 
lalist nmsl enter the profession with no 
ain ambition to hurry up and get his name 
a print, or to be called an "editor." He 

Our college bred young friend may be 
very angry at such shabby treatment ; but 
if he is a sensible fellow, he soon gets used 
to it. In fact, he is compelled to get used 
to it.— From "Beady for Business," by 
George J. Manson, in St. Nicholas for Aug- 

From an illustrated sketch of some per- 
sonal experiences by General A. W. Greely 
in the August Century, we quote the fol- 
lowing : ■* This dangerous craft is gradually 
dying out in Greenland, and only tbe 
brighter and more ambitious boys acquire 


age and must be contlnu 
Jen- bad a pride and ileliL'li 
as was unusual 
those who have never seen a kayak, I will 
imperfectly describe it as a shuttle-shaped 
boat, consisting of a wooden frame-work, 
which is fastened together generally by 
sealBkin thongs and over which is stretched 
a covering of tanned sealskin as neatly and 
tightly as in the sheepskin of a drum-head. 
The skin covering is so well tanned and it 
is so deftly sewn together with sinew thread 
by the Eskimo women, that no drop of 
waler finds its way through skin or seam. 
The use of seal thong in uniting the stan- 
cbions gives great strength and equal elas- 
ticity, allowing with impunity great shocks 
destroy so frail a 

which otherwise 

ces of any other savage people of Ihe globe. 
s essential points nf lightness, buoyancy 
id structural strength are marvellously 
ell adapted to the varying and dangerous 
mditions under which an Eskimo provider 
eks his sea game. This tiny craft with 
I hunting gear weighs scarcely 5(1 pounds, 
id will carry a load of some 20(1 pounds 

Fifty years ago, when the President i 

aud industrial disasters cul- 
minating iu panic, his message was delivered 
at noon, September 5th, at Washington ; 
reached New York at 11 o'clock that night 
by special Government express and part of 
the way by railroads just constructed ; 
reached New Haven by steamboat at, 5:80 
the next morning. Worcester by horse 
express at 1 1 :33. and Boston by rail at 1 2 ;88, 
taking but little over twenty-four hours for 
its transmission, which was considered an 
amazing triumph of advancing science. 
Now a message could he read before mid- 
day on the shores of the Pacific Ocean, if 
delivered at Washington ut noon. This is 

under the sun," 
pecially is there nothing new in youthful 
games. Archaeologists find well-beloved 
dolls in Egyptian pyramids and on pre- 
historic tombs ; the name of a popular ball 
club was found scrawled upon tbe outer 
walls of Pompeiian bouses, and one of tl e 
most exciting matches on record was the 
one, stubbornly fought, between the rival 
nines of Aloctezuma, king of Mexico, and 
Nezahual-pilli, tzin of Tezcuco. The boys 
of ancient Greece and Rome played at whip- 
top, aud quoits, and base-bull, and pitch- 
penny, and blind man's buff, and hide-aud- 
seck, and jack stones and follow my leuder 
just as do the boys of to-day; the girls were 
experts at see saw, and swinging anil danr 
ing, aud grace hoops, and dice throwing and 
ball-play, and, in Sparta, even at running, 
wrestling and leaping. Tobogganing is as 

cherry pits you are only doing what Nero, 
and Conimodns and young Themistueles did 
ages ago in Home and Athens.— Elbridgi N. 
Un»ih." in A a n nut \\'i<h: Awake. 

After a whirl or two. like a sleep} log 
looking for a bed, the great ship bIkI into 
port between two fortresses bearing the 
Holland tri color, that were scarce a bun 
dred yards apart, and the vessel was pre- 
sently moored beside a wharf that might 
have been built by order of Peter Stu\ ve- 
sant in Nieum Amsterdam. There could 
hardly be a mistake. No ; those Dutch 
facades, those narrow, many storied 

peculiar dormers; 
by portly, slow m 

grcss which fifty years has brought in i 
our* commerce and our industries, and t 
advance of science has wrought such rev 
lutions that the world of 1837 not only ; 
longer exisls, but is almowt completely f, 

ward a score 

) like Rotter- 
dam or one of the smalle 
Zuyder Zee ; it has a something anoui it oi 
latter date, of a more recent creation than 
they; and. although first impressions of 
places often change upon closer acquain- 
tance, ours only grew stronger as we 
crossed the harbor in a square punt slowly 
sculled by a muscular native, and then wan- 
dered about the narrow and wider streets of 
Willemsia.ii Knell li.-use. every interior 

Id the August 
Journal you publish a letter from H. W. 
Shaylor with a line underneath stating, 
"Facsimile Engraved Autograph Letter of 
H.-W. Shaylor." Thousandsand thousands 
of the Journal readers will look at that 
letter and exclaim: " What a magnificent 
penman Shiiylor is ! " Now I do not wish 
to detract one iota from brother Sbaylor's 
reputation as a penman, nor from that of 
auy other reputable penman ; but I a in cer- 
tain that every one chirographically edu- 

neither Shaylornor any otherpenman under 
the sun can mils a letter like Ifaal appearing 

in the August Journal as Shaylor's " Au- 
tograph Letter." This being the case— and 
I challenge Shaylor or any other penman to 
disprove it-is it not unjust to let one pen- 
man pose before the public as the very acme 

I do not object to finely and accurately 
engraved script appearing in our penman's 
papers, but what grinds so harshly on my 
sense of justice and fair play is the present 
custom that penmen are falling into of ap- 
propriating to themselves credit which does 
not belong to them, and for which custom 
the publishers of the penmen's papers are 
partly responsible. For instance, the ex- 
planatory line underneath Sbaylor's letter 
instead of reading, -Facsimile Engraved 
Autograph Letter of H. W. Shaylor," 
wliuulii have read : 

The ABOVE Letter was ENGRAVED by 
A. McLees (or some other name) from 


u'i i'hatk S< mi'T Engraving, 

I do not wish to be understood as attack- 
ing Brother Shaylor in particular; lam 
attacking this custom of giving and appro- 
priating credit where it does not belong. A 
number of our " headlights" in the profes 

convince me that my < 
going are unjust and without foundation. 


\~<ilihinti*t\ In-!., Any. 10, '87. 

We present the above communication 
from Mr. Isaacs precisely as he has written 
it. Without going into the question of the 
justice of the criticism, we have no hesi- 
tancy in saying that we have seriously re- 
gretted that all letters accompanying the 
portrait and sketch in accordance with our 
plan have not been reproduced by photo- 
engraving, and therefore reprtsented fully 
and fairly their authors. In the announce- 
ment that the portraits with sketches and 
autograph letters from the leading penmen 
of the country would appear in the Jour- 
nal, our idea was that all letters should be 
photo-engraved from the pen-and-ink copy 
furnished by the party. The first letter 
appearing whs that of Lyman P Spencer 
His copy was written with a pen and sent 
to the office of the Journal for pboto-en- 


Farley, we would say that Mr. Isaacs is in 
error. It was actually engraved from the 
pcD-and ink copy sent to our office by Mr. 
Farley, precisely as the letter sent by Mr. 
Isaacs himself was done. Right hcresecms 
a good place to say that the Journal 
would be gratified if all who shall come 
hereafter in its department of "Represen- 
tative Penmen of America " will content 
themselves with photo-engraving as the 
means of reproducing their work. 

On the Bluff at Milwaukee. 

The accompanying illustration was 
produced directly from a ; 
group of the members of the late Business 
Educators' Convention, seated upon the 
grounds of Robert C Spencer, on Prospect 
Avenue. Milwaukee. The large tent in 
which the Convention held several of its 
sessions was just above the group on a 

The III!-.. ■>.-.. K ,.f..i. 

of perfection, through "fac-simile en- 
graved" specimens— which means hand- 
engraving on a block of wood or on metal, 
witb all the imperfections of the oiiginal 
obliterated — while another penman is al- 
lowed to appear through the honest but 
slightly disadvantageous photo-engraving 
process 1 Photo-engraving is a photo- 
chemical process, and reproduces copy 
strictly true to the original as rpgards form, 
proportions, spacing, shading, etc., the 
only defect being in the delicacy of line. 

Now, as I said, I am the last one to desire 
to detract one iota from the just merits of 
any brother penman, and if I have done 
Umllicr Shaylor injustii-e in the forrgning 
remarks I shall be- very glad indeed to let 
Mr. Shaylor prove to the Journal readers 
that I am wrong. This he can readily do 

photo-engraved and printed iu the Journal. 
Me must not lay off his sheet into slant lioee 
and space lines, then pencil iu the forms 
and retrace ; although even hy this method 
lie . ■-mill nut ei[iial bis " Autograph Letter" 
in August Journal. The letter with which 
to disprove my statements must be written 
With the ordinary writing 

siuu, together with a bust , 


same code of fair play that I am driving at. 

That photo-engraving does not do quite 
justice to one's delicate hair lines is no ex- 
cuse for deceiving the public by the method 
which I am criticising. 

If my criticism is unjust or too severe, I 

gladly recall what I have said. If Mr. 
Shaylor will write me a duplicate of bis 
"Autograph Letter" referred to above, 
equaling it in uniform quality of line, ac- 
curacy of form, spacing, proportions, etc., 
I will promptly acknowledge same in the 
next Journal ; or if Brother Shaylor or 
the editor of the Journal will kindly mail 
me for inspection the original of "Auto- 
graph Letter, "I will report fairly according 
to my judgment in the next Journal. 

will Brothers Lyman P. Spencer, H. W. 
Flickinger. and D. II. Farley kindly mail 
the originals or duplicates of their respect- 

pcared in the Journal recently. Surely 

graving. The hair lines proved to be too 
gray to be reproduced perfectly by photo- 
engraving. The copy was returned to Mr. 
Spencer with the request that it be re- 
written with ink sufficiently black to be 
reproduced. Mr. Spencer was so occupied 
that it was impracticable for him to rewrite 
the same at once, and the copy was photo- 
graphed upon a plate and sent to the 
engraver with instructions to make no 

which instructions we believe to have been 
perfectly carried out. We believe that the 
copy placed beside that of the plate proof 
would be pronounced to be in every way as 
perfect as that of the reproduction. This 
unfortunately furnished a precedent for the 
engraved specimens which have followed in 
lieu of photo-engraving, and we have since 
accepted the engraved fac similes of the 
letters. To what degree these plates have 
been more accurate than would have been 
the photoengravings of the pen-ami ink 


Whatever may be the verdict as to the 
relative merits of the original writing and 
cuts, the Journal is to be congratulated 

spacious and beautiful lawn. The grounds 
are charmingly located upon a high bluff 
overlooking Lake Michigan and the Bay 
and harbor of Milwaukee. They rise gently 
a few hundred feet from the avenue until 
they reach the bluff, which descends with 
d abruptness nearly one hundred feet 
1 ' shore. The bluff bus been Un- 
winding walks imil .stairways, 
lefully distributed among charming pints 


of flowers. 

Altogether thesi 
round ings of o 

(his bluff near i 

toLTaphic view i 
The -ingle pic 

ml* fin 

■ hu-liiunl in reiidcririi,' the Micetiiijj-s 

the then am 

jjtious state of the thcrmom- 

Wc feel sure that those who attended the 
Convention will be pleased with this re- 
minder of some of the must enjoyable s< s- 
sions that have ever been held by the Busi- 
ness Educatora 1 Association, We regret 
that the proof of the photograph was nut as 
perfect as il niL'hl have been, hut of it the 

Penman's Art Journal 


■-■':.'.■. ..\ -'"; '■ f^C .. I, ,. : u 

•naW Teacher' ft Bureau t 

A New Attraction. 
Negotiations which have been in progress 
for aome time culminated some weeks ago 
in an arrangement "with Prof. II. W, Kiblte, 
Utica. N. Y. , which will be of great interest 
to the readers of the JOURNAL. 

With the next issue of the Joi u\ w. Mr 
Kibbe will begin a scries of lessons in prae- 

practical, progressive and thorough— the 
next thing to a course of personal instruc- 
tion under u competent teacher. 

Mr. Kibbe ranks among the most expe- 
rienced, painstaking and accomplished pen- 
men in the country, and is too well known 
to need an introduction to a penmanship 

ill. m-lii. 



SOS Bboadwat, New 



The Journal's General Agent Jot Canada it A J. 

Small, whote headquarter* are 18 Orar 

d Opera 

Hov*e. Toronto. Elliott Fraser, Secretary ' 

la Sailer Quebec. (P. 0. Box 164). i* rpeeial 


that city and vicinity. The International New* Co.. 

11 Bouverie S'rtet {FUet Street), London 

are to 

The r. ........ . Art Journal for Neptein1i«r. 

E,.i"t,cr,!(F. '.:..., ,, 


v„ M ,i« r ,uir""' 


The I'L'itoftraphte Method 

H' " Sin It* 

Cijce Pen on Collecting 

Word-Slgue, ('ontrn.tlims, and Wol.l 

of Portion. Kierciso* for I'rjclic... 


Enuc«TIO»AL Nous 

... 121 


nado'9 Path : Trials 01 a Youoe. Hep. 

Kayaking in CreenUnd. what Science l ms 

Done; Antiquity .,f Youthful Sporl 

Isaacs on the War Patb 

On the Blu« at Milwaukee 

KniTimiAL C* km 


t.. Writing. Soboea from the Coi 

li.. n lhr.-d.ty In Writing ;Suort Copies. 


... 120 


Jot r.,,, Ft a 

UBftBIlAl. Ml»CBl.LANt 

Specimen .if Artistic Work 


for preserving it in the form 
manuscripts, flourishing ami 
styles of pen ornamentation 
irgely the penman's stock in 
trade. Later on in published works by the 
old English masters flourishing came to be 
almost the exclusive means of embellish- 

the English musters of the fourteeeuth and 
fifteenth centuries was their profuse flour- 
ishing ; also the early American publica- 
tions were replete in this species of the 
penman's art. Within a few years this has 
been largely changed. Especially is this the 
case in America, where flourishing as a 
means of embellishment has almost entirely 
disappeared. The leading engrossers of the 
country use flourishes but sparingly com- 
pared with twenty-live years since. This 
is largely due to the influence of photo- 
engraving and photolithography upon the 
penman's art. 

Our best pen artists now devote a large 
proportion of their time to the execution of 
drawings for reproduction by these meth- 
ods. This department of their work enter- 
ing us it does into competition to a greater 
or less degree with engraving, has under- 
gone a great change that tends to bring 
nearer to each other the penman's and 
engraver's art. Much of the pen work 

or practical purposes. It 
belief that a judicious training of (Ik 
■iiid iiiiiM le- iipi.ii Mourishhigexetcisi 
sharp Hi-i] as to when am 
flourishing is in be used is of -ti at 

Echoes from \ 

■ Cor 



I up Wc 

to the B. E. A. 

n company with 
our wife. Prof, and Mrs. II. C. Spencer, to 
the thriving and beautiful cities of St. Paul 
and Minneapolis. At the latter city we 
were the guests of Prof. C. C. Curtiss, 
proprietor of the Minneapolis Business Col- 
assemble in 1888. Through his kindness 
we enjoyed a ride through the principal 
streets to the principal points of interest 
in the beautiful city of Minneapolis. Mr. 
Curtiss' college rooms are eligibly located, 
fluely appointed, and upon the whole con- 
stituted one of the best appointed business 
colleges that we have ever had the pleasure 
of inspecting. Certainly so far as a 



photo-engraved or 
the form of certific 

engravings. This 

coming a master of 

labor upon designs and their execution ; 
hence, the higher order of pen art of the 
present as compared with that of former 
limes. Much of the pen work that goes out 
from the oflice of the Penmak's Aiit Jour- 
nal is supposed by persons not informed to 
be actual engraving, possessing as it does 
all the requisites pertaining to ihat art. 

It is a ijut-linij nfleii rii-id Lv tiachds 
and others whether or not ih, ... , .„!, ,., , f 
flourishing is a benefit 01 otherwise to prac- 

that the practice of flourishing has given 
a facility and freedom to writing which is 
unattainable by any other mode of practice. 
In the late Penman's Convention at Erie, 
there was quite a sharp discussion between 

also indebted to Prof. W. F. 
the Duluth Business College, 
through whose courtesy our party enjoyed 
a ride over this booming new city and anti- 
cipated metropolis of the West. At Duluth 
we took one of the finely appointed steam- 
ers, the China, of the Lake Superior Transit 
Company's line from Duluth to Buffalo, 
passing through the great lakes— .Superior, 
Ltter city. The 
live days and a 

ranging nearly 100 in the shade, when wt 
reached Lake Superior we experienced f 
delightful temperature of about GO degrees, 
reminding us more of the pleasant days ol 
October than of the toirid heat of July am! 

The trip throughout from Duluth tc 
Buffalo was in the highest degree cnjoya> 
ble. The accommodations on the boat 
were all thatcould bedesired. Theacenery 
at many points was simply grand, while 
the delighted and merry passengers found 
various means for enjoying it. 

We cunnot too warmly commend the 
delights of this recreative journey to tour- 
ists who have not made it. Those who 
have need no urging. Indeed, it is now 
anticipated that quite a large company of 
the Eastern Educators will 

are endowed with different grades c. ... 
ties, which to a greater or less degree ( 

ttainments in writing t 

d by paternal 

Short Copies. 
The old adage "Master one thing at a 
time " may be applied to learning to write 
with peculiar force. An experience of 
nearly thirty years as a teacher of writing 
has proved to us that the best possible re- 
sults from the teaching and practice of 
writing are attained by the use of short 
exercises for copies. That this is true will 
be apparent to a well-informed teacher or 
pupil upon a moment's reflection. Writing 

faults. Faultless writing is perfect writing ; 
hence, after a good copy has been placed 
before a pupil, the chief effort, of teacher 
and learner is to note and correct faults in' 
the practice. It is very obvious that this is 
most effectively done when the effort for 
correction follows quickly and after the 
discovery of a fault. This fact conceded, 
it follows that the effort is four times as 
quick and frequent where the copy is not 

Short copies and' 
ercises carefully 
the combined forearm and linger 
ill enable every intelligent child 
with one sound hand to become a good, 
easy and legible writer. 

practiced a 


e difference 

arcely be distinguished. 

■rcdity and its man) whims has here a new 

■Id of liibor that might prove interesting 

tin- ile\i.ln|.iiiciit— I'wiotr Press " Li*- 

Apart from what is derived 

le child of the writing of 
u .<• iliai there is 

Writing Lesson. 

Every learner of writing should! bear in 
mind that it is not so much the amount of 
practice as its character which determines 
his progress. A short copy mastered is 
much heller than a long one hastily and 
thoughtlessly scribbled. Bad writing is so 
from its great* number of faults. Good 
writing is so because its fauItB have been 
eliminated. The learner should bear in 
mind that no undiscovered fault can possi- 
bly he corrected, and that discovered ones 
can only be corrected by thoughtful, ear- 
nest effort. 

The first effort, then, of all learners is 
to discover fully and appreciate the faults 
of their writing. The second effort is for 
their correction. This will serve as good 
advice to teachera as well as pupils. We 


when ii tact, wa 
iirt rather than i 
while upon the ot 

flourishes- of Hm- country were ihe 

>lain writers. All united in condemn- 

bug the minding of flourishing and plain 

getrtion of the parent have been s 
make their impress upon the chili 
to forming of his ideal and in hi 
of writing While it is true that children 

The precise poin 


arm is that with the forearm there must be 
a positive rest of the arm just in front of 
the elbow. If the arm does not rest or is 
permitted to slide at the point of contact 
upon the table, it is not forearm but whole- 

This season of the reopening of schools 
affords abundant opportunities for taking 
subscriptions for the Journal. The work 
is simple enough and pleasant enough, and 


lack l lie definite 1M. 

• in placing the merits of the Jouhn 
e their pupils and friends, it would 
By matter to double our subscript 

Packard's New Departure. 

We are prohibited by Sir. Packard's stern 

injunction from saying anything specific 

about the new departure of his college. He 

will be made, or what the new thing will he. 

The college 

properly sized, orderly and well constructed 
writing ; hence should under no circum- 
stances be employed in practical writing. 

After proper practice upon the move 
ment exercises the accompanying copy may 

Written cards arc getting to be quite the 
rage again among fashionable people, and 
we predict an unusually fat harvest for our 
brilliaut coterie of young card-writers dur- 
ing the mining season. 

lingers arc used in exiendnj I,. up- ; 
for the producing of all shaded line 

Sadler's Arithmetics. 

We call the attention of our readers to the 

advertisement of Sadler's arithmetics, found 

on the last page of this issue. Prof. W. H. 

Sadler is well known to the business-college 

practical teacher, and a 

For fraternity t 

The writing 
i size. It shot 

nienihcnd I 

Her the writing b 
me less trie shade the more rapidly u 
easily it is written. Nor will small writi 
compare unfavorably with the other 
the respect of legibility. While the Icttc 
and the words of large writing may 

nd best methods of computation 

business purposes. 
ounting-House Arithmetic " has 

ensive use in many of our lead- 
5S colleges for over eight years ; 
ts patrons think of it is best told 
guage of a few of them as con- 
is advertisement. 
st and by many considered his 

likely In 

biiiMing • 

the landmarks in this city, and occupies a 
most central position with floods of light on 
three sides and imposing entrances, both ou 
Twenty-third street and Fourth avenue. One 
of the charms which will strike the beholder 
lies in the lofty ceilings of the two main 
halls— one having an elivation of eighteen 
'" feet and the other of twenty-three 

ind a half feet. 
The building has 

been wholly 

I guarantee satisfaction. 

general refreshing. Those who have known 
the old building as a medical college will 
be struck with the great change that has 
come over it. 

Among the new things which Mr. Pack- 
ard proposes to introduce is a Department 
of Civics under the personal management of 
Prof. McCord, formerly of Carlinville Col- 
lege, Illinois. Mr. McCord is well known 
to business educators as a man of sound 
views and available talents, and we do not 

xvS^vi\W ' 


I'm Hi- < ;< M I wrltin- i- very 


Photo-Engraved from Copy Executed l.y C. C. Muring. Honolul 

tuemselves be more conspicuous to tbe eye, 
they bo occupy the space between ruled 
lines upon the sheet as to tend lo confuse 
and embarrass the eye in following the 
: -" whereas the fine writing, occupying 
the very limited space, leaves very clear 
and open space between the lines, which 
enables the eye to follow it rapidly, unem- 
harassed by conflicting lines. 

The very excellent portrait of Piatt Ii. 
Spencer, Jr., published on the first page of 
the Journal, and the large cut representing 
tbe Business Educators' on tbe Bluff at Mil- 
waukee, were both executed by the Moss 
Engraving Company of ibis city They 
were made direct from the photographs by 
the new Mos* process, aud are very accurate 

If people insist on rushing to us with their 
advertisements at the rate they have been 
doing lately, we may have to take refuge in 
a fly leaf. Nothing Icllssonnich a. making 
a paper that everyone wants lo read. 

coulaiued in his advertisement, will show 
what is thought of it by those who have 

fore best qualified to decide upon its 

These admirable arithmetics are now 
more extensively used in business colleges 
and the commercial departments of other 
institutions than any other similar text book 

these works cannot do better than 
sample copy for examination at tin 
tionally low price they are offered ] 

doubt that he will make his mark iu this 
wider field thai is opened to him. 

In tbe absence of more specific informa- 
tion we can simply say that Packard ap- 
pears to be on the warpath, and although 
taking scalps is not one of his favorite 
amusements we expect to see him keep his 

.'.''.'.'.',"' V; k :;;/;,:;:^St^nKC! 

Ames' Copy Slips continue to win golden 
opinions everywhere. Verily, twelve num- 
bers of the Jocbxal plus the Slips are a 
•>i« dollar's worth " - 

i s, boo! .luring a lesson on the ani- 
ingdom. the teacher put tbe following 
question: "Can any boy name tome an 
animal of the order tdantata—tiat is a 

l I'" -■< ■<■ h'l r..,,,, ' . n - 

News comes from Georgia I 
that a man in that State is ■' 
antly " with his eighth wife, 
the value of trying again if 

(In. in 

hi nln'i 
Hie p'alc 

■ iiii ixhihitiiig spci imrns 
l.ami l.-risln-sof [he oaks 

would as easily recognize 

:art.— Mamma— ■• Why, 

you crying fur V" Char 
lln' mill piece of Jin on 
Willie looked ui-ll'nlli 

will be unable to do so because I 


'>!/.; /,(,,,, (J /i,,„, „,„/■ „,;{„<(;, .„„/ <>-,, cl< IJOU 


The Editor's Calendar. 


■I1V«I." .f VM.m Ill^h.M.I. 

lliirir--s ■Tiitm-Mii, who was for i 

are altogether too many 

^imen copy may be had for 
ubscription for $2-40. D. 

y bright, papers In 81. Nlc/io- 
8 Gen. Adum liadeau's BO- 

pflCE OF 7HE 

l Syn.-ns,., Mir 

f King Kalakua personal 

-m&$ [ |dfnjirans Arf Juitrnal, ) - 

itums, iHnimrink iLrstinuniink 
pluxitrti?. l£rrtiu'rates k 3«, 
«s (fnyrassrA * 

> /try ifqfe -vf AffiltSTIC PENMANSHIP wioittb promptly 
\X— lb fij tftc ft^tTtsl-atgft of t&s art. 

s/<'S//'J/r rf/< ,s/,,/J'/t /-'/Or/// r' J.'/, rv ////// J 
I ■ ■ ,,,// /////', '//y/ .'///r/r ,//'/>"/ rr/ "//'/ 
,'///?//■ ///// rsy / r///// f'r //// / r /■///■ r//r//J ,'/ r/// 

pHora-ENCRfl^o WM PtNMo iNtcopr. ^/Jrtist "Penman 

■ production, but we 1 

Specimens Received. 

i <»f Thackeray" 

i ' ollege, an • 

Just for Fun. 

low called a "bull fight." 

The farmer who raises the glass too often 
sn't likely to raise much else — Biftimj*. 

The " big head " is entirely distinct from 
:he big brain.— New Orleam Picayune, 

The elephant always travels with a trunk; 
[lie cow gets along nicely with only a bug. 

When the knight of old wanted to pro 
tec! Ills girl he put his armor round her.— 
} ,./i/m r» statesman. 

Dolly Adams introduced ice-cream hit" 

was so ancient.— Tid-Bite. 

A Pittsburg inventor calls his latest de- 
vice .Tocali's Whale, 1 it absorbed I lit* 
whole profit.— PitUuri/ B'llUlm. 

The mosquito is a fortunate collector. 
Mralwa\s finds you in when he presents 

his bill.— LmoaR Ottkm, 

What is the meaning of the poetical ex 
pression, "tuneful lyre".' Ana. A music 

The innermost, unexpressed thought 

oilier man had l«-t n created as nearly right 
as 1 am, the millenium might come almost 
any Bay.—; DaiuvWU Bn i w, 

ous and so slight of f 
it Tennyson has been 

uMmufc, .ulkd "The I*!.'as,, rt .„ »i 

S:'::^.:rf;:.r\; l :-;-''r': : ;r , . ; '' 
'" c ' s "'" ,> rc , ;;;:;A',i j : A,M "~ 



By H. J. BTJTjyCjft.1T & ~W. J. ICIITSIjEY 



r nK ™|S/^^^j; r ;':'' : '^Vvy;; 1 ^,!':!'r.;^;!yi^;k"Sf°^k"lT° ™' rr " ved °° ° < ""'" by °°° "' tl,e be " 

•' "•' I''"' rnt. ul tli,>sealrea-h ,.r ;i ,-ti,'.-,l This wiil I"- ■■! I,. ... ,. . ,.. ,, | M - r - " ' 

MhrMnall Leil.Taarr analyzed l.\ nirans-,.1 stall I in,- 

A great v:in.Ty ,,(_ v. , ,r^ .,),,, ,,,„- .,..( Iim- hut .small letters. 


..rJIf-r'SJwul'l'.isThiaV/mil i'ett'er. '-'' l " 1 " 1 " ll ''"' ''"'" »>r:i>iif.l Nie . ..|ul ,1. a,. u .|ve. , |„ til- l.:,.,-lil,i,. 
,r, i,,', 1 ",.!!'"'. V" '" ' '"■• re "' variety of Commercial Abbreviations 

V mblrr.s ii, r.,i' .f" FIFTY CFNTS™ "* ^ '"'^ '"" J sul,st '"" '■'' e;LS '' , "" 1 '"ailnl '" 

I >'"•'';; 

Remington Standard Typewriter. 

own and school. A liberal disctmnt (,-iv. 

The Journal Teachers' Bureau. 

ment Bureau for Teacher* uf Penmanship ami 
Commer.-lal Branches. The re gi strati,,,, feo will 

"f those deMrlup employment and those In need of 
the icrvl. ;>« of u teaWier ami to establish a lino of 

The Joviwal will a.h.-rtht, (i ll ;*[>].l u;»t I. .ns for 

of applicant, r-cular rates will I | m ^..,| 

The Journal has fitted hundred* of tempers to 

Kood positions to be filled. What you want Is to 
Tournal can help you, ami $ pay.i Hie. entire 

TI.At 111 ,its HAM'i:i.. 

- (//,;,,. -Teueher „f Penmanship ; 

HI.Ns, n ii LTl sclluol,' TKAaiEltS.^I'liOl-'KSSB.NA 

('uTiipirnliiiiiis" ..('writing, semi for a copy of th« 

".'■■* ".'■'" •'"> -'I'lNar slips ..r Cimip<-n>l hi 

< all eoimnunh at ions (., ■ irh. r ..[ I L. |'..|| (1 i\-ii,(; aililr.—n's : 


Please mention t 

I'll! Ml, KilE (IF HF.Tt ItNIXu 
' 8ATIS- 

339 Broadway, New York. 

Philadelphia, 834 Chestnut 
Boston, 201 Washing 

Washington, Le Dr. 

Minneapolis, iV Third's" 
Chicago, 196 La Salle St. 

St Louis, 308 N. Sixth St. 
St. Paul, Il6 E. Third St. 

Indianapolis, 84 E Market St 
Kansas City, 322 West oth St 
London, too Gracechurch St., ci 




"i '^ l " 1 ''lf'^'u'-"N! , uVt,,!V''h'i-?.M,-!!!'',l"!h!l'm! uiiV. 1 V, '!]"„'.* ll,, ; i lBl, " i l " f <he tether It 

;■/„".';'; ';;;'' .••■»»i-"—>«it. n r, r , .,., . n,, ,, utt ". .„.,!.-' -,.\ \ ', " '',!.,,' lt^mtahsVa'^'pi'iVt!, 1 !!'^ Iki'I" 

This will greatly f 

Crisp Sentences 

"'■ k -F ..f I lir.H- 

i'u ; 

Letters of Leading Teachers. 

ill can be readily conipreli.-mltd ami iippli.-d. 
1- tui- 1 1,. s> ,., T,[ii; U i h ),i,, jfia perfect delight to m 

• ■ . ■ ■ . ■ I.', ■: ■ ".' ' 'i : , :,::'. ',;, ■ 

INTKOllI t'TlVK K1IITIUN, 100 Pages 

'"";," ■ »-'ll I* niulled lo i™, l„,,„ 1 s, .,„,, .,.,, „„ „,,|.lieailon t>u-~ini»s inctle 

NKSScfflSoN'iENc"'' '"lUgg""' ""' '"'" """ t " >ok "- "COMMERCIAL LAW" and "BUS1 

M WILLIAMS & ROGERS. Rochester, N. Y. 

\ K J. . Y n ^ O e*S.5S^„7 T bS, , 

'; i'"'''-'"»lli.k.i-..rl.l:u,k.bookmanuf«oii,rer; 

U'llihs, ;i„|„„i,.m ,,|„| ,,,, ';„,,„ , ,.,,,, 




I ▼ I #^VJ I w -an n>ci r \a/ k 

I /Mill \M SI-MI'I.EAI'I'AK MIm.,,1, 

g \J IM L Y lisis SSSfig*j£2»gs 



The Journal's New Handy Binder. 


irr*iirA w cHi>i^»s a c;biia; c r«!V„°pf k KL^| 

m\ |2js^t p ey|* 

" ■ K.I.., 4: Co. Mnldeo.conn.^Hl 5" 

Price 75 Cents, Postage Paid. 


•Elm. 51 : , 

Shorthand Writing 


Shorthand Schools, 

[],„, .1 \\ ; ,n.'h i;. iNT rt^|...iker Lower Housi 
..f <-i.i,pvi -.-. ju'wu^-ntv Address, 

U || | |s. t ..|.l M.I. MKIKILUNU. 



W. W. 0SO00LBY, PubUaher, Bociester, K. Y. 




Business College, 

7 to 713 Broad St., Newark, N. J.. 

Young Men, Boys, Middle ace 

Life. The Largest 

.■niuiti y. Chilli' ..f sU).]: i-uiii) 
lui-i-,1 ..n real \;iUi<"v N<> YaUiitions 


brouchout the yet 




Pen Artist, Utica, N. Y. 

Does all kinds of Ornamental Pen Work, M. 
to l,e donV Piec s of rtonrishu.i; fresb froti 




Revised Edition. 




t ,,f your students 


C.J. Stamps taken. 

.Shi. i;>'>N, Falcon, Tenn. 





HotfounQIJ} herNLAKES 







send us hundreds of 



_ ■ proofs of display ,,its prepared at. the office of the Jourha 

at low cos.. A duplicate- of the cut » o,,-/,.„,, , y,„ /; ', , ,„^ ■■ ^ w iu 

LT:!!.^?_ r n . ipt " , 1 U " 1Ii "" C "»^' ''—> »> a» -nvenieot denomination,. 
1 special orders filled. Samples sent, with terms, for 25 cent 

r institutions in stock, 

cuts mir fiicilitii.s lor prompt a 
ill be furnished by mail or express within i 
y locality. Cuts sent only for cash orC. O. ] 
A can be sent by return mail or express; also d 

1 in the country. 
ofter receipt of 

ess ^colleges and 

T. AMES, Office ok Penman's Art Journal, SOS Broadway, New York. 


High Grade in Every Sense. 

From the Very Start— From the Opening of the Season, 


ncreasing Demand and Unasked Testimonials. Wherever One has been Shown, other Orders Surely and 
Quickly Followed. In Fact, e&~ AT NO SINGLE TIME SINCE JANUARYS have 
We been up with Our Orders. 

This Means Something. It M 

With Our Specialties : 


Trigwell's Ball Head. 


Parts Interchangeable. 

The Ball Head has been ;,.„„.„„., ...„ ^ ,„;>."*' >/W We ° n| y Ask You to SEE a 

years' use with great i 

nnpeting. ;' ;' I S NEW MAIL, 

And You Will Buy One. 

Send for Catalogue and Photograph. 

WM. READ & SONS, Manufacturers, 107 Washington Street, Boston, Mass. 

Something Entirely New. 




Elementary, 104 pages, Price, $ .80 
Commercial, 160 1.50 

Countlng-House,3l2" 2.50 



IpLbet 1 ' 

m Writing Alphabet 
Rapid Old English Toil Alphabet. 
i:.i.|.i..i Ui.riJnc Alpliabet. 
Semi Script Alphabet. 

Also eight styles of Borders. 

■ 'in. < Text Alphabet. 
ragged Alphabet. 


of four nmall books, comprising U. 8. History, 

.....'■ . .... i. „,,..! ... .,-■,! . . . ■ . ■ ■■ ■■-. 

preparing for examinations, or for reviewing pupils 

TIC," Including nearly 300 test examples with an- 
swers and solutions. Besides treat I rn: ■■' ■■r.>nu'h)\ 

from 10 to 30 test examples with answers and solvi- 

10 (Inert! ma with Answers on GEOGRA- 
PHY, "embracing Descriptive, Physical and Mathe 
innticut tiri.vinphv. The descriptive uuest Ions are 
asked on each grand division separat-ly. nun in 



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Writing and Measuring Ruler. 

aluable to all whoa 





All of Standard and Superior duality. 





Penman's Badge. 



beautiful and ,iii:tih -.mri-i in^ 

est, brightest 11 " ' 


Qf? «*_ ForWd.ivs Tb.- Cni.U- slips .ui.l 
^O CtS. ■.,..■. im..,,;. will be seat 

R.,i..d, Improv.d and Enlarg.d. 

The Model Guide to Penmanship. 



A Spring chi.-krn, u« g 1 and fresh as the 

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MrVi.-k.-r- I'.uiMii.L'. ■ hi- ii.-' ■ 




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Eclectic School of Shorthand &. Typewriting. 

■ ril"NOMI.\lIllL' ' 



THERE was commenced in the June number of THE OFFICE, the publi- 
being one of the results of the competition conducted by this journal a short 
time since. This effort, which is by an eminently practical man, is a reflex of 
the best bookkeeping in large establishments, and is accordingly invaluable to 

has ever appeared in print. It describes correctly and in detail, the system 
which makes the mammoth retail stores, some notable examples of v- hich are 
to be found in each of the large cities, not only possible but also eminently 
successful. The study will be profusely illustrated with diagrams of shipping 
department, office, etc., and fac-similes of blanks and tickets, including the 
the ruling of the books. 

The only opportunity of securing this 

th's impoitant additioi 

Each number of THE OFFICE is 28 pages, 9 x 12 inches, and is filled 
with matter of the greatest interest to students and accountants. Sub- 
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persons. Remit by Postal Order or Draft on New York. 
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VAI ID w111 be "J*' 11 ^ "" r, ' f,, ' i ^"-'. f "' ""ly !««'.. a very h.'uMllfiil ' 
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Address, E. K. ISAACS, iVuman Northern /Ww„,i \„ llll , 







With Two Supplementary Books. 



guishing features of " Spencers' New Standard Writing." It effects a saving 
of from 15 to 25 per cent, in the labor of writing and a corresponding 
saying of time in learning to write. 

A Sample Set, containing all numbers, sent for examination on receipt 
of $1.00. 

Full Descriptive Circular sent, on request, to any address. 

Ivison, Blakeman & Co. 

753 and 755 Broadway, New York. 



Are in Successful Use in Many of the Best BUSINESS COLLEGES and COMMERCIAL TRAINING SCHOOLS in the 


Mrtlm-lieul in Arrangement, Scientific in Present it iou, Exhaustive in Treatment, Practical in its Application to the Varied ami Innumerable Re. 

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land Millar, Terras 

/ l.'i', o~K ,|,„, ., i„, v., 

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Bogardus, Springfield, 

«/*.*».! ' 0nt - 

Retail price, $2.00. Specimen Copy Mailed to Teachers for Uvainiiiatioii on Receipt of $1.25. 


For Business Colleges, Commercial Departments, Hi^h Schools. 

Ib-li'iM? Erpmiuit »f "'■ B-:*t n<t*i„,™ iWi,,), V,fb,U of friitnfti.m It En'n-.v^n'l (?,.- M-itttr of th, : Lar-j^t Arithwtic* C>>n>lrii*r<t Duim (•> Four I/„mlrett V2-Mo. Pages. 

,1,1.1/ olhur Similar Work loot ?.,:/,»•<■ the Public 

|3f- Attention is Icvit.-d u, the (V.IImwhi- t 

t la an old shoe.— Wood < 

•v,-rsv*n.-B J 

.sul.jeet we h:ive yet seen.— 0. I'. Judd, 

Ii.mIIv ;,i r.i'iL'<<l \rithmetio iww before tie' [.uMie. 
iftrriU, VW,,/,! 

1 > k iTk 

i pul.llsl.o.l. It" . 

Retail price $1.50. Specimen Copies Mailed to Teachers lor Examination on Receipt of 75 Cents. 

Special Editions are pul,U*ii-l. eniille.l •Till: CO! NTINc. m>l si: V in I mi i: I ie, ■ .ml ■ Till: < oHHilU I \I. Al'.l I UMi I M , ih. n ,m. , ..i I In n.itli. ,rs l.eini: .milt ted from the title- 

W. H. SADLER, Nos. 6 and 8, 10 and 12 North Charles Street, Baltimore, Md. 




The first complete system to present abbreviated forms of capitals 

~hb— . J \ n ^zzssEs 


. . 

-zt/y/sjyj . 


s fi ts MsfsV 

- J f 

tl " \ in* 

- ' 

3d.— The lateral spacing is uniform, each word filling a given space and 

crowding or stretching to secure such results. 
4th — Beautifully printed by Lithography ! No Cheap Relief Plate Printing ! 


Ahsot'itthf iinsnriiitssctl Jar Masti, it ij , 
Smoothness, anil Din-ability. 

Tin- 01, hi Jet mail. Ink that will girt 

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Send 10 cents for sample bottle in neat 

box, by mail, post-paid. 

^4^/^77 ~-^fa^M/2 7~7P 

■ / 





^ZtjsrM >$z. 




5th — Words used are all familiar to the pupil. See above copies. Contrast them with such 

words as "zengma, urquesne, xylus, teniifly, mimetic and xuthus." 
6th — Each book contains four pages of practice paper — one sixth more paper than in the hooks 

of any other 6eries — and the paper is the best ever used for copy-books. 
7th.— Business forms are elaborately engraved on steel and printed on tinted paper, rendering 

them very attractive to the pupil. 
8th — Very low rates for introduction. They are the cheapest books in America. 

'lofesslonal Pen 


A.. S. BARNES & CO., Publishers, 


Representative Penmen of 



L'rlUTiltl r 

duly r 

& Vs^^t^ l'i»tory m-h 


the firm, and Ellsworth, Lamson and 
Ames were co-workers ;it T.'iti Broadway, 
New York, corner of Eighth Slreet, until 
by mutual agreement each partner was free 

cialty. * 

in the public schools of Lynn, Mass., and 
principal of the evening drawing school 
in that city, for five years previous to ac- 
cepting bis present position, Mr. Lamson 
won an enviable reputation. During a part 

the accompanying cut, and his "Improved 
Copy Book Cover," is another contribution 
lo penmanship improvements. 

In 1883, Mr. Lamson graduated from the 
New England Conservatory School of Fine 
Arts, Boston. His favorite pastime is pho- 
tography, and in the indulgenceof this father 

ami sons are boon companions. 

paper on industrial drawing recently read by 
Mr. Lamson before a Teachers' Association 
in Connecticut, with illustrations showing 
the work of pupils in public schools. 


-i ia that of the sub- 
ject of the present sketch. 

Warren Harrison Lamson, conspicuous 
lor bis energy and devotion to the twin sis 
ters of graphic art, writing and drawing, was 
born at West Brookfield, Mass., in 1846. 
He is now in the prime of life special in- 
structor of drawing and penmanship in th( 
public schools of the city of Bridgeport 
Conn., with all the surroundings of a nappy 
home, a charming wife, three promising 
sons and a lovely daughter, in each and all 
■of which he indulges a just and pardonable 

Mr. Lamson became interested in penman- 
ship at an early age through lessons he re 
ceived from Mr. Charles Rend, a local mas 
ter in his native town. His professional 
training as a teacher was at the State Nor- 
mal School, Westrield, Mass.. where Ik 
graduated in the class of 1867. Itwasatthi- 
institutiou that young Lamson first became 
acquainted with the Ellsworth System of 
Penmanship, and learned to appreciate its 

Upon L'rrulu 

received i 

ca of worship- 
)hio. Here he 

qualification to teach the same from the 
Spencer Brothers as a reward for his pil- 

We next find him teaching in Prof An- 
tuons well known English and Classical 
fccliool on Fifth Avenne, New York, from 
which he shortly mounted to the position of 
special teacher of penmanship in the New 
York City public schools. It was at this 

quaintance with him beg«» 

During the following 
entered into partnership 
engage in the publication of works on pen"- 
mansbip and bookkeeping, and in the man- 
agement of a Business College, in which re- 

During this period Prof D. T. Ames! 

Trensuiy Department redeemed no end of 
the bogus ones before accident betrayed 
them. These bonds were not registered, 
and the plates from which they were taken 

ment that the original plates were used 
with the guilty knowledge of a then official 
who lives now in great splendor in London 
and is a frequent guest in Marlboro House 
and at Sandringham. However that may 
be, the fact remains that the United States 
Treasury did buy bogus bonds under the 
administration of Salmon P. Chase, and 

It is something more than can reasonably 
be expected that Brockway will tell atl he 

customary with his guild, hint at so much 
unrevealed that his interviewer could never 
kuow when he had pumped him dry. For 
example, he says that the white line which 
encircles the seal of scroll work, called the 
counter, on the national currency is named 
as one of the actual protections against 
counterfeiting— as a matter of fact the 
skillful counterfeiter has no difficulty in 
printing that line white. I nsked him how 
they did it, but he said there were enough 
who didn't know how to make the know- 
ledge too valuable for newspaper column. 
I asked him for his opinion as an expert of 
the security of the paper currency. 

'■ There are no experts." he said ; " there 
are good judges of paper money. I used 
to be a fair judge, but no expert can tell the 

ing machine. The geometrical lathe work, 
which is the great security on bank work, 
is mechanically cut with a lathe that 
costs from $3,000 to $8,000. Witnesses, 
called as experts, have sworn that this work 
can't be imitated, but there are a dozeu men 
in New York who can make so perfect a 
copy of it that ce who made the original 
can't tell it, and the imitator need not be an 

i Mr. ban 

penmanship in the evening high school of 
n, distinguished as the largest school 
■ kind in ihv world having an attend- 
)f over two thousand young ladies and 

As an author and inventor Mr. Lamson 
has attained some distinction. " Lamson's 

American System of Penmanship," a 

series of copy-books published by Harper 

e sale in schools for the past twelve years. 
Among his inventions, for which a number 
"nited States and foreign patents have 
--_ issued, may be mentioned Dixon's 
Pencil Sharpener, which has been in large 
demand and is now being placed upon the 
market in an improved form. The hand 
pencil sharpeners with enameled handlesare 
also manufactured under his patents. The 
use of •' Lamson's Pen Guide," for which 
United States, Canadian and English patents 
have been issued, in aiding the learner to 
secure correct penholding, is illustrated in 

Confessions of a Counterfeiter. 

-■''e:il criminal-, no one has harl wider f 
than William E. Brockway. He has 1 
a very rich man, he is a very clever one 
years approach 70, he is just ending a s: 
Sing. Is he a great cr< 


join icHi- 


i.liu I 

but 1 never knew him to lie in anything, 
and I am bound to believe that he does not 
regard himself as a bad man. 

Brockway is credited with the counter- 
feiting of the famous '81 bonds. It was 
not his biggest job by any means, but it 
was successful. They were bonds issued 
by the Government early in 1861, and the 

that by such processes the elaborate lathe 

curately as manuscript can be copied pho- 
tographically, and when printed in carbon 
or colored inks are about equal to the orig- 



he could not 

annot counterfeit, 
rente the original. 

For example, if you will examine the scroll 
cut by the geometrical lathe you will see 
in the seal that some eight parts are all 
duplicates of the other, that in these divi- 

The Imita- 


and tlien r 

peat it in the 



The most 

difficult thing 

to make 

e the likenesses. The 

infinite i 

M. 11 0i IK! 

tnan cxpressio 

n. which 

,.m,k,l In 



deviation in 

ic angle 

ve of the lip, the set of 

so far from 

irliitrary Ilia 

only be c 

" What is an ap 

roximate figure repre- 


he amoun 

of foreign 


of the Brazilian mil 
that $200,000,000 of 
circulated io Hrszil. 

Moves for the South 
ins nil been liberally 
en Bank of England 

"Bank note counterfeiting was most 
prevalent during tlie reign of the State 
hanks, but 1 lie boys bad to liurry up or the 
bank would fail before they could get their 
stuff out. I was caught twice in that way 
and had no redress, as the banks had no 
assets. The counterfeits then were gener- 
ally poor and there was seldom an attempt 
at imitation. Wheu an Imitation was at- 
tempted by an amateur, who bad picked up 
engraving, be would Belect bis note, oil it 
to make it transparent, paste it on a plute 
face down, and with a tine needle (using a 
microscope) he would prick through the 
lines on the note and then follow the dots 

Hues. Of course the exquisite etching of 
the landscape, the beautiful lines of the 
portraits and the del k'Hl« ruling were lost, 
but there were very few of the dear public 
who could tell a hawk from n handsaw."— 
New York Correspondent Philadelphia Timet. 

Correct Penmanship. 

We commend to the earnest attention of 

our readers the following article from the 

it does, from the highest authority in the 
land, it can hardly fail iu making a favor- 
able impression on tbe mind of every 
thoughtful young man and, we trust, will 
incite many to greater exertion in acquiring 
proficiency in penmatiship : 
If there be one necessity more pressing 


clear, comprehensibh 
believe that progress 

writers. In our bi.-ini\ , without going any 
farther, the proof has been in the other 
direction. The signers of the Declaration 
of Independence were, almost without ex- 
ception, good penmen, anil no one who has 
ever seen the bold, round, manly signatures 
of Washington, Hancock and Franklin. 
wilWeadily forget them. 

At the present time there are, no doubt 
many among our prominent professionals 
who write a "poor fist," as tbe phrase, 
goes. Indeed we know one eminent jurist, 
now on the bench of one of our highest 

conrls, wlx'H' tocography convey- U> (he 
beholders the idea Unit a frightened beetle 

scampered over tbe paper. No mortal hut 
the Judge's secretory, trained to the work 
for twenty-live years, can read the hiero- 
glyphics, and his worship is very frequently 
nonplussed himself when be comes to look 
al his own Ms. after the lapse of a few 

But professional men have some shadow 

nt excuse in the multiplicity of their engage- 

io |ne|i:irc iuo-1 n| their documents. In 
business life I he same defence will not pass 

[Indotted " i's," uncrossed "t's" that look 

for " w*s," are intolerable in a commercial 
writing. Ever) thing there should be pcr- 

Pays an admirable and thoroughly 
experienced authority in European com- 
inerce "The employee must execute, with 

the aye of tbe recipient, ami is easily read. 

Tin- effect i- -till no re noticeable when the 
article is a letter, a bill of lading or an ac- 
count. Neat, well kept documents favor 
ably dispose tbe party who takes cognizance 
of them, and they form an opportunity to 

with a customer or a correspondent agree- 

These conclusions are too apparent for 
dispute, and all young aspirants for rapid 
promotion in commercial houses will do 
well to bear them in mind as being abso- 
lutely essential, even where other high 
requisites exist already. 

With such advantages of instruction as 
are offered throughout the land, the young 
roan who presents his claims for counting- 
house employment in an unintelligible 
scrawl, makes a prima faeu confession of 
negligence or laziness that few wise heads 

line and one page quantity of practice. 
Make it twenty lines and two pi>g< s, or five 
lines and half a page if you like The 
point I wish to make is thai you should 

Tbe copies in the accompanying illustra- 
tion were written rapidly on a single sheet 
of paper. Not a single letter or exercise has 
been replaced, 
VatparaUo, 2nd. 

Lesson on the Small Letters. 

In recent numbers of the Journal I have 
presented illustrations and methods for 
practicing business capitals. The present 

the -small letters. 

All letters are made up of lines. Lines 
are either straight or curved. The latter 
urc either right or left. 

1. A line is the path of a moving point. 

The Whtchness of 

Henry Guy Carletoo. the dashing staff 
contributor to the Nm Tori World, has 

been attending the sessions of the Concord 
Summer School of Philosophy. The fol 

lowing ohscrvatiniis :nv in point : 

■'Some ribald scoffer has asserted that 
philosophers are men who have nothing 

and then quarrel with each other over the 
impossibi'ity of a reply. This is vile and 
scurrilous. The true philosopher discu-ses 
that of which he knows nothing, and this 
gives him a wide range of subjects. Aris- 

■ ! .- 

////-////-////- J^^^f'^" ////V/ 

respectively 1, 
■s from which 

singly and in exercises ; (2.) The four semi- 
extended letters, singly and in exercises; 
(3.) The nine loop letters, singly and in ex- 
After practicing a few preliminary oval 

totle was a keen and subtle rcasoner. To 
his process of cognition we are for 
the sublime truth that the earth tB the cen 

outer spl I dh ssi nee revolve^ iu 

the contrary direction This ■■■■ is i i ri ud 

achievement for a man who knew a tl 

of those great factors of civilization — the 

derstand Aristotle's optuion o 
Thingness of the shall he. 

"There is a great charm t 
The vulgar scientist grubs arc 

iploymentsof the citizens With 
le self-abnegation he declared 

philosophers only. He was opposed to 
Greeks enslaving Greeks, hut approved the 

expounder of the doctrines ol Socrates, bc 
by him we judge just what sort of a bel- 
low-old Sock was. 

■ You can have but an imperfect idea of 
the joy and pride we all felt to-day in deter 
mining that the Whichness of the Was, 
combined with the Isness of the How, pos- 
tulate-. chaiU the Wherefore of the Must 
Be; and as 1 write these lines, having 
grarped that grand end solemn truth by the 
hind-legs, I do not care who gets to Bul- 
garia. It ;...> munis weary of the cares m 
this wicked, troubling world and desires 

tC this Sum r School. Here is no bother 

With facts ami figures, no dredging in seas 
of investigation for dearly won pearls of 
truth, no scheming to strengthen the nation 
or benefit the race, nothing but sweet com- 

,o, the republic of the ant— not Plato 
rued so well ; consider the uiouarchy 
e bee, knowing not Aristotle ; ques- 
yon scarab iu the perfumed porch of 
>pening rose— he reasoneth not, yet 
shelter, raiment, warmth, light and 

'Beach thou not for 
■ try to ponder the Unthinkable. 
on the Whatness of 

t in him, lo, from his 
evolve tb he but non- 

, which i- Corncob I'hil- 

Will Books Disappear 

the startling question thai Heioi Hull, ma 
of the leading book publishers of the land 
propouuds in the June number of Th 

gation, but the noble 

[ shivery was just and 
were runts, intended 
s, and tbe promulga- 

te Pythagoras relative to mi It m] ■■ I i 
This explains how so many men, after they 
become rich, get to be hogs. Plato had de 
signs for a model Republic which would 
delight Henry George. In this republic 

thej can .- 

third bb manj 

hook as thej CO ill 

copies of a ncw-b 

ten years ago." The query 

long will it take for extinction V Sure; 

Was there ever such u soriulogir ivviiIuin 
in the hi -t i tv of the civil i/cil \\< iU ■- ''. 
will be if it culminates in tliedisappcaran* 
or tbe book? For the bo-.k has been in 
chid ia< im ,,, the history ot the world 
miud. the library has b.en the most poter 
element for good in the life of the homi 
mid the book writer the mosl revi red an 

11, ,ii believes, the change Is largely due I 
the great development oi newspapers BD 
periodicals, the revolution is indeed con 

When I Grow Bl*. 

Tdustrial Drawing. 

trial education. I agree with General 
Walker in some of his argument* so fur .is 
they apply to industrial drawing, MU, there- 
fore, quote freely from them. 

one, now to another, and now to all of three 
widely different courses of instructions ; and 
this fact necessarily causes much confusion 
in the public mind. It appears to me that 
llie political, social and economic reasons 
which have kept specific and technical 
traiuiog out of our public schools in the 
past, still so far subsist that not B single 
State of the Union, not even tbe oldest and 
richest, would be justified in grafting the 
trades school upon its general system of 
education. So fur aa the public schools are 

'■■■ ■'!. I li"M ; In I llir HIM h;i ■ II.. I . 

r departing from 1 

enlarge and strengthen the mind, so (bat 
whatever the work to which the pupil may 
afterward be called, he shall go to it as com- 
plete a man as possible— complete for all 

citizenship. But, while maintaining this 
principle, I deem it altogether a different 
question if the course of studies heretofore 

say that the usual courses of study on 
certain large classes of exercises which u 
important, indeed, essential lo a proper ! 
eoinplislinieiil fif I he purpose uf the school 
that not only are certaiu faculties left out 

a hulls neglected. The 

If V 

paper ami compass in hand it is not that we 
wish to make an architect, draughtsman or 
artist of him, professionally, but that we 
wish to make him more of a man. We 
know that there is but one chance in fifty 
that he will use these as the tools by which 
he earns his bread ; hut if he has had proper 
training in their use, he will carry to his 
work in life, whatever it may be, not only 
a better hand and a better eye, but also a 
better mind— a mind more perfectly fitted 
and rounded out on all sides. 

The fact that instruction and practice in 
iudustrial drawing throughout our public 
- i. .... Is results in greatly promoting the 
industrial character of our people, and the 
fact that these exercises bring a benefit to 
the individual pupil practicing them, quali- 
fying him the better to earn his livelihood 
™ foclsnotto be lost eight of. But if the 
exercises we are speaking of are strictlyand 
Lru, J Qnd i" a high degree educational, 
teaching hand and eye and brain to work 
together, developing the constructive and 
executive faculties, creating the habit of 
observation, enlarging the scope, and 
; < teasing the accuracy of the powers of 
perception, and affording the best possible 
training for that in the boy which we call 

- * judgment," then the fact that these 

exercises would help the pupil t0 his bread 
and to his place in life, and the additional 
f»ct that they would greatly promote the 
industrial power of our people, become con- 
siderations well worthy to be entertained. 
n»d to give a preference lo this form of 
education over others not possessing these 
"'■'Mental advantages. 

General Walker relates of his own per- 
-"unl experience 

entered the public 
-~-w, uiuur years of age and wen) to 
1 "'lege at fifteen During the intervening 
years I do not remember that one hour was 
ever spent In any exercise which tended to 
develop my perceptive powers to form in 
me the habit of observation or to give di- 
^-■m^s and force to the executive faeuliv 

Now, can that he called a complete educa- 

facture in stained wood, skillfullv made. 

tion which makes no use at all or only some 

These have ben used to the delight of 

partial and pettv use of the most important 

classes of which the makers were mem- 

of tbe faculties! Those who advocate so- 

bers. There is no serious diilx uliv m unk- 

called industrial education suv No/ and 

ing quite a variety of geometric forms and 

their motto is, and so happily phrased by 

solids from pasteboard or stunt papci and 

Professor w oodward ' Put the whole boy 

also various forms of simple objects out of 

to school!' Those exercises which a bov 

can perform as well or even a little better. 

examples for drawing lessons. It is sur- 

prising to see how much enthusiasm is 

neath his lids, are of value; but there should 

awakened by the use of these home-made 

be also, in all schools except schools for the 

forms Children once interested in the 

blind, exercises which a boy can only pei- 

making of them find much delightful occu- 

form with his eyes open, and that too, wide 

pation in so doiug. 

open, and seeing with all their might. 

Bridgeport, Conn, 

years u"0 For the very little children the 

Educational Notes. 

blessed kindergarten has come, and already 

have greatly Influenced the lower rooms of 

Rrjf *i. h t. Ll .«Vlt"r PD |l lr" e i {*****'* *" , °™" L 

to give instruction, iu some degree, by 

means of things that can be seen and ban- 

died. Moreover, industrial drawing has 
become engrafted into nil grades of our 
public schools and it has come to slay." 

stone of industrial education is attested to 

Agnssiz wants gifts to colleges used for 
enlarging salaries n|" professors. 

Minneapolis expends annually over #500. 
Of hi for educational purposes. 

About eighty years agoaociety in Turkey 

forbade women to learn to read. The Sul- 

in the last auuual report of the Industrial 

tan has now started schools for women. 

\\ bill the practical depart- 
■ cooking school, the sewing 
carpenter shop, from their 
t the largest number of ap- 

) object readily 

novelty altr:|. 

plieanls. the 

phasize the value of drav 

upon the ability to sketch 

and to make working drav 

ness and to lay out a plan as preliminary to 

all tbe practical work. Without this ability 

the practical exercises in the wood working. 

the cooking and sewing departments have 

not full educational value." 

That which most immediately interests 
us relates lo industrial drawing as taught 
■"id practiced ji, lllir | in |,|j,. schools. What 

Among the students at John Hopkins 
University are ten from Canada, five from 
Japan, and one each from England, Italy 

f ii-oi ->>■ i barleicd, built 
he tirst female college in il 
I'm mi the Ma\ -aim v of : 

- dim 

in-..:. I- 

10 appearances of form from 
objects ihemselves The high 
school and the eighth and ninth grades of 
grammar schools have access to a set of 
models of which the step, egg and cup and 
cylinder here presented are samples uud 
pan of ibe set, In lower grades we bavi 
familiar objects and models made ol paper 

by teachers to illustrate uurwork. In some 

cases boys of a mechanical turn ol mind 

ird wus doing the 

duple of Karnak. at Thebes. 

leaves, fruit, and sredpods 
separately, after the fashi 
hnlniiisl- —//.,.,/,-„ flu,!,/,/ 

It's quite natural Hint a boy should hlnh- 
»er \\ In li he is u baled - Hu rU,.,,U;, /->.< 

Johnnie says thai out of selmn] his teacher 
s lamb-like, and that in school -he is bimtn 

ike too — Marathon Independent. 

Bnggs— The seashore sun invariably burns 

Student— They ain't divided at all. Pio- 
fosor. You swallows em whole, with a 
little lemon juice and pej pel -am e,— !>xitn 

Two students ring a bated profe-aor's bell 
al midnight, lie puts l,j^ i ua d out of the 

tovi to play, 

■'When she returned, she found the 

:;p a I llu i^i.-d ;i:n! bad -lallill al IN I hi 

cago. " If it was gone how did she find it ?" 
is the query asked by one side, and, " If 

Just for Fur 

and at the same time goes to wuist.— Boston 

It is never too late to meod ; but a man 
caonot expect to have a button sewed on 
much ufter midnight.— Aew Orleann Pica- 

,.' n r- 

- the MetropoK- 

ier- -i INcllltic- 

tyqft of tyhwoyiapty, 

The Study of Phonography. 

132. A phrase in Phonography is two or 

133. Though there are certain rules to be 
learned and adhered to in regard to phrases, 
yet a knowledge of correct phrasing must 
be acquired in a great degree by observation 

134. A beginner is in danger of making 
long and difficult phrases which can neither 
be written nor read easily. One help in 
phrasing correctly is to learn what not to 

135. Words should not be joined (1) un- 
less they naturally belong together, (2) if 
there is a pause of any kind between them, 

\\ it bun I reference l<i their fnnn when st:i 
ing alone. 

It is with the first and simpler class I 
this lesson will deal. 

-n K ^ > 

is rule in the case of first position words, 
order to bring the second word in posi- 

>n and thus render the phrase more legi- 

a had, as many at 

writing circles 

up shoke k 

down stroke, though 
ivs used when arc stai 

143. That when following another word 
in a phrase must be written iu full (half- 

144. Time must be written in full after 
another word in a phrase, 





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Practical Eduction. 

objection. What I , could s 

y ,'„, (that the 

imnUrepre^t'cXTl" ,',','," et r ,!i""'ar 

The objection (Aofbeen) made 

leges (that they) are not practical. 

I do not 

•Ml ,/ th, 

: '// """,'■" ih'i 

sand) pursuits Wi.w, on opening on [every 


country) who need stand idle and starve, 
Ot he) will only go (on Aft) feet ujAmw the 
work »tobe/ow?l4, H meed not) go far. 
Btt(, while (such it) the fitet {with regard) to 
mere laboring men, whilst every laboring 
mon (who is not) a drunkard irho come* I" 
(this country) with no evil passion to gratify, 
ran sure/y get on — while (such men) are (so 
much) addition to our ir,;!th — /know (there 
are) naw (one thousand) college graduates 
w/io are walking the stony streets of this 
New York, and (know not) bow to earn a 
/iving. As a preparation for certain pur- 
suits in Hie— (it may he) (very well ;) but 
when /see, as I do see, (so many) men whose 
education (has cost) (so much,) find them- 
selves tota/ly unable with &l\ that to earn a 
Jiving, /am moved to protest against a ays- 
narrow and so partial. 

conducted, and (for the 
that governed the action 
tives (of the) party. 

The most important \ 
vention (was the) | c< 
platform (which will) ex 

(As regards) the raos 

said Mr. Low. for high license las 

b,r of, I saloons and of forcing them to I i 

Government expenses, unhappily inse 
able (from the) traffic." 
And (here is the) language (of the) i 

fan,,, tin response, to Mr. Low's appeal 


.a. i-i--/, ,ni«tk 10 that purpose. We 

recommend immediate, legislation forgiving 
| 0C& ] option bj countfa, towns and cities, 
and restriction by taxation in such localities 

:,- ,lu },■>! < vhhl.- ..!.-<, lulely the traffic. 



( 8 few words) a mow flWfnci ana bwms- 

/.**»«* Btatemem <>\ /.V"'-'""" r>»»->t>'-*. 
and (of the) polities (under which] the 
Republican of thia State can carry (ou a) 
practical war against the direst evil of our 

i\\Y liavr ;,'^'/< .v/« -■/.(/ pnmiinence as (to 

the} temperance plank. (fecauw it) embodies 
iso clear) a statement (of the) Bepu&Uean 
doetrhu and proattss, (as regards) the mosl 
party. (As to) all (the other) features (of 
the) platform, (iheg are (in the) fullest ac 

meut and •ipin^a, tbmui'bnut the country. 

Just (at tbistimen.f ..',/,#t.i/ preparation (for 

desirable (that a) 
/formulated (for tb 
Ureal State, (who oa 
ttoUitto (of the)d c 
Tfew tor/bin the fen 

i Mouse uf i;.j>r<*':>,t<i/ir,s,i ,rhar (under 
tbe) f Constitution, all revenue measures 
must originate, have exposed tbe incapacity 
(of the) Democratic party (and tbe) weakness 
(of tbe) Democratic policy (under which) (so 
much) was promised (by the) people, but 
(from which) (there have) come only broken 
pledges; failure (to promote) the people's 
interests ; no plan (to reduce) the revenues 
or (to retrench) expenditures; (no purpose) 
(to promote) a practical (civil service re- 
form,) or otherwise to improve the (public 

The statements of Hepublican faith (in 
regard to (civil service reform) (and tbe 
tariff are clear and mil sustained by recent 

The Dominations an excellent, especially 
thai of Col Frederick D Grant (for the) 

Ida age,) tttsrahadowed (bj nich a) great 
fame (as that) (of his, father, have displayed 

manhood and inspire f confidence (in their) 
tpeeial capability for a position of public 

Translation of Judge's Charge. 

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is.- y..ti will 

idant. It is not enough t 

punched, hut upon the principle that flie plaintiff 

has proven. You. therefore, cannot give to the 
plaintiff any damages for loss of time, because tt is 
receiving no wages, 

e upon ynur venliet 

New Stock of "T" Squares. 

The many people who have recently 
ade inquiries about the Dog Spacing or 
lading T" Square, will be glad to 
arn that a large number of new ones 
ive just beeu manufactured to our order, 
id are ready for delivery. No one who 
aspires to do ornamental pen-work can 

for ruling, shading, spacing, etc., is without 
equal. Circular- sent upon applieation. 

The .Editor's Leis 

ms in flour- 

i general pen 
ork. li--nns 
i shorthand, 



ed by a select 
misscel i a oj , 

Isn't it queer that anyone should think of 
denying himself so good a thing when a 
single dollar will secure it for a whole year? 

All along the charming gull coaal from 
Mobile to Bay St. Louis, or, in the other 
direction, to St. Murk* ;uul Tallahassee, 

lowly, provided it has a fir tier-, that there 

honor. The scuppernong vineyards, too, 
are the concert-halls of this famous singer. 
Near the home of Mr. Jefferson Davis, and. 
I believe, upon the estate of the ex-Con- 
federate chieftain. I sat in the shade of a 
water-oak and heard a mocking- liird sing. 
over in a thrifty vineyard, the rare drop- 
ping song of which naturalists appear to 
have taken no notice. It was a balmy day 
in March ; the sky. the gulf, the air all hazy 

in a purplish mist of dreams, and 1 felt that 

sweet, passionate luii«itiL' as exhales 
Keats's ' ' Ode to a Nightingale. " Und 
low hiiiiL'iug boughs, and over the 

daisy-sprinkled emund, I uazed upoi 
sheeny reach ot water, half-eonvinccd 
was looking through 

husband and associates herself with him id 
order to perpetuate his family, not for the 
sake of "ier own. It is just for the hus- 
band, iu his own personal interest, to fur- 
Dials all that she and her children may need ; 
yet, according to another custom frequently 
followed, the suitor whose character is not 
well known should make several visits to 
the family of his affianced, so as to submit 

the amouut of his knowledge to he rated. 
This stage of the negotiations sometimes 

Marriage is usually contracted bj inclina- 
tion, without money considerations enter 
in- into the matter The Eamtly le regarded 

althy family allied \ 

authority. Then, il is not rie 
dowry from a girl whose education has 
already imposed on her parents large sacri- 
fices of time and money, and who has, 
moreover, abandoned her family name to 
take that of a stranger, so there is no dowry. 
The parents give their daughter what they 
please, without the young man being allow- 
ed to claim or stipulate for anything. Some- 
times thev require him to make considerable 

presents, which will be the sole propertj ol 
the wife. It must doI bi supposed thai the 

scribed, about one thousand corks a day.— 
From " (fork, tU Manvfaetwn and Proper- 

ties," by Arthur Good and William Antbr- 

"'», in P"p"'iir *,;;,«■> Monthly for fk.ptcm- 

guide shouted ; " Here we 
sulphur!" The whiff of su 

which greeted our nostrils, 

task was nearly completed i 

hand, acted like a powerful 
awoke for a final effort, 
rested not until we stood 
the summit 

Il.nrar.l _W,, , 

S99&U . 

uklniC It.. lite t 

'I le 

tended to be manufactured into bottle corks 
is kept in a damp cellar. When taken to 

into strips, the width of which corresponds 
with the ieDgth of the future cork. A 
second workman cuts these strips into 
squares suited in size to its diameter. The 
squares, strung, are plunged into boiling 
water to make them swell out. They arc 
then stored iu a cool place, and kept eon 
siantly moist by sprinkling, till they pass 
into the hands of the cork maker. Heap- 
plies ihem in succession, giving them a 
rotary motion, to the edge of a wide-bhided 
knife, drawing them at the same time slow 
ly along its length, and by skillful manipu- 
lation transforms the square into a round 
cork This i> the met hoi I usually practiced 
in France. Workmen in other countries 
handle the knife in different manners. It 
is essential, to obtain a good and solid cork, 
to take care that its axis, as it is cut from 
the bark, be parallel with the axis of the 
tree on which the bark grew; but the 
broad . Sal corks have to b 

our heads upon ihem. Drowsiness overlook 
us and progress became mechanical. We 
moved, only as spurred on by our ever 
watchful guides. If left to ourselves we 
would have fallen asleep. Our hi ans beat 
with fearful rapidity and the breath became 
shorter and shorter Kinging simsations in 
the head, like those produced by large 
doses of quinine, were experienced. The 

I , :■ 


ing from a great dist 

I among 

lom seemed equi- 
\ e barely escaped 
e likely to occur 

bleediog at the i 

tical use. It will be much les 
injury from atmospheric inf 
iron. The process of produ 

WlDffed Sowers of Seed. 

It is almost incredible the number of 

times a robin-red-breast will come and go 

alter berries, always 

usually followed by a 

fruit on the ground, which be Dover teems 

to think of picking up— wasteful marauder' 
—not only taking all he wants but actually 
spoiling as much as he takes ;I \\ i\ 

Birds are probably responsible for ihe 
existence ol many of the seed-bearing 
shrubs and herbs. They are seed distribut- 

aml .lepartii 


A rather laughable *lor\ i 
origin of blue-tinleJ paper, 
vogue for commercial uses. 
English paper i 

manner in which the paper bad become blue 
in color, and in his perplexity mentioned 
the matter to his wife. She promptly en- 
lightened her lord ; he in turn kept the sim- 
ple process secret, and was for years the 
monopolist of the blue commerciul paper 
manufacture.— 8et*fU». 

allest errors, and occasionally 
.re a friend with reading them, 

I the changes that friends sug- 

ing a punch. The punch is driven into a 
piece of polished copper, which makes the 
matrix The matrix for the face of the let- 
ter and the mould for the body of the type 
arc put iulo the typecasting machine, fed 
with melted metal, and the letters areturned 
out one at a time, dropping from the ma- 
chine like the ticking of a watch A great 
deal of work is required in finishing type, 
and when at last they are apparently all 
right each letter is examined under a micro- 
scope, and the defective ones are repeated. 

Emi, golne 1 

to the 

factory on 

be domestic 

1 fashionet 

llllk'UM! I>IIL 

in Uerhaod. 

tly let tbe ba;; and its 

contents fall into 

pulp. She 

In notb 

ni'lihii.' ulioi 

husband or 

Of the Inner 


be paper 

uracil mi a 

peculiar blu 


wbile tbc 

master was 

Cleopatra, at a 
tony, dissolved in vim-gar. 
it, a pearl worth $40,000. 

Crcuua possessed, En landed propertj . e 
fortune equal to $8,000,000, besides b large 

sum of money, slaves and furniture. 

Antony owed $1,500,000 at the ides of 
March, paid it before tbe kalends of April. 
$147,000,000 of the public- 

There are two or three coal-wham 
where gangs oi negresses may be seen 
almost any time unloading the coal fro 
EugUsb and American vessels. Four 
five men are employed in tilling the baskt 
(about forty pounds each'), and lifting the 
up to the carriers' heads ; the women ti 
one after the other and dump their burde 
on the great coal pile, singing very oft 
the rude but not unmeludious tunes tl 
invented. Fur <l<!i< air 'in- U 

The lot of paper was regarded as unsalable, 
and was stored for four years. At length 
Fust consigned it lo his London correspon 

■ -\\ i 


i "LJ-idrrillile 

in price. Judge of 

Fust's surprise when he renivul I 

agent an order for a large invoice of the 
ieapiaed blue paper ! Her 

'lileiiillla , 

geat.— perhaps permanently, perhaps only 

word was halved, he threw the hook across 

the floor, with the bitter wish that half of 

poet will be disgusted with his own work. 

the English nation might have the ague and 

That is the moment when it becomes fit for 

the other half the plague. 

anybody else to read, if there was a germ of 

poetry in it to begin with. After that the 

aspirant for tbe bay may lav away his muti- 

Esopus paid for a single dish $400,000. 

lated treasure as long as he can staud it. then 

Caligula spent for one supper $400,000. 

Hellogabalus spent forone meal $100,000. 

Lucullus usually paid $100,000 for a re- 

turned. Out of tbe throes of many sucb 

Apicicius expended in debauchery $2,500,- 

workers a good poem might occasionally 

come forth— say once in a hundred times. 

Messala gave $800,000 for the house of 

The proportion now is about one iu a mil- 

lion.— Richard Bsnry Stoddard in (A. w 

Lcntuhis, the soothsayer, had a fortune 

),„■/. M.ui and Wmpreu 

of $17,500,000. 

The philosopher, Seneca had a fortune of 


li takes a {real dealol work to make type, 

Caesar before be entered upon any office, 

says the Atlanta Constitution. Every l.tter 

owed $14,875,000. 

has to be bandied by five persons after it 

Tiberius, at his death, left $118,125,000, 

is cast Tbe first thing done is cutting the 

which Caligula spent in less than ten 

letter on tbe end of a fine pieceof steel form- 


tlir beastly 
life that these poor creatures lead. They 
arc n caste apart ; only the most depraved 
will enter these gangs, and even the not 
over-moral town negresses decline to asau- 
ciate with them. 
The West Indian coaling gangs are in- 
ation. Whether 
people are indif- 
ferent or powerless, certain it is that they 
have done nothing to better the system ; 
what it was twenty five years ago that it is 
now. and will be, I believe, until machinery 
can be substitued for all this band work. 
It has been pointed out a hundred times 
that the gangs are encouraged in idleness 

( aril basketful. 

.'ho carried four 


hundred baskets between sunrise 
and often they work far into 
Commonly they earn enough in a day to 
keep them idle for a week. Idleness and 
depravity have gone together ever since the 
time of Dr. Walts, at least; depravity in 
its worst form is what idleness has brought 

which our overstrained, breathless, barbar- 
ous civilization has to account.— Herbert II. 
Smith, m the Cosmopolitan for Stptsmber, 

Hasn't Tried Barnes*. 
If any Christian gentleman will forwurd 
to tbe Town Crier a perfectly black ink that 
will flow freely from the pen, he may con- 
fidently count upon having somebody to 
cackle at his funeral if he dies within a rea- 
L write this with a sort of 
— 's Black Ink." The color 
but it leaves the pen with so 
:tance that wbile my rapid 

uext paragraph my hand is slowly fashion 

May perish everlastingly with all his 

works, and his virtues be written iu molasses 

on the dinner plate of a small hoy. " "s 

Writing Fluid" is as limpid as dew, but it 
is a pale blue green when put upon the pa- 
paper. It become visible by exposure to any 
human eye except that of the writer — he, 
poor man, has no means of knowing whether 
he is writing tbe truth or something for a 
newspaper. May 's ashes be leeched 

with bis worthless " fluid " to make fleasoap 

every ink with which I have ever defiled a 
pen Li' niaili- :k'< plain ted \\ ith grief in an in- 
finite Dumber and endless variety of ways. 
If any one of them were conducting the 
operations of nature, he would not know 
how to make a dark night without thicken- 
ing it.— San Frana'tco Vim Letta 

Oue day the children were having an ob- 
ject lessoii on tbe blue heron. The teacher 
called attention lo its small tail, saying, 

Pexman's Art Journal 



■■-I:'.,!. ,,,. 


any I 

characterless writing impostor, writhing 
under tin- exposure and excoriation hi- hy- 
pocrisy has earned at its bands, or to the 
vapid twaddle of every jack-in-box scrib- 
bler, w bo may bob up in type of an irre- 
sponsible publication to shoot off bis pin- 
darts of slur and slander. When genllemen 
of intelligence and integrity differ on sub- 
jects of mutual interest— as gentlemen of 
intelligence and integrity always will— an 
argumentative tiltat arms touching the 
points in question has many compensations, 
both for the contestants and the ideas they 
represent. But tbere is really no iuduce- 

We have been asked occasionally by nn- 
refleetive young persons, upon whom 
from no fault of their own has been 
inllicted a disgusting advertising circular, 
emanating from G. W. Dunghill's Peanut 
Hall, somewhere in Ohio, why the Journal 
and the leading men in the penmanship 
profession should be the objects of its li- 
bellous malignity. The reason is that the 

■ young man who staggers under the 
rden of the Gazette brain work asks : 
' Now will Brother Ames be kind enough 

in order to gratify the whim of a young 

slightest interest to us, or of the slightest 
value to the public, is so refreshing that we 
close our eyes devoutly and pass in silence. 
It is quite sufficient to say that these alle- 
gations and all of similar import are false, 
generally, specifically, absolutely, purely 
and puerilely. Originals of nearly all the 
specimens which have appeared in the 
Journal fro: 

When we have stated under any cut that 
it was photo engraved from pen-and-ink 
copy, such has been the exact fact. Indeed, 
there has never been a specimen accredited 
to the Journal office that was not photo- 
engraved directly from pen-and-ink copy ; 
and the specimens to which particular 
reference has been made were all so photo- 
engraved from pen written copies. 

of Alphabet," is l he standard for Ml 

n vunr.\\rY>, draughtsmen, arrbi' 

etc. "Ames' Compendium" is tbo i 
ni/ed standard for engrossing. The (.. 
and 'Copy Slips," in poiulsof accurac; 
quality of work, compare favorably 
the average engraved publications; y 

.except a few reprint plates, for which credit 
is given), that is not photo-engraved or 
photo-lithographed from pen ami-ink copy. 
Most of the originals of these are also on 
exhibition at our office aud open to public 

It is also a fact, obvious to all who are fa- 
miliar with these methods of reproduction, 
that no print, is equal in point of clearness 
and excellence to the original copy; heneewe 

of all publications emanating from the 
Journal office are superior to the photo- 
engraved imitations that have appeared in 
the Journal and elsewhere. 

quackery and the knai 
turer and the slime and stench of him have 
become intolerable to reputable people- 
Being a lot unto himself (and an uncom- 
monly bad lot), the animus of the flattery 
of bis displeasure may he readily imagin- 
ed. So much for the leper of the profes- 

persisteiit aod offensive mi: 
of the Journal, in spite of 

2 Pen 

■t tl.n, 

;ago by sometbii 
it by the pirated 1 

spots in which the Journal's integrity i 
gratuitously assailed. The article is alinos 
as extraordinary for the quality of its Enj 
fish as for the number and variety of th 
falsehoods it contains. 

The charge is made that " the Journa 
has from time to time printed specimens o 
engraving mot writing] and palmed it ol 
as writing." This deception, in auothe 
general charge of the same import, i 

cific citations refer to specimens 
the Journal on page 7 of the 
umber, 1886 ; page 37, March, 
! 109, August, 1886, etc. Then 

nary rapidity of business writing, 
could an) intelligent, person suppose thi 
copy written specifically for study and i 
latiun should be executed with the care 

rapid business writing. 


quoted claims that Mr. Holah, an engraver 
of Cleveland. O., does not deny "that 
nine-tenths of the copies sent to him for 
engraving bore no resemblance to his en- 
graving." This of course can have no 
reference to anything from the Journal 
office, as Mr. Holah has never engraved 
anything for us. Had he done so, his 

actly our copy and he would have had no 
license whatever to make change. And we 
feel quite sure that any of the other gentle- 
men to whom the Gazette's inuendos apply 

We are not surprised that people familiar 
with the products of a certain class of pen- 
men are sceptical as to the method by which 
the various publications from the office of 
the Journal are produced; but they will 
bear in mind that the works that have ema- 
nated from this office for the past twelve or 
fifteen years have been the standard for pen- 
men throughout thecountry. "Ames' Book 

his cranium, aud a little better Anglo-Saxon 
into the columns of his paper, he will have 
a much better chance of nursing that non- 
descript little sheet, through the agony ol 

Meantime the Journal will manage to 
worry along without the young man's ad- 
vice, and to him and the other individual 
who is howling for "war," it has to say 
that when it enters the lists of controversy 
something more will have to show upin the 
shape of an adversary than a carrion crow 
or a braying ass. 

Flourishing a 

composition of displayed penmanship, espe 
dally in engrossing, resolutions, diplomas, 
testimonials, certificates and the like. While 

and which makes the largest display for 
time and labor expended of any class of em- 
bellishment. It also aids greatly in the at- 
tainment of a rapid, graceful and accurate 

style of plain writing. 

i difficult, of atiain- 
unpniclieediu it would ima- 

character of lines, 

principles which an; taught ami practiced in 
plain writing only, are employed in the most 
intricate and complex designs for flourish- 
ing. The right, left and combined curves 
and the oval are all that there is in flourish- 

ing a 


j to it variety and artistic effect. 

The great objection that has been urged 
to flourishing on the part of the business 
world is its intermingling with plain writ- 
ing. Nothing more annoys and disgusts a 
plain practical man of affairs than writing 
where each word begins and ends with a 
flourish, and the crossing to the ft have long 
sweeps beginning and ending with hooks, in 
short, that which imparts to writing an 

although the forms given arc simple enough 
for rapid writing, but rather a lesson in 
drawing. The drawing of hand shows an 
easy and natural position for holding the 
pen and we do not think further remarks 
on this matter necessary. 

It will be found a good plan to rule some 
paper with spaces one-eighth or one-ninth 
of an inch wide and make the small letters 
in them, hut for the bulk of practice have 
!. The copies were 

only ;i tijisc ; 


-tronL'ly urge every student to get a 
of good India ink. and a suitable 
!nd use it for all practice uii these 
j, excepting business writing and 

The New Packard 


The Packard Commercial Arithmetic has 
been so long in the hands of teachers, and 
has been pronounced upon so decidedly, that 
it will be scarcely necessary to speak at 
length of the new edition which is now at 
hand. The reasons for revising the hook 
were pretty clearly stated in the publishers 
advertisement, and those reasons seem to be 
appreciated by the teachers who are order- 
ing the new hook. It is scarcely necessary 
to say that any commercial text book that 
hears 51 r, Packard's imprint is worth look- 

. and (lie more we look [ 


uriilonHie tin- more we conclude I 


effect as disorderly and confusing as a brush- 
pile. On page 140 we give a few elementary 
forms of flourishing, together with a flour- 
ished design for practice. We also give an 
example of a bird composed entirely of cap- 
> and others snowing the intimate 

such lessons as we shall specify for ordi- 
nary ink to be used. Becoming familiar 
with India ink is an important point to a 
student who aspires to become a pen-artist. 
To put it in the fewest words, it mmt be 

If the writing looks coarse at first, and 
every little defect shows up like a moun- 
tain, do not get discouraged hut grind it 
black every time, and as you become used 
to it you will like it; although it may he 
safe to say that script work can never be 
made to look as delicate and fine with it as 
with the more limpid writing fluids. 

Drawing, line and stipple shading, flower 
work, etc., will be fully treated further on, 
but the more advanced student may try hia 

revision was wise. The addition < 
fundamental rules render the book complete 
as a text book, and the additional problem: 
fresh and practical as they are, leave no wish 
unanswered for students' work. Altogether 
the new edition of Packard's Arithmc 

■■■— -/N /%/V/ nu ft l n/f rn hlh^ses^- 


Central n7usic FJall, Chicago. 

those who intend to work 

of pen-art, and to 
>rk with us through 

1 ur ~<' "<"> «'"') would desire tlit -real 

it benefit possible from it, we would say 
'""I sliillil ibis lir.l 1c*sou. In all artisti, 

do not slight mis urst lesson. In 
pen-work the practice which is necessary 
to learn to write a good plain hand witii 
the finger movement will be found of great 
This is not a lesson in business writing, 

openings for leaves ; outline the flowi 
first with pencil and then shade them, usi 
■i lithOL'ri.pliic pen. Make a drawing 

• "rn . i u ,i km' II,,- buck and print it ,v 

1 going t 

!;!.'■' u'".:ii.',""i" 

l.^a'T', 1 ''''"..i,""! '"," ','',"' ""\"'l "" It'"' 1 " 11 "". 

Toma'Ssbi" 1 The'"? ' ' 

- 'I'll.' A.likm M'.-l, , i',,l|,^.,. i. 

Specimens Received. 

r. in I M i I ir L . i.'-i '.| 1 Vl„"| , .!u'!r|:,!,.k!"\rk [ 
k. r. I'll. 'lil. iir-, \| i** ,\ .1 li. ill wii|.|h 
l'» k ill-. . Hi..- Mn l.-llan. cvntriil 

] 8 Stevens,,.,, the celebrated Scotch ! the other buildings are supposed to form | CHARLES ROLLINSON, 

dng a tour of this t'ountry to re- j right angles. „ &ytFS 

u<t«l HiiTpw. Ho will go across T(J mertsure the distance from the base I for the past 18 years w ' 

;of theyaiddrawa ;>/;xMAX J-V/' DESIGNER, 

•■ w:i. !i*tom*li..'d 




r ri o n f dP «t 







I- IliroiiL'li 
distilUcr 1 





B : 



f an inrli 

J ■;- 



Of ft 

',',"i',!- '-i!-i 







Goes like hoi cakes. No 

1 k before the public has mel 

with equal fai 01 tbisyear. Two 
large editions hate been ex- 
plies astonishingly. It must be 
(hnl the public expectation has 
been metal last, and that a b 10k 
bas been produced which will 
do the work. 

This book can I"' had 1>\ 
sending to the publisher $1.5(1 

A liberal discount made to 

Address for full particulars, 

S. S. PACKARD, Publisher, 
101 Easl 23d Street, 

New York. 

The Journal Teachers' Bureau. 

ill. i. .,!.- .iK\ .ys n 1 toui'hers to I..' 

sood positions to be filled. What you w 

loonxAL can help you, and $2.50 pays tl 

Coirmunloattons atrlotly confidential. 

NOTES' he. n..llfy .is hi ht,.:,. 
.1'iin now. The enih/ bay OtU "" bifffft 

__ JVrctrElrr,5l' 

^r&mQTflNE. llLViTRATC|l(^Sl6\IE5 

By D vr,New ito%e PR.GCE55 - 



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ffour^/iiri'i <iwt tinloi'J ■ 

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Thf Standard ITa. \ I'-nni-i>. a j.- .i t f . >U- . 
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a* .intinary writing, la mailed for fl-OO. from the 



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From the Very Start— From the Opening of the Season, 


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Parts Interchangeable. 

I hi' Hill I [<■;.<! |j;is linn )>n>rttt li\ i »■> 

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,1181s in our Catalogue And Yqu wm fiuy ^ 

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Something Entirely New. wh«t ,,,,7 swh™i „d T„ ch „ », M ,i 


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Elementary, 104 pages, Price $ .80 

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Gothic Alphabet, 

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Raped Alphabet 1 '' * " l 

Tbe nnnieroti.s Illustrations, false syntax witfc 
rations, ami <ln- ; ■ i , - 1 . ■ ;: ■ t .hriVult »..r,|> 

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"1001 yuestliiiiH witli Answers on OKOG 

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ATKINSON, l'rlnclpal of t 

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With Two Supplementary Books. 



guishing features of " Spencers' New Standard Writing." It effects a saving 
of from 15 to 25 per cent, in the labor of writing and a corresponding 
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a text-book it has uo | 
has no equal for buslnes 


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Retail price, .$2.00. Specimen Copy Mailed to Teachers tor Examination on Re 



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:y, and Its eioluslon o( 

« sru<lonts delighted with It.-W. L. 
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> h.-st published.— W. A. 

W. H. SADLER, Nos. 6 and 8, 10 and 12 North Charles Street, Baltimore, Md. 




ist. — The pupil does not have to write through from ten to twenty books 

in order to learn the System. Only six books. 

2d.— The letters are entirely free from useless lines like double loops, orals, 

etc. The first complete system to present abbreviated forms ofcapitals. 





3d.— The lateral spacing is uniform, each word filling a given space aud 

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5th.— Words used are all familiar to the pupil. See uho\e copies. (.'outran 
words as "zeugma, urquesne, xylus, tcmllv, mimetic and xuthus." 
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363 WABASH AVENUE CmCA^.. S ' BAR NES & CO., PublislierS, 


8. F. KELLEY, 


Vol. XL— No. 11. 


ve Penme 

1 of 

quaiii ted, ami with an acute knowledge of the 


ways of the world, he would in a short time 
better men had failed . 

For three years he followed the business 
of itinerant teaching, ami during thatperiorl 

north, south, east and west. His nomadic 
disposition induced him at one time to ven- 
ture into Central and South America ; at 
another into Europe, and then again away 



up in Prince Edward"s Island. His exten- 

fT, one 

sive journeyings were not without adven- 

h i s prominence 
through merit, was 
near Rochester, N. 
u the 22d day of 
\%. J S > April, 1857. Early in life 

£/. \ of age had seen 

I become 


familiar with the principl 

machinery, so that his fr 

I marked out for him a course 

engineer or inventor. Ahout the onl 

he made of his talent, so far ae the wri 

informed, was the doctoring of old cl 

various villages of New York State, at 
which he lived with his father and aunt. 

Mr. Burnett he was keeping a small set of 
I'ookfl and clerking in a fancy -goods store. 
To use his own words, he was "cracked" 
on penmanship, and resolved to give up 
everything else in order to devote himself 
to this art. By the grace of an indulgent 
rather be mu enabled to do this, and for 
<M<|uently did nothing but 
P r n«ice on tin, and kindred graphic arts, 
dividing his time between pen, pencil, 
brush and crayon. It may he here said that 
■'t Hie present time he plies all these iustru- 
m.nis with equal skill. 

Mr Burnett 
self-made peni 

of students in charge. 

• has a large number 

and social organi/almns, among which may 
be named the Odd Fellows' Fraternity, the 
Kniguts of Pythias, and the Rhode Island 


9 an adept. 

is bicycle riding, a I which 
And the best of it alt 
thorough good fellow. Perhaps the most 
serious charge to be brought against hira is 
that in spite of his good looks {vide por- 
trait) he to this time remains a bachelor. 

in in the i 

■hal designation. His skill has been 
'"quired as distinctively through observa 
lion and home-practice as that of any pen - 
uiau now before the public. Six weeks of 
instruction was all he had, aud that was 
«»"inly in the arl of teaching. 
1 1 1> first professional experience of account 
1 late of I. S. Preston, in which 
capacity he soon became thoroughly drilled 
'" the method of organizing classes. A 
little later he started on his own account, 
"'I had the proud satisfaction of netting 

day he would write pieces to speak. He 
left Stratford at the age of twenty one and 
went to London, where he attracted very 
little attention, for he belonged to the yeo- 
manry, being a kind of dramatic Horace 
Greeley both in the matter of clothes and 
penmanship. Thus it would seem that 
while Sir Francis Bacon was attending a 
business college and getting himself farni- 

he able to write a free, cryptogamous hand, 
poor W. Shakespeare was slowly thinking 
the hair off his head, while ever and anon 
he would bring out his writing materials 
and his bright, ready tongue, aud write a 
sonnet on an empty stomach. 

Prior to leaving Stratford he is said to 
have dabbled in the poaching business in a 

Lucy, since deceased, and that he 
following encomium or odelet in a fret 
running hand. and pinned it on the knight' 


i might be cited i 

railroad horror ; 
another the Brooklyn Theatre fire. He was 
in a steamship accident, and has been per- 

suadedto alight from a Western stagecoach 
by suave gentlemen in slouch hats, long 
I horse pistol jewelry, Wandering 
le path of the faithful several times, 
ove invariably cuiiies home to him, 
strays back to the Kingdom of the 

Sodus, Wayne County. 

''failure in securing a good p:^ ',,!-' , 
' ' Pleasing address, quick to becom 


A change came after a while, and for the 
past few years Mr. Burnett has settled 
down into what 

un and money : 
old way if you understand it ; but it i 
Wandering .lew out of a man, aud 

writing, and his engrossing and pen drawing 
are of very superior order. Perhaps his 
forte is black-board writing, which has 

For several years i 

Bill Nye Takes a Hand. 

Trusting that it will not in any way im. 
pair the sale of Mr. Donnelly's book* I de- 
sire to offer herea few words in favor of the 
theory that William Shakespeare wrote his 
own works and thought his own thinks. 
The time has fully arrived when we humor 
ists ought to stand by each other. 

I do not undertake to stand up for the 
personal character of Shakespeare, but I 
say that he wrote good pieces and I don't 
care who knows it. Itisdoubtless true that 
at the age of eighteen he married a woman 
eight years his senior, and that children 
began to cluster about their hearthstone in 
a way that would have made a man in a 
New York flat commit suicide. Three little 
children within fourteen months, including 
twins, came to the humble home of the 
great Bard, and he began to go out Hnd 
climb upon the haymow to do his writing. 
Sometimes he would stay away from home 
for two or three weeks at a time, fearing 
that when he entered the house some one' 
would tell him that he was again a parent. 
Yet William Shakespeare knew all the 

nmansbip, which, it is claimed, 
ignorance of its owner, and hence 
his inability to write the immortal plays. 
Let us compnre the signature of Shakes- 
peare with that of Mr. Greeley, and we 
notice a wonderful similarity. There is th« 
same weird effort in both cases to out-cryp- 
togram Old Cryptogamous himself, and en- 
shrine immortal thought and heaven-horn 
genius in a burglar proof panoply of worn 
fences, and a chirograpby that reminds the 
careful student of the general direction 
taken in returning to Hound Knob, N. C. 
by a correspondent who visited the home of 
a moonshiner with a view to ascertaining 
the general tendency of home-brewed whisky 
to fly to the head. 

If we judge Shakespeare by his signature, 
not one of us will be safe. Death will wipe 
out our fame with a wet sponge ; John Han- 
cock in one hundred years from now will he 
regarded as the author of Mi.- ]>er| ;n -atinn oi 
Independence, aud Compendium Gaskell as 
the author of the New York Tribune. 

I have every reason to believe that while 
William Shakespeare was going about the 
streets of London, poor but brainy, erratic 
but smart, bald-headed but rilled with a 
nameless yearning to write a play with real 
water and a topical song in it, Krancis 
Bacon was practicing on his signature, get- 

ting usea to the mil 
ing sheet after sheet of paper, trying to 
make a violet swan on a red woven wire 
mattress of shaded loops without taking his 
pen off the paper and running the rebus 
column of a business college paper. 

PoeAare born, not made, and many of 
[hem are horn with odd aud even disagree- 


time that 1 

i -real r 

poets, while it is true that son 
poetry, while others have poetry thrust upon 
them. Poetry is like the faculty, if I may 
so denominate it, of being able to volunta- 
rily move the ears. It is a gift. It cannot 
he taught; to others. 

So Shakespeare, with all his poor pen- 
maoship, wiih his proneness to poach, with 
his poverty and hie neglect of his wife and 
his children, could write a play wherein ihe 
leading min and the man who pliiyed the 

have made the principal part. 

Shakespeare did not want his plays pub- 
lished, lie wanted to keep them out of the 

press in order to prevent their use at spcll- 

During this time Francis Bacon was in 
public lite. He and Shakespeare had noth- 
ing in common. Both were great men. but 
Bacon's sphere was different from Shakes- 
peare's. While Bacon was in the Senate, 
living high and courting investigation, 
Shakespeare had to stuff three large pil- 
lows into his pantaloons and play Falstaff 
at a one-night stand— Bill Nye in New York 

t Cedar 

Hurrah for Cedar Rapids! 

I say hurrah ' because that is the ehee: 
sound coming up to mc 1 
regarding the fort lieomin 
Rapids of the Western Pei 
during holiday week in December. 

The Convention held in Des Moines Inst 

much by all present, the earnest inquiries 
begin to come from many regarding the 
meeting this year. In answer to these, I 

reach every penman iu this country. 

to spare upou our grand prairies and in our 
cities of such magnificent distances ns 
Cedar Rapids. As President of the Western 
Penman's Convention. I extend a personal 

Ihs MviniS, [<nra, Or/. VMh. 

municipal affairs of the city and a at once, when 10 Mr. Long's astonishment 
" citizens organized for the pur- and chagrin the notes proved to be forgeries 
pose of correcting frauds and abuses. John perpetrated by bis friend James Hunter 

Hunter was selech '1 by the committee to be 
the receiver of taxes. 

Being thus called from his office for a 
large part of Ihe time, the business manage 

who engaged in large outside speculations, 
in which be sustained very large losses, 
causing embarrassment. He applied for 
relief to his old school-boyfriend and chum. 
James Long, who also had been exceedingly 




The worthless paper amounted in the aggre- 
gate to over (400.000. and Iheculprit hastily 
tied from the city to avoid arrest. 

Mr, Long immediately redeemed all of 
the genuine outstanding notes, which he 
had given to the Hunters, to the amount of 
between $50,000 and $60,000. Of course as 
the forged notes were presented, he denied 
his signature anil declined payment. 
The suit lately tried was by the Union 
I National Bank of Ml. Holly against the 
i Ninth Notional Bank of Philadelphia, to 
recover the money paid for one of the forged 
notes, which it. had purchased as an invest- 
ment. The suit was brought on the allega- 
tion that the note was a forgery sold by the 
Ninth National Bonk. That institution 
defended the suit on the ground that the 
sigoaturewas genuine Several partieswho 
are familiar with Mr. Long were called to 
testify respecting the signature, which they 
pronounced to be a forgery. Thomas May 
Peirce. President of the Union Business 




Every officer of the Associati 
work, and the Execut 
preparing a programme. The 
will endeavor to cover every department of 
chirography in making their assignmeutB. 

Some have asked why we should hold the 
meeting in December, to wbic! 

sluiilM lie, with nil liilMlies^-i I Is 


The second reason is that the weather is 
cold and conducive to energetic, enthusias- 
tic efforts on the part of those attending. 
The success last year was largely due to the 
low standing of mercury, and high standing 
of the profession present. 

From present indications, I am si.fe in 
saving thai our forthcoming 

A Celebrated Case. 

Many of our readers may 
ports which appeared in the 

forgeries perpetrated by James Hunter, of 
Philadelphia, against the wealthy banker. 
James Long. The first trial growiDg out of 
these forgeries occurred during the first 
week of October in Philadelphia. The cir- 
of these forgeries border upou 

James and John Hunter wi 
They and James Long were ni 

chums. They came to Phi lac _.,._.. 

fifty years since, where they engaged in 

„ ,. business. The Hun- 

/ , ters were Indus- 

sg> trious, economical 
and entei|nisi[ig, 
and in their joint 


prosperous, first as a manufacturer a 

through which he bad 
become one of the solid financial men of 
Philadelphia, -lames Hunter in appealing 
to his friend Long represented that he had 
invested large sums in promising real estate, 
and that he required only temporary aid to 
enable him to realize large profits on his 
investment, and thus induced Mr. Long to 
give him accomodation notes for large 

At this time, in consequence of the diffi- 
culty experienced in collecting the security 
notes given by Hunter, Mr. Long became 
doubtful as to Hunter's financial standing, 
and urged that the amount of the loans be 
constantly reduced. In his embarrassment 
Mr. Hunter had fallen into the habit of meet- 
ing the notes as they fell due by procuring 
new notes in their stead, and Mr. Long de- 
manded that the uew note be made for a less 
amount than the old one which it was to 
redeem, Mr. Hunter advancing the differ- 
ence. By this process the aggregate of the 
Long from 

-<:.ii. uiii) and $IK).000. 

At a meeting of the trustees of the Eighth 
National Bank of Philadelphia, at which 
Mr. Long, as vice-president and trustee, was 
present, hewas astonished at hearing several 
of his notes called off in favor of James and 
John Hunter, as offered for discount, which 

had never signed. Investigation followed 

College. Philadelphia, testified that 1 i 
been intimately associated with Mr. 
in church affairs for many years paBl 
Long acting as treasurer, and Mr. P< n 
one of the auditing committee, in win 
had become thoroughly familiar w h 
Long's signature and handwriting. lb 
pronounced the signature a forgery, 
which D. T. Ames, of New York, edit 
The Joi'itN.u., was called as an e\|» -rt 
also pronounced the signature a forger 
The following is clipped from the r 
of the Philadelphia Press respecting 
testimony : 

ferences to t Injury and let them s. 

Immediately after Ibe close of Mr. Ames' 
testimony, the President of the Ninth 
National Bauk, who sat in the court-room 
(presumably from being convinced that the 
signature was forged) 

interest, which he immediately did i 
court, and the suit ended witho 
defence railing a witness. 

Wegiveon another ptige a photo engraved 
ut of the note in suit, also several of the gen- 
ine signatures of James Long. "We leave 

ibil of the writer, while in the 
tvas a ./entirely different in form 
entirely above the base line. His 
was that the ./in the signature 

simulation of some other J. while the 

f conformed to the joining and t 

] U,. I 

note. The m following was of the same 
character as the m in the date line of the 
note. The n in Long was of the same charac- 
ter as the n in the word fifenforand else 
where in the body of the note. The * in the 
signature was in the main the same as the j* 
in the body of the note, but to the former 
was appended a projection which was not in 
accordance with the naturally written s in 
the body of the note ; hence the inference 
that it was a simulation. Moreover, it was 
made in two parts, having first been ended 
abruptly and then pieced out, in order to 
give it the point which would indicate that 

some other form. The g in Long was also a 
very long full loop, while in the body of the 
note the loops are short. Hence (he infer- 
ence that the n in Ijong Is a simulated letter. 

Writing that Read Both Ways. 
During the war a quantity of personal 
property belonging to a resident of Wash- 
ington was seized and confiscated by the 
United States. For years the original 
owner made repeated attempts to secure an 
order for its restoration from the quarter- 
master who had charge of it. But be was 
obdura'e, and insisted that it should be 
restored only through an act of Congress. 
Still the attorney for the plaintiff persisted, 
and again he wrote to Quartermaster- 
General Meigs for an order of restoration. 
This was about the seventh attempt, and 
the oilleer bud grown impatient, lie wrote 
an exceedingly vigorous reply, in which he 
etuphatirallv refused to do" as requested. 
The handwriting was frightful. The attor- 
ney saw his chance. lie hastened to his 
client, and thrusting the letter to him, said : 
cded at last Here is the 

charge recognized 1 

The "order 
where the offic 
signature, and 
property. When General Meigs 
had become of it be was told 1 
been restored on his order. E 

' I do not remember signing i 

The First Greenback Paper. 

The bank-note paper used for the United 
States "greenback" was made under tbe 
Wilcox patent, at the mills of that old 
Pennsylvania firm, whose mills, curiously 
enough, had also made the paper for the 
Continental currency of Revolutionary 
days. It was rendered distinctive by the 
use of silk fibres of red and blue, the red 
being mixed with tbe pulp in the engine, so 
that it was scattered throughout the sub- 
stance of the paper, while the blue was 
ingeniously showered upon tbe web while 
on the " wire," so that it appeared only in 
streaks. This combination was so difficult 
to copy, and required such expensive 
machinery, as to call for a skill, patience 
and capital not at the disposal of counter- 
feiters — I/.np,r'i, WtgtOVrU , 

Writing that Counts. 

i read about cheeks 
sums from banks, 
iol fortunate enough 

•/ / JiS J.S ^ / 

The special difficulty experienced by the 
expert in testifying in a court in Pennsyl- 
vania arose from the fact that under the law 
of that State an expert is not permitted 
to make any comparison between the dis- 
puted handwriting and the genuine, being 
only allowed to speak from the indications 
of forgery on its face. These reasons were 
presented by Mr. Ames for believing the 

In a comparison of the writing in the 
body of the note and that of the signature 
he was ready to believe that it was all writ- 
ten by one hand. This was apparent in the 
fact thatcertain characteristics of the signa- 
with corresponding 
e body of the note. Yet 
while he believed the signature to be written 
by the same hand as that of the body, there 
were many differences which he could not 
harmonize with the ordinary habit of the 
writer a* manifested in the fillint of tbe 
body of tbe note. For illustration— in tbe 
body of the note were two J's which were 
made nearly straight and central upon tbe 

The whole signature is written consider- 
ably above the baseline. Viewing it as a 
simulation this might result in Mr. Ames' 
opinion from two causes. 

First, it is apparent from an examination 
of the naturally writlen J's in the body of 
the note that it was the habit of the writer 
to divide these letters about equally above 
and below the base line, and to join the J to 
the a at the middle staff of the J, the a 
resting upon the baseline. The fact thai 
the writer in simulating the signatures 
wherein the .A was made entirely above the 
base line would lead him by force of habit 
to unconsciously join the a to the J at its 
centre, which would lift the a above UK- 
base line. Beginning thus tb. entire signa- 
ture was continued in that manner. 

forger being particularly 

t upon the formation c 

' quik- likely <o 
inceof therela- 
ngnatuie respecting the 
) properly follow it. 

" ""-■' forgery It may 
t'"i" ilietn-Hvev ;,s h, the 

The Price of Reading. 
Mr. Rideing moralized in a recent Boston 
letter on the fact that pirated novels are now 
offered for sale in drygoods shops for seven 
cents a copy. Shop-worn copies of paper edi- 
tions, originally issued at twenty-five cents, 
are rebound with the imprint of the drygoods 
dealeron them, and sold to that enterprising 
worthy at fifty dollars a thousand. By sell- 
ing them at seven cents he makes a profit of 
twenty dollars. It struck Mr. Rideing that 
i thing down pretty fine. 

- celling I 

' Compl 

be Library 

now popular En, 

still ; for in passing a new 
necticut tow n a week or twi 
Tinted sign in the window 

■e cents. Ask fo 

»Ir. John D. Tay- 
lor, recently deceased, who was for many 
years Treasurer of the Pennsylvania Rail- 
road Company. It was given to purchase 

a controlling interest in "the Philadelphia, 
Wilmington and Baltimore Railroad the 
sloek being held in Boston. Tbe check was 
drawn on the National Bunk of Commerce 
New York city, to the order of Lee, Higgin- 
son «fc Co . Boston, and was for the very 
comfortable sum of $14,256,440. Great as 
was this amount— being nearly equal to the 

transferred from Philadelphia through the 
New York banks to Boston without causing 
eveu a ripple in the financial sea. Jay 
Gould is also famous for the easy manner iu 
checks , and they are 

,0110,000 and $10,000,- 

r thai 

hies in the great 
e shall probably he 

m. The American eagle has 
bird of prey, with a goatish taste 

are believed to be the "largest ever used in 
any legitimate business trariMH tionfl.-/fW« 
Journal of Banking. 

°T)cp'f of %>wo<jiaf% 

The Study of Phonography. 

Ki their form when standing alone. 

146. Mr- Munson in bis Phrase Book 

of the elementary principles of phonography 
are brought into service to write the collec- 
tion of consonant sounds of phrases, very 

writing the consonants of single words. 
That is to say, the shortest method of repre- 
senting them is adopted that is consistent 
wilh both speed and legibility ; no particu- 
lar attention being paid to derivation, pro- 
vided the outlines are sufficiently ample 
and are phonetically correct." 

147. When contractions are employed 
those consonants only are omit' ed in phrases 
which are omitted in the contractions. 

148. Write in long hand the words to be 
combined, draw a line through each vowel, 
silent letter, and, if there are contractions, 
through the consonants omitted in the con- 
tractions ; then write the remaining conso- 
nants in Phonography, observing strictly 
the "order of reading." 

th# /s I? s(^^- 

f!s tofrffs n/t;fn*< 

150. A circle word is prefixed to a word 
beginning with a circle, or added to a word 
ending with a circle by enlarging the circle. 

* 161. Tb,it, and the are added to a circle 
bj Changing the circle to a small loop. (In 
regard to the this is an arbitrary rule, as 

« i. « v 

an joining in the ordinary way. 

166. U» may be added Anally by a small 
i< i< . but oa sometimes when writtex 
ter a verb it will contliet with another 
ord. it should be used with caution. The 
■in sign ihould be employed in all doubt 

y^ %-/ <u> «-P «_*? o_<? xp 

v 2* ~ "0". " 

f- P 


nants represented l>y up strokes are Italicized. 
Word* to be joined enclosed In parentheses.] 

(It is said) that we should believe (every 
man) a rascal until {he has been) proved 
honest. (ThM) colled a sharp adage {be- 
cause it /mm) a keen edge and cuts both 
ways, but {is it) a wise adage ? (Does it) 4, 
convey a truthful sentiment? (/* it not) 
most unwholesome (in its) application V {Is 
there not) more wisdom in saying that to 
believe a man a rascal (is the) surest way to 
(make him) one 1 (There ft) often a very 
narrow dividing fine between honor and ras- 
ea/ity. {that is to say.) (there is) a point in n 
man's HU- irh, » th, -/i-htest step determines 
Aw entire future. W/ien to (turn Aft) face 
(in one) direction (is to) insure a lite of use- 
fulness, while the slightest step in another 
direction^ /'/.■>) min, To expect good (is 
to) secure it, to appeal to the best {that is) 
(in Aim) (brings it) to the surface, (as there 
is) good enough in every: 
(standing point.) (It is) sal 
(as if) (they were) honest (<m 
until they an- proved to be 

Newspaper chiefs like Whitelaw Iteid 
and Charles Dudley Warner assure us (that 
the) reporter (is the) coming man in journal- 

(If this) (be true) (it may be) {worth while) 
(to inquire) what sort (of a) person the re^ 
porter is, traditionally and actually, what 
obstacles (he has to) + contend with, and 
(what the) f community owes (to him.) 

Traditionally? A printer's apprentice, 
who gathers news (for an) hour or two 
(each il:i\ | and puts it into type without tak 
ing the trouble to write it down, and whose 

the) ease ; (or else) a seedy Bohemian, loud- 
mouthed and redolent with beer (and the) 
tobacco pipe, who picks up his meals at 
apple stands and depot restaurants, (much 
as) (he docs) his items ; (a man) whom no 
stretch nf imagination could possibly endow 

ilint not) iitfnipuntly the head (of a) house- 
hold ; (almost always) the opposite in (every 
way) of what tradition (makes him.) 
The traditional reporter, however, (is not) 

idfoi/et/ier extinct Consequently many peo- 

poner (can ix-in •jei,v, m.n, until die 
In i-tji mble tui prove himself one. 
A hostler once said (tome :> " (1 don't 

.shouldn't) think (you could) get news 
enough (to pay) (for them.") 

I happened (to be) dressed about (on a) 
par (with the) average dry -goods clerk. (To 
him) (it was a) mystery how (a man) who 
(to his) eyes had " no visible means of sup- 
port," who did no manual labor, and trav- 
eled without selling goods, who strolled 
along the streets (with an) air of indiffer- 
ence, (always ready) (for a) chat with whom- 
soever would lend an ear.i'W//,/ be) respect- 
ably clothed. (At another time,) (when a) 
friend had introduced me (to a) (party of) 
foreign gentlemen, (a man) sitting near re- 
marked: ("He will) put everything yon 
(tell him) (into the) paper to-morrow for 

s (that 1 

be regarded) as (snm-tbing more than) : 
mere drag net. (It is possible) (for him) id 
have) interests, hopes, aspirations, discon 
ncrtuil iwith bis) journal, 

the) public to erniii linn with [,i/>g such ) 
Once it happened (that a) mejnber (of the) 
guild (had a) "night off," and Mrs. Repor- 
ter persuaded him (to call) with her (on the) 
minister. The servant who opened the door 
deigned not (to ask) them in, but called (to 
the) dominie upstairs. "That reporter 

Coming (to that) peculiar ■f conglomerate 
known as society, (we find) that reporters 
hold (to it) (about the) same relations (as do) 
old maids (to their) married relatives. The 
latter (make them) very welcome (to their) 
families (when the) children are down (with 
the) measles or whooping cough, or (when 
they are) trilling (to help) along the fall sew- 
ing or spring house-cleaning, but when 

the) domestic affairs run smoothly the old 

expected to abide (with 
the) rest (of their) relatives. (So it is) (with 
the) reporter. When people want him (at 
all,) they want him badly, but f commonly, 
(he must) (keep his) distance. The (rich 
man) (who has) crawled up the night en- 
trance stairs (to ask ) (that his) sudden failure 
(or the) glaring wickedness (of his) son 
(may be) handled tenderly, and (who is) 
willing the reporter (should have) a place (at 
bisi daughter's wedding, provided he eats 
his escaloped oysters and boned turkey un- 
obtrusively and (does not) assume familiari- 
fg (with the) real guests, this man, (as soon 
as) (he has) no immediate use (for the) craft, 
is ready (to apeak (slightingly of " those cat- 

mi) evening party inr a) picnic (he is) left 

thoughts. Peojile regard him (much as) 
(they would) a doctor suspected of having 
recently left a smallpox patient ; (he is) a 
good fellow and (It may) do (to associate) 
(with him,) but, then, (it is always) best (to 
keep) (on the safe side.) No sooner (has he) 
fairly started a conversation (with some) 
fascinating girl iban she breaks it off with 
■■ What (am I) saying ? Pray don't put it 
(in the paper.") The (only wny) (in which) 
u self-respecting reporter (can have his) re- 

priut (them all) (at once) (I am) getting 
ready (to do) it myself (some day.) 

(Of course), nobody has any scruples 
against lying (to a) reporter. We heard (at 
the) office, rather late (one evening,) (that 
the) daughter (of a) good, j8r*Mamily dea- 
con was about (to sail) (for Europe) (for 
several years) of study. The man who 
went (to verify) the report found the family 

derstood, the irate pater familias growled. 

window was softly raised (and the) (yonug 
lady) /'"'sell proceeded (to enlighten) him 

) query (was i w b\ 

I (it had.) (for the) 

society held a legacy on f condition (that 

the) i 

t ben. 

than) six months. What wonder (is it) (thut 
•'the) newspapers never net nngfbiuo right." 

(Of course), nobody hesitates about try- 
ing (to bribe) a reporter, (because the) tradi- 
tional reporter (will not) (look at) money a 
(second time) before taking it. Consequently 
a (Sunday School teacher) will thrust a dol- 
lar (in your face) and demand (that the) ex- 
cursion (of his) class be " written up in 
better shape than (the other) paper (did it>," 
(and a) traveling clergyman will blandly de- 
posit a $5 bill (on your desk) (with the) 
remark: " Now (do what you ran) (for my) 
lecture," (One of) my last offers (of this 
kind) was (from a) drummer who wanted 
(to see) a more glowing obituary (of his) 
brother-in-law than had yet been published. 
The fee was tendered (for my) " trouble " 
in (going about) town (to look) up the char- 
acter (of the) deceased. The second obitu- 
ary, however, (has never) appeared. 

Unhappy (is the) lot (of a) (daily news- 
paper)chief (who has never been) a reporter. 
The service (calls for) officers dbai have) 
come up (from the) ranks. Otherwise (they 
will) fail (to gauge) accurately the relations 
(of men) and events (to each other,) and 

have known) the publisher (of an) influential 
journal (to instruct) a reporter (to take out 
his) note book and pencil (as a) preliminary 


t(to i 

As well)teU a detective 
(to wear his) badge (on his) breast, (or a) 
patrolman to walk the street (with s) 
cocked revolver (in his) right hand, (Many 
people) (would be) more afraid (of a) repor- 
ter who should suddenly "draw "a note 



and deliberations, and, also like the revol- 
ver, in dire emergencies, (but the) reporter 
who cannot remember a column (aud a) half 
of ordinary \ conversation until (he has 
time) (to turn) it into intelligible "copy," 
should seek bread and fame (in some) new 

(It is) well (for the) editor (to take) the re- 
porter's place occasionally and press (his 
own) finger (on the) popular pulse, without 
waiting (to catch) its vibrations second 
band (It to) also well, sometimes (to en- 
courage) the reporter to f comment— (in 
the) editorial column (of course)— on (what 
be) alone (of all the) staff (has seen,) (for he 
may have) caught a certain flavor (of the) 

always receive abuse 
st (never be) sick or 
in early grave. Who 

The Graphophone. 
This much talked of instrument should 
have been delivered to subscribers on the 
first of October. The members of the Busi- 
ness Educators' Association of America 
were promised the first service, and some 
of them who made haste to get their names 
on Goodwin's preferred list at Milwaukee 

about it. They sincerely hope it is not "all 

The question which came before the As- 
sociation, through its committee, was as to 
the utility of this device. \ somewhat 
labored report was presented which covered 
the case fairly well. It was observed, how- 


r from being in any sense 

n competitor with shorthand for a 
work would remain like its prcde 
father, the phonograph, greatly an object 
of curiosity, except as a help to the ver- 
batim reporter who writes a hand that no 
body but himself can read, and who, by 
being his own translator through the phon- 
ograph, can set the busy-fingered type- 

Professor Kimball, of Packard's, seems 
to have caught on to this central idea in 
the following sensible communication which 
we copy from the Phonographic World: 

" Itensiriiiug tin.- [ir.u-ti.-e of reporters In the 

graved pages of many phonographic 'works .' The 
old days (be they never ao* good') are past, and 

a person to spell phonetically and not em- 
pirically, the spelling reformers will con- 
one cannot but view with admiration the 
persistent and unwavering efforts which 
have marked Mr. Pitman's remarkable 
career of fifty years of struggle for all that 
is good in education and in life. 

There has been some feeling expressed on 

ih i — 


tliej 1 

and extol. But we have always felt that 
such objections were puerile and unworthy. 
If there is a man living to-day to whom the 
world owes a great debt of gratitude which 
is not likelyjto be repaid, foi services beyond 
the ordinary standard of human excellence, 
that man is Isaac Pitman ; and no man to 
whom such honors might come could accept 
them with more humility, and with a juslcr 
sense of their exact meaning and impor- 
tance. It certainly illy becomes the short 
hand writers of this country who have fat- 

uf praise from the indefatigable and pure- 
hearted man who is the universally recog- 
nized author of Phonography, and who 
stands to-day at the head as a teacher and 
exponent. Mr. Pitman is verging on sev- 

been given unreservedly to the propagation 
he spelling reform. Dur- 

cated is Pit mans' (both Isaac aud Benn). 
with modifications. The "corresponding 
style " and many of the word signs are dis- 
carded. In fact, the modifications bring it 
su neur the system advocated in this depart- 
ment that it is almost as logical aud easily 
learned as Munson's. 

Another self-instructor conies to us from 
London. The author is John Barter. F. S. 
He. The system is called Barter'B A. B. 

('. Slmrlhaiii] The Pitmatiic signs are 
used, though their application is entirely 

Pitman. There are twenty-six exercises, 
each expected to be written in one minute 
by the learners. The book is a pamphlet ol 
forty eight pages, the last eight pages being 
a key to the more advanced excrcis 

transcript of the "Exercise for 
to scud their requests soon aftei 
of The Jouhsal which coutai 

these requests are sent in -ever: 

to supply the demand. 

Mr. E. N. Miner, of The Phonograph 
World, has issued a tiny book containing 
the Lord's Prayer in one hundred ant 

different, systems of shorthand, dating 

'l'l,.> nnte-tiikere 

kn..\v]eik'..-..f and the ability to d< 
tut be perfect legibility to ev.-r; 

The Pitman Semi-Centennial. 

The London Times of September 29th 
contains an elaborate account of one of the 
principal meetings held in connection with 
the recent Tercentenary of Phonography, of 
which the fiftieth anniversary of Pitman 
Phonography was a not unimportant part. 
The proceedings of the meeting are very 
interesting, and we only regret that we have 
not the space to particularize. The chair- 
man waa Dr. J. II. Gladstone, and among 
the speakers were Mr. Isaac Pitman. Mr. 
Kundell, Mr. Guruey Salter, Mr. T. A. 
Reed, Mr. A.J. Cook, Mr. Maxton, Mr. E, 
B. Qunn, and others. The speeches elicit- 
ing most interest were from Mr. Pitman 
*nd the chairman. One of the pleasantest 
incidents of the occasion was the presenta- 
tion of a bust of the great author to his 
family, which was gracefully received by 
Mr, Ernest Pitman on behalf of the donees. 
Mi Isaac Pitman's paper on '! The Spelling 
Reform, and Row to Get It," elicited a 
very animated discussion, and evolved some 
of the difficulties which the spelling re- 
formers have had to contend with during 
the past fortyyears. The astonishingihiug 

1 1 U» whole matter is that in spite of 

the little progress that has been made during 
these years so much hopefulness was ex 
pressed by the advocates of the spelling 
reform. Mr. Pitman's statistics were ex- 
ceedingly interesting, covering a period of 
over a thousand years of effort if not of 
l" ■■"■ m gelling reform, and the logic of 
his remarks was unassailable. At thesame 
lime It mufil be recognized that the literary 

'■' ; very callous to all these humane 
disiuterested men, and so long as 

efforts o 

Civil Servie 

of literary Institutions wake i 

Uawry for 

ing this whole period he has kept steadily 
his work from morning till night, six days 
in Lbe week, with scarcely time for any 
of recreation. He has accomplished 
great feat by the strictest observance of the 
laws of health as applied both to the body 
and to the mind. He has taken both his labor 
and his recreation in the advancement of 
his great life work. It has afforded him 
both work and play ; and he stands to-day 
in the very midst of his daily toil a monu- 
ment of persistence, endurance and hope- 
fulness. It has been our pleasure, during 
the past year, to correspond at some length 
with this remarkable man, and in the midst 
of his engrossing labor he has shown a 

Is of clear thinking, forcible e\pn s 
nd gentlemanly feeling. He is as full 
oi nope and aspiration as though he had 
just begun bis career, and the plans whirl, 
be has laid on! for the future seem to be 
regardless of the fact that be is approaching 
that period of life when his personal el- 

one which c 
mended to al 
Isaac Pitman, 

I' is one to be followed, 
limit be loo strongly <■ 
educationists. Long lift 

Phonographic Notes. 
We have recently received a ci 
' Shorthand Made Easy " by Mrs. 

A Useful Device. 
The type-writingfraternityare frequently 
ubjected to a great deal of annoyance by 
nquisitive people who watch their wi 
t is being performed. Mr. Johnson, th« 

machine and passed over his work to pre- 
vent these inquisitive people from seeing 
what he is doing. He used strings to at- 
tach the paper, and found that it served its 
purpose so well that he has made a small 
steel clamp, and intends to apply for a 
patent on the invention, and to make the 
cover a sheet of light leather or some simi- 
lar flexible and durable material. Almost 
any type-writer can make himself a tem- 
porary cover.— N. 7 Tribune. 

Primeval Americans 
While Europe has produced some re- 
markable giants, America leads in this 
respect, and in the early days was peopled 


__ fanciful monsters wi 

aginations of the writers 
fail to compare with 

~ , „ .. „ MM UBBIt&u .o-day to produce 

book of wonders and marvels, describing 
lie dragons aud other terrifying creatures. 
. would be only necessary for the historian 

to refer to the geological discoveries of the 
hist thirty years, and represent the animals 
as they were. What was the dragon of St. 
George to certain huge hat-forms, or the 
unicorn to the loxolopbodon with its many 
horns ? The roc of the Arabian Nights was 
not more wonderful than some of the fossil 
birds, and even the great cuttles, the Poul- 
pes of the grave Bishop Poutoppidan. seem 
almost equalled by the giant squids of to- 
day, some of which are fifty and sixty feet 
in length. In short, the imagination of man 
cannot picture wonders to compare with 
the actual creatures which have lived upon 
the globe. 

In the geological ball of the Museum of 
Natural History, Central Park, there is 
upon one of the shelves an object aboul Bve 
feet and a half in length, extremely bulky, 
and weighing so many pounds that two 
men find it all they desire to carry. It !s of 
and might be taken for the 

The largest, crocodile ( 
twenty feet in length, 

four or Ave inches. If the thigh bone of 
the Atlantosaurus, of which this is a part, 
be six feet long— and Professor Marsh has 
discovered one eight feet in length— how 
long must its possessor have been ? This is 
an example in proportion, which will ad- 
mit of widely different answers perhaps; 
but while my readers are guessing I will 
say that geologists believe these giants to 
have attained a length of from eighty to 
one hundred and twenty feet. While they 
have been likened to crocodiles, they differ 
entirely from them in appearance, having 
long legs, an attenuated tail and neck aud a 
small head; giants of wonderful structure, 
living in the shallow waters of the great 
seas of the time, floating perhaps, or an- 
chored by their prodigious feet and tail. 

These colossal saurians were a common 
feature of the life in the Jurassic days, 
when a vast sea covered Kansas and most 
of the Western States.— C. F. Holder in 
y,mmh(r Wide Awake. 

Scientific Poetry. 


sixteen to twenty-four breaths per minute, 
the average being twenty ; and Dr. Oliver 
Wendell Holmes has explained the popu- 
larity of the octosyllabic verse by the fact 
tbatit follows the natural rhythm of respira- 
tion more exactly than any other Kxperi- 
mcnls with the poetry of Scott, Longfel- 
low, and Tennyson, show that an average 
of twenty lines will be read in a minute, so 
that one respiration will suffice for each 
line. The articulation is so easy, in fact, 
that it is liable to run into a sing-song. The 
twelve syllable line, on the other hand— as 
in Drayton's " Polyolbion "—is pronounced 

physiological construction. From this it 
follows that, while the poets disregard 
science in many ways with impunity, 
nothing in poetry or in vocal music is like- 
ly to win favor that is not calculated with 
strict reference to the respiratory functions. 

The Oldest Bank Note. 

ie oldest bank note probably in exist- 
in Europe is one preserved in the 

ic Museum at St. Petersburg. It dates 

note preserved at St. 
name of the imperial 
ber of issue, signature 

, for printing 
the year [00.- 


- probably 

ten tabids 
1 in China 

The Editor's Leisure Hour 

Mi>-<juit<)(.-s sling. This we know 
i personal experience. " What are 
they good for?" a friend petulaDtly 
groaned after 

ain attempts to enjoy the 

a hot day. Good fori Let ui 
No animal is more beautiful. The 

although single stones have occasionally 
been picked up in Virginia and North 
Carolina Mexico furnishes many gems, 


er, appears to be 
poor in precious stones. North Carolina 

larly the hiddenile. i 

color previously unknown. It 
Alexander county, in the foot- 
hills east of the Blue Ridge, and was Darned 

for its discoverer, William Earl Hidden. 
In McDowell county, where I 
less value. The mining is cur- 
ried on chiefly for gold by the hydraulic 

:e employed to wash down the 
The earth 

the light not only from its surface, but 
from its depths, and is lovely to look upon 
even if one did not think of the treasure 
expended in procuring all that rare product 

hundred rooms, all gilded and upholstered 

magnificently, and full of nrl objects from 

the globe, but saw nothing 

Pope Leo XIII. 1SS 

Queen Victoria is sixty -s 

Milan. King of Servia, is thirty-two. 

L.mis. King of Portugal, is forty-eight. 

Humbert, King of Italy, is f 

The Emperor of Germany is eighty-nine. 

Abdul Hamid, the Sultan, is forty-four. 

George, King of the Greeks, is forty-one. 

Charles, King of Roumania, is forty 

Houdin was 

d stairs they 
passed the library door, which was partially 
open. In that single moment youug Charles 
Houdin read off the names of twelve 
volumes and recognized the position of two 

negio pianist, who has 
given performances through several States, 
has a most wonderful memory in connection 
with his art. From once hearing it, he was 
able to play Lizst's celebrated " Hungarian 
Rhanaody" without missing a note. Blind 
Toih also performed similar feats. 

plaveda new opera from one hearing, which 
bad been composed expressly to test his 
skill. A writer, referring to this incidenl 

-pi'ri Mi- w uli astonishment." 

MeKen/.ie tells usa niosl interesting story 
about Carolan, a blind Irish harper and 
) once challenged a famous 

Italian played the fifth concerto of Vivaldi 
on his violin; then, to tin- astonishment of 
all present, Carolan, who had never! 
heard llieroiiciTto. Ids harp and [ 
it through from beginning to end w: 
missing a single note. 

one that is neither written nor printed. 
Every letter of the text is cut into the leaf, 
and as the alternate leaves are of blue paper, 
it Is as easily read as the best print. The 
labor required and the patience 

pages of word.-, word-, words, with s.aireh 
of thought ! Honeyed words 
tliey may be, but their very sweetness is 
sickening, as it is spread 
egotism and made to exalt the same folly in 
others. A coterie of crack-brained dudes 
in literature they arc, who ape " Bill Nye " 
and imagine that they are cutting a respect- 

The book is 
Passion of Christ,' 

he body dark green, the eyes purplish 

and all the stones which remain in the 

)laok and glittering like diamonds, the pro- 

sluices are carefully examined. A corres- 

joseis shining like ebonv. Compared with 

pondent from the mines states that valu- 

this pomp and magnificence of decoration 

able rough specimens are often found, and 

the brightest and most vivid of the painter's 

as much as the vtduc of $4,000 In opals, 

pigments are muddy." 

topazes and other fine stones have been 

After this who will despise this persistent 

found in one day, aud on one occasion a 

pest 1 Who will dare to say that there is 

diamond worth $1,000 was taken out. 

not more educational culture and interest to 

There are other localities in that region 

be got out of one mosquito than from fifty 

that are without doubt equally rich. 

examples in circulating decimals, or the 

diagramming and parsing of a hundred 

A Poem in Amber. 

tough sentences from Milton s Paradise 

Most smokers arc proud to own a real 


amber mouthpiece. What would they say 

to a room 75 or 100 feet square, lined on all 

sides with amber clear to the lofty ceding ? 

That is what we saw al Tsarakoe Selo, an 

imperial summer palace near St. Petersburg. 

The precious fossil-gum was cut and dove- 

tailed so as to make beautiful figures of 

Stales. The most celebrated diamond-beds 

eupiils, fruits and tlowers. The whole is 

are in India. Brazil and South Africa. 

in the highest state of polish. It reflects 

facturedto our order, and are ready 

for delivery. No one who aspires lo do 

t.rnaiiieulafpcn »"rk ean afford 1 ■ "iin 

out tlii- instrument, which, for ruling 
shading, sparing, ell- . 16 without an equal. 

Circulan »nl ui ipplu-atton. 

To the Reade 

The . 

our belief that during the ten years of its 

from month to month. Certainly no pains 
or expense have been spared to make it the 
model penman's paper. The experience of 
its editors, the facilities that' they enjoy in 
being in the metropolis of the nation, in 
having al Ibeir command one of the largest 
and best-equipped establishments for the 

terested in penmanship ei 

learner or admirer, who 

dollar's investment in ay 

to The Journal has not 

We feel sure that teacher 

dollar to better advantage 

ing for The Jouhnal, i 

their pupils a greater service than to induce 

them , to do no. Now is the season when 
Bchoola are at (heir fullest and when a little 
effort and a word of encouragement from t 
teacher may readily induce large club8 ol 
subscribers. ,To those* who are willing t< 
aid in this direction, we will, on application 
forward circulars giving special rates foi 
clubs, also specimen copies of The Journai 

ihey do 

Lesson in Rhythn 


What is tliis man doing with bia stick * 
He is leaching writing. 
Bocs he make a noise ? Ob. yes, a great 
aoise to prevent pupils from whispering 
What are tbe pupils doing 1 They arc 


e not write for them ? For i 

Ib this a good way to teach wriiing I 
This is willing. 

The above is furnished as a pleasant take 
off on such teachers as Pierson, of Burling- 
tnn. and Duryea, of Des Moines, who believe 
I" employing music to aid in teaching 
«""«c. hut prefer making their ownmusic 
'J -Inking a ehalkbox with a chair-roung. 

Valuable Specimens. 
In the present issue appear three of tbe 
long series of specimens which are to appear 
continuously in The Joomai, until all the 
representative penmen of the United States 
""' Can ,1:,. who will furnish specimens, 
have been represented. These specimens 
»« written upon the movement as indi. 
cated in each respectively, and arc practical 
.'Samples of wriiinc phrn'o-ccraved , lirccl iv 
from ihe pen-and-ink manuscript of the 
•ubscriber. In this series no specimen will 
be permitted to appear that is not so written 
and engraved. We believe Ibis will be one 
of the most interesting and valuable ex 
'"h"» of American penmanship that has 
ever been placed bet,,,,- Ihe ,,„l,|j, and will 

All copy designed to appear should be 
written on smooth bard paper, on a scale 
twice the size of the desired plate, on lines 
Ihe length of which should be twice the 
widlh of two or three columns of The 
JOURNAL, in rrdcr that when reduced it will 

derslood that any line, however fine, that is 
solid and black will pbolo-engrave. Broken 
or disconnected liDes have a bad effect when 
engraved. The specimen may beeilhcr pro- 
fessional writing, copy writing, or business 
writing. It may be accompanied with an 
design for heading, either Icl- 
liourisbed to suit the taste of the 

coupled with ignominious howling thai is 
truly ap, ailing and lamentable? 

Our best representatives nre capable of 
producing that which the dreams of hut u 
few years since did not conlain. We are 
butkeeping pace with the mighty evolutions 

in,!,,! and satisfaction , if in our own lill 
I though! anel aclion and beyond our con 
elevating pow 

worm to every subscriber of The 
many times the cost of a year's 
Ascription. Already we have „ 'large 

' "' specimens i„ hand, and olhers 

■'"'■■ised, sutlicieu, ,„ insure the entire sue- 

rirkm bg ntoist sincere jsurrrrttJ, at 
Hjp gntiben tmb afiltditig artnmmmnmt 
rt Vje iratlj of tmr eminent nnh rjorurmb caueaane, 

talfitl) rraa juet bem maiie, tlrta iSamit fcelatljat 

toljtU it is jj0 m^rlea0 tn prrpettutfe in art m^urmrj 

miis be&tttjirtQmmtnrr ittememxxrp at 

©ME Vm® WMS IDtC»E 00 MUCH MSB SO YfcEEfc,, 

yjpttt aljmui tnsxxme ttra^at Uoat mbea&av taxtum- 
ile&t iterrco^nttitnt d \p& 

t\mmjtj it he mtl^ brj tije IrnxtBTtnitrrcdtit aft^cmr 
Ijtunble XxtOTiiB; fytvtiave, text 

To look upon the results of the ablest ot 
je profession from tbe standpoint of ver- 
dancy one might easily conclude that tbe 
theory of genius is without painstaking 
'"' • •, To the more knowing and practical 
is are not the production of heaven- 
geDius, but of genius and ability 
moulded and strengthened by intense indus- 
•l Btudy. 

' now high time for threadbare ideas 
e passed into the realm of forgctful- 

uisilile reason foi superiority in any- 
ing 1 Toil, application, determination, 
nek, slicktuliveness :im l painstaking study 
e elements of success and are indicative 
results in proportion to a proper and 
;ll denned code of unwritten laws. Why 
en should there be so much surprise 

Educational Notes. 

Columbia College has graduated about 
9,000 men. 

The Persian language is taught at Cornell 

Prof. John Avery, late professor of Greek 
in Bowdoin College, was master of fifteen 

There are 215 Catholic schools in New 
South Wales, with 2f>,000 scholars. 

During the past six mouths Harvard has 
received about $1,000.0011 in endowments. 

It is said that ninety-eight of every one 
hundred persons in Sweden can read and 

A Yale diploma, 123 years old, was re- 
eenily pii-ke.l up at an auction sale in New 
York. Itbelonged to liev. Elam <> Potter. 
who was graduated in ITl!"., under President 

u.ereasfl three hundred 

place tbe ace of the 
Sd.UOO.OOO jears, and-nre-agrced 
s-bcen peopled forabout oO.OOO. 000. 

men. The Ladies' t nll.-e >■„, u-w . 

\ utmg w. 

whi.-b I,, 

raise $7.-, 

A gift 

Cleveland schoolma'a 

-■ How do they 
i ship r 
youth— "Hy means of Ihe navy 

' What is that r" said i 

teacher to an iu 

■said the child 

■'Thai's the top of an i." said 

Chewing-gum, it is said now, is an anti- 
dote for sea sirlunsy. i >np of ihe stmngest 
proofs of its etlicacy is the fact that not one 
of the girls in Vassnr College was sea-sick 

■• Elbows, I guess," was the unexpecte 
Teacher— "Johnny, you must always fc 

i leil pa that.'' 






A teacher 

proficiency of her little friends iu mental 
arithmetic, and took the following method 
of ascertaining what she desired to know : 

"Now, children," she said, "suppose I 
have two squash pies, and divide one of 
them into ten pieces and the other into one 
hundred [lines, uhieh would you rather 
have— a piece of the pie that was divided 

There was an absolute hush for a moment. 


■ girl a 


ndred pieces 

[ don't like squash 

Just for Fur 

got the drop on 

cheap country seat — a stump. - 

ir," was the reply, "but I'm 
just now ; Jimmy Brown's go) 
gh."— Washington Critic. 

(at the Jersey City newsstand 
usylvariia road)—" Have you the 

amitigaled asolninity 

fellow," replied bis 

ringrx La nol the man for the po- 

Wendell Holmes used to he an 
hotographer When he presi ated 

Taken by' W. Holmes and 

'■ mother boa had a terrible time 
lleaie " at the tahle. His memory 

Tommy — "If you 1 

Penman's Art Journal 


Address. PKNMASTS ART .lOl'UNAl.. 

'. Bar 161), i* rp.<i*i: tj.„nt/»i 

I Nye Talus ulliuid 


■■ II ..■i..jr:i ! .hii- Si. It- I 

Editorial Comn 


tlie Western 


to wbicb we gladly give place, sends words 
of cheer with reference to the forthcoming 
meeting of that Association. The outlook, 
he says, is for the largest penman's conven- 
tion ever held in this country. We note 
the encouraging fact with a good deal of 
pleasure. Why shouldn't it be the largest 
meeting ever held ? The working men of 
the profession are beginning to realize, as 
they never did before, the advantages to be 
derived from these meetings, alike in their 
social and business aspects. They foster 
that essential clement of professional rela- 
tionship, the esprit tie corps, and afford the 
material and substantial benefit to the indi- 
vidual partieipantsof a communion of ideas 
in which all are interested. 

We say it again, and with renewed 
emphasis, that the prospect of a large 
gathering of pen men at Cedar Rapids in the 
Convention which convenes during the 
Christmas holidays, is a sign of great 
promise to the profession generally. Though 
the association has a local name, its ideas 

sarily severe strictures in the last number 
of TnE Journal upon the indecent con- 
duct of two unimportant individuals might 
be construed by the unthinking into a re- 
flection upon Mr. E. K. Isaacs. There was 
nothing in the comment in question to even 
faintly bear out such an inference. 

writes to offer w 
gestion, and we n 

much for that ren-mi as 

its retresliing tiovc 
be a !:<■>■ m] thing it" 
NAL would personally address the mailing 
wrappers to subscribers. The scheme is a 
brilliaDt one— dazzling, we might say, but 
then, who would get the paper together if 
the editor should undertake to amuse him- 
self by dashing off 20,000 names and ad- 
dresses a month '.' Perhaps our correspon- 
dent hasn't thought of that. 

such a circumstance offers of saying what a 
good thing it would be if more women 
should follow in that line. Whether the 
present year's crop was blighted or not we 
cannot say, but there does seem to be some- 
thing of a dearth of the matured product. 
and we are compelled to keep our lecture in 

obstacle to his progress The rigidity of 
touch acquired by bard pressure with" the 
slate-pencil is one of the chief obstructions 
to bis ncquirini: u irood handwriting." 

In the same course of study for 1S77, we 
also read: " It is very important that, wher- 
ever writing facilities are furnished, slate 
writing should he wholly abandoned. Its 
practice is a serious barrier to penmanship, 
from the muscular rigor required in the 
rigid grasping of the pencil. No mental 
or moral habit is more difficult of conquest 
than a vicious muscular or physical one." 

The same report for 1878, says -The 
mysteries involved in the delieate manipu- 
lation of a pen were as far from their com 
prehension as the knowledge of Oriental 

In School No. 30, Brooklyn, the classes 
of all the grades above fifth primary were, 
in December, 1877. provided with books, 
and regularly taught penmanship. The re- 
sulls exhibited in January, 1*70— after one 

too surprising for credulity. Entire 
classes on the second primary grade wrote 
legibly and readily, from my dictation, 
fleeted from their reading 

n t: paragraphs selected from 
inks : and every pupil of 

second primary grade produced an original 
(■omposiiion in his c ' 

Practical Writing. 

The specimen in the present number by 
Prof, Kibbe, deserves more than a passing 

i hospitality enough in 
^'edar Bapids to extent 
iearty welcome to any Easlern scribe -n 

That is a most graceful, eloquent, and, 
above all, mest deserved tribute paid by our 
phonographic editor to the genius, integrity 
and philanthropby of Isaac Pitman, the 
father of phonography. 

We have the pleasure of receiving, with 
more or less regularity, perhaps, every buei- 
ui -s college paper and circular publish, d in 
this country. These publications are care- 
fully read and any points of general inter- 
est tbey may contain noted for the benefit 
of the profession at large. The Journal 
does not, however, make a habit of ex- 
• banging with publications issued primari 
lv as advertising circulars. Obviously, such 
au exchange would be unfair, and should 
not he expected. Another point that occurs 

have applications to exchange with school 
publications, fortified with a promise to 
place The Journal on file in the school 
reading room for the general use of pupils 
»\ ell. after all. how much of an induce- 
ment do our friends think that is to a paper 
that lives by selling subscriptions at *i n 
year and gives a dollar's worth for every 

Slate Writing Against Pen 
It is an old question— that of the advan- 
tages or disadvantages of having primarj 
students of penmanship write on slates. 

Here is something in point taken from 
Tf/f Teacher's Institute: 
To question the inefficiency of slate 

of p-achini: 

shows lack of experience. Every teacher 
who has conducted parallel courses in script 
on.slatesaud with pen and ink knows that 
in proportion as she gives more attention to 
one the other suffers. The reason of this 
lies in the widely different timinc'i mcni re 
quired for the hard, stone pencil, with its 
iinyietdilii: point gliding over a hind, -tone 
surface, and for the more delicately con 
structed pen, with its sharp and elastic 
point tracing forms upon the easily injured 
surface of a -heel of paper Children 
whose writ in l* upon slate- r. -i uibb - coppei 
plate in its perfection show but the (rudest 

mi -. . . ad \< M 

In the Brooklyn scho< 
we read: "The practice 
pencils upon slates does 
ai'iini: in pen and ink u tit 
liari/ing tin- pupil wiih 
I, -it, i- .ii. | .t pur-i.cil 
readies the thud glade, I 

notice. It cas been the earnest endeavor el 
the editors of The Jui'knal to furnish to 
young men of the country examples and 
Instruction in practical writing, whicli 
should meet requirements when put to ibc 
practical lest in life. It has also been their 
purpose to commend that which was com 
mendable and chide that which was repre- 
hensible in penmanship. 

In bis present example Mr Kibi.c cer- 
tainly furnishes one of ibc v. rv I" -' - Vill) ' 
pies of a practical copy Not Until i- 'o 

of business will write a 1 ^ ," 

symmetrical and pcrfii '" !,''' 

fur llmt would be inipra. tioablr JNeveitne- 
k-ss it has been the thou conviction am 
teaching of The Journal that perfect 

models arc in all resp.cls the most desirable 
for copies, and those teachers and writers 
who advocate loose, sprawlly. imperfect 
writing on the pica of a free movement nrc 

,„£" '" 

Tie model by 1 

. ..> |„ ,. .„ .1 ii.< 

,. ':!, . di ■ i B,arj i 

• -j to he adjusted 

dn on heller than to practice earnestly upou 
lie admirable model furnished by Prof 
K, i,i„ . and the excellent movement tser- 
cist? 1') Prof. Isaacs. 




A Curious Calculation. 
There is a statistician about the Palmer 
louse who desires to impress everybody 
with economical facts. Said he yesterday : 
' Do you see that man over there ? Well, 
ic is a farmer down near Elgin. There he 
goes with a friend ; they're going to take a 
drink. The farmer will pay for it. Now, 
let me see. That man will plow two mor- 
tal hours next sprint to plow enough land 
to raise one bushel of corn. This bushel of 
com will sell for thirty cents. Therefore, 
the farmer and the corn have parted. Now 
let me show you what becomes of the com. 
A bushel of corn makes seventeen quarts of 
whisky, four and a quarter gallons. The 
distillery gets its first profit— forty cents a 
gallon. There you are ; $2 for that bushel 
of corn. Now the government conies in, 
ninety cents a gallon— $J.H5 added to the 
$2, makes $5.8.""., that brings the product of 
that bushel of corn down to the jobber and 
wholesaler, and finally by several stages to 

'ter the bushel of corn or lis product of four 
and a quarter gallons has been reduced one- 
half, which means eight and a half quarts. 
There are sixty drinks to the gallon.— that 
is the average— eight and one-half galloDS 
means 270 drinks at fifteen cents each — 

price for a bushel of coru which the farm- 
ers raise and sell for thirty 
t industry in t 




■•prut liis 


i an age of unparalleled ' 
and power "—an age 

Tn this issue, on this 

art. The above cu s are the first contribu- 
tion to TnEjOUBSAL'H Autograph Album, 

ness to the new department, 
These i at* were photo engraved from 

I" ii ami ink copy, and nothing will lu ad 
milted to this department that has no! been 
reproduced by that method. 
We have already on hand q |orgi oumbsi 

of contributions k> the new depart men t, nntl 
it is proposed to show in this manner tin 
writing of every American penman of note. 
We believe that the readers of The 
Jouknai. will show their appreciation ol 
tbi: paper's enterprise in placing befori 
them chirographic examples from the most 

way possible. 

tan anyone interested in good writing 
do U'lli-r thun to invest $1 for a Bubscrip- 

A twelve year old lad nf Sag Harbor, Me. 
daily sits down to the tabic with his father 
and mother, grandfather and grandmother, 
and great-grandfather and two great-grand 
mothers. The little fellow has a hunted 
look, and dodges at every word that is 
spoken.— Burlington Free Press. 

" You girls want the earth." said a State 

asked him for $(l for a new jacket." 

■'No, papa," said the girl; "not I be 
earth— only a new jersey." 

Mrs, Norveau Ricbe— "Aw, yes, that's 
very pretty, but I don't like the title. "Com 
nion Praver.' Haven't you— aw— any other 
kind 1 i don't care how much I have to 

gigantic problems suddenly laid on it ; our 

railway, the factory, and labor organiza- 
tions are the largest elements of our social 
life. Would any one believe a priori that 
under these circumstances our colleges 
would be still haggling over the Greek and 
Latin question, and that only one of them 
in the entire country should give instruc- 
tion on railway transportation, the most 
important subject now before the public, 

vast ignorance 1— Popular Seienct Monthly, 

epistles from Dr. Lowell, Dr. Holmes, pro 
feasor Norton, or the late Mr. Longfellow 

will testify. More pains is taken in form 

■ in, irnlirates ati unusual degree of prosperity in 
at Institution. We have received Id pamphlet 

les, held at the American Academy of Music on 

' of Sfll.ij i 

slness College and S 

The Editor's Calendar. 


'" ■ n piit'l'stlii'd. As K.lltor S.-arlmrout-h tili- 
ng number will be brighter still. 
iur excellent neighbor, Tfit Offlcr, published 
College Have, wears prosperity on its <n<:.: 
one of a kind and a very good kind for busl- 

festervelt & York sends us Ttu Fon*t City 

' eop, I.M,>k addendum Midi Loth 

detail, witb vastly more 

Popular Atlas of the World." The v 
by the Fairbanks ,t Palmer Publish! 
Chicago. After an examination 

!, la . a desoriptlv. 

wns ...ral>ll-lie<i i 

■e>-iit-.ti,j- paiiiplilci pr.-snu. 

s will ocour on Novem- 

t oltyln itBlsaue of the 7 

Bryant, of the old > 

r I'ie-ljnu Tlit- li;i]'l'V y>m»! < 

t of Queen City Pen- 

seeking a capable- instructor in these 
—Our experience with the firm of B< 

copies of the pieces ..f engrossing which lie offer; 

I Resolutions of the City 


1^ rlrnrtf*-.! f.,r this journal, which ought t.t k . u 

I lK-:iiitl(iil 1 '!'^li;i^''l hvtti.'irr--^t It ihn 

, richly lUu'truled « 
Mngaiint for Octo 

■ portrait of Harriet. Beeehor Sl»wo, 
Johnson, Is tlie frontispiece or tlio 

-Id time. It U oharminply Illustrated 
Anothemotable contribution Is Mr. 

fully Illustrated nrliul*.. entitled "The Passing 

Buffalo." hy W T llorna.l.n Vnother stnk- 
tk'lelsrteyrL-.<H Friiei,-. " ( h.- Pigmy Kind 

i Islands, A paper of great blstorkul value 

Wheeler Wilcox vlu)\V3 ii]. In t 
-A spirited new portrait of ; 

College. The nun 
i bright and beautiful a 

lon'froni ,,[ tin.- nr'[,,l„T 1 

mudgling aw 
■•■ T!|»on 

11 Mi.-MUli.-n. chapman, Kan. ; a^d 

n' following penman ure alto repre- 

■ G ChrlBi 

e, Eastman Business College, Pough- 

u Wallace, 

Vilmington, Del , Commercial Col- 

li KliifTs, town; A 11, Ture- 

TenS 6 COlteBe ' N ' Y ' ' R ' S C ° IllD8 ' KnoxvIlle ' 

Card work 

Pickens, Mooresvllle, Teun. : J. B Duryea Iowa 

HuslneM College, Des Monies, In and F s Heath 

shaw s Busin 

ss College, Portland, Me. 

nd.. Business College ; A- D Skeels, 
ness College, Chatham. Out.; H. C. 

Shaylor, Portland, 3 
Lexington, Ky. | K. 

NY; A C Webb, Nashville, Tenn. ; C. E. 5 

Iudia ink when ground bhu-k is 
tbicker than ordinary black ink 

many penmen have 
with it patiently this 

:in<l dot's 
,kv Whirl, 

■ V working 
ill he in a 

place in artistic pen- 

Instruction in Pen-Work. 

for granted " that the ma 
3 of readers of The Journal ha 
practiced on our first lesson until they c 
make a set of Capitals and small letfc 

Lessons on Movement Exer- 

■\(-lcM.-S ill ilivnliijiiiin ill", plille nrc 

In- practiced with the muscular 
rapidly. The proper speed 
for the largest size ovals is from 150 to 1200 
circuitB per minute. Don't allnw the band 
and arm to mope around in a slow, sluggish 
manner. Let the arm roll easily and lightly 

the wrist raised, and let the band glide 

Hi :, |„:, . 
l'i.'1-ri !T:il)< 

La Fayette. Ind. : 
Minn ,'\\ S " 11 

forearm rnovi 

ting, and we will sho 

s the only sensible inovenniit 
ritin^. and will have more to 
oint in its proper place, but i 

A'-./l tk, /:,/, 

Tlu-c « 

vises will develop i 
freedom of motion— motion in all direc- 
tions. But do not raise the arm fi 
!■'!'!<■ . I.'i p it down, rolling on the n 
The ;i indk-aic the direction 



=NOW ! 

l.;irce rhoti.-iui'liS ..f two Eleu-anl pi. -co of En 
■:■.'■•:■> i.irti.- S.-venty live ieii!s,.,„-Ii, ,,r h-.tli lor 


I f'r t >ili(- Itu-ilie-s- (''ill.'!.-!' 1(1 :i - 


The Wonderful Machine for Writing Shorthand. 



Goes like hot cakes. No 
book before the public has met 
with equal favor this year. Two 
large editions have been ex- 
hausted, and the demand multi- 
plies astonishingly. It must be 
that the public expectation has 
been met at last, and that a book 
has been produced which will 
do the work. 

This book can be had by 

to the 

lblisher $1.50 

A liberal discount made to 



for full particular.-. 


101 East 23d Street, 
, , New York. 

The above ace proof, ol Ufapla, cut, prepared at the office of the Jou 

a be used on any common priming-press Duplicates of ai 
.' of Ihe cut " Clem City College Journal 

institutions in stock", and special order, filled. Samples sent, with term. 


can De sent by return mail or eipress; also diplomas for business colleges o 
ES, Office of Pbnmah'b Abt Journal, 808 Broadway, Nbw Tom. 


I'll! Il|' ill li:itlll.s ( .lllr l|ll:irtlT-yri>M« ImSf'S. K'l 

,,■(,(■.: [.T 'III-!.' In.'' I..-.HM"' "I' I'"l> I" '.'■'- 
M-, , Ml ]l|- .■!■•. I- ..II linu'.'l ijlllllltitii'S Li llu 


lV l il <1 'u"' 1 l» l l^i'i.lL-'-! wf't'htiiitauqua University 
Say nln're Vnu siw tins n.h - rn- m-'iit, am 

Address, THE .( v i,.\m;ei i. . " 
t^tf ?'.< Wabash Ave , Chicago. HI 


The Model Guide to Penmanship. 





en years on the market and no fault ft 

cr 8 ,"X°on i?;"Pe„ an! 



" Question Books with Answers." ThlB Is a series 

These ar* p 

any help to teachers ..r .itlur-. in 
laminations, or for reviewing pupils 

■..;■■.; ■ 1! 

■■li*u <>n- . i...i.s with Answera on GRAMMAR," 
with copious illustrations, parsing and analysis. 
rectlona, and the parens ..I tiiffi.-ult ,v.,nln, ar., 
alone worth twice the price of the book. 

. . ■ . ■ . 

■■■■-. ■ . ■ ■ ■ ■ 

irlthoat reading over the entln 


Paper Warehouse, 

Nos. 1 5 & 1 7 Bookman St., 
8-121 NEW YORK. 

Writing and Measuring Ruler. 

For students, schools, and accountants, it (ti' 
elr » rU1 "«j^, A Jf5- A j lT JOURNAL. 



All of Standard and Superior Quality. 



EARNUM 4 CO., No. 20 North William St 

$1,000 ^cssrioc^T': 




Revised Edition. 

This popular work on Bookkeeping has been 
tlior. Highly revised and now appears as an entirely 


All the good In the old issue Is retained and put 
in bettor shape, while new matter has been added 
sufficient to embody the latest and best Ideas. 
Typographically, the new Issue is a model of neat- 



1 CAPACITY of the st 

i are given, but much Is 






^eW^ E Nteo avEMENis 










Shorthand Writing 



L'lI.UMilANlJ IN I'KN I.I^ii.ns N,,sl, ;l ,lb lL ;. 




T> DWELL ,v ilK'KOtX'S Scl lofSln.i 

1 .OU, plete outllt for shorthand 

inkstand, etc . etc., ..ill be'sent, postpaid, or ex- 

|.r..-;u'. |.i, iMi.i, J., any jiart of tic- lulled .states 
onreoepto ^ .^ lils >s, 




Pelrce's System of Penmanshlp- 
Pelrce's Philosophical Treatise 
of Penmanship, and Pelrce's 
Celebrated Tracing Exercises. 

u ,.[ I'. ui.iii.r l,i|. 

1 specimen of ivnmai 
Peirce'fl System uf I'ei 


ready. Sample e-'pU.-. 

ii> the dozen. 28 oenl 

' Treatise ...( ivmiu 

Ml.. M) I'lnlosnphlciil Treatise - 
lias I. •:<■ ii i-ut iiiil.-iiitlil.' i..r.n ;m.| 

10th. A set of "TruciiK,' Kxc.reises '■ 


v,m-/.'t?;< • 

includlDC the uew Magic Alpli; 


American Pei 

College of Short Hand an 
Another evidence of remans 
jfehool of Penmanship in 
of stenography, under tlir- 


[I. ill. 



Profitable Employment 


If so, Send for Our New Premium List. 

To Regular Canvassers we are offering I.ibe 
To those who form Clubs of from two i 
nlums, ranging from single volumes of Statu 
dsome Smoking and Shaving Sets iind 
Our Premium club Plan supi'H'-* the napi 

. Webster's Unabridged ] 

: Club, and enables each 

'*'•> • 



P.O.BOX 1663, 


sH°or|r^sifiii. ; :J:l? : ^:;! 


By H. J". BXJT3^A_2sr & _ W. J. KINSLEY. 

i'...r. \v. i>. sh„»;,i(,-., i;,ii,„, r. ■ \.t ii.:.. I .]■ Ill.-Minlelif ..f ii.'iLiiiali'-lifiMi.iw N.'foru 
:•!..■ ■ m.-rit .'mil th. mclit f ill iiuil,.- up ;i - n [ - - r I. -i 

II villi,' IhMPHiL'lily i'\iiiiiin<'.l s ' si'ri.- 

I shall daya gen id word iury ■ I i f l 1 1 - 

■' ■ ■ i i'-. .■'.....,. 



' :, ; r '" "f the "Lessons. 

blUhed, we will refund cite 

itisr it is relumed !n r 1 condition. 





i-'onuilns Tinted Block Alphabet. 

" Engrossing Backhand Alphabet. 

" KnifTosslnif Hand Alphabet.' 

Jothlo Alphabet.' 

Rapid Macular Untitle Alphabet 

Hand Working Alphabet. 

Semi -S.-ript Alphabet. 

Also eight stvlesof Murders. 

Ladles', ur Card II. mil Wplnibut 

Foliage Letter Alpl,.,!.. , 
I', Oiwn German Text Alphabet. 


Prioe of ***& 6It 

" ,; 
OaDaRBTNujtaEM. D. tTames, 

at-** ~ 



) Your N ame on this Pencil Stamp, 25c. 

{/ ThalmmKfc.Eo.,Baltimore.l[i„n.B.i. 


:- C. ATKINSON, Principal' of Sacrmrato'u 
eea CoUege, SacremenW, Cal. By mall, 60 ce: 



'I he j. uMisli. ■!■>.. | th,. 11,./,,,, /■...,, ,/., ,-„■,• ,|. ,.!,,,■, I (.. i„ a |, l( . [,,;»„ nniim-,- Uial dm in!' I II' ■:< >m I in,- 
> t ' | 1, || l | l | "" Y" 1 K , lM "' W,H i" 1 '-'"' '" 'he readers,,! that pap. r, I hn ,.,.•!, ii, ,,,1,1-u,^, „ systematic COUrsS 
Ktbbe'speu work, and in. old outs will he used. Tin- cost, of the W..//.<£™mnp£ '"""' 
this course of lessons, will boas a drop In the ocean, to one who has an iota of ■ 

A. N. PALMER, Editor, U,. </,,->, I',, >,„«„, Cedar Kapids, Iowa. 

Is,, H| :An | S,1 |r ' lll " J |,ll " l ' ,L,<1 to k "iowthat you have accepted my propoaltioi 

'}'}"' '' l"Ti-.n[ will I..- ,ii I ii, a ' j.l. ..■!,, i ■, , .,n,t I inn ready to h.-L'HI thec< 

I -Ik. 1 1 .-int. .-.'. ..i- I., rmikr ll,.- |.—,.iisl,..tti pra.-li,-;il ami ..n-inal. and if I --an, in an 
i-ratifi-M. \,. T ) inily. L ^ °° ° 

H. W 

a twenty-page paper, 11 published , 

iibscribfng, we wil' -.-ml ■...,.'..,,,", ,,,,, | ki.i 



I vV»«r! et '' < The be*8t"l"hav, 
Km . i OnrndS. Addreu, K. 8. CoLLI>s\ Box ,, gnolvllle, Tenn. 11-3 

nsro"w i^-eu^jdit. 





With Two Supplementary Books. 



guishing features of " Spencers' New Standard "Writing." It effects a saving 
of from 15 to 25 per cent, in the labor of writing and a corresponding 
saving of time in learning to write. 

A Sample Set, containing all numbers, sent for examination on receipt 
of $1.00. 

Full Descriptive Circular sent, on request, to any address. 

Ivison, Blakeman & Co., 

753 and 755 Broadway, New York. 

Thto C0U«, tad*.,* moder.t. ..... the 

Thl. I. E,ol» 

embodiment of the latest and most approved 

It Is progressive and tborounb in all Its appoint- 
ments and departments. 

«j h ;r:;r 

The methods for Illustrating actual business In 

ln B equal." an 

use In Business Practice Departments, are 

teaching-. If yo 

conceded, by business educators generally, to be 

Fenman and Ar 

lege world. These " Business Practice " Depart- 


ments alone. In this Institution, contain a more 
complete courBe of training than the entire course 
In many Business Colleges that claim to be among 

Thla School turn 

The Principal of this Department Is an ex- 
perienced bookkeeper as well as a teacher 




own-. °- 


Eclectic School of Shorthand & Typewriting. 






ist. — The pupil does not have to write through from ten to twenty books 

in order to learn the System. Only six books. 

2d. — The letters are entirely free from useless lines like double loops, ovals, 

etc. The first complete system to present abbreviated forms of capitals. 



:': ■. .-_-_' . 


: jL 


' - 

zj^/j^ zJ/r/sj'Sfj'Ji ; 


r: .1^:/ . 

^ M///fr/s LJi 

3d.— The lateral spacing is uniform, each word tilling a given space ami no 

crowding or stretching to secure such results. 
4th — Beautifully printed by Lithography ! No Cheap Relief Plate Printing ! 


Absolutely unsurpassed for Elasticity, 
Smoothness, and Durability. 

Send 10 cents for unique card of differ- 

/'//. only ,1,1 Iliad, I„l, Unit will ,/ir. 

satisfaction to the teacher. 

Send 10 cents for sample bottle in neat 
box, by mail, post-paid. 

I'U^/P'// s MsMs/swA. 


-.'-'. • : / 





5lh — Words used are all familiar to the pupil. Sec above copies. Contrast them with such 

words as "zeugma, nrquesne, xylus, tenafly, mimetic and xuthus." 
6th.— Each book contains four pages of practice paper— one sixth more paper than in the books 

of any other series— and the paper is the best ever used for copy-books. 
7th.— Business forms are elaborately engraved on steel and printed on tinted paper, rendering 

them very attractive to the pupil. 
8th — Ver y low rates for introduction. They are the cheapest books in America. 


-A.. S. BAENES & CO., Publishers, 



at 205 Broadway, N. Y. for $1 per ye; 



Vol. XI.— No. 12. 

written bj J. W. Lusk, 
mother had taken a course of 1 
1851. This, however, was merely 8 
diversion, the b 

father on a I'rui! f: ir 

Fortunately, young suuaaii hud cu. ..,. 
|ni]|iinitics fur acquiring :i very fair general 

education. Ai various times he attended 
the High School of West Branch, Iowa, 
the Iowa LeGrand Academy (md the Bur- 
lington Bryant & Stratton College, of which 

latter institution lie subsequently became a 

His next professional engagement was in 
the Iowa City Commercial College, from 
which be was soon transferred to a school 
at Des Moines, under the proprietorship of 
the same gentleman. William Mi i hjn .\i 
the death of the hitter in the year 1878. Mr 
Bnnsill engaged to teach at the B & B 
School, St. Louis, at which institution he 
put in nine years of good work. Lastsum 
"»-i I..- relinquished this employment to 
■ hei in the Metropolitan Busi 

" l ,-|! " ■'■ Chicago, wbicb position he 

lint, ili ireted style ; or. 

probable that whenever daily wri 

I. be done penmanship will Imve ll 

preference, but to those people whose w.u 

tiencied The 


We will not dwell upon lliose hopeless 
mazes which puzzle even the experts— a 
series of erralic jerks a id /.ig -tugs, resemb- 
ling nothing so much as at 
picture of forked lightning 

ier I While we would no 

nun the baud of a well-known Utta-a- render the familiar and 

, or be so instinct with genius that the of a friend's [leinuauMiip for \\\,- < . . I . i .m. 

glance will be convincing, before the correct formality of type-writing, there car 

of the sanctum will consent to i be no doubt of the value of the type-write] 

1 poring over for business purposes, and the use of lite 

Tabbed pothooks. rary people. The Writer, a bright little 


'» It Ltflibrldge uu 
ticularly to the ca 

lour attention is directed t 
ordinary inducements 

on page 172 of this issue 
'■" -b-i un.u. doses the year, feeling tha 

If people choose to afflict their friends 
with half a dozen pages of hieroglyphics, 
crossed and recrossed after the pleasant 
fashion of Certain scribes, to form a subject 
of profouud study over which the whole 

to prevent them. But there is on unwrit- 

in its hfatorj w < n ml vo u 
at it now. This is the time of 
aid us in extending its cireuln- 

• possible. Another spec 

monthly in iL'a/itir. declares in its favor, 00 
the ground that editors prcfci type-written 
manuscripts. The Critic, however, quotes 
the editress of "one of the most widely- 
circulated journals in America," as saying 

Orleaiu Ttmu-Dem 

How to Address Letters. 

I i ibjeet ot the best lilelhod of addl eSS 

ing letters has been revived lately, and quite 
e. lions j, re made and argu- 
ments advanced to support tbem, with the 
object of making the postal clerk's duties 
lighter and the service more rapid. I^fs 
insisted that the present method of address- 
ing letters is all wrong. Instead of holding 
to the form of address now in use it should 
be exactly reversed. For instance, at the 
present time a letter is ordinarily addressed 

.l.iKephJiricL's. Fsq.. 

having reached 

These reasons seem on the face of them to 
be very excellent ones; but lest they should 
fail to carry sufficient weight they are sup- 
plemented by the following argument and 
patriotic suggestion: 

" The matter may seem at first glance not 
to be of great importance, but the proper 
manner of addressing an envelope would 
save much time to the people in different 

money could be saved each year by the post 
sfficedepartment. It is for the United States, 
[.he country of progress par excellence, to 
Start a crusade in favor of a change in the 
manner of addressing letters, and the Chi- 
cago press should take the foremost place. 

This method of addressing letters, how- 

I any way lighten 

Do you like Tick Jodbnal ? Do you 
enjoy its visits ? Do you appreciate it t If 
so, we want your aid. We want you to 
read our premium oiler- on pagi 173 V. ■, 
can at least send three new subscribers. 
Thousands who read this could do BO with 
out getting out of the shadow of their home. 

doptcd^t ; but it is not practicable 

icre is considerable doubt as to 

cr it would be any improvement on 

'Sent plan even if it were practicable 

iug the letters it is necessary to look 

■r il i- ain more difficult to look at it 

. One uniform method of address 

tcrs is about as good as another. All 

loslal clerk wants to know is where 

, and, be it customary to put it at 

■ on one side or the 

other, he will look rigli. ... 

bother about what el-e there may be. . ■• - 
novice it would be easier to have the pari 
of the address that he wonted to see Btowed 

at the top of the envelope, but il. | thai 

one man wants to see is not the part that 
the next one cares about, and it would 
manifestly be impossible to make each part 
lh«' most prominent Besides, the corres- 
pondent is laboring under a wrong impres- 
sion when he argues on the theory that 
each part of the address is always considered 
separately. If a letter goes into the post 
office in London addressed as above it is 

111.' twu cities 

for i 

special pouch goes, it of course has to be 
assorted oftener, but it does not go through 
the routine laid down in this letter. 

Assistant Postmaster Squires advanced 
the best argument in favor of tin- innova- 

; think it would 


adopted. The reason for it is this: 'Ihe 
Jfcst rapid work has to be done at the be- 
ginning of a letter's journey— when the 
sorting is being done for the mail trains 
and also on tbem. When it arrives al its 
destination things are not so rushed. For 
that reason I think it would be a good 
thing to hive the post office address the 
most prominent. I think it would aid the 
clerks, who have to work with the greatest 

Mr. Squires, however, was not at all sure 
that the scheme of making such a change 
was practicable. It had been considered 
before, he said, but nothing had ever come 
of it. 

Superintendent of Mails Wilbanks thought 
the idea a good one, hut utterly impracti- 

" We never could gel the ayslom adopted 

themselves to it." 
"But" you think, if it could be flc 

it would be an improvement over t 

■ Yes 

-ibl. i 

utterly impo 

Captain White, Supe 

Railway Mail Service, (I 
the two ollicirtls quoted, 
how it would lighten 
clerks or in any way mal 
rapid or perfect. 

" My men. "he said, " 

■■ If universally adopted, 

benefitted, and all in a pnsi 
telligeutly on the subject dvi 
mpracticable Some few I 

onie in now addressed ace 

plan, but they only serve 1 

clerks. — Chkwjo Trihinu:. 

r. Packard's New Home. 

haps no business college in the 
country il belter domiciled than is that of 

friend Packard, who after thirty 
years of honest struggle in this big city, 

ie said lo have touched high water 

trally located on twoof our widest avenues, 
and in the immediate vicinity of the attractive and interesting features of 
metropolitan activity. It stauds by itself 
on a prouiiuent corner, and is above the 
ground floor, devoted wholly to the college. 
It is thus appropriately called "College 

i is approached by 

->rm ' v^^^?^ 1 ^/ /^/,/j/^d 

■-■' ■ * , , 

/, ,, 

\ " J cZm> Qa y 

A Notable Achievement. 
For a long time The .Ioi'knai, has been 
experimenting wilh a view to producing a 
mt would combine all the excellencies 

professional expert article with that 

demanded by the ordinary requlremei ts ol 
business. To have done either one or the 
other would have been a task of compara- 
tive lightness, but so many elemenls of ma- 

bination that the perfection of the idea is 
attended with extreme difficulty. 

It is therefore with extreme pride as well 

day a new pen which we believe to unite 
the points of advantage indicated, in the 
best and most practical manner which has 
yel been attained by the pen m;i kei B 

The name of the new article is " Ames 1 Best 

After thorough trial on various classes 
of work, we have no hesitancy in saving 

Die professional penman 
. It is smooth, elai 
abroad expressly 

mark. His work heiel 
of 1858, when, in conn 
and Stratlon, he opened bis school in the 
1 1. ei, u, u ( ....p. i I'nion Building, being, in 
fact the first tenant of that building. In 
18GU he removed to the Mortimer Building, 
corner of Broadway and Twenty-second 
street, where be remained for seven years, 
going thence, in 1870, to the magnificent 
rooms in the Methodist Building, No. 805 

For the past thre 

lantly looking for 8 
at so;, had grown too narrow for et 
At last Mr. Vauderbilt came to his 
in nllr-i ing an inducement fur tin- Co! 
Physician* and Surgeons to quit tb el 
ises at the corner of Twenty third sir 
Fourth avenue, \\ hi. b they did, and t 
over to Mr. Packard 
quated building 


lecture room. There is also a fine entrance 
to this floor from Fourth avenue. The 
second floor contains also a large study 
room, with seats and desks for 150 pupils. 
two large recitation rooms, and the school 
of stenography, with desks for 100 pupils, 
'l'lu- third Hoof contains the rooms for the 
practical department, the type writing mom, 
and a large recitation room. These upper 

tloor are lighted by skylights in addition 
to the side lights, making the pleasantesi 
study rooms ever used for such a purpose. 

derablealteiition - 

Condensed Pictorial History of Penmanship Journalism 

'■ If w Iv know where the add 

we can read it just as quickly there a 
where else, I pick up a letter and I f 
address at B glance. I'm sine we 

to brine one about, any w»y and 
see the object of attempt!) \ il 

The views of those who personally 
handle the mail "ought to be the most valu- 
able, and the foregoing ought to show that 
any agitation of the sublet would la- ab- 

preseuted in the belief that it is superior to 
any other pen manufactured. 

We take it that an achievement of this 
so far reaching in its character, is 
Xer for general congratulation. We 
to have the opinion of every reput- 

■ merits of Allies' Best Pen Made 

hand ground, 

especially : 

rice of these pens as low as 35 cents a 
uarter gross box. Taking into cousidera- 

ion their special adaptability to all kinds of 
rork, and their peculiar durability, Ames' 


Jfcfij l,,t iulbe 1 


Peerless, Luxurious: Ames' Best Pen. 
Good Workman is Known by his Tools. 

Can Such Things Be? 

How do you like your new typewriter '.'" 
inquired the agent. 

•It's immense!'' was the enthusiaslic 
response. " I wonder how 1 ewr l">i ahm-- 

withuui it '-" 

■'Well, would you mind giving me a 
little testimonial to that effect ?" 

" Certainly not; do it gladly." 

So he rolled up bis sleeves and in an ill 
credibly short time pounded out this : 

•■nftedUsiuglueeautouialig Back-act, i 

iid the agent, dubiously - 

,-.... ■■ • ol i- you that I 
,i rani . pinion in the mosl pi <- 

v,. u ld be in 'ie .:,:..:.■ . i 

.|..i ns m - < inflation Y How '" '"' ' 

,,, i: ,, , ,l- umhIiI gladly subscribe for 

ipot d the matter was placed befori 
in ;, u.,v that «..uld occupy not lo ex- 
tive minutes ol youi time ■ 

Points in Practical Writing. 

Strictly business w riling consists of legi- 
bility, plain torms, smooth, uniform, strong, 
graceful lines and not mucb riant, or shade 
3i ., i .,,, . u the besl slant toi rapid 
business writing. 

The distance letween the straight lines 

in „, ,„, etc .should be about three-quarters 
of a space, and between letters, from one 
and one-quarter to one and one-half spaces. 
Tin- extended loops should be short and 

iid, all the upper turns should be pretty 

rounding and nearly all of the curves should 
be In the upward stroke. 

.,!),) tin- e.-py before him, always trying ' 
, urrect .nmr f:uilt. A -tudent must becou 
,,,,,.,■, i, ,i I haveconfldwiceinhlsBbait: 

neatness of work in bis class. Each pupil 
ihould be required to write from one to 
two pages every day for the teacher to ex- 
amine. A student may go into from one to 
three classes per day if h 

From thirty to fifty minutes is long 
enough for a class to practice writing, and 
they should have all they can do during 

IVlUIl, Cilllfil : 

shall be nameless in this episode) some fh 
hundred miles west of New York City, r 
presenting that be had been expecting b 
eldi r brother for the past several days I 

could not leave home for a week. Fie (the 
younger brothi r) said that he could not 
afford stoppiug at the hotel any longer, 
where the expense was so great. It was 
therefore necessary for liini to obtain a 
private boarding house, which the secretary 

joints and muscles in the arm and lingers 
resting the arm lightly upon Ihe fleshy pan 
near tbe elbow and sliding the baud lightly 


ad fourth fingers, 

Oblique UuMki Lii Ul. I U :._ .„,, 

fit for business writing. 

The beginner should not attempt to write 
a business band at first, but practice on the 
full forms and study some good system 
thoroughly. He should he drilled on move- 

it to be well written on the 
1 not patched up after- 

; should he strong and hue. 

him- If well enough lor srvi-r;il du\ 
u> ili.- linn nf the pi'i'trrnh d uriival < 
brother. In a week's time, be learned the 
plan of tbe bouse and tbe lay of things 

y ui 

t^rz^yn^ jx&outld 

a 1/ //" ;v , iri /~ir~ 


-?. try- z 


r. J n tt? r r r 


1 re- 


- every day from five to fif- 
teen minutes with the various movements 
from day to day in connection with other 

A Warning to Business Colleges. 
Editor of The Journal .— I do not wish to 
turn the Art Joubnal Into aP 

ingwith him a complete outfit of apparel 

from the boarders, besides other valuables. 

Iron, hi.-, handwriting and talks about 

-V good position of pen, hand and bod] 

'"important. The hand should he placed 

in an t-^sy. natural position, the forearm 

lid be about m riirbt-anglca 

such manner as to form the right angle. 

yet if you think the history here given ad- 

missable, the experience as related may- 

prove to be a protection to colleges else- 

teacher of penmanship. The thought thai 
suggests itself is that he may be known to 

some of our college people, and, if so, I 

A young man of about twenty years of 

age, genteel in appearance, glib of tongue, 

hope they will send any Information they 
may have to the office of The Joubnajl, 

it can be forwarded. Such 

might be a flue, and p< rhaps 

the punishment of a skilled young 

thus ridding the community for a 

bridge of his nose on bis forehead, which 
ii combing down of hair or slouching 

The game is a new one. and I feel certain 
tat it will be played again and again, so 
mg as it is as successful as it was in this 
\se ; hence the desire to put colleges on 
leir guard through tbe medium of your 

paper Pao Boko Publico 

Then- ; 


n the United Stales r.,338 lib- 
raries, each with 300 volumes or over. Of 
these 2,981 have each l.OOOvolumes orover. 
Forty-seven have each over 50,000 volumes ; 
and among tbe forty-seven are public lib- 
raries of Boston. Chicago and Cincinnati, 
and the libraries of Harvard, Columbia, 
Yale, Cornell aud Brown Universities. 
These forty-seven libraries aggregate 5^6.- 
472 volumes, and tbe whole list of ~38 
libraries aggregate 20.622.076 volumes, or 
one volume to every three persons in the 
country. In round numbers the United 
States has one library to every 10,000 of 

So far as newspapers art 
York is without doubt thi 
place in the world. This 


long i 

■■!„»,.! Jit/.- edition of 101). 1100 copies a day 
more than " the one which has the "largest 
circulation of any daily in the United 
Stales." Another is constantly at "high- 
water mark." Each one is " bigger'n lb' 
other fellow," so that the world may look 
on at the coterie of giants, each with a chip 
on his shoulder, but after months and years 
of carrying it, the chip still remains and all 
are happy. 

An English friend calls our attention to 
tbe "Rloper" method of perforating postage 
stamps with the initials of the firm or com- 
piiny using them, as h 
vouge in England, and wonders wb 
body does not introduce it in this country. 
It is well calculated to prevent the theft of 
postage stamps. 

Pens at six cents tbe gross; two dozen 

The figure named is the price at which the 
cheapest German pens can he produced. 
The American Hegisier.ot Paris, describes, 
as among tbe interesting industrial estab- 
lishments of Berlin, the steel pen manufac- 
tory of Heintz & Blankertz. With the ex- 
ception of one in France it is the largest on 
the continent, and one or two in England 
are larger. The Berlin factory produces 
monthly about 80,000 gross, equal to 1,000,- 
000 gross per annum, or 144,000,000 pens. 
Of penholders upward of 7,000,000 are. 
turned out annually. The factory employs 

A German man of science has taken four 
heads of hair of equal weight, and then 
proceeded to count the individual hairs. 
One was of the red variety and it was found 
to contain hairs, Next comes tbe 

miles per hour. 

The results of the survey and last census 
of India are that the area of the peninsula of 
Hindostan is 1,882,624 square miles, and 
the population 253.891.821 Although 
immense tracks of country are annually 
cultivated, according to the most recent 
survey ten million acres of laud suitable 
for cultivation have not yet been plowed, 
At the same time, 120 millions of aires ure 
returned as l 

'-Dcp't of %<wo<jjaf>%, 

The Study of Phonography. 

Jh, and // /*, arc added by linlvin.jj; 

169 Their, <>« n A-n are, and other are a( 
(led to curved stems and to straight sterr 
with final hook 1>y length en ing. 

16<^ It is sometimes necessary to distil 
guisPfeetwecn there, and other in phrases, 1 
which case the phrase containing other j 

~-\z '"" (c 

nth, r « is added by leiigthc 



M i 

[Permit me) (to introduce) myself (to \ on) 

i one) (of a) large (number of) citizens who, 

ithout regard) (to your) party affiliations, 

pported you (when you were) a candidate 

(for the) Mayor's office. (At the) instance 

of (some of them) (for whom) I then spoke, 

(1 address you) now. 

In (saying this) (I do not) lay claim (to ex- 
traordinary) f consideration. I mention it 
only (in order) (to remind) you (of the) fart 
(that the) ground (upon which) the inde- 
pendent citizens suppor'ed you was well 
understood. (We believed) that as Mayor (of 
this) great city, (you would) infuse an ele- 
ment of superior intelligence and honor (in- 
to the) f conduct (of our) munii ipal affairs, 
and (by the) force (of your) example, (as 
icell as) (by the) legitimate use (of your) in- 
Uni',.;, einlntntr h> eimmcipite ihein i from 
the) rule (of that) narrow-minded, selfish, 
and not unfreguently corrupt partisanship 
(from which) the community has (in the 
past) suffered (so much) injury and disgrace. 
(You cannot) fail to remember (how you) 
encouraged that belief. 

No just man will deny that many (of 
your) acts have deserved and obtained the 

■oper enough. Mr. Nicoll was almost uni- 
■rsally look.d upon (as bis) natural suc- 
ssor. (There was a) general feeling (thai 
• had) managed the prosecutions (not only) 

itb skill and untiring energy, but also 


thoBej (he bad) (to bring) (to justice) and tof 
their) friends, (which are) especially indiap< n- 
able (uudVr such cSreumttcmcct. i And (since 

the) District-Attorney's Office appeared (as 
the) soul (of the) prosecutions, (as the) prin- 
cipal protector (of the) pithiic interests and 
honor, Mr. Nicoll, who had done so well 
(in the past,) (was regarded) as especially 

Imve) opposed him ( 
Jut nobody recko. 
class. (You are) a 
lity and high social < 
e presiigc of a diet 

sponding (with your) char 
do you) really think, (as yo 

of .some of its, lea-ii- 

■m1 Mr Coupe 

What maligna* 
Cleveland (was it) 
to extort (from hir 

Idler int. muddling in (New Ymk City) 
politics (on the side of Uie) typical -dead 
beat " (as a) candidate (for anw. ffl< e (which 
is ilietgimrdbm mf tin t /■"'■'' 
the President (had bad) a u 

Ao sir, the injury you and your friei ds* 
(liave done) (to your) party and your causes 
(by the) nomination of (such a man) as Mr.. 
Fellows, (would not be) repaired, hut (it. 
would he) aggravated (by his) election. 
'■ He serves his party best who serves his 
country best," and surely the rank and file 
(of youri party under existing cin ,i,i,tfn >,,■<.-, 
do (no better] service (to themselves) and 
(to their) cause than by showing that what 
ever the vagaries of some (of their) leaders. 

of confidence. 

hope) (that your) true self respect mil re- 
assert itself and draw you away (from that 

cam find) to-day every thief, every corrup 
tlonlst, every law breaker in New York, in 
eluding those (who have) run to Canada — 
(for there is not one) (of them) who (does. 

] of . 

. deadly 

the) i 

: of "self- 
to put (in thu place) of public 
or a person whose self confessed 
ilutc mi mil untimess (would be an) 
;ement (to the) very class (to be) 
.ed, then (I trust,) the citizens of 
■k will prove self-respecting cinmnh 
care of. i their nwnt honor by siring 

election will show nliat 
einiind honest .'/"'"-'""("'. 
n exhibit (as lh«r) choice 

II. Fas 

in The Phonographic Magazim , 
ifications," with the following 
in an office : 

i HpliU Ivor. 

I the ability 

I>rouiplly ai 

apj.l ■ 

13. Are, or, and our are added by the r 

,„,!„.„ „a.,«,L.-»^. . 

14, Wc is mUlc.l to Btraigbt stems by the 

,.£n .c^^«h.«.r. 

35. You and your'&TC added to straight 
ns by the y hook, a large hook on the r 

■ used only in phrases. (See 89). 

— Y 

good (you have done.) or may do, (during 
the) rest (of your) official term ; and here I 
express (not only) (my own,) (hut the) 
opinions, (as far as) (I know,) (of all) those 
who supported you without being moved by 
partisan motives. The contest (for the) 
District-Atlorneyi-hip has (at thisthncias 
sumed unusual importance (&*fo«M it) in- 
volves great public interests A vigorous 
prosecution (of Ihe) thieves and betrayers 
of public trust, of bribegivers and bribe- 
takers was felt (to be) the first step neces- 
sary (if thci public interest iwas to be) pro- 
tected (and the) disgrace wiped out. "When 
(at last) that vigorous prosecution (took 
place) (it was) hailed (by all) good citizens 
(as the) breaking (of a) better day. Every- 
body knew that (it was) owing mainly to 
Mr. Martine, who \ controlled the operations 
(of the) District-Attorney's office and to Mr. 
Nicoll, who worked up and conducted the 
trial (of the) boodle cases. (This was) 
s„ g tl « rally understood that when Mr. Mar- 
tine desired a place (on the) bench, (as was) 

1 |ld ^""i'usi 

Hie) /."Me 

".'.'., "" 



President's letter 
\ concerning Mi 

(utter 111.) 




""' '°J "^ ''.',' ,. 

not) have dealt then 

and never (have I) witnessed more wanton 
recklessness of party leaders, sacrificing the 
interests and good name (of a) great muni- 

Seeemd. A speed of at least thirty words 
ier minute on the type-writer. 

Third. A plain, business handwriting. 

Fourth. A common school education, in- 
luding a good practical knowledge of spell 
mi, punctuation, grammar, arithmetic, 
;eography, and some knowledge of book 
..cpiiiL', history, and the sciences. 

Fifth. A knowledge of letter writing »i .1 
amiliarity with bueinesstermsardexpreiB 

Sirtb flood business, habits. 
n r nth A hive ot the work. 
It must not be understood that all "- 
diove-mcntioned qualifications are rei;'o ■ ,; 

Again, one who is deficient in one or roc 
of these points, but strong in others, ni; 
mi ure a situation where by diligence in 

The Metropolitan Stenographers Associa- 
tion recently celebrated the close of its 
second ycarof existence. It is a flourish ira' 

.,„ i, u u-n strong iiud vigorous for its ap>. 

One of Professor Kimball's bright bo? - 
was sent out the other day to report a 
Bpeecb. I' was a eulogy on a great man b) 
one of our most popular speakers, who. in 
one of his brilliant periods, said: "Our 
feelings are tumultuous." The " verbatim " 
repi rtet rendered it. '-Our feelings are t»" 
much for u»;" and the reporter was right 

'illiarli'- Sauiuel Chapman was boi 
RwiDc, Wisconsin, in 1862. His fi 
was industrious *ud conservative, and his 
mother been, cultured and i riticfcl The 
son shares the combined trails of the 
parents. His undaunted, indefatigable 
energy is balanced by a keen insight and a 
critical bearing rarely excelled. 

successful. He believes it) a business course 

profession. He studies his pupils and 
takes the keenest delight in watching tbeir 
acquisition. He crowds them, hut not at 
the cost of thoroughness. He keeps them 
wide awake, and makes them show what 
adaptation tbey have. It is bis constant 
uim to make the pupils self-reliant, inde- 
pendent in judgment, quick and accurate. 
His i.uir.'M- i* to send nut not college made 
; men, but self-made men. through his col- 
liege. In book-keeping and penmanship he 
lis an expert. During bis many years of 
itar.vioe he has established an enviable repu- 
tation, which enables bim to do frequent 
and valuable service before the courts and 
in tbe^Qunting-room. 

As a (.citizen, Professor Chapman is in 
line and ^in active sympathy with every 
movement of public good. He interests 
himself in ddie interests of the community 
and identifier himself with its practical, 
religious and moral growth. He is a most 
active and earnest Christian man. In early 
manhood be joined the Baptist Church and 
has proved a valued, active member all 
these years- Ija hearing a leading, and at, In be opened by A. E. Parsons. 

Evening.— Entertainment. 

IA>>-< ii'wn.- -lYmniJiiship in County In 
ititutes, by C. J. Conner. 

Speed in Figures, by C. II. Peirce. 

\h He i of Teaching Business Pen- 

nansbip, by A II. Hinman. 

Miscellaneous Topics. 

Afternoon.— Music as an Adjunct in 
reaching Movement, by G. R Rathhun 

Business W riting, bj \\ F W bigam 

Miscellaneous Tupi< s and Discussions. 

/./,.,„,„,, —An Experience Meeting, 

Jforenoons— Application of Movement to 
Form, bj II. Peirce. 

Methods of Teaching Large Classes, by 
E. K. Isaacs. 

Combined Movement, by W. J. Kinsley. 

Miscellaneous Topics. 

Afternoon,— Muscular Movement, by A. 
J. Scarborough. 

Penmanship in Business Colleges, by G. 
W. Brown. 

Evening,— Address, Illustrated. 
Flourishing, by A. H. Hinman 

Forenoon.— What Shall We Do to Raise 

the Standard of Penmanship in the Pub 
Schools ','— \V. N. Ferris. 

" Capitals, by C. N. Crandli 



engraved copy with its 
present support is not sufficient to bring 
about the effect we so earnestly cherish, 
what should be done— what can be done to 
work a revolution? Who is to do it? 
When is it to be begun? 

As a rule tbe professional teacher does 
not use a copybook to secure the highest 
attainable results in writing, and yet tbe 
non-professional is supposed, expected and 
required (through the farcical comedy of a 
day) to meet tbe arguments of the law. A 
nonprofessional is asked to do, under un- 
favorable circumstances, that which a pro- 
fessional only can do under tbe most favor- 
able conditions. 

If I were compelled to use any of the 
copybook systems of to-day (much less of 
prior revisions) without any adulteration, 
I would seek some other field of labor. I 
am as positive as my nature will permit 
that they are not adjusted or suited 1 
wants and requirements of any cla 

That the professional does not use the 
eopyhook as such, is evidence of its weak- 
ness. That it is used in public schools is 
owing to its adoption by school hoards, who 
seemingly have no alternative. Its adop- 
implics its use which must 

It surely is no sin, no disgrace, no ret 
tion upon tbe intelligence of the pref 
active authors to say : that at this time 
specialist should not only be offered t 

its infancy is i 

is not taught. Writing ic 
growth within itself and s 
edge is not of the 1 
system of copj books to day recognizee any 
difference in the instruction for children 
and pupils of more advaoced years. That 
this condition of things should remain will 
forever reflect discredit upon our profes- 
sion, that should take a just pride in plac- 
ing it in tbe front rank of useful arts 

Copybooks, with their copies, have 
reached the acme of perfection, but tbe 
means and methods for securing approxi- 
mate results are as nothing in comparison. 
A systematic set of movement exercises 
(both large and small) properly developed, 
under the guidance of a competent instruc- 
tor, is what is needed to supplant the fuue- 
ral march of to-day. 

How this is to be done should not consti- 
tute any part of this article. Disinterested 
parties will not assist in the matter and our 
large publishing houses will not he Aw to 
watch their interests. Tbe professional 
penman must look to his laurels, displaying 
every evidence of ability and skill which 
will warrant bis supremacy, and mark him 

geuuine growth of C 

Such a man j aw 

Christian, deserves i 

had ; this he ought 


his he will 
Chapman it has been as wiLh all other men, 

but difficulty, that makes men." 

Mr. Chapman is associate proprietor and 
principal of the Iowa Business College, Des 
Moines, one of tbe best known institutions 
of commercial training in tbe West. His 
, companion in that enterprise is Mr. Jen- 
nings, likewise a thorough instructor and a 
, man of great force of character. With 
: such men at tbe head it is needless to say 
i that the school is entirely prosperous. 

Mr. Chapman was done the distinguished 
i honor to be selected as the first President of 
the Western Penman's Association, at their 
.meeting last winter. He wields the gavel 
.villi becoming grace and dignity. 

Tbe following is the official programme 

of the Western Penman's Association, to 

he held at Cedar Rapids, Iowa, beginning 

Monday, December 36th, 1887, and lasting 


Organization aud reports of Secretary 

and Treasurer. 

AY, uiiKj— Address of Welcome on behalf 

of the City. 

Response by C. S. Chapman, President 

of the Association. 

Reception and Sociable. 

Forenoon.— Discussion : How Much Time 
iu Each Le-son in Penmanship Should he 
Devoted to Movement Exercises? 

Opened by I. W. Pierson. followed by 

Lesson in Penmanship to Beginners in a 
Business College, by G R. Rathbun. 

Speed in Class Drills in Word and Sen- 
tence Writing, by A. N. Palmer. 


Afternoon.— Discussion : should Whole 
Arm Movement be Taught in Business Col- 

The Science of Teaching Pen- 

If beautifully engraved copies were the 

far removed in the line of superior improve- 
ment from their present condition. It is 
unfortunate for the profession that such a 
discrepancy exists in the manner and 
method of securing the very best possible 
results. Tbe average teacher (not profes- 
sional) is guilty of a store of stupidity and 
a wealth of ignorance which would not be 
permitted to stalk in any olher branch for 


grim monster 
, but walks with a fea 

ease and dignity 
indignation. If we are weak, so much 
more tbe pity ; if strong, we are guilty of 
unfaithfulness unbecoming the profession 
we seek to honor. If the work we have to 
perform is left undone through any cause 

cause it is our duty and privilege to advo- 
cate a proper remedy by the introduction 

je much more to our professional credit if 
exhibited in tangible form and through our 
ivorthy representatives, tbe penmen's papers. 

improved means and methods the science of 
teaching will exist only iu name. 

Tbe drunkard iu the gutter is the producl 
of a cause and its effect will be seen as lone 

rule) is the product of a copybook com 
bined with poor instruction. The in 
ability of our regular corps of teachers to 
successfully cope with the art is sufficient 
cause for reform. It must be admitted and 
acknowledged that the tet 
write cannot teach. That 
been giveu 

admitted that the professional cannot suc- 
cecd under similar circumstances. 

Not only is the best text book provided 
in other branches, but the teaching power 
is called into question. An arithmetic by 
the best author, with a '"stick" for a 

pose. The elements of success do not lie 
in the book, and the live teacher is not slow 
to furnish matter above and beyond any 
single author. A book teacher is noteacher. 
While tbe average text book is adapted to 
its the average copybook 

ground lias produced 
let It lie fallow for a 

in edge the barber lays 
ebs and the edge corned 
back of its own accord. We bestow 
thoughtful care upon inanimate objects, 
but none upon ourselves. What a robust 
people, what a nation of thinkers we might 
be if we would only lay ourselves on the 
shelf occasionally and renew our edges — 
Mark Twain. 

I teaching penmanship i 

—Miss Annie Imlay, who for a long time 
discharged with signal ability the somewhat 
multifarious and exacting duties of steno- 
graphic correspondent iu The Joomtal 
office, has accepted a position as teacher in 
the Shorthand Department of Wright's 
Business College, Brooklyn, of which ex- 
cellent institution she is a graduate. The 
best we can wish the pupils under Miss 
Imlay's care is that they may beet mc as 
thorough and proficient as their instruclor. 

— F. S Heath, of Epsom, N. H., contem- 
plates issuing at an early date a complete 
directory of the penmen in the United 
States and Canada. The endeavor will be 
to include the names and addresses oi c\ci -, 
reputable member of the profession, with 
brief biographical information. Mr. Heath 
requests The Journal to appeal to all in- 
terested In such a publication to come to his 
aid with names and addresses aud any other 
pertinent data. The undertaking is a 
worthy one, and we trust our friends will 
not be slow to appreciate it. 

«m of twenty-jive well-known ehirogra- 
phcra on a much disputed yueetfon. Don't 

tfie January number of The JouitNAf-. 

iu'n il"l 

y many points of excel- 
leoce. We have done a great dctil of 
experimenting in this line, and congratulate 
ourselves at last upon procuring an article 
which seems calculated to meet any reason- 

Eight years before Columbus discovered 
America an old Portuguese sailor named 
Diego Cam went cruising down the coast of 
West Africa, until be came lo a great river, 
on whose south bank be set up a big white 
stone and carved an inscription upon it 
celebrating its discovery. It was the mighty 
Congo, and for many years the famous 
Pedra Padrao stood on the old sailor's 

vorld, the Congo 
Vdro Padrao had 

disappeared. The l 

Schwebin, the Swedisl 
some natives of a large 
in the tall jungle gra 
from the beach. It 
palavers with the ehi 

Padrao, its well knu 

choppers have been eaten from the 
st times. The Scriptures contain 
lant proof of this, and the law of 
; is very plain indeed in its permission 
■ people of Israel to eat "the locust 

and the b 

etle after his kind, and the gross- 

hopper af 

er his kind Every flying, creep- 

that goetb upon all four, which 

baa lege 

above their feet, to leap withal 

upon the 

earth," was "clean," that is. 

the people of Israel (Leviticus 11. 

21. 23, tar 

d was unquestionably eaten not 

only by them, but by other Western Asiatic 


There y 

ere two ways of preparing grass- 


o be eaten. They were either 


for food iu Syria and Arabia- 

boiled in salted water, their wiugs 


ff, and Hun the insects dried in 

the sun, when they were ready to be eaten. 

re eaten in Africa. The traveler 

lates that the chief of a tribe on 

the Mesh 

reb River, in the Egyptian Soudan, 

twenty basloa of ants fi.r provi 

iis journey. They are poundec 

of paste, which i- said by .Junker 

to taste like liver 

eaten, and the ancient Roman* used beetles 

as food. 

The Brazilians greatly esteem i 

bug that 

feeds on the palm leaf. In Chil 

one of the national dishes, th< 

chupe & 

chieht, is a sort of stew made ol 

potatoes and the chlclie, a beetle-like insert 

Hi, watei courses. Flies are not by at 

iiifjins in In -lighted in making up a list 

ll.e ipiiTl thin-- people e;it The I. In k- 

Narrui.ieii. in Africa, live almost wholly on 
the larva;, or eggs oi the flj . 



fully pierced the bark of the trees and dug 
out their food. 

The Indians of Nevada also lived partly 
upon flies, or such of these Indians do as 
remain in their original wild condition, aud 
make a sort of cake out of the insects. 

Islands the eating « 

fabrics, huge pih s of rugs and quantities of 
brassware, Oriental costumes of grent rich- 
ness, scimitar*, drivers, and long Moorish 

guns inlaid with mother-of-pearl; the 

whole set off by a floor of damn tiles and 
p< rfumed bj thi ami k< ol burning pastlh - 
or the scent of atler of roses ; doesn't thai 


a hatchet a line around the i 

as one could conveniently reach, aud 

other lower down, so that tin- bark, -eve 

above and below, could be removed 
strips. At certain seasons of the yea 
mucilaginous film (the liburuum) sepan 
the bark from the wood of the trunk. I 
of the tilm adheres to each surface and I 
be scraped off. The resulting mix tun 
mueitage < ells and ball formed wood is 



(Bljat kg tip 
ifpottro of 3ptubltc (fifotratiort is 
brrt-ft of 

*®§f©-d;FCf S 'MO S'T-G IFTED -mt®* 
- B',R I LL 1 A H T ' MEMBERS ' 

attrtW man.floflttmt arub rortBrttnt- 
ttous, trtte- to ljts ottnt rortturtiona- 
attb ctier fearless, as well in tlic ao- 
tiorar-j of right as m tljc omnnctation 
of turou^, ana one vatjose tnttxattalltT 
calturpi mtrlliijmcc anil uitt,tir of 
tl/ouajrt, foineb toitlr a mat-ndlotus 
vidjness aito splendor 01 atrtiott, 
mapr Ijta oratoru at onre caotuiatujg 
ano rottniurirttr,. 

roasted dogs, lor t 

; very which sign9 of its having 

,:: i ;:v:;:',:;;; l ;;;;;.::;:,;iL'r;;; , i:; 1 :;.;: 

°L_ " '" ' otem ' 

i enirii Atui.i and in Ibe interior of Bor- 

To any one who likes to "-hup l.-i:i-_-:ei 

neo wluie i -peeial liUm.- i- reported I'm 

would be a paradise ; for even a very small 

purchase necessitates a vast amount of this 


desultory kind of business. Though the 

But perhaps the strangest known article 

masculine intellect cannot usually compre 

of food is clay The Japanese have a de 

hem! the charms of shopping, it must share 

cided taste for this earth, which is pounded 

over an open fire Ii> taste la said to -■■■- 

~ ■ ■ ■' ■ ' '■ ■"' '"■'" l! " ~ ! '"' -"''" 

has. in one of bis book-, ■ji-.eium int< r< -im-: 

account of the eartheaters of the Orinoco 

ground floor, and some are tin k.d u«:i\ in 
odd corners upstairs . but all are tilled with 

There is no accounting for tastes, says the 

the most fascinating wares that a matter- 

proverb. There may be a great deal in 

of fact American ever saw. Gaudy cush- 

recommend grasshoppers, beetles, moths. 

ions aud slippers made of the famous Mo- 

ants, flies, live rats and clay biscuits t.s 

rocco leather, embroidered scarfs and table 

the desired 

To the ordinary mind, full of busy 
schemes and plans for future good, in the 
many active and fruitful years which 
people are so sure remain to them, the con- 
dition of one condemned to die at the hands 
of the law i^ inconceivable. To the sick, 
ofttimes the restraint which conns from 
their own weakness, the irksomeness of 
inactivity, is harder to bear than all tbe 

agoliie- nt p.iili and disea-O This i- but 

the beginoiug with the prisoner. With 
drawn from all the interests of the world, 
having no longer any part in humanity 
destined at a fixed hour to have the poor 
remnants of his pale and shadow\ In 
choked out of him nt the bands of (be ra< e 

m Buuofiol shea hi i 

sanity in it Th 
and unbalanced, 
portion, no ideas 

ly distorts and fal-illc- ' 

■annot long retain its to 
r h, A Minium Mngmi- <■■■ 

voutly religious spirit of the \ 
mingling of practical shrewd 
child like i redulity, his artless r 

the dreams and virions which in< 

ns of tbe 

most decorative 

flsbes Even tta 


little humming- 

birds themselves 

are pro 

digious figblers, 

ging one another 

in their aerial but 


be utmost pluck. 

vigor nnd cndura 

ee. Fui 

tbermore, beauty 

as Dr. Guother 

bus obsc 

■ved, liy a ven 

Theory of TMl 

Monthly for (MM) 


Human B 

„m,,i»» » 


all tin's 

are apt to sound 

somewhat in th 

lie-lit of travelers' tales 

disinterred in order 
tliis purpose. It wai 

part of the skull to pi 
Even tbe moss wbicl 

ubjects only. In the " Angler 
cum," published in 1681 angli i 
use an ointment f< 
ng of flsh, consulting, among otht 

in anatomy.— From " Slronga Medx 
■ »/ •• ' / Gordon Gumming, it 
Scientu Monthly for October. 

| Pen and ink copuj. 


tor mt vvru cppcitaV, biunijitb 
yet courteous tpoumtx 



@lpf (h'smttim- (DrTim 

beavtns into a scroll tilled with picture 
stories of mythology. Four of the coi 
Mclbiiiims with which we are going to dc 
in this article are p:i rt i< < i1;irl> niini-l in- i 
this account. They preserve iu the star 
more lasting than parchment or stone, 01 
of tbe oldest and most pleasing of all t] 
romantic stories that have moused and i 
-i.irnl tlie minds of nun — the ^linv of IV 

. Cenis Tunnel < 

immenced operations in Egypt. 
Dg parties in the opposite bead- 
:h and Italian, met on Christmas 
about a year after the inaugura- 
Sucz Canal. The St. Gotbard 

Tin- air \va« i pressed uulside the tunnel. 

and conveyed into it by pipes Hero a 
double purpose was served !■> \\- ■ M'- l!l 

mothers and fathers help (hem. 

plunge boldly iii— both young a 
when the old elephants reach 

\f..„r/,!// !■'■ />■■•' "<>■"■ 

In 1578 Mark Scalliott, a blacksmith oi 
London, made " for exhibition and trial of 
skill, one lock of iron, steel and brass, all 
of which, together with a pipe-key to it, 
weighed but one grain of gold." lie also 
made a chain of gold, consisting of forty- 

before-mentioned : 

mall with t-iis.-. All these together— 
k and key, chain aud flea— weighed only 
! grain aud a half. 

gly walking u 

dark i 

I there a young one seem 

or held aloft while tin 

elow— C. F. Hold* fti S 

ihr hesi is reidly the cheapest 
Try them and you will say s.., tuo 
five cents a quarter gross box. 

Penman's Art Journal 



Mi I'll. kur I * N-w ]!■ .(!..■ 
Can Things Be> 

Renewal Offers. To Present 
Subscribers Only and Limit- 
ed to January 15, 1888. 

To every present subscriber for 

The Journal who shall semi us three 
new subscriptions before January 1. 1888, 
""-I three dollars lo pay for the same, 
we will mail Tin: .1.., ns.i. r,„ i]„. year 
1888, with emiutn free. 

77" iv ,* i,r„hably no person among TnE 
• I". iimi.i. /, .. ,,f thousand* .,/ nilurribcn 

To any present subscriber who shall 

- ml M\ Mew . il p-inn- 1,,-f . ,) .- .!:,„- 

uary 1, aud $6 to pay for the same, we 
will mail Tun Joor.val for two years 
free, or semi the extra subscription to any 
ad-luss indicated. 

senber, we will send Tue Jouiikal free 
for four years, or four subscriptions for 
one year, or 

I'm ten new subscriptions we offer a 
copy of our superb Compendium, lice, 
the price of which is five dollars. 

TMs is the best offer we hate ever made, 
leaving us absolutrly ,,„ wtryiii ../' /„„/i7 ..„,-,■ 
en Hie expectancy of a renewal by lite sub- 

Year and but 

The promise was made at the beginning 
of the year 1887 that the subscribers for 
The Journal would get more for their 
dollar than ever before. We feel that any 

expectati founded upon that pi Ese 

have been reasonably met, and arc encour- 
aged i.. repeal it for tin next year with de- 
cided emphasis. 

Perhaps the strongest way we could put 
it is to refer the reader to the Index of the 
volume, which closes with this month, 
printed on another page In the number, 
variety and special atlractivciics- of it,, 

we fi-el entirely jiedilicit in saving il .,. .an In- iii-ii-ui, ,| ,,n|, |, u vj.iii- 

v'lu Wliil,- II, i- ,i,„.i l„. very . > , . ( . : ■ r 

ent to every one who lias followed the . 

-wl.),rl i- u|i what »,in] 
we no wiiuout it? If Mr. Peir.-e wi 
kindly answer Unit iiue-lii.u he will phir 
:i grateful people uuil.i dee], obligation. I 

i.'-wi,,,' i,,'. 

haps a still more signal instance ( 
gress within the last twelve moi 

Entirely apart from the text, the 
of prncticaland ornamenlnl pen. wo 
have been presented hnvc been of 
greater value to the subscriber 
amount invested in the subscriplio 
We have other and deeper plans 
We propose to add to the attracts 

promise. The next volume of the Tn 
Journal will he especially rich in its illu 
trations, and particularly strong in its coi 
tributed articles from the leading men i 
the profession. In the broadest, longe 
»nd deepest sense it will he a mirror reflec 

1 Ob?. Use a combination of the linger 

ami foiiilh lingers -lide freely as in 
'- ' "pure" forearm movement 
B-lines to keep 

ling. Draw bead ami has,-] 

Ctuc vfczhiCL Jiaui). 



■J &% 

sij/, j/y Tf#$ ^/j///f/f/y fr/ //////// i- ^//ntfe/jifrttj 

scribcrs next year at the our ....ll.n ... -'. 

ThM6 irhi.Uaja, In rani 'Yuv. Joi RN*] USUOllj/ 

conttntu to rani it t and upon that assumption 

ire put tin pric, </,-r„ hrloir th, „.-t. t .,l r ,„j,i 

rising generation of penmen tn -if nn- Mils 
invaluable work "Ames" Compendium of 
Practical and Ornatneulal Penmanship," 
than is presented by this offer. We saj 
"the rising generation," because all the 
wise heads of tbe fraternity bavc long ago 
provided themselves with the work which 
by the concensus of expert opinion is in- 
comparably the best in its line extant, V> 
artist pretends lo do without it. no Student 
or admirer of the beautiful and the practi- 
cal in pen-work can afford to. Warmly 
recommended by the profession as a com- 
plete library of precept and example for the 
professional, tbe amateur, aspirant and stu- 

For tweuty or more subscription-, we will 
allOW a cash discount of tweilty-fivc 
cents each, which may be dedm t. d h\ the 
agent when remitting. 

In all Vie abort- offers ttu subscription in 
eludes choice of t/ie rtmdaf vrmiwn* Th. 

tion Whili ■ 

practical information, it recognizes the fin- 
that a carefully chosen miscellany, preaenl 
ing in concise *form pertinent ioforroa 
tion upon subjects of general interest 
with dashes of opinion upon extraneou 
matters, is expected aud demanded of th 
progressive publication of to day. 

Tiih.Joi iixm. I, a- c.u-e to complain. W. 

which has yet appean 

Tin: -lornNAi. is not always so i: 
natc us t»> disagree with the vit-i 
pimuded by the genial Keokuk pin]. 
Chandler II l'< iice. bin th- -i. .i 

titled lb. - 

pcin.nird to tro beyond the inirnn 
of the formula- .ml i ,.- 
tiiM-liiug would soou become a U 
The copybook is uot iiipnletil U 

make wedge shaped 

style. It is vet 



; Enterprise 


'■' !:;;!:T!!M\'v,m',','i','.V,'i'if "i'm' m no™,,.,,,!, m 


Bvl.aiii«.K<1it..r\ . 

Skv i limbiucsm-iiliMiiv.. 
Subtleties 01 the English T 
s<-i. -milk; Poetry . ... > ... 
Sel-nee of Ti'^liiiiK Peru 

Two fol.l Purpose. The... 
Type-writer Inks... 

Trinls of a Vmiut' I;i<[m.i-i 


y:: t ^% 

.r...u'r..rl.: ; 
,;..! ■;■■■■ M 



Pii-.-kiiNl •< Auihri 

UTitn.i: .1) "I 

\ '-reat Tutm-ls are r.|,!, 

Reoulta. (C. H. Petroe) . 

Tl.ey will be mulled, 

Educational Notes. 

There an 
In the ( oil 


The public schools < 
give emplovmcnt to ;W 

Within the last live months Horvard Col 

IfL'v liiis rci'-'ivnl -ill- amountim; (u *;! 

The "Ragged Sunday Schools" of Lon- 
d»u iiaxr in. iniii ,<-|,nhirs and 4,000 le,ichers, 

■Iinnl I'.i-ni.l-.'. of P,;dl\ n:iliiiK-li C;i-lle. 

ay, Ireland, baa left $1, I to ad- 

• iihnuiiuii in economic ami sanitary 

rity recently asked 
■ on "The Resull of 
the bright but lazy 
:■(! in as his compoai- 

■ I doa'l know, 
iloma " 
[•he whal 

' Tin- diph. 

i '-.iidiLi-ini " How old are you, my 1 

•• What do you mean, when I'm ter h 
ir when I'm tnivelliu' V 

Mv a wise provision of Providence. < 
beside the link tree on which nutmegs » 

lith: ■'Hello, Gedney, I thought 

chad ■'" 

ia. I heard mother -.a thai 
ahe took ll al school "—Timea-Demoorat 

" Aren't you tired of thia racatlon, ma :" 
asked a little 1-1 1 ^ 

' I am tired of th- noise you make, that's 

Tm U 

tlag. the emblem of anarchy, disorder, lilond. 
shed and treason ; treason alike to the prin- 
ciples that God has established for the good 
of the whole human family— principle* that 
lie in the very foundation of nil that is cooil 

t.v. Against 

the false tea'cbin 


modern education lifts up ll 

e light of 

their homes, their country 

o heat hack 

ind casl doo n 

i n formers 

s would lend the people 

y.— Son. John 11. Sampton l 

/-■/// truUtuU 



IHTT.-There is 

, law of 

10 Nature which takes 

of mistak 

s. Every hu 

>an soul 

e light in the m 

IS1 din, I 

fumbling at the roots of young plants that 
will grow if they are let alone long enough. 
—Mary E. Burt, Chicago. 

Wiiw Education Means.— "When you 
educate a farmer you educate his stock, his 

e mechanics you edu- 

1 nilieate I 

Woman's Oppoiwumitt.— In 
colleges that large class of young 

untry, needs so many 

Daniel's Latest. 

Grovor gasped, and was only saved 
';iiniin L : In the prompt application nl 
bait bottle.— Ptf'*'>>ny Tif-'ir"!' 1 '- 

The Office. 
Our neighbor, Vke Office, w 

vUle Journal. 

A m honlmaster. out of 

question to the scholars: 

"' What is nothing?" 

ily, there are not ten reeidents 

I things come out. pretty even, 
* " a century. — 8em* r- 

be got off the 

" asked a travel- 

rain in Philadel- 

a ebratii \ tl 

c signing of the 

that happened 

a hundred years 

Tin- is wi.rlii J 

Blindly Written Signatures. 

esiden's, ensburs juhI coiiL'i-csMneii 

W better than to 

- constitutional 

ame and addn- 
ctler paper will, ft 

ig (he desirable ir 
i often forget thai 


' hr. V 

neighbors, nothing 
ure on which to base e 
ahje.— The Writer. 


■ -polis 3finn, Oct 31, /8fy 

I /-'■'-/ 

/ > t-^Jy 


Cabling to Brazil. 

In the general cable office on Broad street, 
tbe cable man was complacently examining 
his mustache by the aid of a vest pocket 
mirror n hen a man walked in and said : 

" 1 waul to semi a cablegram." 

■■ Where to?" 

" Para, Brazil. How much V 

" Three dollars and forty-rive cents," 

The stranger paused reflectively, and then 

•• You allow ten words, I suppose?" 

num. indignantly. " You can send as many 
words as you like, but you will pay $3,45 
for each ami every word, including address 

"" Great Heaven I" shrieked tbe stranger. 
" Thai is highway robbery !" 

"Not at all," calmly returned the otber, 
brushing an alleged bil of dust from his 
sleeve. " On the contrary ii is dirt cheap. 

YY.ii m'Y.'i suit a i-hi-apn- me>sa»r in your 

Tlii.- ;i'hii;r,.]iii- | ,iu| u ,-i I i, , n |'i! Hie 
irpU " I .huuld like to li:i\e _\ mi prove 

that statement." Easiest thing in Hie world." 
And the cable man reached for a map. 
" Suppose you send a ten word message at 


■able man grace- 

r message?" 

era word. He 

i slowly walked 


■i he completion i 

FOWLEK * WELLS CO., 77; IJro...l»uj, N. X. 

The above :.rr proofs i.f display cuts pn-pared at the office of the Journal. For this class of cuts our facilities for prompt and excellent work 
These cuts are in relief, aud can he used on any common printing-press. Duplicates of any of them, will he furnished by mail or express within forty-eight hours after receipt 
order, at low cn>t. A duplicate of the cut ■■ (.inn City College Journal' can be furnished to suit any locality. Cuts sent only for cash or C. O. D. Special orders for all mane 
of cuts will rrrriv prompt attention. College currency, in all convenient denominations, in stock, and can be sent by return mail or express; also diplomas for business colleges ai 
other institutions in stock, and special orders rilled. Samples sent, with terms, for 25 cents. 

Address D. T. AMES, Okfice of- Penman's Art Journal, 205 Broadwat, New York 

Remington Standard Typewriter. : ^stru^ons^GWwjn Penmanship. ^ 

The Journal Teachers' Bureau. 


The Wonderful Machine for Writing Shorthand. 








"',;■' *• 

^t'. ... ] .it =.] 

rtttr. i 1, in. 

,::;:'. r, w 


1/ ;.:',: ' 

:l xuiuilrirt-. 

A. W. DAKIN, Penman, 



nit; ini.-li.e fl -, , ,,; , .,^m;V , , t u,' n 


feature, wick .1 

,1. Slnnlliiiinl i- ; 1 1 ■ I ■. imai..! L> 
Sa Xd(lress, e ^THEG A* GASKEl.l. »'.» ■ 


The Model Guide to Penmanship. 

S[>winii-H yl 

I.^nl^l'sii'n.iirier',. Co',: Address, 


Charles Rollinson, 







Penman's Badge. 



j, or for reviewing pm 

te entire scope of Arithmetic, this ho»k eonldhir- 

parslut; and analyst 



MM l:.-ll 1 I- 1 M'r.'. 




Revised Edition. work ..n Bfiokkcepini: tins l.-eii 



ANY teacher to readily li 

f THE 1'iiMI'I.ETE 
Ice Cou,,t!n S -Hou 




- m 

Paper Warehouse, 

Nos. 1 5 & 1 7 Beekman St., 

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All of Standard and Superior Quality. 



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flfr^E&BURGuS V 








Shorthand Writing 





inn TKAC1IK1K k,.n,.-.l .h..r.l,a,,.l 

lUU^.i l li l i 1 ;;;.. , l '; <1 , 1 , ;;~'; l ' l l ,'', k ':'„r,"i;, 

RnWM.I. A illi'K. nX S Sri, , ml ..rsluulluuul. 
CC sdiu.,1 St ll.,st..[i, I. the leailliik Aniaii Trainlnu In New Mtiu- Ij.h.I 

$J gZf\ A " ,,;t ' l '"'. ''"iitnininc. .-. in 
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Ulipil.. Midi U9 II.. In I k., |u llnil., pel,.. IHlUuM 

luk.umd. etc, etc . will tin .ent, p..*tpunl. ,n -x prepaid, t.i any par! ..f the 1 lilted Statu-* 
i.n receipt of _ AddreM, 



r -r,TT^T<.c puguaESS rjO_LLEGE. 


copy si.irs 


Peirce's System of Penmanshlp- 
Pelrce's Philosophical Treatise 
of Penmanship, and Peirce's 
Celebrated Tracing Exercises. 

■..,,.! |„ !■■■ N.I I 

!,',', iv!'.-ii,t''..i ,■;. .-.■iits. u\ tiiu ii.i/.fii. -'■ .■'■m- '" ; 

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■fi)\-vntl per '".Mm lie. Ib'iii.niUT, It is It.. "' 
book of its kind .■ v.-r publish, -i . ■ 

'"'ii't," Thf 'ii:.'!^i. l '> l »''luinB "f this "TltKA'ir ' 

Chandler H. Peirce, 


JLccxircLte. Writing- 






Profitable Employment 


If so, Send for Our New Premium List. 

ii Mn^lr Milium- i.l SluniLinl Fuels ii|i in U'eli>ii t'< F'n.'U.riii-nl 

1 Shaving Beta mitl Typewriters. 

ill. Finn -iii'I'li'- Mil' inner tr.e tn Hi.- .irenni/.er nt I lie i Inb, and en 

i OFFICE ii.ii n-nelienl Muni li I > . :r; n 






• Tinted Block Alphabet. 

t . 


: ; ' ..':., ; ,;. :; . V ,:V:.T-;X'K- fgJouFjame on this Pencil Stamp,: 

i_: .|.i,t \\..i iU-.l- \li.h,il».T. 

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I «];..■>. ..I- .':u.i M ,11.1 \l|.h.iWl. 
t'--!l;i-.' L.'IUT Al|-.ln.l..-l 
"l.fii '..rni, in T-'Xl Aljiimlit-t. 

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eupies ii,e,l,-eiintly i.nei-nv.-il ,.n i:,i|.pn , |.rint. ., t 


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simply mention and skim 
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Monthly Paper on Peiinmii.-liip, ltcintil'iilly Illnslr 

: Western Penman " contains Lessons in Writing, Lettering, Flourishing 
and Pen Drawing. 




. r c'«»."i!.".': . ;',' .. .... . l'.',', " ':':'■.' 





With Two Supplementary Books. 



systematize and teach writing in accordance with the usages of the hcst 
writers in the business world. 

guishing features of " Spencers' New .Standard Writing." It effects a saving 
of from 15 to 25 per cent, in the labor of writing and a corresponding 
saving of time in learning to write. 

A Sample Set, containing all numbers, sent for examination on receipt 
of $1.00. 

Full Descriptive Circular sent, on request, to any address. 

Ivison, IBlakeman. & Co., 

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Eclectic School of Shorthand &. Typewriting. 

Send for our " I'IMiNi.i.IiAI'lllr n," 

l regarding [Ins Iie[;ui 




ist The pupil does not have to write through from ten to twenty books 

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4th. — Beautifully printed by Lithography ! No Cheap Relief Plate Printing ! 


Send 10 cents for unique eanl of ditfer- 

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-Words used are all familiar to the pupil. See above copies. Contrast them with sncli 

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-Kach book contains four pages of practice paper — one sixth more paper than in the bee 

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